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SQUARE MEASURE.

144 Square inches make 1 Square foot, marked ft. 9 Square feet

1 Square yard,

yd. 304 Square yards

1 Square rod or pole," p. 272 Square feet

1 Square rod or pole,"

p. 40 Square rods or poles 1 Rood,

R. 4 Roods

1 Acre,

A. 640 Acres

1 Square mile, " S.M. in.

ft. 144 =

1

yd. 1596

1

p. 39204 2721 301= 1

R. 1568160 10890 = 1210

1

A. 6272640 43560 4840 160 4 4014489600=27878400=3097600=102400 = 2560 = 640 =1

9=

40

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1 s. M.

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This measure is applied to all Dry Goods, as Corn, Fruit, Salt, Coals, &c. A Winchester Bushel is 181 inches in diameter, and 8 inches deep. The standard Gallon Dry Measure contains 2684 inches.

ALE AND BEER MEASURE.

make 1 Quart,

marked qt.

2 Pints
4 Quarts
36 Gallons
54 Gallons
2 Hogsheads
2 Butts

1 Gallon,
1 Barrel,
1 Hogshead,
1 Butt,
1 Tun,

gal, bar. hhd. butt. tun.

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Note. By a law of Massachusetts, the barrel for Cider and Beer shall contain 32 Gallons. The Ale Gallon contains 282 cubic or solid inches.

WINE MEASURE.

4 Gills
make 1 Pint,

marked pt. 2 Pints

1 Quart,

qt. 4 Quarts

1 Gallon,

gal. 42 Gallons

1 Tierce,

tier. 63 Gallons

1 Hogshead,

hhd. 2 Tierces

1 Puncheon,

pun. 2 Hogsheads

1 Pipe or Butt, pi. 2 Pipes or 4 Hhds.

1 Tun,

tun.

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Note. The Wine Gallon contains 231 cubic inches. We have no statute specifying how many gallons a hogshead, tierce, or pipe, shall contain.

OF TIME.

60 Seconds, or 60" make 1 Minute, marked m. 60 Minutes

1 Hour,

h. 24 Hours

1 Day,

d.. 7 Days

1 Week, 4 Weeks

1 Month, 13 Months, 1 day, 6 hours, or

1 Julian Year,

y. 365 days, 6 hours 12 Calendar months

y.

W.

mo.

}

1 Year,

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W.

mo.

y.

60

1

h. 3600

60 =

1

d. 86400

1440

24

1 604800 10080 168

7 2419200 40320 672 28 4 1 31557600 525960 8766 3654

= 1 Note. The true solar year is the time measured from the sun's leaving either equinox or solstice, to its return to the same again. A periodical year is the time the earth revolves round the sun, and is 365d. 6h. Om. 14 sec. and is often called the Sidereal year. The civil year is that, which is in common use among the different nations of the world, and contains 365 days for three years in succession, but every fourth year it contains 366 days. When any year can be divided by four, without any remainder, it is leap year, and has 366 days. The days in each month are stated in the following distichs.

Thirty days hath September,
April, June, and November;
All the rest have thirty-one,
Except February alone,
Which hath but twenty-eight,
Except leap year, when it hath twenty-nine.

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60 Seconds

make 1 Prime minute, marked '. 60 Minutes

1 Degree, 30 Degrees

I Sign, 12 Signs, or 360 Degrees, the whole great Circle of the

Zodiac.

s.

MEASURING DISTANCES.

make

797 Inches 25 Links 100 Links 10 Chains 8 Furlongs

1 Link,
1 Pole.
1 Chain.
1 Furlong.
1 Mile.

D *

SOLID MEASURE.

1728 Inches

make 1 Foot. 27 Feet

1 Yard. 40 Feet of Timber

1 Ton. 128 Feet, i. e. 8 feet in length,

1 Cord of Wood. 4 in height, and 4 in breadth,

Section 8.

UNITED STATES' MONEY.

ADDITION.

Rule. Place dollars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, and mills under mills, and add the col. umns together, as in the addition of simple numbers, and place a period or point immediately after the dollars, separating them from the cents.

Note. The eagles and dollars are usually written together; as are also the dimes, cents, and mills. The dollars are separated from the cents by a point; all the figures at the left of the point are dollars, and, at the right of the point, the first two figures are cents, and the third is mills. Three dollars fifteen cents six mills are written $3.156. Seventy-four dollars three cents four mills are written $ 74.034. Seventeen dollars five mills are written $ 17.005.

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5. Bought a coat for $ 17.81 ; a vest for $3.75; a pair of pantaloons for $2.87; and a pair of boots for $7.18; what was the amount ?

Ans. 31.61

6. Sold a load of wood for seven dollars six cents ; five bushels of corn for four dollars seventy-five cents, and seven bushels of potatoes for two dollars six cents ; what was received for the whole ? Ans. $ 13.87.

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11. From $ 71.07 take $ 5.09.

Ans. $ 65.98. 12. From $ 100. take $ 17.17.

Ans. $ 82.83. 13. Bought a horse for one hundred seventy-five dollars, and sold him for two hundred twenty-nine dollars eight cents ; what was gained by the bargain ?

Ans. $ 54.08. 14. From one hundred dollars, there was paid to one man seventeen dollars nine cents, to another twentythree dollars eight cents, and to another thirty-three dollars twenty-five cents ; how much cash remained ?

Ans. $ 26.58. 15. From ten dollars take nine mills. Ans. $ 9.991.

MULTIPLICATION.

Rule. Multiply the quantity by the price, and in the answer point off as many figures for cents and mills, as there are in the price.

OPERATION.

16. What cost 143 barrels of flour at $ 7.25

per

barrel ?

Ans. 1036.75.
143
7.25
715

286
1001
103 6.7 5 Ans.

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