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Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church near Alexandria, to which, I hope, many such documents will be transmitted. We have no certain accounts of any successor to Mr. Grayson; but it is confidently believed that the Rev. Thomas Harrison was the minister for some years after Mr. Grayson's death, as his name appears in the list of the overseers of the poor from 1792 to 1802, when it disappears, and when he either probably died or resigned. I have been unable to obtain any reliable accounts of Mr. Harrison. His name is nowhere to be seen on any of the lists of the clergy which I have. My old friend, Mr. Samuel Slaughter, of Culpepper, (now eighty-eight years of age,) told me, during the last summer, that he went to school to him in Culpepper when he was minister of Bloomfield parish, and that he afterward moved over to Prince William. He was the father of a numerous offspring of sons and daughters, who became scattered over the land. The late Mr. Phil. Harrison, of Richmond, was one of his sons, who are said to have been nine in number. I became acquainted with one of the families many years since near Dumfries. Its members were then preparing to move to the South. On the first page of the vestry-book of Dettingen parish, I find a leaf taken from the old Overwharton vestry-book and fastened to the latter,-doubtless by Mr. Harrison,-in which there is the following genealogy, taken from the parish record of St. Margaret's, Westminster, and certified by Richard Gibson, London:
“ Burr Harrison, of Chappawamsic, born in England, son of Cuthbert Harrison, baptized in the porish of St. Margaret's, Westminster, 28th December, 1637. His son Thomas born in 1665 ; grandson Burr born May 21, 1699; great-grandson Thomas born 3d of March, 1723 ; his sister Jane the 9th of December, 1726 ; his sister Seth the 30th of November, 1729.”
This last Thomas Harrison was, I suppose, the minister. There was doubtless an intermarriage between the Powells, of Loudon county, and the Harrisons, of Prince William, from which it comes that the names Cuthbert and Burr are so often to be found in these families. Whether all of the above were born in England, or some of them in this country, I am unable to say. There was a Thomas Harrison belonging to Broad Run Church, in Dettingen parish, long before the Rev. Mr. Harrison appears in the parish, and may have been his father. After the death of the Rev. Mr. Harrison, the Rev. Mr. O'Neal officiated for a short time. Ile died after I entered the ministry; but I never met with him. No clerical delegate, and only one lay delegate,- Mr. Jesse Ewell, --ever appears in the Conventions of Virginia from Dettingen parish.
It only remains that I mention, for the satisfaction of their posterity, the lay readers and vestrymen of this old parish during the fifty years of which the records testify. At Broad Run we find the names of John Bryant, William Peyton, Joseph Sherman, James Gray, George Carter. At Quantico Church, Mr. Thomas Machem or Mitchem, John Peyton, Jeremiah Moore, lay readers. The following are the names of the vestrymen of this parish during the fifty years of its recorded proceedings :-Peyton, Rearser, Butler, Deskin, Linton, Renno, Blackburn, Furguson, Ewell, Seale, Grayson, Baxter, Whetlige, Fouchee, Rust, Roussan, Crump, Frogg, Harrison, Wright, Bullett, Wickliffe, Bell, Copedge, Thornton, Elsey, Betty, Eustace, Blackwell, Waggener, Nisbett, Kennor, Tibbs, Triplett, Carr, Lee, Baylis, Buchanon, Bennett, Hoe, Alexander, Fitzhugh, Kincheloe, Washington, Guatkin, M Millon. The names of Adie and Tompkins are mentioned as men of uprightness, to whom the vestry and minister referred some important matters of (lifference for decision. The Lees, Peytons, Blackburns, and Ewells appear to have been most numerous and prominent in the vestries.
After a failure of all efforts for the resuscitation of the Church in Dumfries, our attention was directed to the other parts of the parish of Dettingen. The Rev. Mr. Steel, beginning in 1822, laboured for some years with partial success, and built a small church in the centre of the parish. The Rev. Mr. Slaughter followed him in 1835, and preached with more success at Brentsville—the new county seat—and at Hay-Market. The Rev. Mr. Skull succeeded Mr. Slaughter at the same places. The Rev. Mr. Towles has now for many years been faithfully and acceptably serving the parish. . A new and excellent stone church has been built at Brentsville ; and the old court-house at Hay. Market has been purchased and converted into a handsome and convenient temple of religion. A race-course once adjoined the court-house, and in preaching there in former days I have, on a Sabbath, seen from the court-house bench, on which I stood, the horses in training for the sport which was at hand. Those times have, I trust, passed away forever.
Hamilton and Leeds Parishes, Fauquier County.
