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cellent father, Mr. Charles Lewis, well. A truer friend to the

A Church when friends were few, a more perfect gentleman, and a worthier citizen, could not be found. I also knew that venerable old lady, Mrs. Gabriel Jones. The first visit ever paid to that parish was in company with her grandson, Mr. Strother Jones, of Frederick, when we saw her in her old age, rejoicing in the prospect of the resuscitation of the Church of her love. Her large old PrayerBook is still in the hands of one of her descendants. Her husband, Mr. Gabriel Jones, was for a long time so prominent at the bar in the valley, that he was called “The Lawyer.” His name is on the vestry-book of Frederick parish as council for the Church in one of her suits.


Augusta is undoubtedly the county in which something should be said of this name, as John Lewis, the father of the numerous families of Lewises in Western Virginia, was the great Augusta pioneer in 1720. Whether this family, and other farnilies in Virginia of the same name, are allied by reason of a common origin in a foreign land, cannot positively be affirmed; but the sameness of family names, and oftentimes resemblance of personal appearance and character, are such that many have inferred a common origin. Such was the expressed opinion of the late Benjamin Watkins Leigh, as of others. Mr. John Lewis, of Augusta, came from the county of Dublin, in Ireland, about the year 1720,—his eldest son, Thomas, being born there in 1718: some ascribe a Welsh origin, and others a Huguenot, to the family. His eldest son, Thomas, was a vestryman of the early Church in Augusta, and one of the first delegates to one of the first Conventions in Virginia after our troubles began. His library was well stored with old English theological books; and such was his attachment to the Episcopal Church, that in his will he requested that his friend and brother-in-law, old Peachy Gilmer, should read the burial-service of the Prayer-Book over his remains, there being no minister in the parish at that time. At one time he was in correspondence with the Rev. Mr. Boucher in reference to Augusta parish. He was the father of the Charles Lewis spoken of above, and grandfather of the present General Lewis, of Port Republic. There were three other sons of the first John Lewis. The second was Andrew Lewis, te her of Point Pleasant. The third was William, who was also 1 vestryman in Augusta, and afterward settled at the Sweet Springs. The fourth was Charles, who was killed by the Indians in the battle of Point Pleasant. Such is the information I received from one of the family, who speak of only four sons. Howe in his book on Virginia, and Charles Campbell after him, speak of two others. They say that all six of the brothers, under the command of Samuel, the oldest, were with Washington at Braddock's defeat.


Churches in Western Virginia.St. Paul's and St. John's, Brook !


We introduce our notices of the churches in Western Virginia by the following passage from a sketch of Western Virginia, by the Rev. Dr. Doddridge, whose ministry will be duly noticed :


“The Episcopal Church, which ought to have been foremost in gather. ing their scattered flocks, bave been the last and done the least of any Christian community in the evangelical work. Taking the Western country in its whole extent, at least one-half of its population was originally of Episcopalian parentage; but, for want of a ministry of their own, they have associated with other communities. They had no alternative but that of changing their profession or living and dying without the ordinances of religion. It can be no subject of regret that those ordinances wero placed within their reach by other hands, whilst they were withheld by those by whom, as a matter of right and duty, they ought to have been given. One single chorepiscopus, or suffragan Bishop, of a faithful spirit, who, twenty years ago, should have ordained them elders in every place' where they were needed, would have been the instrument of forming Episcopal congregations over a great extent of country, and which, by this time, would have become large, numerous, and respectable; but the opportunity was neglected, and the consequent loss to this Church is irreparable.

"So total a neglect of the spiritual interests of so many valuable people, for so great a length of time, by a ministry so near at hand, is a singular and unprecedented fact in ecclesiastical history, the like of which never occurred before.

“ It seems to me that if the twentieth part of their number of Christian people of any other community had been placed in Siberia, and dependent on any other ecclesiastical authority in this country, that that authority would have reached them many years ago with the ministration of the Gospel

. With the earliest and most numerous Episcopacy in America, not one of the Eastern Bishops has yet crossed the Alleghany Mountains, although the dioceses of two of them comprehended large tracts of country on the western side of the mountains.

It is hoped that the future diligence of this community will make up in some degree for the negligence of the past. “There is still an immense void in this country, which it is their duty to

From their respectability, on the ground of antiquity, among the Reformed Churches, the science of their patriarchs, who have been the lights of the world,- from their number and great resources even in America, —she ought to hasten to fulfil the just expectations of her own people as well as those of other communities, in contributing her full share to the science, piety, and civilization of our country.

fill up

“From the whole of our ecclesiastical bistory, it appears that, with the exception of the Episcopal Church, all our religious communities have done well for their country.”

