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office, which we administer to every native officer, who is at the same time furnished with a copy of it for his future reference, to prove the pains and anxiety which are always used, that " the wishes, feelings and opinions of the inbabitants of the country” should be made known to us. We have done every thing in our power to improve the character of the inhabitants and raise them in their own estimation, We have given chairs to the principal native officers when they have waited upon us, and not two months before the late disturbance, some of the leading conspirators were permitted to be seated in company with the Deputy Commissioner, and assist him as a jury in his trials of several offenders.
9. Moungda, in the letter, which he addressed to Mr. Maule, to indice lim to evacuate the town, stated, that our revenue arrangements had led to the revolt. There was a good deal of cunning manifested in his seizing upon this pretext. But it had no more foundation in truth, than the prophecy which he afterwards pretended to have extracted from an old book, and which he circulated among the people when in possession of the town, declaring that “after the Koolas the Tavoyers would be governed by a great King of the name of Moungda." The principal conspirators paid little or no revenue, and those Thoog yees or head-men of the villages who commenced the attack on our magazine, were actually deriving most profit from our revenue arrangements. During the last harvest-season, however, a difference of opinion had existed ween the Deputy Commissioner and the inhabitants of some of the villages, as to the average returns and produce of their paddy lands, which the villagers pretended yielded barely four and five fold, whilst the Deputy Commissioner's actual measurements on the spot shewed thirty and forty fold. In this difference, however, although the Deputy Commissioner was supported in his views by the native officers, he yielded as much as possible to the wishes of the cultivators of the soil; and when I visited Tavoy afterwards, they acknowledged the liberality and kindness of the final arrangements which had been made.
10. Mongda and Theinda were the chief conspirators, and both of them were actuated by feelings of dissatisfaction at the loss of power and influence which they had exercised under the Burmese Government. Moungda was a man of notorious bad character. He had displayed treason and treachery towards his own Government once or twice before our troops came to Tavoy, in 1824 ; and, on that occasion, although he took all the merit of having seized the Burmese Governor and delivered the place over to us, there were others who acted with more decision and courage in that affair. Moungda acted from a belief that the British Government would appoint him the Governor of Tavoy, and for some time after our troops occupied Tavoy, he was treated with all the honours of a Governor, and was even allowed to exercise the
of Ever since these honours and powers were curtailed, Moungda has been attempting to restore 'Tavoy to the Burmese, and when apprehended by Colonel Wolfe in 1825, and again when sent up to Rangoon by me in 1826, instead of his being punished for his offence, the Commissioners at Rangoon, as I have said before, sent him back to Tavoy without prejudice to the pension which had been originally granted to him of 500 rupees a month, being at that time ten times greater than the salary of our highest native officer. That pension, as far as is known to me, was never confirmed by the Supreme Government, and, therefore, in 1827, when the Deputy Commissioner proceeded to Callcutta, I desired him to point out that such a pension was far above Moungda's wants or merits, and that it should be reduced to 200 rupees a month, and the remaining 300 rupees
allotted to the Tahen Chief Moungzat and his followers, who had solicited Sir A. Campbell's protection at Moulmein. Even 200 rupees a month were twice as much as the salary which was afterwards fixed for our highest native officer. The reduction of the pension, of course dissatisfied Moungda ; but the loss of all power and influence, contrary to his original expectations, and the desire of recovering such under a Burmese Government, and restoring himself to the favour of the King of Ava, as his intercepted letter to that monarch shews, were the real motives which induced him to plan the late revolt against us.
11. Theinda was a Chitkh under the Burmese Government, and he once served under Moungda against Siam. From the time of our first occupying Tavoy, he retired into the interior to the north of Tavoy town, and seldom or ever came near an European. He was in heart and soul a Burmab, and always most adverse to our Government. He appears lately to have visited Oozina's camp, and upon bis return, he used the influence which he possessed from his former situation, and from his bold and determined character, to corrupt and overawe the head-men of the ten villages around his usual place of residence to the north of Tavoy, all of whom, with many of the inhabitants under them, he succeeded in collecting and bringing down to attack our magazine. The head-men of these ten villages had held military commands under Moungda and Theinda during the Burmese Government.
