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long, and ready for what is in the The halls of the justices of peace house to be put thereon for strangers, were dreadful to behold; the screen travellers, friars, and pilgrims; só was garnished with corslets and hel'twas, I have heard my grandfather mets gaping with open mouths, with say, in his grandfather's time.
coats of mail, lances, pikes, halberds, Heretofore noblemen and gentlemen brown bills, batterdastors and buckles. of fair estates had their heralds, who Public inns were rare. Travellers wore their coats of armes at Christmas, were entertained at religious houses and at other solemn times, and cryed for three days together, if occasion Largesse thrice.
served. The meetings of the gentry A neat-built chapel, and a spacious were not at taverns, but in the fields hall, were all the rooms of note, the or forests, with hawks and hounds, rest more small.
and their bugle horns in silken bawAt Tomarton in Gloucestershire, derys. anciently the seat of the Rivers, is á In the last age every gentleman-like dungeon thirteen or fourteen feet deep; man kept a sparrow-hawk, and a about four feet high are iron rings priest kept a hobby, as dame Julian fastened to the wall, which was pro. Berners teaches us, (who wrote a bably to tye offending villians to, as treatise on field sports, temp. Hen. VI.) all lords of manors had this power it was a divertisement for young genover their villains (or soccage tenants) tlewomen to manne sparrow hawks and had all of them, no doubt, such and merlines. places for their punishment. It is well Before the reformation there was no known all castles had dungeons, and poors rates; the charitable doles given so I believe had monasterys, for they at religious houses, and church ale in had often within themselves power of every parish, did the business. In life and death.
every parish there was a church-house, Mr. Dagdale told me, that about to which belonged spits, pots, crocks, Kirg Henry the Third's time, the Pope &c. for dressing provision. Here the gave a bull or patent to a company of housekeepers met and were merry, Italian architect's, to travel up and and gave their charity. The young down Europe to build churches. people came there too, and had danc· In days of yore lords and gentlemen ing, bowling, shooting at butts, &c. lived in the country like petty kings; Mr. A. Wood assures me, there were had jura regalia belonging to their few or no almshouses before the time seigniorys, had their castles and bo- of King Henry the Eighth ; that at roughs, had gallows within their Oxford, opposite Christ Church, is one libertys, where they could try, cone of the most ancient in England. In demn, and execute. Never went to every church was a poor man's box, London but in parliament time, or and the like at great inns. once a year to do their homage to their Before the wake or feast of the deKing. They always eat in Gothick dication of the church, they sat up all halls, at the high table or oreille night fasting and praying, (viz.) on the (which is a little room at the upper eve of the wake. end of the hall, where stands a table) In the Easter holidays was the with the folks at the side tables. The clerk's ale for his private benefit, and meat was served up by watch words. the solace of the neighbourhood. Jacks are but of late invention. The In these times, besides the jollities. poor boys did turn the spits, and licked above-mentioned, they had their pilthe dripping for their pains. The beds grimages to several shrines, as to of the men servants and retainers were Walsingham, Canterbury, Glastonbury, in the hall, as now in the grand or Bromholm, &c. then the crusades to privy chamber..
the holy wars were magnificent and Here in the hall, the mumming and splendid, and gave rise to the adloaf-stealing, and other Christmas ventures of knights errant and rosports were performed.
mances, the solemnity attending proThe hearth was commonly in the cessions in and about churches, and middle, whence the saying, “ Round the perambulations in the fields were about our coal fire.”
great diversions also of those times. Every baron and gentleman of estate Glass windows, except in churches kept great horses for men at arms, and gentlemens houses, were rare be, Some had their armories sufficient to fore the time of Henry the Eighth. furnish out some hundreds of men. In my own remembrance, before the cirti wars, copybolders and poor people sermons. The gentry and citizens bad had none in Herefordshire, Monmouth- little learning of any kind, and their shire, and Salop, it is so still.
way of breeding up their children was About ninety years ago, noblemens suitable to the rest. They were as and gentlemens coats were of the severe to their children as their school. bedels and yoemen of the guards, i. e. masters, and their schoolmasters as gathered at the middle. The benchers masters of the houses of correction : in the inns of court yet retain that the child perfectly loathed the sight of fashion in the make of their gowns. his parents as the slave his torture.
