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5th rates. They had already been taken as the grand basis of the first rate; and therefore ought to have been left out altogether, or if the 2d is the one, according to which he proposed to settle, the others ought to have been excluded. But he does not take the 2d as his standard, for another statement says

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There is more variance between the estimate by average rates and the actual rental in this village, than in any other in the pergunnah. But I have satisfied myself by personal observation and inquiry, that the present rental cannot be reckoned at a higher sum than I have assumed for it. The cultivation is in the worst order, and till 1240 F. S., a great part even of the land now under plough was allowed to remain waste." He fixes, therefore, the rental at 581 rupees, which is nearest to the 3d estimate, and, therefore, he should have kept to the third. But neither does he keep to the third, for in the next we have the following:

1st. 698

"1st. 545


The land is of very bad quality, and the jumma demanded by the proprietor during the last twelve years, has varied between 222 and 375 rupees. collections of past years are low, in consequence of the defective cultivation."


"1st. 1163

"1st. 1813

2d. 526

The rental assumed in this case is four hundred and seventeen rupees, which comes nearest to the fourth estimate.

3d. 556

Let us take another purgunnah, on which even more care has been bestowed, because we find there are no less than six estimates. Premising also in this case, that the first has been chiefly founded upon the results of the other five.

2d. 1407



2d. 1846

3d. 253

3d. 1424


3d. 2015



4th. 438

The land is of poor quality, which renders the first estimate by average rates inapplicable to this estate, and even the sum proposed by the tahseeldar is more than appears likely to be regularly realized. The gross rental has, therefore, been assumed at 550 rupees."

This brings it close upon the second estimate.-Another :









5th. 1406

Upon examining the nikassees of this village for the last twelve or thirteen years, it appeared that the produce had in some years reached 1,500 rupees when the seerland was fully assessed. With reference, however, to the amount of the first estimate by average rates, the sum above-mentioned appeared to be somewhat too high, although the soil is certainly of good quality. On this account the new jummabundee was assumed at 1,440 rupees."

This again is close'upon the third estimate.-Another:

5th. 1985



6th. 1467

6th. 2016

This is a fertile village, and whenever the land has been properly cultivated, and no seer or other cause has intervened to diminish the rental as shown in the yearly accounts, the latter have shown a total amounting to, or somewhat exceeding 2,000 rupees. There still exists some culturable waste,

which may hereafter be brought under crop. The basis of settlement has been assumed at 1,990 rupees.'


Here again we have it almost corresponding with the fifth estimate.

We have been particular about these cases, because it is well known by the initiated that the settlement alluded to has been fixed upon just principles; and, therefore, there was less occasion to show this fanciful detail: but in the hands of an unscrupulous man such varying estimates would furnish opportunity for concealment of important errors. If a collector has six estimates, and chooses to make them differ from each other one hundred rupees, more or less, he will have a fluctuating rate to appeal to, which varies at its extreme points to the extent of six hundred rupees, and will be enabled to give appearance of extreme minuteness, accuracy, and perfection, to that which it never costs him a moment's trouble to consider. He may, in short, without fear of contradiction or exposure, be able to make his papers one mass of elaborate humbug. The remark, will not, of course, apply in this case, but when we see a man, particularly in such discretionary work as settling, attempt to do too much, we are always apprehensive that he has done too little.

Having now pointed out a few instances in which we fancy we have perceived a few endeavours to fashion papers, to order to perplex us with minutiæ, and dazzle us with the brilliancy of numercial achievements, we shall next consider the general progress of settlement work in these provinces.

We may reasonably expect to see the settlement concluded within six years at the most. As the means of accomplishing this desirable object will be multiplied every year, and improvements in the system of survey and settlement develope themselves, the celerity of operations will, of course, be augmented, and if our progress has hitherto been quick, we may expect that hereafter it will be quicker. Let us consider what has been done already, and what remains ju each district.


*Jumma of 1243.

SEHARUNPORE.. 9,95,994 ....

About one-third of this district remains to be completed, for which one season is quite sufficient.


Jumma of 1243.


The revision of settlement in this district is about to commence, to be finished in one season, or, at the most, two.


Jumma of 1243.

Jumma of 1243.

Jumma of 1244. 10,18,608


Jumma of 1243.


Jumma of 1244. 6,15,708


and ought


The revision of this district was commenced by Mr. George Bird, a promising young officer, who, had he lived, would, no doubt, have fulfilled the high expectations which were formed of him. Mr. Tonnachy, the uncovenanted deputy collector, has now finished the settlement.

Jumma of 1244. 16,41,151

Jumma of 1244. 8,78,742

Jumma of 1244; 18,52,132


The actual demand is somewhat less than this, because no allowance is made for reductions of assessment which have not yet received the confirmation of Government. The same remark applies to all other zillahs.

of delay which have somewhat retarded the progress of the first settlements, do not exist in the other parts of the district. Mr. John Thornton, some of whose admirable reports have appeared in the Agra Ukhbar, has performed, in settling the talookdaree estates, a most difficult and delicate duty, with great judgment, ability, and success.

In this division, Dehra Dhoon, and the lapsed pergunnahs included in Begum Sumroo's jagheer, have not been noticed. The Sirdhanah pergunnahs are under Mr. Plowden, and those of Tuppul, Jewar, and Pahassoo, will be settled by the Allygurh and Boolundshuhur officers. We may reckon on the whole being assessed at about nine lacs of rupees. The revenue survey of the whole division has been completed excepted in the three last named pergunnahs Captain William Brown, whose progress, remarkable for rapidity and cheapness, is shown in the tabular statement at the beginning of this article, surveyed the first four districts. The last has been undertaken by Capt. Wroughton, whose qualities as a surveyor are well known and appreciated.

