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same—Churches in Lexington parish after the division—List of vestrymen,
from the vestry-book—Amherst parish, in Nelson county—Ministers of it—
Churches—old one removed and repaired by Mr. Coles and Mr. Martin—The
family of Cabells—Sermon of the Rev. Mr. O'Neale on the death of two daugh-
ters of Nicholas Cabell—The Massie family—Mr. William Waller—Botetourt
parish—Its ministers and churches—Old Major Burwell and his descendants
—Church in Rockbridge—Its ministers and church—The prospect at Wythe
ville, Abington, &c -'.'

ARTICLE LIU.

/ 8t. George's parish, Spottsylvania county—The Rev. Mr. Slaughter's history of

^ it—Governor Spottswood—Germanna—Colonel Byrd's account of Fredericks-

burg—List of its ministers—Of its churches—Of its vestrymen—The two

Marycs—Rev. Mr. Thornton—General Washington's visit to Fredericksburg

—Republican mode of choosing a minister—Rev. Samuel Low—Berkeley pa-

rish—Its ministers and churches 68

ARTICLE LIV.

St. Mark's parish, Culpepper—Its first vestrymen—Church at Germanna—Colo-

nel Byrd's account of it and the place—The German settlement there, and

its removal—Numerous churches in Culpepper—List of vestrymen, from the

old vestry-book—The Rev. Mr. Thompson—His letter to M.s. Spottswood,

and its effect —Mr. Woodville and family ''

ARTICLE LV.

v Churches in St. Thomas Parish, Orange county—The Rev. Mr. Earnest's

account of them—Names and locations of the churches—Major Burton—

Indian antiquities on the Rapidan River—Benjamin Cave an early settler

—Plate, the gift of the grandmother of President Madison—The letter of

James Madison, Sr. to Mr. Leland, the Baptist preacher, about the use of

our churches—The Rev. Matthew Maury and the Rev. Mr. Waddell employed

to preach in them—The latter administered the Lord's Supper to our people

—Mr. Wirt's account of him exaggerated—List of ministers—Rev. Mr. Marye

—Old Mrs. Madison's Confirmation by Bishop Moore 84

ARTICLE LVI.

Genealogy of the Madison and Taylor families, from the papers and diary of

President Madison and his father—President Madison's religious character

—His mother's piety—His wife's baptism late in life—Attachment of the

Taylors and Madisons to the Church—Philip Williams's oration on the death

of Mr. Madison and view of his course in relation to the Church—Favourable

opinion of his religious belief. 96

ARTICLE VII.

Northern Neck of Virginia—Bounds of the Northern Neck—Fairfax family—

Its history in England—Four volumes of letters, Jtc. recently published—

Their Protestant character at an early period—The Rev. Henry Fairfax—

Rev. Denny Martin and Rev. Bryan Fairfax—History of Cromwell's great

general, George William Fairfax, of Belvoir—Address to the descendant"

—The Carter family—John and his wives—Robert (alias King) Carter and his

wives—Councillor Carter, of Nomini—His excellency but eccentricity—Mr.

Charles Carter, of Shirly—His generosity to the widow of the Rev. Mr.

Currie and to the poor—King Carter's character 105

ARTICLE LVIIT.

Parishes in Lancaster county—Old vestry-books—The loss of one of them —
Discipline proved by them—Account of my visit to Christ Church ir 1837—

PAttT

The tombs of the Carters and their wives—The Kellys—The epitaphs—The

repairing of the church—White Chapel Church, St. Mary's parish—A list of

the ministers of both parishes—A list of the vestrymen—Tombs at White

Chapel—The family of Balls—The Rev. Mr. Woddcll—Records of the court

—Letter of Joseph Ball, fn m London, to his sister, the mother of General

Washington, concerning the project of young Washington's entering the navy

—Also a letter to his nephew after Braddock's defeat 115

ARTICLE LIX.

Parishes in Northumberland county—Wycomico ami St. Stephen parishes—
Early history of the county—Ministers of the county—Old Wycomico—Visits
of Bishop Moore and myself—Its downfall—The sale of its bricks and non-
payment—Its Communion-vessels in the church at Millwood—History of the
Lee family—Richard Henry Lee and children—Old Stratford House built by
Queen Caroline—Old Northumberland House—Mr. Presley, and Presley
Thornton—Postscript—Further notice of the Lees—The Corbin family—Old
vestry-book found—(Set' Appendix) I01

ARTICLE LX.