Captain Silas Taylor, says, that in Gentlemen of thirty and forty years days of yore, when a church was to be old were to stand like mutes and fools built, they watched and prayed on the bare headed before their parents ; and vigil of the dedication, and took that the daughters (grown women) were to point of the horizon where the sun stand at the cupboard-side during the arose for the east, which makes that whole time of the proud mother's visit, variation, so that few stand tsue, ex. unless (as the fashion was) leave was cept those built between the two equi- desired forsooth that a cushion should noxes. I have experimented some be given them to kneel apon, brought churches, and have found the line to them by the serving man, after they point to that part of the horizon where had done sufficient pennance in standthe sun rises on the day of that Saint ing. The boys (I mean the young to whom the church is dedicated. fellows) had their foreheads turned
In Scotland, especially among the up and stiffened with spittle : they Highlanders, the women make a were to stand mannerly forsooth thus, courtesy to the new moon, and our the foretop ordered as before, with English women in this country have a one hand at the bandstring, the other touch of this, some of them sitting behind the breech. The gentleastride on a gate or style the first women had prodigious fans, as is to evening the new moon appear3, and be seen in old pictures, like that insay, “A fine moon, God bless her!” strument which is used to drive The like I observed in Herefordshire. feathers, and had in it a handle at
The Britains received the knowledge least half a yard long; with these the of husbandry from the Romans; the daughters were oftentimes corrected : foot and the acre, which we yet use, (Sir Edward Coke, lord chief justice, is the nearest to them. In our west rode the circuit with such a fan, Sir country (and I believe so in the porth) William Dugdale told me he was an they give no wages to the shepherd, eye-witness of it; the Earl of Manbut he has the keeping so many sheep chester also used such a fan ;) but with his master's flock. Plautus hints fathers and mothers slasht their at this in his Asinaria, Act III. Scene I. daughters in the time of their besom etiam Opilio, &c.
discipline when they were perfect The Normans brought with them women. At Oxford (and I believe at into England civility and building, Cambridge) the rod was frequently which though it was Gothick yet mag- used by the tutors and deans; and nificent. Upon occasion of bustling Loctor Potter, of Trinity College, I in those days, great lords sounded their knew right well, whipt his pupil with trumpets, and summoned those that his sword by his side, when he came held under them. Old Sir Walter to take his leave of him to go to the Long, of Draycot, kept a trumpeter, ions of court. rode with thirty servants and retainers. Hence the sheriffs trumpets at this day. No younger brothers were to
LITTLE OR NOTHING. betake themselves to trade, but were DEAR SIR,-Safe from Coblentz ten churchmen or retainers to great men. days ago, but no time to write till now.
From the time of Erasmus till about Your Moselles will have arrived ? twenty years last past, the learning Shipped on the 28th. Delicious !-Ask was downright pedantry. The cón. O'Doherty else. Of a vintage ultra versation and habits of those times ante-diluvian. Friend of mine disco. were as starcht as their bands and vered 'em in the corner of a neglected square beards, and gravity was then cellar. Key lost (by tradition) in his taken for wisdom. The doctors in great-grandfather's time. Have them those days were but old boys, when bottled about a week hence. One glass, quibbles passed for wit, even in their (just to taste) from the ton. And about July-well iced! Byron himself should the inspiration, as Canning told Folkconfess that such wine was worth living stone. Maturin has done nothing (in for. Town rather livelier than when I the way of novel) equal to his House left it. Came in on the 2d. Kentish of Montorio and his Wild Irish Boy. road crowded with late members of Peeped into the Pilot (American) parliament. Dover quite full-horri. seems to have point here and there ble place! Shocking, the inns! Am. abont it. Read Haiji Baba ; which I phibious wretches, the population. understand turns out to be Morier's. Ashore (from steam packet) at four in Hope will chuckle over your review the morning. Fires out at The Ship. of it. No beds! Think of it! Had to wait Politics, not much novelty yet.-till a party got up-going off at six. Houses met on the 3d-warm weather Six came, changed their minds, (lazy,) to begin with. Opposition rather shy. wouldn't go! Woke the whole house Brougham let off the usual speech, but with ringing the bells, however-took not quite with the usual talent. Every care they shouldn't sleep. Filthy break. thing wrong, of course; they, pretty fast! Bad butter-vile chops-eggs! souls! you know, are on the “wrong." I never got an egg properly boiled in side ; but the best grievances will wear my life! Royal Society ought to give out in time. a premium. Set off, starved and shud- Canning's reply, as to our interfe. dering-Roads heavy-four horses rence with the internal arrangement ruined with the expense. Man wanted of Austria, was as spirited as it was to take half. Fat-looked greasy. sound. It made its way. Taxes and Thought ruin best. Got up to Pagli. burthens not a great deal about yet; ano's a petrifaction! Worthy crea- but Hume has letters from Ithaca ! ture, the cook! Tossed me up such a What may this portend! Tread-mill “ Saumon-Tartare"_" Vol au veut." question coming. You must speak out, - Maccaroni"-all light. Coffee- North--the women (there are good liqueur-no wine for fear of fever reasons) ought to be exempt ; let the went to bed quite thawed in body and men dó double. Vagrant act, some mind; and walked round Leicester. talk upon last night, and it wants square next morning, like “a giant modification. I don't like making a refreshed.”
victim here and there. Do the thing, Got Maga as soon as I arrived. All or let it alone. Look at the state of good. Songs magnificent! Those two Fleet-street; through which, after ten lines alone,
at night, a man cannot, with common “ The great Lord Mayor,
decency, carry his wife or sisters. " In civic chair," &c.
