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Pachalios, and intimate to Turkey that such is on it that if ever another French force gets the will of those powers. In return for which, I into Egypt, no matter under what special plea, believe that he will ever be found our ally in contract or promise, they will leave it again war and friend in peace, an object I deem to about the same time that they will quit Albe of much greater importance now than it giers, where they were permitted to go by Engheretofore has been, when I know that on the land with an ornament, for what they called future stability of the Egyptian power, our the vindication of the honour of France. Did rapid steam operations between England and not the French Government specially promiso India will hare wholly to depend ; but most the Duke of Wellington, the prime minister particularly I look to the advancement of the of the day, that they had no wish to colonize English interest in Egypt instead of the the place? Yet, how well their promise was French. There are means for this, qnite norel kept, we may perceive by a reference to the to those who had not dwelt and refiected on speech of the King of the French, three years them so deeply as I have ; and here, I may ago, to the deputies, in which Algiers is referremark, that I distinctly and definitely deny red to as a colony of France. I repeat, that that any inducement beyond my own convic- the French are intent upon colonizing Egypt tion has caused me thus to make my opinions if they can, in the same manner as they did public ; for I consider a firm alliance with Algiers. Egypt will not only be the means of virtually
How fatally true is it that England is never bringiog India and England nearer by two- roused to the sense of a dilemma till too late ! thirds, than they have hitherto been, but would and then she goes to war by chance, meddling powerfully assist us in repelling Russian where she ought not in the matters of other aggression on India, should it ever be attemplo countries, which these days of intelligence tell ed, Egypt being exactly half way between as
as she has no more right to do than those counand that valuable gem of the British crown.
tries have to meddle with us. What liave we The co-operation of Egypt, situated, as she been doing in Spain? What have we been doing is, half-way between us and India, is only in Portugal? And lastly, what have we been wanting to fix our eastern einpire firmer than doing in Egypt? The answer is plain; we it ever can be by any other means. Our troops are teaching each of these to despise us for from Malta, Corfu, and Gibraltar, with those our meddling; in fact, we are going directly of our Egyptian ally, might by the steam in the teeth of our own interest; and time will vessels in the Red Sea, be towed to India in shew it if we do not awake right early and twenty-live days ; we have, therefore, only to alter our present policy. make our compact with Egypt, and secure as it were 50 or 60.000 men as an army of reserve
I maintain that every thing in Egypt is for India ; the Egyptian troops being always growing French ; I find this from the followready to aid us in India, and thus that bugbcar, ing facts, all falling under my own observaRussian invasion of our eastern territory will tion in Egypt : erisl no longer. I know of no sounder policy 1. With respect to the Egyptian army, than this. Our Governments have assisted Sulieman Pacha, a Frenchman, is second in and apheld the interests of Turkey till she is command of it. fallen so low that it is impossible to re-esta- 2. With respect to the Egyptian navy, blish her in power as a nation ; let us there. Besson Bey, a Frenchman also, is its second fore, stady our true welfare, and take the lead in command. in permitting E:ypt to establish herself as an
3. With respect to its medical department independent state.
Clot Bey, a Frenchman, is Physician General I have stated my thorough conviction, that in chief, with nearly a bundred medical French Egypt requires only the fostering protection practitioners under bim, in Egypt, Syria, and of the court of London to complete her own
Arabia. freedom from Turkey, -a work already half achieved, in despite of the anjust policy I
Lastly. With respect to the engineering have before alluded to, and, 1 trust, have department, that is under Monsieur Linant, à proved to have been grinding Egypt to the Frenchman also. dast. I will now venture to assert, that at no The whole of these are worthy of the master period of the present generation, did the Eng. they so earnestly serve; and by that master Jish name and character stand so high in Egypt their services are appreciated. I merely make as it does now ; while, on the contrary, at no these statements to shew that England, who period bas there ever been so little English always takes the lead in every other country, interest in Egypt, when compared with the in- takes none in Egypt. How is this? Why, it terests of other nations in that country. To is wholly and solely attributable to the fact what is this owing? I attribute it to our by- that Englishmen, who have gone to Egypt, gone Governinents, who have never thought it have found no fostering protection from their worth while to maintain English interests Consulate ; for whenever any of them have there ; while, on the other hand, the French applied to that department, they are told they have been secretly, and by degrees, stealing cannot be recommended by or through that on to the second offices of trust in Egypt; and representation of the English nation; while, what, as a matter of course, will be the proba- on the contrary, the French Consul General ble result or consequence of all this? And assumes the lead in receiving his countrymen, why comes it that we treat Egypt with con- and, moreover, takes the most heartfelt pleathroughout Egypt. The question will, doubt-in its power to command for ever, Egypt as less, be put-are they useful ?-Yes. What our ally io war, and our friend in peace. do these French do ?-They teach the Arab I would also draw the attention of the relia and the Syrian the arts of war and peace ; gious world to the blessings likely to result and although I deprecate war in any country, from a system of social intercourse with I hold that it is as much the duty of Mahomed Europe, which, in after years, will, in all proAli to teach that, as it is his duty to teach any bability, be the means of spreading the beneother art ; because he knows, from experience, fits of Christianity to the distant nations of the that the greatest enemies of Egypt have earth. For my own part I have come to the been found in the hundreds and thousands of conviction that the steam engine will work profligate mercenaries who have come to pro- mighty changes. I fancy that I can see the tect that country: moreover, in the knowledge fanatic population of Egypt and India coming, of the art of war, they have the better security by small numbers, to continental Europe, and in peace ; being always prepared to resist op- to happy England. I fancy I can see thrm pression, and thus enabled, as every nation of return, delighted and partially changed ; they the earth ought to be, to fight its own battles, send others to see also ; and thus will go on and preserve its own national tranquillity. the work of civilization. How much more commanding even is the
Believing; as I do, that the powers of the position of Egypt, than that of Portugal or steam engine, will, under Providence, be one Spain, neither of which can protect themselves, of the means of bringing the unlettered and yet they are classed as nations, while Egypt, and darkened millions of ihe East to Chriswho can, is not !