Cople parish, Westmoreland—Ministers of it—Churches of it—Veocomico—

Visit to it in 1834—The McGuire family—The Newton family—Tombstones

and epitaphs in Cople parish—Contest about the church—Judge MeConms's

letter—Letter of Mr. Rogers, of Princeton, New Jersey 147

ARTICLE LXI.

Vashington parish, Westmoreland county—The ministers—Rev. Mr. De Butts

— His letter to the Bishop of Loudon—Rev. Archibald Campbell—History

of himself and family—Old Round Hill and Pope's Creek Churches—Other

ministers—Washington's birthplace—A visit to it and the vault—Proposition

before the Legislature in relation to them—-Leeds or Bray's Church—The

town a cradle of Virginia patriotism—Resolutions there adopted, (See Ap-

prndiz)—Bishop Payne's letter about Old Round Hill Church, and his family

—The Washington family—The wills of the two brothers John and Law-

rence, the first settlers in Virginia—The vault at Stratford—Thomas Lee

buried at Pope's Creek Church 158

ARTICLE LXII.

Farnham and Lunenburg parishes, Richmond county—Records of the court at
Tappnhannock—Magistrates of old Rappahannock county and Sittenburnc
parish—Records of Richmond county—Principal families—Farnham parish
and churches—Ministers—Vestrymen—Address of the vestry to it—Letters
to and from Bishop Madison—My visit to Farnham Church in 1837—Lumen
burg parish and churches—Ministers—Controversy between the Rev. Mr.
Kay and some of his vestry—Rev. Mr. Giberuc—Letter of a friend (Colonel
Carter) in Lunenburg parish, concerning the old churches and ministers—
The Tayloe family—Micous and Fauntleroys intermarry 17-

ARTICLE LXIII.

Parishes in King George—Changes in their boundaries—Hanover parish—Its

churches and ministers—Its vestrymen, from the vestry-book and records of

the court—Rev. Mr. Boucher—Letter of General Washington to him—Recent

history of the parish—The Turner family—Brunswick parish—Its ministers,

churches, and vestrymen—St. Paul's parish—Old vestry-book and register,

begun by the Rev. David Stuart, and continued by his son, William Stuart—

Their long and excellent ministry—Other ministers—St. Paul's Church—My

visit to it in 1812 or 1813—The old African woman—History of the Fitz-

hugh family IH3

ARTICLE LXIV.

Overwharton Parish, Stafford County —Alexander Scott—His tombstone—R"-
Mr. Moncure—His history by Mrs. Wood—Tomb of her mother—Death 1"

the Rev. Mr. Moncure—Letter of George Mason, of Gunston, on the occasion

—Ministers after Mr. Moncure—Old Aquia Church—Old Potomac Church

—Letter of Judge Daniel, giving an account of the old families around the

two churches 197

ARTICLE LXV'.

Dettingen parish, Prince William county—\Testry-book—Ministers—Rev.

James Scott—His descendants-^His son and the duel—Churches in the

parish—Old pieces of Communion-plate—Dumfries—Care of the vestry in

having apprentices instructed—Rev. John Scott buried in the old church at

Winchester—His history—Ministers after him—Names of vestrymen and

lay readers 207

ARTICLE LXVI.

Hamilton and Leeds parishes, Fauquier—Fate of the vestry-book—Rev. Mr.

Keith—Rev. Mr. Brunskill—The churches—Other ministers—Rev. Mr.

Thomson's patriotic sermon—Oakhill—The principal families—Rev. Mr.

Lemmon—Judge Marshall—Anecdotes of him—Tenderness to Mrs. Marshall

-His religious opinions—Letter of the Rev. Mr. Norwood 21fl

ARTICLE LXVII.

Truro parish, Fairfax county—Rev. Charles Green—Rev. Lee Massey—Ser-

mons of Mr. Massey—First vestry an unlawful one—Pohiek Church, when

built—Vestrymen of it—Contest between Washington and Mason about the

site—My visit to it in 1837—Its repairs—Sketch of the Mason family—

Mother of Temple Mason—-Her pious letters—The Lewis family—Martin

Cockburn—The Hendersons—The Rev. Mason Weems—Mount Vernon after

the death of Mrs. Washington—The Blackburns—Judge Washington—Two

letters from Mr. Stoddert, of Maryland, concerning the Rev. Lee Massey,

George Johnson, and Martin Cockburn, and Mrs. Cockburn—Mistake in the

same—General Washington's English coach 225

ARTICLE LXVIII.

religious character of Washington—The Rev. Mr. McGuire's book—Washing-
ton's early advantages under pious friends and ministers—Early indication
of pious feelings—His public documents prove it—The general voice ascribes
it to him—His private devotion—His public acts when a young officer —His
correspondence with Governor Dinwiddle—His private diary testifies to it—
As General of the army, his orders are marked by it—His respect for the
Sabbath, as private citizen and President of the United States—His condem-
nation of swearing, of gambling, of duelling—His belief of a special Provi-
dence—How far he was addicted to hunting—Was he a communicant?—
Bishop White's account of it—His last moments 212

ARTICLE LXIX.