12. Upon the subject of Mergui, 1 bave little to add in addition to Major Burney’s despatches of the 11th and 26th Sept. The enclosed copy of a letter from Captain B. precludes the necessity of my making such observations as I should otherwise bave considered it my duty to have made. I have accepted this officer's resignation. To judge with fairness of that officer's conduct, it is perhaps requisite. that a person should have been placed in the same situation ; and yet Captain B.'s long residence at Moulmein ; his experience during the Burmese war, and his acquaintance with some portion of the territory between Tavoy and Mergui, might, I think, have led him to receive with more distrust the tale of a force of 900 Europeans at Moulmein baving been destroyed, and of a Burmese army of 5,000 men marching overland from Tavoy to Mergui during the beight of the southwest monsoon. I am surprised also, that upon such intelligence as that he received at Mergui, he should have addressed an official letter to the Penang Government to apprize it, that the whole of our establishments in these provinces had been cut off by the Burmese. To obviate the evil consequences of such a tale at Penang whence it might be carried hastily perhaps to England, the deputy Commissioner has judiciously sent down a vessel to Penang with an official contradiction of Captain B.'s report. In the room of Captain B. I should beg to submit, that Captain H. Macfarquhar, of the 40th regiment B.N.I., may be appointed my assistant. I am told that the circumstance which before precluded Government froin complying with my request in favour of Captain Macfarquhar no longer exists, and I am satisfied that that officer's knowledge of the Malay language would render him particularly qualified to take charge of Megui, where so large a portion of the inhabitants speak that language.
13. I am convinced that no observation which I may make, can enhance the estimation which the Governor-General in Council will form of the conduct of my friend Major Burney, during the late unfortunate disturbances. The political and military talents displayed by him were no more than what I before knew he possessed; but the address and judgment with which he disarmed the jealousy, apparently felt towards him as being a Bengal officer, directing the energies and securing the cordial esteem of the officers of Fort St. George, deserve the bighest commendation. I trust the Government will reimburse him for the heavy losses which he has sustained, and give him the benefit of such rules as are in force in regard to a civil servant losing his property under similar circunstances. In the situation held by Major Burney, it is necessary that he should furnish himself witha more furniture, stores and books, than what an oflicer of the same rank has occasion to do when serving with his regiment.
14. My enquiries lead me to join heartily with Major Burney, in bringing to the most favourable notice of the Supreme Government the conduct of Sub-Conductor Corley, Apothecary Bedford and Serjeant Richardson, who served the artillery at Tavoy, and also in soliciting the Governor General in Council to testify by some token in the shape of a medal, his sense of the services rendered to our Government by the Chinese residents at Tavoy. The fidelity and attachment of these men—their strenuous exertions to be of service to us, and the devotion which their head-men showed to Major Burney's family, from the first moment the revolt broke out, are circumstances which will do bonor to the most civilized race in the world. As the Chinese have lost nearly the whole of their property, I have thought it but just to assist some of them with small loans from the public treasury upon good and adequate security, to enable them to prosecute their usual mercantile pursuits. These loans are of course duly returned in the accounts current submitted from Tayoy and Mergui.
THE SUPREME GOVERNMENT, TO A. D. MAINGY, Esq., COMMISSIONER IN THE
Dated, Fort William, 26th December, 1829.
to you the following instructions and observations
2d. You have already been apprized by my despatch of the 20th ultimo of
of your having annulled one of the temporary appointments of Master Attendant, then at Tavoy, made by the Deputy Commissioner; but, it is hoped that you may bereafter find some other means of employing Mr. Dromgoole, of whose serrice during the late events both at Tavoy and Meryni, Major Burney has made so very honourable mention. Upon refering to my letter of the 23d February, it appears, that it was originally proposed to you to abolish one of the offices of Master Attendant, either at Tavoy or Mergui, and if you are non of opinion that such an appointment is requisite at Mergui, the Governor-General in Council bas no objection to your retaining Mr. Emmott at that place, upon the reduced salary of 150 rupees per month.
4. With respect to the eight conspirators at Mergui, who were sentenced to death by the Deputy Commissioner, subject to the confirmation of Government, and on four of which prisoners you recommend such sentence to be carried into effect, I am directed to observe, that in consideration of the examples which have already been made at Tavoy, of the long time elapsed since the date of the sentence, as well as with advertence to the manner in which most of the prisoners conducted themselves after they heard of the suppression of the revolt at Tavoy, particularly in having sent out boats and provisions in search of Captain B.'s party, and having taken care of the public treasury, his Lordship in Council is very unwilling to visit their crime with the utmost severity of the law, with exception to the case of one of the prisoners Bawa Saib. That individual having held a confidential situation onder Captain B., and not being a Burmese, had fewer motives to commit treason, and to abuse, so grossly as he appears to have done, Captain B.'s confidence ; and, with regard to him, the Governor-General in Council authorizes the execution of the sentence of death which has been passed upon him. With respect to Moung Showegyah* if you can satisfy yourself by good proof of the fact reported, that he had lateley pledged himself at Ava to create a revolt at Mergui, and continue to be of opinion, that he should suffer death, you are authorized to carry his sentence into cifect; but, otherwise, you will commute it into imprisonment for life or such term of years as you may deem fit. In regard to the two other prisoners mentioned by you, Moung Showe Ya and Moung Thoon Myat, Ilis Lordship in Council is pleased id commute their sentences to imprisonment and labour on the roads for a term of five
years. The remaining four prisoners sentenced by the Deputy Commissioner Nga Shwen, Nga Tshi, Moung Bo and Nga Ait, may be released and ordered to quit the Tenasserim provinces.