AFTER the division of the former parish of Hamilton into Dettingen and Hamilton, in the year 1745, the Rev. Mr. Keith continued to be minister in Hamilton. How long he had been minister of the whole parish is not known; neither have I been able to ascertain how long he continued to be minister of Hamilton parish after the division, only that in 1758 the Rev. Joseph Brunskill was the minister. The vestry-book, which could have informed us, was placed in the Clerk's office, and there torn up, page after page, by the clerks or others, for the purpose of lighting cigars or pipes. Of the Rev. Mr. Keith and his descendants I have not been able to obtain all the information I desire and hope for. From all that I can learn, he was a worthy man. He was a native of Scotland. Being involved in the rebellion in favour of the Pretender, he was forced to fly his country, and came to Virginia. Returning to England for Orders, he was then settled in Hamilton parish, and performed the duties of his office there for a long time,-probably until 1757 or 1758. A daughter of his married Colonel Thomas Marshall, of Oakhill, Fauquier, the seat of the Marsballs to this day. He was the father of the late Chief Justice. Both father and son were in the Revolutionary Army, and fought together at the battle of Monmouth. Another of Mr. Keith's children was the Clerk of Frederick county, Virginia, who so long and faithfully performed the duties of that office. The descendants of Mr. Keith are numerous. They are also devoted members of the Episcopal Church. After the division of the parish of Hamilton, Mr. Keith served, until his death, all that region now embraced in Fauquier county, as it was not until 1769 that Leeds parish was cut off. I am unable to ascertain how many churches there were then in that part now making the parish of Leeds. I can only speak of the two in that which is now Hamilton,-namely, Elk Run and Turkey Run Churches, both of which I have often seen, and in one of which I have preached. Elk Run Church was about fifteen miles, I think, below Fauquier Court-Ilouse, on the road to Frederickshurg, upon a small stream from which it took its name. It was a substantial brick church,-cruciform, I believe. I am not certain that the roof was on it when I first saw it, in 1811. Its walls continued for many years after this, and I saw them gradu ally disappear during my annual visits to the Conventions. The other was called the Turkey Run Church, and was situated about a mile below Fauquier Court-House. It was an old frame church, which, after the erection of one at the court-house, was carried away and converted into a barn, and is still used as such. It was here I first met with Bishop Moore, after his arrival in Virginia in 1815. His preaching was very melting. I saw an old Episcopalian wiping the tears from his eyes during the sermon, but, on speaking to him afterward about the Bishop's preaching, was surprised to hear him
that the Bishop was nothing but a Methodist, so different was his style and manner from what had hitherto been common in Episcopal pulpits. The Bishop confirmed fifty persons at that time, the most of whom came forward in ignorance of the proper qualifications for this rite, or of the nature of true religion. Such was the case with many other congregations at the Bishop's earlier visits, some of which had no ministers, and others new ones, so that due precautions could not be easily taken to prevent unsuitable persons from coming forward. It injured the Church and the Bishop not a little for some time. He once told me that he really feared to hold a Confirmation in a new place, lest some unworthy candidates should come forward. Of the ministers who succeeded Mr. Keith, but little is known. In the year 1758, the Rev. Joseph Brunskill was the minister. * In the year 1774, the Rev. James
* Since writing the article on Hamilton parish, I have learnt something concerning the Rev. Mr. Brunskill which deserves to be noticed, especially as it is connected with the question of discipline in the Colonial Church. He was a notorious evilliver, being given to intemperance and other vices. His vestry complained of him to Governor Dinwiddie, who summoned him and his accusers, with their witnesses, to Williameburg. They appeared before the Governor and Council, Commissary Dawson being one of the Council. Being found guilty, the Governor ordered the vestry to dismiss him and choose another minister. On his return to the parish, Mr. Brunskill posted the Governor and Council on the church-door, and perhaps elsewhere, declaring that they had no jurisdiction in the case, and adding in tho same notice a canon of the English Church, whereby none but a Bishop could pass sentence on a clergyman. The justification of the Governor was, that, although none but a Bishop could absolutely deprive of Orders, yet the Governor, as supreme ruler in Virginia, and representing the Crown, which was chief in Church and State in England, had a right and was bound to exercise some discipline and prevent such dishonour to religion, and that, as ministers were tried before the civil courts in England, so Mr. Brunskill had been tried before the Governor and Council, which was the supreme court in Virginia. Commissary Dawson entertained some doubt as to the canonical regularity of the proceeding, but in a letter to the Bishop of Loudon justified it on the ground of necessity.
Craig is minister. After Mr. Craig, I hear of the Rev. Mr. Kennor from Hanover parish, King George, and the Rev. Mr. Iredell, from Culpepper, as living in the parish and preaching,-neither of whom was very creditable to the Church. In the year 1805, the Rev. Mr. O'Neale and Mr. Charles Marshall appear as delegates in the Convention, as minister and lay delegate. Mr. O'Neale taught school in Warrenton for some years, and then removed to Dumfries, and died since I entered the ministry. Most prostrate was the condition of the parish in the year 1812 or 1813, when I first visited it. There was no house of worship at Warrenton belonging to any denomination, and the old Turkey Run Church was inconvenient, so that the service was held in the court-house. Notice being given that I would preach at three or four o'clock on a certain day during the session of the court, a large crowd assembled from the country around to hear a young Virginia Episcopalian. It so happened that a very important case detained the court beyond the appointed hour of worship. The people, however, gradually filled the houso and hemmed in the lawyers. The ladies ascended the bench on which judges and magistrates sat, and enclosed the judge, until at length the business of the court was obliged to stop, and neither judge nor lawyers could escape. The house being completely filled, I was sent for, and, being unable to pass through the crowd, was raised up through the window and put into the sheriff's box, from which I preached.
About this time, the Episcopalians and Presbyterians proposed to build a church in conjunction. It was commenced, and a wall was put up and a roof completed. Some difficulty arising between the partners, as is generally the case, the Episcopalians determined to build one for themselves, without relinquishing their claim on the unfinished one. Accordingly, a frame building was put up and consecrated as an Episcopal Church. This was used until within a few years. A still better one of brick now receives the increasing congregation, under its faithful and zealous minister, the Rev. Mr. Norton, whose father and myself became candidates for the ministry at the same time. His lot was cast in Western New York, though by birth a Virginian. He still lives, a venerable though disabled minister.
LEEDS PARISH, FAUQUIEK. This parish, as we have seen already, was taken out of Hamilton in the year 1769. The first and only minister, before the Rev. Mr. Lemmon took charge of it in 1816, was the Rev. James Thom