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No stettlement in progress in this district.
Jumma of 1243.




According to the tabular statement at the beginning it will be seen that very little remained for settlement at the close of 1835-36, and that, we presume, is now complete.

Jumma of 1243.
FURRUCKABAD......... 17,64,394

Jumma of 1243.

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The actual demand on the tabular statement differs greatly from this, because large increase has been obtained by the annexation of other pergunnahs. It will be seen that about four lacs of rupees was left for settlement, besides that of the pergunnahs lately annexed. Although Mr. Robinson has had other official duties to perform of no slight trouble and responsibility, his progress has been very successful.


Jumma of 1243.

Jumma of 1244. 16,87,603

Jumma of 1243.
SHAHJEHANPORE... 11,15,700

Included Belah.

Jumma of 1244. 16,25,567


There are no settlements in progress in this district. It has by late arrangements been divided into two, Etawah and Mynpoorie. The professional survey will shortly commence under Captain Wroughton, after he has finished the remaining portions of Furruckabad, and the settlement will not be long in following it up. An increase of jumma may be expected from a revision of the present assessment.

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Jumma of 1244. 16,11,600

*Jumma of 1244. 28,15,801


This district is now finished, and Mr. Muir, who has performed his duty very satisfactorily, will shortly commence Shajehanpore.

Jumma of 1244. 13,84,158

Jumma of 1244.

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The settlement has not yet begun, but we conceive that the survey has since, the commissariat officer informs us, that he has been directed to supply an elephant to the surveyor, on account of the swampy nature of the jungles. Mr. Timius is so intimately acquainted with this district, that it would be highly advisable that he should settle it. He has, however, just claim to promotion which cannot be overlooked.

Jumma of 1243.
MORADABAD, S. D.. 9,79.168........


The settlement has commenced in this district, and will be brought to a speedy conclusion under the superintendence of Mr. R. Money.

Jumma of 1243.
MORADABAD, N. D. 14,79,056.

The settlement may be expected to be over by the end of next year.

Jumma of 1243.

Jumma of 1244.

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Jumma of 1243.


The progress of the revision in this district was highly creditable to Mr. S. S. Brown, in whose hands it could not but succeed. Had he remained, the settlement would have been complete ere this. He has left little to be done.


Total 100,05,004

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Jumma of 1243.





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KUMAOON.......... 2,16,780.

Almost every thing remains to be done.

When the survey of Shahjehanpore is complete, Mr. Abbott will move to the southward, and commence the unsettled districts. Probably Cawnpore will be selected as the first to come under survey. Captain B. Browne will survey the remaining part of Rohilcund, including the forests of Bareilly and Shabjehanpore.

Jumma of 1244.


Jumma of 1244.

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Jumma of 1244.

Jumma of 1244.

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Jumma of 1244.




In none of these districts has any revision commenced. In Bandah and Humeerpore a summary settlement has been formed, which reduces the jumBelah does not now ma greatly below the amount in the tabular statement. exist as a separate zillah. It was at the beginning of the year absorbed by Etawah. The survey of Bundelcund has commenced.

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Jumma of 1243.

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The survey is in stronger force here than elsewhere, in order that the settlement may be speedily completed. The addition to the Government rent roll is so important, being at the rate of more than 100 per cent. that it is obviously desirable no delay should occur; and yet with all this enormous increase -actual and prospective, it will scarcely be believed that the cultivated area will bear an average of only one rupee per acre. The peculiarity of the Birt tenure, and the small area of the villages, rather retard the progress of the settlement, but it will, doubtless, be concluded by the end of next year.


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Jumma of 1243.


Jumma of 1243.
FIVE DISTRICTS...... 37,15,812

Jumma of 1244.





The survey and settlement of this district are finished. It is matter of regret that Mr. Thomason has been called away before completing the records of settlement under his own superintendence. His successor, who has obtained good repute for his own settlement labour in various pergunnahs, will, no doubt, bring up the work in a most efficient manner, but Mr. Thomason's abilities and talents are of such a high order that we very unwillingly forego the pleasure which a perusal of his own remarks would have afforded us. We trust that he will give us the benefit of his experience and conclusions in some durable shape.

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Jumma of 1244.

Jumma of 1244.


Jumma of 1244.

A few partial commencements have been made, and, as almost the whole division has been served professionally by Captain Simmonds, we may expect the officers to commence with vigour next season. There is no lack of ability amongst them, and a fund of excessive zeal. Captain W. Brown is surveying the remaining portions of Hansie, and will shortly take up Badshahpoor, Ferozepoor, Captain Thoresby's Bhuttee country, and the tract reluctantly given up by Pattialah.

Jumma of 1243.
THREE DIVISIONS.... 22,28,181

Jumma of 1244.

Settlements are proceeding in this division, but without any trust-worthy survey, and with large abatements, in order to reconcile the potails to the dangers which they apprehended from a twenty years' lease. The famous minute of Mr. R. M. Bird, induced a thorough reform into the mode of administration in this division; and a man who enters into engagements with Government is now compelled to act up to them, instead of being buoyed up with the hopes of ultimate remission by exciting the collector's commisseration.

We think that the result of this detailed examination amply bears out our assertion, that the settlement is making satisfactory progress in the North

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