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A Rev. Mr. Beckett then performed some services in the parish, as also the Rev. James Maury, who became the minister in the same year, and who married a Miss Walker. Soon after he settled in the parish a good glebe of four hundred acres was purchased for him, near Captain Linsey's, and a parsonage built, which, with the outhouses and other improvements, seem during his life to have been well attended to by the vestry. In the year 1763 the parish was divided into Trinity, in Louisa, and Fredcricksville, in Albemarle. Of Trinity we now lose sight altogether, I fear, as I know of no source from which to obtain information. By an Act of the Legislature the vestry of Fredericksville was ordered to pay two hundred pounds—half the price of their glebe—to the new vestry of Trinity for the purchase of a glebe.
The Rev. James Maury continued until his death, in 1770, to officiate in this parish. Of him and his Huguenot ancestors I have written in my article on Manakintown,—of him particularly in my notices of the Option Law, or Two-Penny Act, and in my remarks on toleration. He was a very deserving man. He was succeeded by his son, Matthew Maury, who was ordained the preceding year. Mr. Matthew Maury continued to be the minister of the parish until his death, in 1808, though his name does not appear on the vestry-book as receiving a salary after the year 1777. From that time forward he received little or nothing for his services as a minister. He retained the glebe for the benefit of his mother and family, who lived on it, while he taught school on an adjoining farm, and educated a large number of the citizens of Virginia. He lived very near to, and on the most intimate terms with, the old blind preacher, Mr. Waddell, who officiated at the death of his wife, there being no Episcopal minister at that time in any of the surrounding counties, and but few in the State.*
* The Rev. James Maury, father of Matthew Maury, had twelve children,—Matthew, James, Walker, Abraham, Benjamin, Richard, Fontaine, Ann, Mrs. Strahan, Mrs. Barrett, Mrs. Lewis, Mrs. Eggleston. His son James was the old consul at Liverpool, filling that station for forty-five years, and leaving five children. His son Matthewraised ten children,—Matthew, Thomas Walker, Francis, Fontaine, Renber.. John, Mrs. Michie, Mrs. Fry, Mrs. Lightfoot, Elizabeth Walker. His sou Walker was a teacher of youth in Williamsburg, Norfolk, and Albemarle, also a minister in Norfolk for a short time. His children were James, William, Leonard, Mrs. Hite, Mrs. Hay, and Mrs. Polk. Space, if not time, would fail us, even if we had the information, to mention the names of all the descendants of the old patriarch, the Rev. James Maury. They are scattered all over our land, and are to be found in various professions. One of them is a worthy minister of our Church in Kentucky, while two are married to worthy clergymen,—the Rev. Mr. Berkeley, rf Lexington, Kentucky, and Rev. Mr. Nash, of Ohio. Another descendant presides
Before we make our brief mention of the ministers of this parish, since the revival of the Church during the present century, a few words are due to the two old churches at Walker's and Buckmountain, which we have said were determined upon in the year 174.5, and built within a year or two afterward. Old Walker's Church, built upon the site of a still older and ruder house, stood on the side of the road from Orange Court-House to Charlottesville, at the end of a noble avenue of oaks—now no more—leading down to Mr. Walker's old seat, Belvoir,—itself no more, having been consumed by fire, but for a long time the seat of hospitality, especially to ministers and persons coming to church from a distance. The church being of wood—a framed one—of course must decay much sooner than one of more solid material.
In the year 1827, when Judge Hugh Nelson, Mr. William C. Rives, and Dr. Page, occupied their old seats, (having married into the families of the Walkers,) and the descendants of other old families were still around, the duty of repairing it was felt. But the vestry not being able, as of old, to order a levy of tobacco for building and repairing churches, it was not so easy to accomplish the work. One of the females of the parish on that occasion made the following very interesting appeal. It is believed to be from the pen of one who has since taken so active a part in procuring the new one which has recently been erected.*
THE CHURCH'S PETITION.
"Stern winter is o'er, nor his sway will resume,
"All nature is lovely and verdant around;
over a National Institute at Washington, and by his learning, zeal, and great discoveries, is conferring benefits on the whole human race, rendering the ocean almost as safe as the dry land. * Mrs. W. C Rives.
"rlut. alas! not to me does the season pram.
"Through my windows dismantled and dreary a* -upnt
"Then pity, kind friends, and your timely aid lend,
Or soon I shall sink to decay;
Oh, let me not moulder away!
"Should this world e'er forsake you, your friends become fees.
