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man that ever writ or spake (excepting him that was both God and man) hath said, that such who bring others unto righteousnesse, shal themselves shine as the stars in the firmament. And doubtlesse I doe beleive even amongst the rest of my Articles, when these poore Heathens shall be brought to entertaine the honour of the name, and glory of the Gospell of our blessed Saviour, when they shall testifie of the true and ever-living God, and Jesus Christ to be their salvation, their knowledge so inlarged and sanctified, that without him they confesse their eternal death: I do believe I say (and how can it be otherwise ?) that they sbal breake out and cry with the rapture of so inexplicable mercie: Blessed be the King and Prince of England, and blessed be the English Nation, and blessed forever be the most high God, possessor of Heaven and earth, that sent these English as Angels to bring such glad tidings amongst us. These will be doubtlesse the empaticke effects and exultation of this so Christian worke, and may these nothing move! Alas let Sanballat, and Tobiah, Papests and Plaiers, Ammonites and Horonites, the scumme and dregges of the people, let them mocke at this holy Businesse, they that be filthie, let them be filthie still, and let such swine wallow in the mire, but let not the rod of the wicked fall upon the lot of the righteous nor let them shrinke back, and call in their helpes from this so glorious enterprise, which the Prophet Isaiah cals, the declaring of God to the left hand, but let them that know the worke, rejoice and be glad in the happie successe of it, proclaiming that it is the everlasting God that raigneth in England, and upto the ends of the world.

[The following is the true and full account of the capture of Pocahoutas by Captain Argall.]

It chaunced Powhatans delight and darling, his daughter Pocahuntas, (whose fame hath even bin spred in England by the title of Nonparella of Virginia,) in her princely progresse, if I may so terme it, tooke some pleasure in the absence of Captaine Argall) to be among her friends at Pataomecke (as it seemeth by the relation I had) imploied thither, as shopkeepers to a Fare, to exchange some of her fathers commodities for theirs, where residing some three months or longer, it fortuned upon occasion either of promise or profit, Captaine Argall to arrive there, whom Pocahuntas, desirous to renew her familiaritie with the English, and delighting to see them, as unknowne, fearefull perhaps to be surprised, would gladly visit, as she did, of whom no sooner had Captaine Argall intelligence, but he delt with an old friend, and adopted brother of his, Japazeus, how and by what means he might procure her captive, assuring him, that now or never, was the time to pleasure him, if he intended indeede that love which he had made profession of, that in ransome of hir he might redeeme some of our English men and armes, now in the possession of her Father, promising to use her withall faire, and gentle entreaty: Japazeus well assured that his brother, as he promised would use her curteously promised his best indevours and secresie to accomplish his desire, and thus wrought it, making his wife an instrument (which sex huve ever bin most powerfull in beguiling inticements) to effect his plot which hee had thus laid, he agreed that himselfe, his wife, and Pocahuntas, would accoinpanie his brother to the water side, whether come, his wife should faine a great and longing desire to goe aboorde, and see the shippe, which being there three or four times, before she had never seen, and should be earnest with her husband to permit her: he seemed angry with her, making as he pretended so unnecessary a request, especially being without the company of women, which deniall she taking unkindly, must faine to weepe (as who knows not that women can command teares) whereupon her husband seeming to pity those counterfeit teares, gave her leave to goe aboord, so that it would please Pocahuntas to accompany her: now was the greatest labour to win her, guilty perhaps of her fathers wrongs, though not knowne as she supposed, to goe with her, yet by her earnest perswasions, she assented: so forthwith aboorde they went, the best cheere that could be made was seasonably provided, to supper they went, merry on all hands, especially Japazeus and his wife, who to express their joy, would ere be treading upo Capt. Argalls foot, as who should say tis don, she is your own. Supper ended, Pocahuntas was lodged in the Gunner's roome, but Japazeus and his wife desired to have some conference with their brother, which was onely to acquaint him by what strategem, they had betraid his prisoner, as I have already related : after which discourse to sleepe they went, Pocahuntas nothing mistrusting this policy, who nevertheles being most possessed with feare, and desire of returne, was first up, and hastened Japazeus to be gon. Capt. Argall having secretly well rewarded him, with a small copper kettle, and some other les valuable toies so highly by him esteemed, that doubtlesse he would have betraid his owne father for them, permitted both him and his wife to returne, but told him, that for divers considerations, as for that his father had then eight of our English men, many swords, peices and other tooles, which he bad at severall times by trecherous murdering our men, taken from them, which though of no use to him, he would not redeliver, he would reserve Pocahuntas, whereat she began to be exceeding pensive and discontented, yet ignorant of the dealing of Japazeus, who in outward appearance was no les discontented, that he should be the meanes of hir captivity, much adoe there was to perswade her to be patient, which with extraordinary curteous usage, by little and little was wrought in her, and so to Jamestowne she was brought, a messenger to her father forth with despatched to advertise him that his only daughter was in the hands and possession of the English: ther to be kept til such time as he would ransom her with our men, swords, peices and other tools treacherously taken from us: the news was unwelcome, and troublesom unto him, partly for the love he bare to his daughter, and partly for the love he bare to our men his prisoners, of whom thouglı with us they were unapt for any imployment, he made great use: and those swords, and peices of ours, (which though of no use to him) it delighted him to view and look upon.

