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enter or come between the house, as armed nor girded with a weapon. For long as the sitting is there, upon pain the Parliament-house is a place for of imprisonment, or such other punish- wise, grave, and good men, to consult, ment as by the house shall be ordered debate, and advise how to make laws, and adjudged.

and order for the Commonwealth, aad Also, every person of the Parliament not to be armed as men ready to fight, ought to keep secret, and not to dis- or to try matters by the sword. And, close the secret and things done and' albeit, the writ for the election of the spoken in the Parliament-house, to knights have express words to choose any manner of person, unless he be such for knights as be girded with a one of the same House, upon pain of sword; yet it is not meant therebeing sequestred out of the House, or by that they should come and sit otherwise punished, as by order of the armed, but be such as be skilful in feats House shall be appointed.

of arms, and besides their good advices, Also, none of the Parliament ought can well serve in martial affairs; and to depart from the Parliament without thus the Roman senators used, who, special leave obtained from the Speaker being men of great knowledge and exof the House, and the same his license perience, as well in martial affairs, as should be also recorded.

in politic causes, sat always in the Also, no person being out of the Senate-house and places of council, in Parliament-house, ought to come into their gowns and long robes. The like, the same during the sitting of the also, was always, and bath been the same; 80 every one coming into the order in the Praliament of this realm, same, oweth a duty and reverence to as long as the ancient laws, the old be given when he entereth and cometh customs, and good order thereof, were ia.

kept and observed. If a Baron or Lord come and enter If any person or persons, either in into the higher House, he ought to do message, or being sent for, do come, he his obeisance before the cloth of the ought to be brought in by the serjeant, estate and so take his place.

and at the first entering, must (followAlso, when he speaketh, be ought ing the serjeant) make one low obeito stand bare-headed, and speak hissance, and being part in the middle mind plainly, sensibly, and in decent way, must make one other, and when order.

he is come before the speaker he must If any come in message, or be sent make the third, and then do his mesfor to the higher House, they must sage; the like order he must keep in his stay at the inner door until they be return. But if he do come alone, or called in; and then, being entered, with his learned counsel to plead any must first make their obeisance; which matter, or answer to any objections, he done, they go to the lower end of the shall enter, and go no farther than to House, and there stay until they be the bar within the door, and there do called; and being called, they must his three obeisances. first make one low courtsey, and obei.

When any Bill is committed, the sance, and going forwards must, in the committees have not authority to conmiddle way, make one other low clude, but only to order, reform, ex. courtesy; and then being come forth amine, and amend the thing committed to the bar, must make the third courtesy; unto them; and of their doings they the like must be done at the departure. must give report to the House again,

Also, when any knight, citizen, or by whom the Bill is to be considered. burgess, doth enter or come into the

Every Bill which is brought into the lower House, he must make his dutiful House, must be read three several and humble obeisance at his entry in, times, and upon three several days. and then take his place. And you And a Bill, which upon any reading is shall understand, that as every such committed and returned again, ought person ought to be grave, wise, and to bave its three readings, unless the expert, so ought he to show himself in committees have not altered the Bill in his apparel; for in times past none of any substance or form, but only in certhe Counsellors of the Parliament came

tain words. Also, when any Bill upon otherwise than in his gown, and not any reading is altogether by one con. From a motion that was made in the House

sent rejected, or by voices after the of Commons, in the year 1613, it appears that

third reading overthrown, it ought not the members in the last Parliaments of Eliza. to be brought any more to be read dur. beth wore gowns.

ing that session of Parliament.

If any man do speak unto a Bill, and He saw a turnkey in a irice be out of his matter, he ought to be put Nimbly, quoth he, do the fingers move i remembrance of the matter by the If a man be but used to his trade. speaker only, and by none other, and He saw the same turnkey anretter a man be willing to come to the matter.

With but little expedition ; Whensoever any person doth speak

Which put bim in mind of the long debates

On the slave trade abolition. to any Bill, he ought to stand up, and to be bare-beaded, and then with all Hesaw General's burning face,

Which put him into a consternation; reverence, gravity, and seemly speech, So he hied to his lake, for, by a slight mistake, to declare his mind. But whenever He thought 'twas general conflagration. any Bill shall be tried, either for allow. Sir

Nicholas grinn’d, and switch'd his tail

With joy and admiration ; ances, or to be rejected, then every one Por he thought of his daughter Victory, ought to sit, because he is then as a And his darling babe Taxation. judge:

Also, every knight, citizen, and burgess, before he do enter into Parliament,

BANK OF ENGLAND, and take his place there, ought to be The Bank of England, which is the sworn, and to take his oath, acknow. greatest for the circulation of money in ledging the king to be the supreme and Europe, was incorporated in the 6th only governor of all the estates within years of William and Mary, by the the realm, as also to renounce all name of the Governors and Company of foreign potentates.