Mend this, and then we will come to able to sell a quarto.
the alleys and dark corners. On the Parliament met just in time. Murder West India question, not yet a word ! began to be “out of tune.” They tried, These late facts seem to stick in the I see, to make a move with Hunt's con- throats of the emancipators! You fession, but the dog had no genius in should rouse their slumbering philanhis lying. Prose article, I see, on thropy in your next, I'll do it myself, Thurtell this month ; put it home, if if I can find time. you love me., How the great beast Went to the Opera on Saturday does love to howl and wonder! The night. Are you mad for Rossini ? Zelpraises of his defence, too, poor crea. mira heavy, to the degree of going to ture! Written for him (of course, you sleep, I assure you. Not a tenth part know) every line; and the worst that as good as the Moses in Egypt. Alever was written, into the bargain. most as fatiguing as the Othello, or the
But, talking of the worst that ever Donna del Lago. Company weak. was written, you have seen the “ West- Camporese gone. Angrisani gone, minster Review !” It is too rich, is it Madame Colbran all nonsense. Balnot? Such a deal of it too. The Ba- let stupid. House “ done up" in palJaam crop must have been more abun- try taste. Don't like any of it. All dant than usual ; why, the Liberal has nonsense to make a fuss about, so far. not been dead two montbs? I give 'em Catalani may do something ;-but we four numbers. The general opinion is want a tenor among the gentlemen. three.
Theatres I think we have agreed Skimmed Maturin's Albigenses-ra- never to talk about. Monstrously dull! ther stuffy. The contortions without Dull as the last Number of the London
Magazine ; Colburn's I haven't bad pocket, he set out for London that time to look at.
evening, and reached it early enough Phrenology flourishes. Went to a the next morning to notify the submislecture yesterday on the subject. Fa- sion of the culprit damsels.. cetious artist the Professor ;-never Riding sixty miles in the night, to saw a man misguide himself more in- confer a favour on two antiquated virgeniously. Bit of a rogue, too gins, to whom he had no particular obDoesn't trust to the “ art," where data ligation, was really what not one man are to be had; and tells (like the gyp- in five thousand would have done: but sies) a pleasant story to all comers. where personal fatigue could serre, Hoaxed him amazingly myself. Sure Mr. Elwes never spared it. I had the organ of « oppositiveness. The ladies were so overjoyed-90 Shewed me Hume's head (in plaster) thankful-so much trouble and exand found all qualities becoming a man pense! What returns could they make? most prominent in it. Near making a To ease their consciences on this head, horrible mistake towards the end. an old Irish gentleman, their peighShewed us Dr. Dodd's head, and Mrs bour, who knew Mr. Elwes's mode of M.Kinnon's—such skulls could only travelling, wrote these words : “ My gravitate towards the gallows. Felt dears, is it expense you are talking of? inspired with science myself; and was send him sixpence, and he gains twojust going to point out the same pecu pence by the journey !" liarity in a boy's head that stood near.It was his son's !--Came away for fear
A CONNOISSEUR IN CATS. of tempting Providence.
Nothing more I believe that I had Died 1791, in Southampton-row, to say-only take care of the Moselles. Bloomsbury, Mrs. Gregg, a maiden The very smell of those empty casks lady, between fifty and sixty years of would intoxicate the whole presence age, remarkable for her benevolence of Cockaigne ! Called in on Parson to cats, no fewer than eighty being enIrving since my return. He draws tertained under her hospitable roof, at still; but the matter gets weaker and the time of her decease, at an allow.. weaker. London horridly dirty, and ance of near a guinea a week. She M-Adamizing getting on very fast. So was in affluent circumstances; and on no more (at present,) from yours,
the death of a sister, receiving an adP
dition to her income, she set up her ( Blackwood's Magazine.)
coach ; but suffered no male servant to sleep in her house. Her maids being
frequently tired of their attendance on ANECDOTE OF J. ELWES, ESQ.