[The following is from the account of Sir Thomas Dale's visit to Powhatan at bis residence, when he took Pocahontas with him and informed the king of the attachment between her and Mr. Rolfe, not long before their marriage. Mr. Hamor was of the party, and then presented Mr. Rolfe's letter to Thomas Dale, which we have published.]

Long before this time a gentleman of approved behaviour and honest cariage, Maister John Rolfe, had bin in love with Pocahuntas and she with bim, which thing at the instant that we were in parlee with them, myselfe made known to Sir Thomas Dale by a letter from him, whereby he intreated his advise and furtherance in his love, if so it seemed fit to him for the good of the Plantation, and Pocahuntas herselfe, acquainted her brethren therewith : which resolution Sir Thomas Dale well approv. ing, was the onely cause, hee was so milde amongst them, who otherwise would not have departed their river without other conditions.

The bruite of this pretended marriage came soon to Powhatans knowledge, a thing acceptable to him, as appeared by his sudden consent thereunto, who some ten daies after sent an old uncle of hirs, named Opachisco, to give her as his deputy in the church, and two of his sonnes to see the marriage solemnized, which was accordingly done about the lift of Aprill, and ever since we have had friendly commerce and trade, not onely with Powhatan himselfe but also with his subjects round about us; so as I now see no reason why the collonie should not thrive apace.

The Attempt of Sir Thomas Dale to get another Daughter of Powhatan,

as a Surer Pierge of Prace.

It pleased Sir Thomas Dale (myselfe being much desirous before my retourne for England,) to visit Powhatan & his court, (because I would be able to speak somwhat thereof by mine own knowledge) to imploy myselfe, and an English boy for my Interpreter one Thomas Salvage (who had lived three years with Powhatan, and speakes the language naturally, one whom Powhatan much affecteth) upon a message unto him, which was to deale with him, if by any meanes I might procure a daughter of his, who (Pocahuntas being already in our possession) is generally reported to be his delight, and darling, (aud surely he esteemeth her as his owne coule) for surer pledge of peace.

Letter of Mr. Whittaker to his cousin, the Minister of Black-Friars

Bridge, London, declaring the pious character of Sir Thomas Dale, and confirming the fact of the baptism of Pocahontas before her marriage. Taken from Mr. Humor's book.

To my verie deere and loving cosen M. G. Minister of the B. F. in London.