Without questioning the perfect sincerity and honest zeal of Dr. Doddridge in this severe criticism, or desiring to apologize for what was blameworthy in the Episcopal Church in regard to the West, we think that truth and justice require some modification of the sentence. We cannot assent to the fact that one-half of the Western population was originally of Episcopal parentage. We must remember that even Maryland had a large proportion of Romanists, as well as other Protestant denominations besides the Episcopal. North of this there was scarce any Episcopalians from the first settlement of the country. A short time before the war, Bishop White was the only Episcopal minister in Pennsylvania. The emigrants from all the Northern States, beginning with Pennsylvania, were not of Episcopal parentage. Although Episcopalians abounded from the first in Virginia and the Carolinas, yet it should be remembered that, of the emigrants to the West, immense numbersfar the larger part-had renounced the Episcopal Church before their removal, and only carried with them bitter hatred toward it. I am satisfied that not a tenth part of those who have left the Eastern for the Western States were Episcopalian at their removal: perhaps a much smaller proportion would be a correct estimate. Soon after the issue of Dr. Doudridge's book,-perhaps forty years ago,-I prepared something on this subject and offered it for publication.

Owing to various circumstances in her history, the Episcopal Church may be regarded as the last of all the Churches in our land which began the work of evangelizing. Her race only commenced after the Revolution. All that was done before proved but a hinderance to her. All other denominations were in active operation long before, and were so prejudiced against her as not to be willing to have her as a co-worker with them. Instead, therefore, of the advantages possessed by the Episcopal Church for establishing herself in the West being greater than those of other Churches, they were less, whether we consider the Bishops and clergy at her command, or the difficulty of the work to be done, by reason of existing prejudices. Justice to the memory of our fathers requires this statement. That of Dr. Doddridge has often been quoted without due consideration.

We must, however, do the justice to Dr. Doddridge to say that, if we had had many such laborious ministers as himself, the West would


have been far better supplied with Episcopal churches and ministrations than it has been. And yet truth requires us to admit, what will soon appear, that even his zealous labours have not been followed by all the results which we could desire, by reason of the numerous opposing influences with which he and the Church had to contend. Nothing that I could draw from any documents or record, or from living witnesses, could so interest the reader as the following sketch of Dr. Doddridge's life and labours, from the pen of a friend, and I therefore adopt it:


“The following article, with some slight alterations, was sent to me as a friend of the late Rev. Dr. Doddridge, by the Hon. Thomas Scott, of Chillicothe. The writer was among the early settlers of the Northwest Terri. tory, —was Secretary to the Convention which framed the Constitution of the State of Ohio, and has since held important and responsible offices under its government. He is now far advanced in life, and employs a still vigorous intellect in throwing together for publication his reminis. cences of early associations and bygone days. Reminiscences of the first Minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church

who adventured into the Wilderness Regions of Western Virginia and Eastern Ohio,--the late Rev. Dr. Joseph Doddridge, of Wellsbury, Brooke County, Virginia.

Presuming that but few of the present members of the Episcopal Church in the pow flourishing diocese in this State are aware that it was owing, in a great measure, to the early labours and indefatigable exertions of the individual above named that an Episcopate was obtained in Ohio, we feel persuaded that a few brief reminiscences connected with his self-denying and persevering efforts for the establishment in the West of the Church of his fathers will not be unacceptable at the present period : indeed, as the early and intimate friend of this pioneer-herald of the Cross in our Western borders, we deem it but a measure of justice to the memory of a man who, for a series of years, laboured in the good cause single-handed and almost without remuneration. We shall, however, only advert to his labours in general, not having at hand the data to enable us to do so in detail.

“ My first acquaiutance with the subject of this notice commenced in 1788, in Hampshire county, Virginia. He was then about nineteen years of age, and a successful and highly-esteemed labourer among the Wesleyan Methodists, in connection with whom he continued several years. Being recalled from his field of labour to the paternal mansion, in Western Pennsylvania, by the sudden decease of his father, in consequence of which event the younger members of the family—of whom he was the eldestwere placed in circumstances requiring for a time his personal supervision, the youthful itinerant felt it to be his duty to resign his charge, and, in conformity with the last wish of his deceased parent,—who had appointed him the executor of his will, -to apply himself to the settlement of his estate.

“ This accomplished, he found himself in possession of sufficient means to enable him to prosecute his education, which as yet was limited,


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