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the most part farmers to gentlemen, or trons. She must be watchful, diligent. at the least wise artificers; and with witty, pleasant, constant in friendship, grazing, frequenting of markets, and full of good neighbourhood," &c. Her keeping of servants (not idle servants other qualifications, he states, were to as the gentlemen doo, but such as get consist in an intimacy with domestic both their owne and part of their mas- physic, with cookery, with the disti)ter's living), do come to great welth, lation of waters, the making and prethat manie of them are able and doó serving of wines, making and dyeing buie the lands of unthriftie gentlemen, of cloth, malting, brewing, baking, &c. and often 'setting their gonnes to the schooles, to the Universities, and to THE RURAL CLERGYMAN. the Ins of Court; or otherwise leaving
The country clergyman, during the them sufficient lands whereupon they
Catholic era, and for a considerable may live without labour, doo make
time afterwards, was distinguished by them by those means to become gentlemen : these were they that in times
the appellation of Sir, a title which past made all France afraid ; and al
Shakspeare has uniformly bestowed on
the inferior orders of this profession; beit they be not callcd master, as Gen
as Sir Hugh, in “ The Merry Wives of tlemen are, or Sir, as to Knights ap
Windsor;" Sir Topas, in " Twelfth perteineth, but onelie John and Tho.
Night;" Sir Oliver, in “ As You Like mas, &c. yet have they beene found to
it,” &c. This custom, which was not heive doone verie good service : and the Kings of England in foughten bat- Charles II. owes its origin to the lan
entirely discontinued till the reign of tles, were weont to remaine among
guage of our Universities, which conthem (who were their footmen), as the French Kings did amongst their horse- those who have taken their first degree
fers the designation of Domisius on men : the Prince thereby shewing where of Bachelor of Arts, and not, as bas his cheefe strength did consist.”
been supposed, to any claim which the THE FARMER'S WIFE.
clergy had to the Order of Knighthood.
Harrison, before quoted, draws the The farmer's coadjutor in domestic, following comparison between the apeconomy-the English housewife, was, parel of the clergyman in his day, and a personage of no small consequence; in the preceding times of Popery: for as Tusser, the rural poet, has “The apparell of our clergymen," observed
says he, “ is comlie, and, in truth, more “ Housekeeping and husbandry, if it decent than ever it was in the Popish be good,
Church, before the Universities bound Must love one another as cousins in their graduates unto a suitable attire, blood:
afterwards usurped also by the blind The wife, too, must husband as well Sir Johns. For if you peruse well my as the man,
Chronologie, you shall find that they Or farewell thy husbandry doe what went either in diverse colours, like thou can."
plaiers, or in garments of light hew, Next unto her holiness and sanctity
as yellow, red, green, &e. with their of life,” says Markham,* " it is meet
shoes piked, their hair crisped, their that our English housewife be a woman
girdles armed with silver, their shoes, of great modesty and temperance, as
spurres, bridles, &c. buckled with like well inwardly as outwardly, inward
metall; their apparell, for the most ly, as in her carriage and behaviour
part, of silke, and richlie furred; their towards her husband, wherein she shall
cappes laced and buttoned with gold, shun all violence of rage, passion, and
so that, to meet a priest in those daies,
was to behold a peacocke that spreadhumour, and outwardly courteous to her neighbours and dependents. Let
eth his taile, when he danceth before her garments be comely and strong,
the benne." made as well to preserve her health as
From the character of the country to adorn the person altogether with clergyman, the transition is easy to out toyish garnishes, or the gloss of
that of light colours, and as far from the vanity THE RURAL PEDAGOGUE; of new and fantastic fashions as near OR, SCHOOLMASTER OF ANCIENT TIMES. to the comely imitation of modest ma
This character frequently combined, • English Housewife, &c, 1693.
in the sixteenth century, the reputation of conjurer with that of schoolmaster. His religion is a part of his copyhold, Pinch, one of these, is thus described which he takes from his landlord, and in “ The Comedy of Errors :"
refers it wholly to his discretion; yet “ They brought one Pinch, a hungry, if he give him leave, he is a good lean-faced villain,
Christian to his power, that is, comes A mere anatomy, a mountebank, to Church in his best clothes, and sits A thread-bare juggler and a fortune. there with his neighbours, where he teller,
is capable of only two prayers, for A needy, hollow-eyed, sharp-looking rain and fair toeather. His compliwretch,
ment with his neighbour is a good A living dead man; this pernicious thump on the back, and his salutation slave,
commonly some blunt curse. He is a Forsooth, took on him as a conjuror." niggard all the week, except only
Ben Jonson also alludes to this market day, where, if his corn sell union of occupation when he says, “I well, he thinks he may be drunk with would have ne'er a cunning school- a good conscience. For death he is master in England; I mean a cunning Never troubled, and if he get in but man as a schoolmaster-that is, a con- his harvest before ; let it come when juror."
it will he cares not." Of their incapacity, Peacham, speaking of bad masters, near this period
GILES IN LUNNUN TO HIS (1620), declares, “it is a general
BROTHER DICK IN plague and complaint of the whole
COUNTRY. land; for, for one discrete and able teacher, you shall finde twenty igno.