Fairfax parish—Christ Church—Original names of Alexandria—Churches—

Ministers—Rev. Bryan Fairfax—Rev. Dr. Griffith—Visit to the Falls Church

—Dr. McQuerr—Griffith chosen first Bishop—His zeal in the cause of the

Church—Correspondence with Dr. Buchanon—Case of the glebe—List of

vestrymen—George Taylor and Edmund I. Lee 256

ARTICLE LXX.

Sr. Paul's Church, Alexandria, Cameron and Shelburne parishes, Loudon
county—separation from Christ Church under Mr. Gibson—Purchase of
Old St. Paul's—First vestry—Other vestrymen—New church—Liberality of
Mr. McLean—Bishop ("laggett—Bishop Madison—List of ministers—Came-
ron parish—Its ministers and churches—Shelburne—Its churches and minis-
ters and vestrymen—Rev. ]>r. Griffith—Rev. Mr. Dunn—The glebe—Lawsuit
—Its vestrymen 2/1

ARTICLE LXXI.

PAttA

Parishes in Frederick county—The Valley of Virginia—Mr. Jefferson's opinion

of it correct—Germans the first settlers—The Hites—Presbyterians Ulerated

—First vestry condemned—Log churches—Lord Fairfax—List of the vestry-

men—Lay readers—Ministers—Alexander Balmaine—Mrs. Hannah Wash-

ington—Cunningham's Chapel 279

ARTICLE LXXII.

Continuation of ministers—Old parish divided into four—New churches—Free

and common churches opposed—Burwcll graveyard—List of vestrymen con-

tinued -The Burwell family—Governor Nicholson and Miss Burwell—Ed-

mund Randolph—His account of the infidelity of the age at William and Mary 287

ARTICLE LXXIII.

Norbourne parish, Berkeley county—The Shepherds—Shephirdstown and its

churches—Charlestown and the old church—The Washington?—The ministers

of this parish—The Rev. Benjamin Allen—Martinsburg and the old church—

The Pendleton family—Judge Pendleton's autobiography—The value of re-

spectable birth—Colonel Edward Colston—Other families 295

ARTICLE LXXIV.

Morgan's Chapel—The character of Morgan Morgan—The family—Benjamin
Allen—Names of other ministers—New churches—General Charles Lee and
his impious will—Other Generals around 802

ARTICLE LXXV.

Parishes in Hampshire and Shenandoah—List of ministers in Hampshire—
Rev. Norman Nash and Bishop Moore about the study of the dead languages
—The old Scotchman and his commentary—The churches built by the Messrs.
Nash—Parish of Beckford, in Dunmore, afterwards Sheuandoah, county—
Settled by Germans—The Swedish congregation united with the Episcopal
Church under Peter Muhlenburg, afterwards General Muhlenburg—Sketch
of his history—Downfall of the Church—Recent and fruitless efforts for its
revival goo

ARTICLE LXXVI.

Parishes in Augusta and Rockingham—First part of the valley seen by the

white man—Governor Spottswood's view of it from the Blue Ridge—First

vestry—Its first ministers—Rev. Mr. Balmaine—His patriotism—Address

from the county on American affairs —Vestrymen and Burgesses—The Vir-

ginia Assembly driven to Staunton—Met in the old church—Later ministers—

New church—Present church—Old churches in Rockingham—Gabriel Jones

—Peachy Gilmer—The Lewis family iH7

ARTICLE LXXVII.

Churches in Brooke county—Dr. Doddridge's account of the neglect of the Epis-
copal Church in the West—Objections to it—Dr. Doddridge's history and
character—His labours in Brooke county—The churches in it—The minis-
ters—The case of Western Virginia—Proposition to divide the Diocese—The
result—Extract from my pamphlet on the subject 827

ARTICLE LXXVIII.