the Bank of England: in consideration of the loan of 1,200,0001. granted to the

government; and for which the subEXTEMPORANEOUS LINES,

scribers received almost 8 per cent. ASCRIBED TO THE LATE PROFESSOR PORSON. borrow uuder their common seal, un

By this charter, the company are not to From his brimstone bed at break of day, less by Act of Parliament; they are not

The devil's a walking gone :
To visit his snug little farm of the earth,

to trade, or suffer any person in trust And see how his stock there goes on. for them to trade, in any goods or merAnd over the hill, and over the dale

chandize; but they may deal in bills of He rambled, and over the plain : And backwards and forwards he switch'd his exchange, in buying or selling bullion, long tail,

and foreign gold or silver coin, &c. As a gentleman switches his cane.

By an act of parliament, passed in the " And pray now, how was the devil drest the · 8th and 9th years of William III. Oh, he was in his Sunday's best;

they were empowered to enlarge their His coat it was red, and his breeches were blue, capital stock to 2,201,1711. 108. It With a hole behind, wbich his tail went through

was then also enacted; that bank stock He saw a lawyer killing a viper

should be a personal and not a real On a dunghill by his own stable;

estate; that no contract either in word And the devil he smiled, for it put him in mind . or.Cain and his brother Abel.

or writing, for buying and selling

bank-stock, should be good in law, unHe saw an apothecary on a white horse, Ride by on bis vocation ;

less registered within the books of the And again be smiled, for it put him in mind Bank within seven days, and the stock Of death in the revelation.

transferred in fourteen; and that it He went into a rich bookseller's shop,

shall be felony, without benefit of Says he,“ We are both of one college ;" For I myself sat, like a cormorant, once

clergy, to counterfeit the common seal Hard by the tree of knowledge."

of the bank or any sealed bank-bill, He saw school-boys acting prayers at morn,

or bank-note, or alter or erase such And naughty plays at night.

bills or notes. By another act passed And, “ Oho, Mr. Dean," he shouted, “I ween in the 7th of Queen Anne, the company

My own;good trade goes right."
He saw a cottage with a double coach-house ;

were empowered to augment their ca. A cottage of quality;

pital to 4,402,3431. and they then adAnd the devil did grin, for his darling sin vanced 400,0001. more to the governIs pride that apes hamility.

ment; and in 1714, they advanced He saw swim down the river, with wind and another loan of 1,500,000l. In the tide,

third year of the reign of King George A pig, with vast celerity : Oh, it cnt its own throat, and he thought the I. the interest in their capital stock while

was reduced to 5 per cent.

When the Of England's commercial prosperity. Bank agreed to deliver up as many He pass's Cold-Bath-Fields, and saw

Exchequer bills, A solitary cell;

amounted to And the devil he paused, for it gave him a hint 2,000,0001. and to accept an annuity of For improving his prisons in hell.

100,000l. And it was declared lawful


for the Bank to call from their mem- loss. No other banking company an bers, in proportion to their interest in be established in England, by act of the capital stock, such sums of money parliament, consisting of more than six as in a general court should be found members. necessary. If any member should neglect to pay his share of the monies so called for, at the time appointed by

BIOGRAPHY. notice in the London Gazette, and fixed upon the Royal Exchange, it

THE REV. SIR HENRY BATE should be lawful for the Bank, not only to stop the dividend of such mem

DUDLEY, BART. ber, and to apply it towards the pay

This gentleman who, for above half ment of the money in question, but also a century, has been distinguished in to keep the transfers of the shares of the literary and political world, died such defaulters, and to charge him with on the 1st instant, at Cheltenham, aged an interest of 5 per cent. per annum, for 78. His father was a respectable clerthe money so omitted to be paid; and gyman at Chelmsford, in Essex, by if the principal and interest should be whom he was educated, and afterwards three months unpaid, the Bank should sent to college. His first engagement then have power to sell so much of the in public or political life was his estabstock belonging to the defaulter as lishing the Morning Post and Morning would satisfy the same. After this, Herald newspapers—the latter in 1780, the Bank reduced the interest of the the former a few years previous. He 2,000,000l. lent to the government, from also commenced the Courier de l'Eu. 5. to 4 per cent., and purchased several rope, printed in French, and the other annuities, which were afterwards English Chronicle. Or the Morning redeemed by the govertment, and the Herald he was for many years sole national debt due to the Bank, re- proprietor, and he supported the paper duced to 1,600,000%. But in 1742, the with extraordinary success, by his wit Bank engaged to supply the govern and versatility