LETTER 1. rant and carelesse ; and who, where Dear Dick. they make one scholar, mar ten."
You remember that our old And he afterwards adds, “I had, sarrant, Nan, used to boast that how I remember, myselfe (near St. Albans, she'd been in Lunnun, and that Lunnun in Hertfordshire, where I was born), bridge had beautiful shops upon it, a master, who, by no intreaty would and was a'-most a mile long. Now teach any scholler he had, farther than don't believe a word on't: for I trà. his father had learned before him; as, velled over it on a stage coach yesterif he had onely learnt to reade English, night, i' the evening, and dang me if I the sonne, though he went with him could see a single shop, an' as for the seven years, should goe no further. length on't, suppose you walk acros. His reason was, they would prove our straw-yard thro' the pytal to the saucy rogues, and controule their fa. church porch, why that he's just the thers; yet there are they that often distance. Well, to give you a bit of a times have our hopefull gentry under history o' my time, since I left home. their charge and tuition, to bring them You must know that I got down at the in science and civility.”
Spread Eagle in Grase Church Street,
as they call it, but didn't stop there, THE COUNTRY BOOR.
'cause you know Ant Betty lives in
Common Garden-80 I swung my rap. Bishop Earle has touched this homely per over my arm, er'd my way, and subject with singular point and spirit. walked down Lumber Street--but just
"A plain country fellow is one that as I got by the Mansion House, where manures his ground well, but lets him- the Lord Mare lives, as you have heard self lye fallow and untilled. He has father say, I was shoved down i' the reason enough to do his business, and gutter by some o' these here cockneys not enough to be idle or melancholy. who were carrying newg-papers to the He seems to have the punishment of Post Office-however, 'twas no use Nebuchadnezzar, for his conversation grumbling, so I was helped up by a is among beasts, and his tallons none very civil gentleman, who directed me of the shortest, only he eats not grass, to go straight up Cheapside, you 'ae because he loves not sallets. His heard father talk o' Cheapside; well, hand guides the plough, and the just as I was walking up Cheapside, plough his thoughts, and his ditch and I puts my hand in my coat pocket to landmark is the very mound of his fetch out my hankerchief as I thought, meditations. He expostulates with but these here Lunnuners had begun his oxen very understandingly, and their tricks, for dang me if I had e'er a speaks gee and ree better than English. rag to wipe my nose with just i' this nick o' time I was coming in sight o' against the most flourishing nation, St. Pauls, and looking a little askant His poem is almost the only monument at a heap o' beautiful things in a win- of that celebrated period. dow, when bang came the corner of a DEATH OF PichEGRU.-I have albutcher's trow i' my mouth, and down ways been surprised, that the murder I went backwards with all my teeth, of Pichegru was imputed to me; he as I thought, rattling down my throat was nothing better than the other con-the folks crowded round me, and the spirators. I had a Court to try, and fellow. swore I wanted to upset his soldiers to shoot him. I never did any trow, and before I was fairly up, he thing that was useless. knocked me down again—" FairPROJECTED INVASION CF ENGLAND.-play," said a very civil gentleman who I did not form the plan of landing in offered to take care o' my coat for me England“ because I had nothing else -which I hugged tight under my arm to do," as it has been reported I said: - You are able to beat this rufin" I did not collect 200,000 men upon the said he-this I thought was very kind, coast of Boulogne, and spend eighty so I gave him my coat--and, after a millions to amuse the Parisian lounground or two, knocked the butcher ers: the plan was serious--the landdown in my turn--up came a Charley, ing possible: but Villeneuve's fleet - Who's making all this row," said unsettled, the whole.' Besides, the Enhe,"—the butcher speaked off.- glish Cabinet hastened to rekindle the “ Where's the gentleman with my war on the continent. rapper ?" said I-That I know no- THE DEFEAT AT LEIPSIC.---After the thing about,” said the Charley, who day of Leipsic, I might have laid lugged me to the watch-house, where waste the country between the enemy they kept me all night, but discharged and myself, as Wellington had done me i' the morning with paying five shil- in Portugal, and Louis XIV in the Palings. Don't tell mother I was forced latinate: the right of war justified me to rip up my watch fob to pay for in doing it, but I would not seek my these here pickpockets had got all my safety by such means. My soldiers, loose silver. At last I got down to by defeating the Bavarians at Hanau, : Ant Betty's. This is all I have to say shewed that I might rely on their braat present. Ant Betty sends her koind very. love--so no more at present from your Goop GOVERNMENT.-The names and locin brother,
form of Government signify, in reality,
GILES. very little. Provided that justice be Le P.S, John Green talked o' commin rendered to all citizens, that their right
to Lunnun, so read my letter to him, to the protection, the burthens, and sa'cause then he'll know better. Ant crifices and rewards, be equal, the Betty is going to shew me all the curo- State is well governed. sities---$0 you'll hear from me again The Pursuit op PLEASURE.-Those soon..