Sir the colony here is much better. Sir Thomas Dale our religious and valient Governour, hath now brought that to passe which never before could be effected. For by warre upon our enenries, and kind usage of our friends, he hath brought them to seek for peace of us which is made, and they dare not breake. But that which is best, one Pocahuntas or Matoa the daughter of Powhatan is married to an honest and descreete English Gentleman, Maister Rolfe, and that after she had openly renounced her countrey Idolatry, confessed the faith of Jesus Christ, and was baptized; which thing Sir Thomas Dale had laboured a long time to ground in her.

Yet notwithstanding, are the vertuous deeds of this worthy Knight, much debased, by the letters some wicked men have written from hence, and especially by one C. L. If you heare any condemne this noble Knight, or doe feare to come hither for those slanderous letters, you may upon my word bouldly reprove them. You know that no malefactors can abide the face of the Judge, but themselves scorning to be reproved, doe prosecute withal hatred, all those that labour their emendment. I marvaile much that any men of honest life, should feare the sword of the magistrate, which is unsheathed onely in their defence. Sir Thomas Dale (with whom I am) is a man of great knowledge in

I Divinity, and of a good conscience in all his doings : both which bee rare in a martiall man. Every Sabbath day we preach in the forenoone, and chatechize in the afternoone. Every Saturday at night I exercise in Sir Thomas Dales house. Our church affairs bee consulted on by the minister, and foure of the most religious men. Once


month wee have a communion, and once a yeer a solemn Fast. For me, though my promis of 3 years service to my country be expired, yet I will abide in my vocation bere untill I be lawfully called from hence. And so, betaking us all unto the mercies of God in Christ Jesus, I rest for ever

Your most deere and VIRGINIA, June 18, 1614.

loving cosen,




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[AFTER supposing that my work was done, a box of papers has been sent me by a friend,* from which, and a brief notice by himself, I have drawn the following particulars concerning some members of the abovementioned families.]

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Colonel William Brokenbrough, the first of the name in Virginia of whom we have any information, settled in Richmond county and married a Miss Fauntleroy. The Rev. Mr. Giberne married her sister. The sons of Colonel Brokenbrough were Austin, who married a Miss Champe, daughter of Colonel Champe, of King George. The children of Austin Brokenbrough were Champe, who married a Miss Bowie, of Port Royal, and left no His surviving daughters are Mrs. Thoruton, Mrs. Peyton, and Mrs. George Fitzhugh, of Port Royal. The other son of Austin Fitzhuyh was John, who became an Episcopal clergymau,-a learned, amiable, but somewhat eccentric man. He left one son,-Austin, —who married a daughter of the late General Brown, of the United States Army. The daughters of the first Austin Brokenbrough were Lucy, who married a Mr. Alexander, of King George, and, at his death, a Captain Quarles, of Orange; Elizabeth, who married the Rev. James Elliott; Jane, who married Mr. Thomas Pratt, of King George, and was the mother of Mrs. William and Benjamin Grymes and Mrs. Dangerfield Lewis, of King George. At the death of Mr. Pratt, Jane marred Mr. Taliafero, of Blenheim. Newman Brokenbrough, the second son of Colonel William Brokenbrough, left no children. More, the third son, was the father of the late Colonel William Brokenbrough, of Richmond county John, the remaining son, was the father of the late Judge William Brokenbrough, of the Court of Appeals, Dr. John Brokenbrough, of Richmond, President of the Bank of Virginia, Thomas Broken brough, also of Richmond, Arthur Brokenbrough, of the University of Virginia, and of Dr. Austin Brokenbrough, of Tappahannock.

The first Austin Brokenbrough, son of Colonel William, was a man of no little notoriety in Virginia. He was in the English army with Washington, under General Braddock, but took a very different view of his obligation to the Crown from General Washington. He, like some of the old clergy, thought that he was perpetually bound by his oath of allegiance to the King. He wished, however, to remain in America, as he hai a father, brother, children, and property here. He was willing to be passive and obey our laws, but could not unite in what he considered re

* Mr. George Fitzhugh, of Port Royal.

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