of talent. To the Proment with 1,600,0001. at 3 per cent., bationary Odes and the Rolliad, which which is now called the 8 per cent. at that time drew universal attention, annuities; so that the government was he contributed largely; and wrote ena now indebted to the company3,200,000!. tirely the Vortigern and Rowena, a the one half carrying 4, the other 3 satirical work, pourtraying, with ad. per cent. The edinpany of the Bank mirable spirit, and in the diction of are obliged to keep cash, not only to Shakspeare, the characters of all the answer the common, but also any ex. eminent persons of that day. This aptraordinary demand that may be made peared at the time of Ireland's forgery. upon them; and whatever money they in the time of Mr. Garrick be prohave by them, over and above the sum duced the opera of the Rival Candi. supposed necessary for the purpose, dates at Drury-lane theatre, and after. they employ in what may be called the wards the Blackamoor washed White, trade of the company; that is to say, which, in consequence of patty spirit in discounting bills of exchange, in running so high at that period, caused buying of gold and silver, and in go a contest among the audience, with vernment securities, &c. Bank-stock drawn swords on the stage itself. He may not improperly be called a trading was the author of the operas of the stock, since with this they deal very Flitch of Bacon and The Woodman, largely, in foreign gold and silver, in which will continue to be favourites as discounting bills of exchange, &c. The long as the English stage is in existe company is under the direction of a ence. The former was written for the governot, deputy-governor, and twen Haymarket theatre, for the purpose of ty-four directors, who are annually introducing his friend Shield, as a elected by the general court, in the composer, to the public. The rest of same manner as the East India Com. his dramatic works are The Travellers pany, Thirteen or more compose al in Switzerland, and At Home, a bagaCourt of Directors, for managing the telle produced about ten years ago. affairs of the company. The stability As a magistrate he was most active of the Bank of England is equal to that and vigilant. By his promptitude and of the British government. All that it personal courage he suppressed the has advanced to the public must be lost riots at Ely at the time of the Corn before its creditors car sustain any Bill, rushing into the room where the

conspirators were in deliberation, and that he was ever through life most ar with the help of a few followers se- dently attached to his person. He was cured the ringleaders, notwithstand- equally devoted whether Whig or Tory ing the rioters were armed, and fired at were in power. This gave to his pohim. He received, in consequence, a litics an appearance of want of prinhandsome piece of plate presented by ciple, when the vacillation to opposite the county. He performed a variety parties was itself produced by priciples of other acts as a magistrate equally more amiable than those which influlaudable, and was no less strict in ence politicians generally. the observance of his clerical duties. As a summary of Sir Henry Dubley's He was the proprietor of the perpetual character, we may say that the love of advowson of Bradwell near the Sea, enterprise was the main-spring of his which he had himself created from a actions through life, which necessarily deserted marsh, taking large portions subjected him to some varieties of for, of the land from the sea, and expend. tune and situation; but in every ciring au ample fortune in general im- cumstance he was a gentleman of provements. He was at one period polished manners, and the most liberal Rector of Kilcoran, and Chancellor of feelings. the Diocese of Ferns, in Ireland, and afterwards Rector of Willingham, in

EDWARD GRAINGER, ESQ. Cambridgeshire, (where he succeeded the present Bishop of Chester), and

LECTURER OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. one of the Prebendaries of Ely.

The loss of ordinary individuals is To Sir Henry Dudley the country is felt only by a few relations and friends, in a great measure indebted for one of but the death of distinguished men its ornaments -Gainsborough. His excites a more general and lasting inpatronage of this excellent painter in terest, because their genius contributes early life principally contributed to to elevate the character of the species, his subsequent success. He was also When a man of this class is cut unthe patron of De Lolme, who wrote timely off, through his great exertions the work apon the Constitution ; La- in the cause of human improvement, voisier, who established the present our admiration is higher and our rebeautiful system of chemistry, and of gret deeper; for then we view him as every man of merit who needed and the victim of generous efforts; and resolicited his assistance. Mr. Croker collecting what he performed, lament (the present secretary to the Admiralty, that he did not live to realize his and M.P.) on his outset in life, was brightest anticipations. These remarks perhaps under no small obligations to are peculiarly applicable to the late Mr. him. Sir Henry was the intimate Edward Grainger, whose early attain. friend of Garrick, of the Earl of Sand ments and virtues raised him to the wich (who patronised Captain Cook), first rank in his profession, and whose of the elder Colman, of Cumberland, life ended, when the fairest earthly of Bonnel Thornton, of Mrs. Cowley, prospects had been opened out by his and the associate of all the wits of his rare talents and assiduity, day. He first discovered the merits of Mr. Edward Grainger was the son Mrs. Siddons, who was then perform of a highly respectable surgeon, who ing in a barn at Cheltenham, and now resides at Birmingham, and from mentioned her to Garrick, who com whom, after he had completed a clasmissioned him to engage her, leaving sical education, he received the first the salary to his discretion.