* This individual afterwards made his escape from the Amherst, and succeeded in reaching Ava, where be joined the Prince of Thara wadi, and was concealed and protected by him. He is now in command of King Tharawadi's Body Guard, and his father is the Governor of Bileng, ncar Moulmein (1838).
CALCUTTA MONTHLY JOURNAL.
SOME THOUGHTS UPON FANCY BALLS.
“ Are you going to the fancy ball?" “What in the fun and drollery of the things, wo dress are you going in ?" I don't know.” Inight wonder to see so many children of five “I must not tell you." “ Let's get up a group."and six feet highı, and leave them perbaps to Such are the words we hear wherever we go their childishness." Now, with all due subin reference to the approaching Victoria mission, we consider this a piece of egregious fôle.
twaddle, and entirely built on the foundation
of a mistaken philosophical system. Jonathan Now we confess to being no cynics; we Dymond may have bean a great moralist, but have our seasons of levity as well
we hold that William Wordsworih is far greatothers; we can attend a ball without sneering, er, and he has taught us a noble lesson in tho and a theatre without disgust; we do not ex- following lines of the “ Excursion :". actly think with Doctor Johnson, that dancing is a very awkward way of geiting from one The dignity of life is not impaired end of the room to the oiher," nor do we at all By auglie that innocently satisfies take part in the puritanical stage persecutions The humbler cravings of the heart ; and he of Reynolds, and Prynne, and Jeramy Collier. Is a still happier man who from those heights We hate the very name of the “ cropped Pu
Of speculation not cofii, descends
And such benign aff-clions cultivates ritan," the author of the “Histrio-vastix," we have read through his bulky quarto, com
Among the inferior kids. Diiserating bis delusion; anu have visited In our opinion the theatre of humanity the varrow cell, where they imprisoned him, presents few nobler spectacles than that of a pilying his anbappy fate, though we alınost great man unbending. Is there an anecdote think that he deserved it. For writing the in all Plutarchi's biographies more delicious “ Histrio-mastix" the Siar-Chamber senten- than the little story of Agesilaus playing in ced Prynne to lose one of bis ears and to the nursery with bis children? How differbave his nose slit because he reflected upon the cnt from this the account we have of ThemisQueeo and the ladies of her court, alluding cocles, who, when he was asked if he could in most irreverent terms to some “ masques" play upon the flute, replied “ No, but I can Jately acted at the Palace, in which the Queen take a city.” This answer has been much herself took a part. The sentence was a commended ; but we think that so far from heavy one, but to libel a Queen, because she its being indicative of a lofiy mind it bears enlivened her court with a masque and was the impress of a very little one. In the first berself one of the masquers, is no very trilling place it was exceedingly irrelevant, remindoffence. If there be any whom we are liule ling us (we love to ridicule these swellings of Joath to condemn, it is those, who causelessly pride) of tlie man, who, when he was asked condemn others. We quarrel not with those if he knew German replied “ No; but I have who differ from us in opinion, but into the a cousin who can play the German fute ;" gaunt sides of the Leviathan of intolerance and in the next place it was eminently absurd, we are ever to horl our lance. We do not as pride always is ; for Themistocles would like to be condemned wholesale for going not liave been a little the less great as a solthrough the evolutions of a quadrille, or ar- dier for being more skilful as a musician; and, raying ourselves in a fancy costuwe.
indeed, he would probably have been greater,
as the old fable of the unstraining of the bow A recent writer on morality, for whose testifies in illustration of my theory. Tho opinions upon most su' jects we entertain the greatest men of all a;es have been the most bighest respect, speaking of masquerades lowly-minded, and the wisest philosophers in and fancy balls, before he passes on to a their hours of relaxation, have ondescended heavier censure, indulges in a pleasant vein to the most puerile disportings, Mr. D’Israeli, of caustic dryness, and informs the reader, in lis“ Curiosities of Literature," has a chapa that “if the pleasure which people derive ter on the “ Amusements of the Learned," io
illastrative proofs. Take it opon our philoso- poet. We love to anticipate how they will phy, sweet friends, that nothing is so little as look before the day of the festival arrives; and pride, nothing so contemptible as contempt: afterwards to think of how they looked, and remember, ever remember, that,
to identify them with the chiaracters they il
lustrated, whenever we read of those characHe who feels contempt
ters again. For instance, if we were to see For any living thiog 'hath faculties That he has never tried – that thought with himn we ever read or bear of a Neapolitan peasant
as a Neapolitan peasant girl, could Is in its infancy.