who seek for happiness in pomp and
dissipation, are like persons who preNAPOLEON'S TABLE TALK. for the splendour of wax candles to the
light of the sun. • (Continued from page 349.] Russia.- If I had overcome the coi - VICTORY NOT THE RESULT OF NUM- alition, Russia would have become as * BERS ---It is not the number which foreign to Europe as the kingdom of
gives the victory. Alexander con- Thibet. By these means I should have quered 300,000 Persians with 20,000 freed the world from being overrun -. Macedonians. I had a particular suc- by the Cossacks. cess in daring enterprises.
PUBLIC WORSHIP.-Public worship The Code NAPOLEON.-Before my is to religion what splendour is to a civil code there were no laws, but Court. The vulgar compute the credit
there existed about five or six thou- of a courtier by the number of his foot"sand volumes written upon the laws, men : the mob judge of the divine
so that the Judges could conscienti- power by that of the priests. ously decide causes without under 'THE CONSERVATORY SENATE.-The standing them.
Senate, which I named Consercutory, :: Homer's ILIAD.---Why was Homer signed its extinction with my own. prefered by all the nations of Asia ? The INFERNAL MACHINE.—I had the Because he described the most memor- authors of the infernal machine transable war of the first people in Europe ported: they were old practitioners in conspiracies, of whom it was neces. French SOLDIERS.-Since Charle. sary to cleanse France. Since that magne, the infantry of armies has altime I remained undisturbed, the bulk ways been bad. Under my reign, there of respectable people thanked me for it. was not a French Grenadier who did
The FRENCH NAVY.-In 1805 I had not think himself capable of conquering eighty ships of the line, without rec- the enemy himself. koning the frigates : but I had neither KINGS AND THEIR MINISTERS.—There sailors nor officers. My admirals play. are many people who imagine that they ed at hide and seek with the English; have the talent of governing, merely Louis distinguished himself. Ville- because they do govern. neuve was a good officer, nevertheless A WEAK PRINCE.-A weak and ir. he made nothing but blunders. He ran resolute prince will sink into contempt: out of Cadiz like a madman—the death but he will fare worse if he is governed of Nelson could not make amends for by a silly and despised minister. the loss of my fleet. Villeneuve killed REMARKABLE DAYS.--I have had himself at a tavern in Rennes : accord- three fine days in my life, Marengo, Ausing to custom, the honor of it was at. terlitz, and Jena: unless one chooses to tributed to me. Indeed he had shewn add as the fourth, the day when I gave signs of madness throughout the jour the Emperor of Austria an audience in ney.
a ditch, Repose Of Europe. It is said that
[To be continued.] my downfal has ensured the tranquility of Europe: they forget that it is indebted to me for its repose. I brought
DAINTY MORSELS; the revolution to an end. Now the
OR, AFTER DINNER CHIT-CHAT.. Cabinets are steering without a compas3.
To cause the joyous laugh AMBITION.--Whoever practises vir
To circle gaily round the group,
he gronbia Play tue only in the hope of acquiring fame,
Shaking fat sides. is near to vice. Rich and Poor. The unequal dis.