rudiments of medical science. He Sir Henry was acquainted with the passed through the usual studies in private histories of all the families, London with uncommon credit, and and with most of the persons of the having become a member of the College court of George the Third, in regard to of Surgeons, commenced in June, 1819, whose reign he could “tales unfold” at the early age of twenty-two years, that would throw no faint light upon a course of lectures on anatomy and history. Having been formerly honour- physiology, in the Borough. Lord ed by the society and the confidence of Bacon says, that men are wise, not by his present Majesty, even in matters of years, but by hours, and the result extreme delicacy, he had so full an showed how competent Mr. Edward opportunity of observing the most ami. Grainger was to discharge the duties able private qualities of his Majesty, of his uffice; for his class increased in





such unexampled numbers, that being this short memoir would hope that the compelled to quit a spacious apartment grave may not be prematurely closed fitted up for demonstrations, he erected, over him, as it has been over the in 1821, a commodious theatre, near lamented friend whose memory claims Guy's Hospital, with every conveni. this melancholy tribute of regard. ence necessary fer the study of anatomy. His class, however, still continuing to

POETRY. augment fin the same proportion, he converted the first theatre into a museum, and built å much larger one,

Of onts décorticated take two pound, which he opened in October 1823, sur. And of new milk enough the same to drowo'd; rounded by nearly three hundred Of raisons of the san, stond, ounces eight; pupils, into whom he had infused an Or carrants, cleanly picked, an equal weight; enthusiasm for the profession, which

Of suet, finely sliced, an onnce at least;

And sis eggs, newly taken from the nest : was only to be equalled by their re Season this mixture well, with salt and spice; spect for his abilities, and their esteem Twill make a padding far exceeding rice; for his personal character. But, alas! And you may safely

feed on it like farmers,

For the receipt is learned Doctor Harmer's, at this very period, when all seemed so prosperous, an insidious disease, the consequence of his exceesive labours, began to display itself, and in despite of the attentions of his friends, from far Barbadoes, on the western main, and the endeavours of the faculty, it

Fetch sugar half-a-poand; fetch back from

Spain, advanced and terminated his life on A pint; then fetch from India's fertile coast, the 13th January 1824, in the 27th Nutmeg, the glory of the British toast. year of his age. The causes which led so rapidly to

OF INSTINCTS. the high and deserved reputation of Mr. Edward Grainger were, first, his

[Continued from page 267.] intimate knowledge of the structure The salmon suffers no surmountable and functions of the human body; obstacle to oppose her progress up the secondly, his surprising power of ar stream of fresh rivers. And what does ranging and exhibiting that knowledge she do there? She sheds a spawn, so distinctly, as to make what he which she immediately quits, in order taught plainly intelligible; and, thirdly, to return to the sea ; and this issue of the deep interest which he took in the her body she never afterwards recogwelfare and improvement of his pupils, nizes in any shape whatever. Where being at all times their sincere friend shall we find a motive for her efforts and accessible preceptor. When it is and perseverance ? Shall we seek it considered that anatomy and physio- in argumentation, or in instinct. The logy constitute the only true basis of violet crab of Jamaica performs a famedical science, and how deeply im- tiguing march of some months contiportant that science is in its practical nuance, from the mountains to the sea application, the death of such a man side. When she reaches the coast, she is not a greater calamity to his friends casts her spawn into the open sea, and than it is a loss to the profession and sets out upon her return home. public ; indeed, this loss can only be Moths and butterflies, as hath alcorrectly estimated by those who have ready been observed, seek out for their felt and perceived the great benefits eggs those precise situations and subwhich resulted from his brief and bril. stances in which the offspring caterliant career.

pillar will find its appropriate food. Mr. Edward Grainger was not only That dear caterpillar, the parent buta distinguished teacher, but an excel. terfly must never see. There are no lent man ; dutiful as a son, affectionate experiments to prove that she would as brother, faithful as a friend, and retain any knowledge of it, if she did. kind as a master. In all respects, he How shall we account for her conduct? was worthy of being held up as an ex. I do not mean for her art and judgment ample to those medical teachers who jn selecting and securing a maintenance wish to unite public utility with pri- for her young, but for the impulse upon vate virtue, and ever again one so which she acts. What should indace young should become so eminently her to exert any art, or judgment, or useful in the same path, the writer of choice, about the matter? The undis

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