Churches in Wheeling, Clarksburg, Fairmont, Weston, and Buchanon—Dr.
Doddridge the first who preached in Wheeling—Bishop Chase moved its
organization—Mr John Armstrong the first rector—Names of the first ves-
trymen—Succession of vestrymen—Succession of ministers—Churches—
Action of the vestry as to the division of the Diocese—Mr. Simms—Judge
Caldwell—Resignation of the Rev. William Armstrong—Church in East

PAG*

Wheeling established with the approbation of Mr. Armstrong—Its ministers —Glebe-house and church—Church in Clarksburg—Its ministers and church —Case of Mr. McMechin—Mr. Despard—Church in Weston—Its ministers— Church in Fairmont—Its ministers—Buchanon 336

ARTICLE LXXIX.

Churches in Kanawha, at Ravenswond. Parkersburg and its vicinity, New
Martinsville, and Moundsville—Rev. Mr. Page first minister in Kanawha—
Other ministers—The church in Charleston—Its history—List of vestrymen
—Old Mrs. yuarrier and family—The Salines—Coalsmouth—Its churches—
The Hudsons and Thompsons—-Vestrymen—Stations on the Kanawha—
Point Pleasant—Mercer's Bottom—Bruce Chapel—Ravenswood Church—Its
builders—Vestrymen—Ladies' association—Ministers—Bellvillc Church—
Its builder—Parkersburg—Its church—Ministers—Vestrymen—Cow Creek
Church—New Martinsville—Motindsville M.;

ARTICLE LXXX

The General Church—The Church in Maryland—Dr. Chandler's testimony— Bishop White's opinion of the old clergy—Sir William Berkeley's wish as to schools and printing—Church in South Carolina—Her first missionaries— The sermons of that day in England and America—Dr. Coke's estimate of the clergy—Tilloteon's sermons the best in use—Tracts of the Christian Knowledge Society—Mr. Wilberforce—The Rev. Mr. Bacon, of Maryland— Instruction of servants—Moralizing preaching—My first acquaintances among the clergy—Bishop White, Dr. Abercrombie, Bishop Hobart, &c, —Dr. Percy, of South Carolina—His tracts—His history—My tour in favour of the Colonization Society—Acquaintances formed—Results of it—General Convention—Hymns added to the Prayer-Book—History of it—Public baptism and pious sponsors recommended—Francis Key—Great deference for Bishops —A change in that respect—Proposed alteration in the thirty-fifth canon— The general seminary—Judge Cameron—Bishop White's statement—My own* —Proposed changes in the service—Episcopal Sunday-School Union—Evangelical Knowledge Society—Missionary Society of the Church—Memorial and commission of Bishops—My letter to the commission—Concluding remarks.. 351

APPENDICES.

No. 1.—Journal of the Convention of 1719 893

No. 2.—Celebration at Jamestown in 1807 420

No. 3.—Origin of the names of parishes 425

No. 4.— List of names of old families of Virginia, and of those from Wales 428

No. 5.— Ralph's letter concerning the early settlements in Virginia 430

No. 6.- -Association in the Northern Neck, in 1766, against the Stamp Act 434

No. 7.—Sundry Acts of the Virginia Assembly, memorials, &c. from the year

rm to 1802, concerning the Episcopal Church 436

No. 8.-—Dr. Hawk's account of the last years of the Church, glebe question, ke. 446

No. 9.—Judge Story's opinion in the Supreme Court on the glebe question 452

No. 10.—John Randolph's recantation of Gibbon's principles 459

No. 11.—The Rev. David Mossom's epitaph 460

No. 12.—Genealogy of the Ellis family 460

No. 13.—Of the Baylor family 464

No.14.—The Peyton family 466

No. 15.—Ministers, &c, of St. Stephen's and Wycomico parishes, Northumberl'd 467

No. 16.—Extracts from Ralphe Humor 409

No. 17.—The Brokenbrough and Fauntleroy families 474

No. 18.—The Beverley family 481

No. 19.-—The Phillips and Fowke families 482

No. 20.-—Further and more accurate information concerning Pohick Church... 484 No 21.-—The inscription on Commissary Blair's tombstone in the old graveyard

at Jamestown 486

No 22.—Episcopal High School 488

No. 23.—Further Statements concerning the Religious Character of Washington and the Question whether he was a Communicant or not 490

No. 24.—Extract from the "Virginia Almanac'' for 1776 495

No. 25.—Blissland Parish, New Kent County 490

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