tianity, I hear with delighit the forthcoming
plan of steam intercourse with India, at the Let, then, the British parliament, which has joint expense of H.M. Government, and the heretofore interested itself for the poor black E. I. Company. slave of Africa, now turn its eyes to the more The benefiis of the application of steam than slaves of Egypt. That they are slaves navigation to India is incalculable. It has and have been so, to the Turks, till the Turks already done more for England than any other have left them nothing, is too true. The
art or science except letters. miserable and fallen state of the Egyptian
With these facts before us, it is impossible people excises the sympathy of all Englishmen not to feel regret that every thing that is not who visit their country.
Egyptian in Egypt, is French. I would have The Press of England, which now is the it English. They love us more than they do greatest engine of the earth, (the steam engine the French ; therefore, why cannot we have is as nothing to it,) has advocated heretofore it so ? The Pacha honours and respects Engthe mistaken policy of our bygone govern - and more than all the world beside. Let use ments, for the last thirty years, towards Egypt. be “ up and be doing” then, and open the doors The Press praises, continually praises, Tur
of British industry, talent, and perseverance, key, and villifies and stigmatizes Mahomed
in Eyypt; the first step towards which is the Ali, sometimes as a tyrant, and sometimes as
repeal of the obnoxious order given by the the veriest wretch on each. How comes this? late Mr. Canning, to the Consulate of Eyypt, — Because the Press maintains that Turkey by which Englislimen are discouraged from must be upheld at any price, though Egypt, be settling in that country. While this order las the sacrifice.
been operating to our prejudice, the French
have been cultivating and improving their I doubt not that, by some, my opinions may connexions. My conviction that Egypt would, be called enthusiastic ; and as such, subject in twenty years hence, be more fertile than in me to attack ; however, they led me to Egypt the time of the Pharaohs, is founded on the eight years ago. I felt convinced that that known powers of the steain engine ; for wherecountry ought to be the road to India ; and I ver, and as often as the waters of the Nile can maintained my principle in three quarters of be passed over the soil, there is luxuriant prothe globe. I have travelled, since then, some duce and this might be repeated, in some hundreds of thousands of miles to disseminate places near its bank, to four and five crops a my opinions, and I will never content myself year, instead of two and three, as at present. till I find it the high road to India. I am as firmly convinced that Egypt is regenerating
At any rate, it is quite clear, that if Mahomherself, and will resume her former station ed Ali and his heirs are not to be permitted to amongst the nations of the earth, and become make Egypt an independent kingdom, it as fruitful as she was in the time of the should become an English colony, and not a Pharaohs ; and that, too, in ten years after French one; which last it now bids fair to be, English interests are fairly introduced.
and which I am sure the French are secretly
wishing it to be. All that we have to do to I think Turkey is fast verging to downfall, prevent it is to cultivate a firm alliance with and that Egypt, in twenty years more, will Egypt, opening the doors, as much as we can, assume her place.
for English interests in that country. Why should Egypt be made by England to
Having been bred to the sea from my youth, render her monies to Turkey, and thus pay for I cannot enforce my argument by the flowers the thraldom that impoverishes her ?
of rhetoric; but I know that I have stated This pamphlet asks justice for Egypt at the nothing but the truth, and on that I rest my to the important point of permitting Egypt to your ally and friend for ever, if we will only raise herself, through her own means, to good permit it to be so. government and liberty; and thus to attain a London, Corobill, May 15, 1837. greatness as a nation, and establish, as it were,
Thos. WAGHORN. a new kingdom and one that would gladly bc Hurk. Aug. 25 & 26.]