such a numerous household, she was When Mr. Elwes was at Marcham, reduced at last to take a black woman two very ancient maiden ladies, in his to attend upon and feed them. neighbourhood, had for some neglect This is a second instance of an exincurred the displeasure of the spiritual traordinary attention to the feline race court, and were threatened with imme- among us. The other was a person of diate excommunication. The whole im- property, of the name of Norris, at port of the word they did not perfectly Hackney, who, from the multitude of understand, but they had heard some- cats assembled under his hospitable thing about standing in a church, and roof, acquired the name of Cat Norris. a penance; and their ideas immedi- The attachment of the Mahometans ately ran upon a white sheet. They to eats is well known. “Amidst their concluded, if they once got into that, disregard to the human species in their it as all over with them; and as the hospitals, Mr. Howard found an asylum excommunication was to take place the for cats."-Aikin's Life of Howard, next day, away they hurried to Mr. p. 159. See also, in Picart's Religious Elwes, to know how they could make Ceremonies, vol. vii. p. 97, a Portrait submission, and how the sentence might of an Albanian Cat-feeder. be prevented. No time was to be lost. The Egyptians also held the cat in Mr. Elwes did that which, fairly speak- great veneration. A mummy of a ing, not one man in five thousand would young Egytian princess was lately have done : he had bis horse saddled, brought to Bruges, and an embalmed and putting, according to usual cus- cat was found in the same case with tom, a couple of hard eggs in his the lady.
DAINTY MORSELS; sbewing his taste, repeated with great
affectation the following line :OR, AFTER DINNER CHIT CHAT.
“Who rules o'er freemen should himself be
free." To cause the joyons langh
Then turning to Dr. Johnson, who To circle gaily round the group, Shaking fat sides.
happened to be present, he said,
“What think you of that, sir?" THE VENERABLE SPORTSMAN.
“ Rank nonsense," replied Johnson,
sarcastically, “it is an assertion withAn ancestor of the celebrated Mr. out a proof, and you might with as Calonne, was remarkable for his at much propriety say, tachment to the sports of the field, and,
"; " Who slays fat oxen sbould himself be fat.” for preserving his vigour and strength, both of mind and body, to an advanced period of his life. At the age of 85, ONE SCRAPER ENOUGH AT A he used constantly every day to take
DOOR. the exercise of riding. A friend, one One time, a bad fiddler came to beg morning in the autumn, met him on
at the door of the facetious Foote, and horseback, riding very fast, “Where
in order to earn the mite, and excite are you going in such a hurry this
attention, struck up a jig, which Foote morning ?' enquired the gentleman. hearing, he gave the fellow a shilling, 66 Why, sir," replied the other face- desiring him to go about his businesstiously, “I am riding after my eighty- « for," said Foote, “one scraper is fourth year.
enough at a door," Foote used to tell a story of once meeting an Irishman comparing his
GAMING. watch by St. Paul's, and then bursting “ The vice of gaming,” says a writer into a fit of laughter. Being asked in 1788," which has been carried in what he laughed at, he replied: “And this country lately to a height never how can I help it? when here is my before known, seems to branch out into little watch, that was made by Paddy every possible shape of hazard. The O'Flaherty on Ormond Quay, and nobility game with dice,-the ladies which only cost me five guineas, has with cards,—the linen-drapers with beat your big London clock there a full bills the lower class with lottery hour and a half since yesterday morn- tickets, or numbers, and the conseing."
quences are proportioned to the quality
of the gamblers--being in four words — THE DIAMOND. · suicide, adultery, bankruptcy and the Alphonso, King of Arrogan, was one day admiring the different articles in his jeweller's shop, with many of
THE KISS. his favourite women : he had scarcely / A country girl in Lombardy, running left the shop, when the jeweller missed after her she-ass, which was in haste a diamond of great value, and ran after to get up to her food, passed a gentlehim, complaining of the theft. The man on the road, who, seeing her to king, not willing publicly to disgrace be very buxom, and having a mind to any of his attendants, commanded a be witty, called out,“ Whence do you large basin full of sand to be brought come from, sweetheart ?” “From Vil. him, into which he made each of his lejuiff,” said she. “From Villejuiff!" women put her hand, clenched, and exclaimed the gentleman ; "and do draw it out flat; by this means the you know the daughter of Nicholas diamond was left in the sand, unknown Gullot, who lives there ?” “Very by whom.
well,” said the lass. “ Be so kind
then," said he," as to carry her a kiss DR. JOHNSON AND THE from me," at the same instant throwBUTCHER.
ing his arms round her neck, he was An eminent carcass butcher, as
about to salute her. " Hold, Sir,” meagre in his person as he was in his
cried the girl, disentangling herself understanding, being one day in a from his arms, “ since you are in such bookseller's shop, took up a voľume of a hurry, it will be better to kiss my ass, Churchill's Poems. and by way of for she will be there before me?"