girl without thinking about ? Or if she The greatest minds are those which can were to take it into her head to represent best accommodate themselves to all circum- sweet Amy Robsart, would not the bire inenstances ; which can move with the stream with lion of “ Kenilworth" call up the fair image of out being soiled by its impurities ; ever bum- our kind friend 10 llit across the magic mirror ble and ever cheerful; gathering blessings and of our meinory? But setting aside ihese pleadispensing them every where ; able alike to sures of association, the more spectacle of a creep and to soar. “ I should approve,” saith fancy ball has mucli, very much to delight Montaigne, in one of his essays, a soul us. We love to see the heterogeneous asthat hath divers stories in its structure ; one semblage of all ages and all nations gathered that knows how to bend and how to slacken ; together, as by some strange process, within that finds itself at ease in every condition of the walls of an assembly room. We like to fortune ; that can converse wiih a neighbour be present at what the author of Vivian of his buildings, liis hunting, or any irilling Grey” calls a species of amusement in which dispute between him and another ; that can sually a stray Turk and a wandering Pole cbat with a gardener or carpenter at plea- looks sedate and singular among crowds of sure."
Spanish girls, Swiss peasant girls and gentle
men in uniform :" even this has far more diWe had no intention when we commenced version in it than the endless monotony of this article of writing in such a sober, didac- white muslin and white satin which we aro tic strain ; we have been unconsciously betray-wout to see in our every-day ball-room asseined into gravity ; we purposed a light article, blages. But we like a litle more diversity and unless we make vigorous efforts, this will than that described by Mr. Benjamin D'Israprove, we anticipate, a very heavy one. So eli. Miss Burney and Theodore Hook give now to our theme right manfully. The whole rather more variety to their respective acworld, the whole Calcutta world, the BEAU counts of these entertainments. * Dominos mond of course we mean, is interested in the of no character,” says the lads, describing a subject of which we treat, Our subject is masquerade in Cecelia, " and fancy dresses of “ Fancy Balls.". We apprize the reader of no meaning, made, as is usual at such meet. this once again, for we think it not improba ings, the general hierd of the company ; fir ble that whilst he was wading through the the rest ihe men were Spaniards, chinney moral speculations with which we commen-sweepers, Turks, watchnien, conjurors and ced this essay, he may have entirely forgotten old women; and the ladies, shepherdesses, the real subject matter of our discourse. Fond orange girls, Circassians, gypseys, baymaas we are of these speculations, fond as
wekers and Sullanas.” And Mi. Ilook, in one of are of literary seclusion, of poring over books, the best chapters of“ Gilbert Gurney,"speaks of endeavouring to write them, of our plaid of the boisterous mirth of die Moll Flayzons dressing gown, our worked slippers, our and Irish hay makers, flirting with delicate Joosened neck-cloth, our silent room, we ne-die-awar nuns and aristocratic flower-girls ; vertheless have a wonderous sympathy with t'at monks dancing with Swiss peasants ; the ball-goers and contrive to enjoy ourselves knighis in armour lounging on sofas with 10in “lighted halls” full as well as in the her-dian queens; Doctor Ollapod, in close conmitage of our study. We carry our philoso. I versation with Alexander the Great, and Caleb phy with us into the ball-room (for our phi Quotem seriously arguing a point of etiquette losophy verges upon optimism, and is not with lies the Fourth of France. We espetherefore unsuited to such scenes), but our cially delight in these strange intermixtures, book-craft we ever leave behind us--we for- and can almost fancy ourselves in the Elysian get that we have“ ever seen Wirtenberg, ever fields when we behold the junction of those read book”-our thoughts, our whole thoughts who could not possibly have met together on
with the revellers; we nevor wander learth. It is for all the world like Lucian put back in fancy to the books which we have left in action, or Lord Lyttleton's " Dialogucs of open on our table, or the essays half finished the Dead," illustrated in a series of tableaux. on our desk. We go to a ball to enjoy our Pleasanttoo is it to see the well-known animosi selves, and enjoy ourselves we do right tics of great med ; animosities which have dehearlily.
vastated nations, now laid aside by mutual conBut a fancy ball is our especial delight. sent, “positively for one night only," to seeWe love to see our friends discarding their Oliver Cromwell dancing with Henrietta Maevery day costume, and to shake hands with ria, Charles the 1st arm in arm with Hampden them in the habiliments of a strange country, or Pym, and the Earl of Essex neglecting or in the dress of some well known character, Queen Elizabeth to pay his devoirs to Mary be it real or be it imaginary, drawn from the Queen of Scots. Pleasant too is it to see the