THE LAW COMMISSIONERS.
We noticed last evening the swearing in, “And the said commissioners shall fully as fourth ordinary member of council, of inquire into the jurisdiction, powers, and Mr. Cameron. That Gentleman bas for the time rules of the existing courts of justice and ceased to be a law commissioner; and Col. police establishments in the said territories, James Young is appointed to succeed him ;-and all existing forms of judicial procedure, the present state of the Law Commission there and into the nature and operation of all fore, we believe, stands thus : Mr. Macleod, laws, whether civil or criminal, written or who departs for England on the 19tb or 20th customary, prevailing and in force in any of February ; Mr. Millett, acting for Mr. An- part of the said territories, and whereto any derson, who has gone into council at Bombay ; inhabitants of the said territories, whether and Col. Young acting for Mr. Cameron, Mr. Europeans or others, are now subject; and Elliott of the Madras civil service, will, we the said commissioners shall from time to understand succeed Mr. Macleod ; and thus time make reports, in which they shall fully Col. Young and Mr. Millett will be the two set forth the result of their said inquiries, officiating commissioners.
and shall from time to time suggest such On the arrival of Mr. Amos, which will take alterations as may in their opinion be beneplace very soon, Mr. Cameron will resume ficially made in the said courts of justice and office as law commissioner, and until the police establishments, forms of judicial proarrival of Mr. Elliott, whose appointment is cedure and laws, due regard being bad to the not absolutely certain, the two officiating com- distinction of castes, difference of religion, missioners will, we presume, still continue in and the manners and opinions prevailing office. Taking it for granted, that the appoint- among different races and in different parts inent of Mr. Elliott is not merely a rumour, of the said territories. and from our authority we understand it is not, there remain still two appointments to be missioners shall follow such instructions with
“ And be it enacted, that the said comfilled up, that of Mr. Macaulay and Mr. An. derson. The fonrth ordinary member has regard to the researches and inquiries to be nothing ex-officio to do with the Law Com- made and the place to be visited by them, and mission ; the business of the fourth ordinary
all their transactions with reference to the member is, to assist the Legislative Council objects of their commission, as they shall
from time to time receive from the said Goverin framing laws, and the business of the Law Commission to take the words of the act, con
nor General of India in Council such special stituting it, being any thing in the world, other reports upon any matters as by such instructhan the business of legislation. Lord' Wil- tions may from time to time be required ; and fiam Bentinck it was, who plunged Mr. Mar the said Governor General in Council 'shall caulay into the troubled waters of codification take into consideration the reports from time During the vice royalty of this nobleman Commissioners, and shall transmit the same,
to time to be made by the said Indian Law the Legislature Department was not occupied sufficiently to afford £10,000 a year's worth of together with the opinions or resolutions of employment to Mr. Macaulay, at least, so, we the said Governor General in Council thereon, are told, thought and said Lord William-and to the said Court of Directors; and which he accordingly sent Mr. Macaulay into the of resolutions, shall be laid before both
said reports, together with the said opinions Law Commission, in order to keep him out of Houses of Parliament in the same manners mischief. To Lord William then in some sort, is India indebted for the Code-he it was
as is now by Law provided concerning the who infased into the quiet, painstaking, in- Rules and Regulations made by the several
Governments in India." vestigating and about-to-become-Reporting Law Commission the loftier aspiration after Such were the objects for the attaining of Jegislation, which swelled the proud bosom of which the commission was sent out to this our Calcutta Lycurgus—and under his auspio country. How far these instructions have .ces it was, that a Code was framed, instead of been obeyed we have not learnt. How far a report or two being digested. The objects they will be obeyed in future, time will shew. to which the attention of the Commissioners Whether or not it is the intention to impose was directed, are enumerated in very intelli- on the duties of law commissioner, in addigible terms by the 53d and 54th clauses of the tion to those of fourth ordinary member, we charter, which we may as well perhaps pub have not heard in that event, however, it
of commissioner, would remain to be filled up. task. The experience of the civilians from
dras service, of one from Bombay, and of none
at all from Bengal--and the upper provinces, We understand that Mr. Cameron has ac. that the vast body of information, requisite for quired for himself a very high reputation from the work of legislation, can in reason be suphis reports on the state of the law in the posed to be procured. It is, we conceive, the West Indies ; and more recently froin his very province and duty of the commissioners, to able report on the customs and laws of Cey- elicit, not from one individual, but from the lon.