NUTRITIOUS SNUFF. tribution of wealth is anti-social and A short time since, a woman in the subversive of order : it crushes indus- potteries sending for a fresh supply of try and emulation. The aristocracy snuif, was asked by her husbandof the great estates was only good in “What she had done with the half the feudal system.
ounce she had in the morning?" “ Hall DUTY OF A Sovereign.-A Sovereign ounce.!” exclaimed his rib-“What is ought to take special care that wealth that for a woman giving suck?" be not too unequally divided: for, then he will neither have poor people NINE MONTHS TOO SOON. to keep in check, nor rich people to A couple of lovers, very lately, being defend. PARDONING CRIMINALS.-When I
about to unite themselves in holy inawas a Sovereign, I never made use of
trimony, in the village of Tideswell, in my privilege of pardoning without have to witness the celebration thereof. The
Chester, invited many of their friends ing had cause to repent of it. THE MARSHAL GROUCHY.-Grouchy
bridegroom and party were assembled thought to whitewash himself at my
on the wished-for morn, but the bride expense :-it is no less true, that he of
he had not yet made her debut, and all fered to deliver the Duke of Angou.
01 were ready to exclaimleme into my hands at Paris. if I “ Our patience no longer the feast can wished it. I treated the latter as a
delay" loyal enemy, because I esteemed him. however, willing to make every allow
POWERFUL ARGUMENTS.— I prefer a ance for the bride's timidity and extra powerful argument to eloquence of duties at the toilet, they waited, and style.—Things are better than words. waited, and waited, expecting every
UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION of HONOUR. moment that she would make her ap-When honours are scattered with a pearance in all the gaité de cour patuplentiful hand, many unworthy people ral on such occasions. At length their will pick them up, and merit will with. impatiencc was relieved by the entrance draw itself. Nobody will go to fetch of a nurse, with a “great thumping his commission on the field of battle, if boy”-to which the spinster had just he can get it in the ante-chamber. given birth,
THE POÉT'S CORNER. A late Duke of Norfolk, much at- STANZAS.-TO MISS S tached to the bottle, one masquerade
1. night asked Foote (who was his inti
Dear girl, and doth thy bosom burn, mate) “What new character he should
With fervid love to equal mine? go in? “ Go sober," said Foote.
If so, then never will I turn
From love so sweet and chaste as GOUTY PUN.
II. A gentleman meeting his friend, Ere yet my heart the reason knew , who had been for some time labouring Of being blest whene'er with thee; under a fit of the gout, inquired after I hung on all thy accents true, his health. His gouty friend answered Yet thought, belov'd I ne'er could be. “So, so,” “I am sorry you are no better,” replied the gentleman, “ for I But now each tortring doubt is quell'd, had hoped you had recovered in to-to.” This happy heart hath found its home,
Each anxious fear is now dispell’d,
Then doth, dear girl, thy bosom burn conferred on him by the different
With fervid love to equal mine? Princes of Europe, and orders that he
'Tis so, then never will I turn had received from different kings, a
From love so sweet and chaste as gentleman present remarked that he
J. G. had not named the King of Prussia, and added, “I suppose, sir, he never
EPIGRAM. gave you any order.” “You are mis- ON MRS. FRY'S AND MRS. STEEL'S TRIAL taken, sir,” replied the chevalier, “be
OF THE TREAD MILL. gave me a very peremptory order to When Mrs. Fry, and Mrs. Steele, quit his dominions."
To work a little at the Treading-wheel
“Oh dear! I feel,” said Mrs. Steele, NO REMEDY.
" All over in a fry.” A certain lady waited on a physician, “And so do I,” said Mrs. Fry,. in great trouble, about her daughter; “ I'm sure I'll never steal." “ What ails her?" said the doctor. “Alas doctor! I canot tell; but she TAKE BACK YOUR WREATH. has lost her humour, her looks, ber stomach; her strength consumes every
Take back your wreath, your sunny day, so as we fear she cannot live," wreath, « Why do you not marry her ?” “ Alas. "Tis mockery to give it me! doctor! that we would fain do, and The summer's bloom, the summer's have offered her as good a match as
breath, she could ever expect; but she will
Are not what should be offered me. not hear of marrying.” “Is there no For though those flowers may fade and other, do you think, that she would be fall, content to marry?".-" Ah, doctor! How very sweet their life has been! that is it that troubles us; for there is And fragrant still the coronal, a young gentleman we doubt not she Though dead the blush and sear the loves, that her father and I can never green. consent to."-"Why, look you,madam,” replied the doctor gravely, (being
They are perhaps an offering among all his books in his closet),
To scatter on my funeral stone;
For flowers are not made for the spring, “then the case is this; your daughter
Which only blight and blast has would marry one man, and you would have her marry another ? in all my
known. books I find no remedy for such a dis. But take some veil in darkness wove. ease as this !”
And fling its shadow o'er my brow,