Then fly to my arms, on my bosom repose;
I can dry every tear. I can soften your woes,
The result of this poetic appeal, in co-operation with other means, was the raising a sufficient sum for the repairs of the church. But, time still going on with its ravages, it was felt that a new and more durable one should be had. A gentleman, some years since, then in prosperous circumstances, promised several thousand dollars toward the erection of a new one, though by adversity he was disabled from the full performance of his promise. This stimulated the desire for a more expensive building than would otherwise have been attempted. It was commenced under the auspices of one family,* although the people around, during its progress, contributed about five thousand dollars to it. False calculations were made as to the expense of the style and manner of its execution, which caused great delay in the work, and led to various efforts and solicitations in Virginia and elsewhere in order to raise the needful amount. Could all the disappointments and miscalculations and costs have been foreseen, it would have been improper to have attempted such a building, as a much cheaper one would have answered all the needs of the neighbourhood. But it was at length completed, and is in its exterior appearance a most beautiful building, without any thing gaudy about it, while the materials and manner of its execution give the promise of its long continuance.
As to Old Buckmountain Church, at the time that measures were
* The family of the Hon. W. C. Rives, of Castle Hill.
commenced for the resuscitation of our Zion in Virginia, it had been so long in the use of some other denomination that it was claimed, not merely by right of possession, but on the ground of having been repaired. It will amuse the reader to learn the kind and the amount of repairs on which this claim was grounded. When I first saw it, more than thirty years ago, it was—though said to be repaired—a mere shell, with many an opening in the clapboard walls, through which the wind might freely pass. The inward repairs consisted in removing the old pews into the gallery, where they were piled up, and in their room putting benches made of the outside slabs from the sawmill, with legs as rude thrust through them, and of course no backs. The old pulpit was left standing, but by its side was a platform made by laying a few planks across the backs of two pews, which the preacher preferred to the oldfashioned pulpit. A few years after the revival of our Church began, the Episcopalians around, not thinking that either these repairs or the occasional occupancy of the building had deprived them of their right, put in their claim, which, though stoutly resisted by some, being as stoutly insisted on by others, was finally admitted, and the old church, being much better repaired than before, has ever since been in our possession and use.
As to the ministers who have officiated in Fredericksville parish since the revival of the Church, we have but little to say. The Rev. Mr. Bausman took charge of it in 1818, and remained less than one year. The Rev. Mr. Hatch succeeded him in 1820 and continued until 1830. He was succeeded by the Rev. Zachariah Mead, who continued three or four years, and, as did Mr. Hatch, served the whole county. From 1833 to the fall of 1838, the Rev. W. G. Jones, from Orange, officiated at Walker's Church. In the year 1839 the present minister, the Rev. Mr. Boyden, took charge of the parish, and for some years ministered also to the congregation on the Green Mountain. The church on Buckmountain has for many years been served in conjunction with other congregations, which will be mentioned when we speak in our next article of St. Anne's parish.
St. Anne's Parish, Albemarle County.
In the year 1761, Albemarle, besides its present territory, embraced all of Fluvanna, Buckingham, Nelson, and Amherst. By various Acts between that time and 1777, it was reduced to its present dimensions. St. Anne's parish covered the whole of this region at its first organization in 1742, and by successive Acts was reduced to the same dimensions with the present county of Albemarle, with the exception of that part which forms Fredericksville parish. The dividing-line, after running some distance along the Rivanna, crosses the same and passes through Charlottesville. Of late years some other parishes have been formed within St. Anne's parish, as that on Green Mountain, &c. Our first knowledge of any churches in that part of St. Anne's parish now in Albemarle, as at present bounded, is of two which began about the year 1746 or 1747, under the direction of the Rev. Robert Rose, who moved from Essex to what is now Amherst, and extended his labours, during a short period, to that part of Albemarle called the Green Mountain, where were built Ballenger's Church, not very far from Warren, and the Forge Church, not far from Mr. John Cole's, the ancestor of those now bearing that name, and who appears from the vestry-book in my possession to have been the most active member of the vestry, until the year 1785, when the record closes. After Mr. Rose's death, in 1751, the Rev. Mr. Camp probably succeeded to all his churches. He lived in the neighbourhood of New Glasgow. The old glebehouse is still to be seen on the land of Dr. Hite, near the roadside. He moved with his family to the West just before the Revolution, and it is said was murdered by the Indians near the fort of Vincennes on the Wabash. Previously to this the Rev. Mr. Ramsay had settled in Albemarle and become the minister of St. Anne's parish with its reduced dimensions. He is represented as a very unacceptable minister. The Rev. Charles Clay followed him. He was near relative of our statesman, Mr. Henry Clay,—probably first-cousin,—and inherited no little of his talents and decision of character. He was ordained by the Bishop of Lonion in 1769, and on 22d October of the same year was received as