élite of the service, the fruits of their experi The Madras Conservative is now apparently ence, reading, and practical knowledge. That pablishing, by way of supplement, what he this course has not hitherto been pursued, we calls the Ceylon Charter ; but which to us
believe we are correct in stating—that it will appears as far as it has gone, a mere report
be pursued for the future, we can only hope ; upon the state of the law, and the institutions and that the same judiciousness of selection, connected with it of that 'island. It is, we
in the filling up of the vacant appointments, believe, this work which has made the repu
which has lately been exhibited in the ap
pointment of Mr. Amos, will go a great way tation of Mr. Cameron, and which when we shall have more leisure, we contemplate intro- to redeem the character of and awaken the ducing to the notice of our readers.
dormant capabilities for useful labor, in the
Commission, it is our conviction.-Cal. Courier,
In consequence of the departure from India
the Supreme Council, and Colonel J. Young ments of the commissioners from Madras and appointed to officiate as a member of the Law
Commission. Bombay, it is our cou viction, that the reports can only be well got up by persons whose The orders for these appointments will be. previous education have fitted them for the found in a preceding column.-Hurk. Jan. 23.
No public appointment bas been announced to the Law Commission. We only by us for a long time past, more likely to give gret instead of being a permanent appoint
rather expressly ordered by them to be be- of high trust under one of the ablest of its stowed on him as the very fittest person to Governors, we hazard little in saying, that be found in India, it should be merely tempo. bad the new code passed under his revision, rary. There is no one, we are quite sare, it would have been as distinguished for pracwhose opinions on the peculiar subjects which tical good sense and regard for public liberty, come under consideration of the commission- as it is now for the very reverse. We cannot ers, would be regarded with more respect, help expressing the wish, in which we are nor would it be easy to find any one whose sure we shall be joined by the greater part of talents as well as studies, so peculiarly qua- our readers, that when Culonel Young's aplify him for the task. It would be no com- pointment is known in London it may induce pliment to Col. Young to say, that had he the home authorities to take the first opporbeen originally a member of the Commission, tunity of making it a permanent one, as they the public would have been spared the ludi- will ihen have before them a convincing proof crous exposure of presumption and imbcci- of the esteem in which the gentleman is held, lity with which it is now amused. From his both by the local Government and by his fellong experience in India and former position Ilow citizens.- Englishman, January 24.
The Bengal Herald of Sunday last, com- 2-1 by this opinion, judying from Mr Macaulay's ments on our observations relative to the per- character and attainments, and from the sopal hostility which the Press has long ma- known principles of human nature, we aie nifested towards Mr. Macaulay, and states still willing to abide. that the Press "says nothing about him in his personal capacity, nor cares about him in his The Herald goes on to state, that," the Friend personal capacity.”. We have not, however, of India will find that he misappreheuds the seen any great anxiety, to draw the line of matter entirely. On overpaid officer of the distinction between his personal and his Supreme Court, a case put by the Friend of official character; but it is undeniable that India, a salt agent, or other semi-sinecurist, is the strongest feelings of hostility have been not to be much blamed if he pockets a large visible in all the remarks wlich have been salary annexed to his oflice, for doing little, if made respecting him. We appeal to the ex- he dó that little, and no
The fault is perience of every one who has been in the that of the system, not of the sinecurist. Ho habit of reading the papers, whether for three is called upon to do but little and he does it, years the whole artillery of the Press,-from and it is not bis fault that he is overpaid. But the great guns of the Hurkaru and the English. Mr. Macaulay engaged to do much; if he man to the little swivel of the Gyananneshun,- does little and yet receives much, he acts dishas not been directed against him with a honestly ; but if he does much harin, and still degree of vehemence and perseverance un- receives much good, he acts both fradulently exampled in the History of the India Press; and ungratefully.” The Herald says, that if whether, every form of writing, prose and we consult our candour, we shall find that our verse, wit and sarcasm, ribaldry and declama- logic is unsound. We invoke his candour, liou has not been employed to exhibit him in therefore, while we apply his reasoning to the the most odious point of view. We have at- case ; for we think, under correction, that it is tentively observed the movements of the Press our contemporary who has not clearly apprein Calcutta for more than a quarter of a cen- bended the matter. Adopting his style of artury, and we must confess that we never gument might it not be said with truth, An remember to have seen abuse so indefatigably overpaid member of the Supreme Council is heaped upon any single individual before. The not to to be much blamed, if he pockets the Herald says, that our defence of his character large salary annexed to his office, for doing is feeble and injudicious, but the Editor little, if he do that little, and no more. The appears to have overlooked the fact, that we fault is that of the Act of Parliament, not the disclaimed every idea of entering upon his sinecarist. He is called upon to do little, and defence. We contented ourselves with stating he does it ; it is not his fault that he is overthat is for the sake of argument, the fact of his paid. The Act of Parliament which forms delinquencies were admitted, still the vitupe-line charter, created a new oslice, that of ration of the Press appeared to us to have fourth member of the Supreme Council; exceeded the bounds of a just and reasonable defined its duty to be tbat of sitting and voindignation, and that in the case of an indivi-ting in the said Council, at meetings of the dual so over abused, the probability of a Council, for making laws and regulations ;'