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At about quarter past 9 o'clock the meeting at the under temptation, and its uncontrolled indulgence in Sailor's Home took place where the number present the use of ardent spirits. He determined to make the amounted to ten gentlemen, among whom we noticed attempt of establishing a Sailor's Home, and was glad to Messrs. Colvin and Cragg, Captain Vint, Balston, say, that with the assistance of his fellow creatures and Frazer, and the Reverend Mr. Boaz. It was moved by under Divine blessing, he had been enabled to carry Captain Vint, and seconded by Mr. Colvin, that Cap. his intention into effect. The success which had attain Frazer be requested to take the chair. It is neces-tended similar establishments in London, Liverpool, sary to say that several others joined afterwards. Leith, Boston and other sea port towns, it was 'to be hoped would also crown their endeavours. In fact he had no doubt of the result, if the Home received the whose well doing as well as that of the sailor depended support of the mercantile and shipping community, he was happy to announce, one of the principal punch upon its continued and respectable existence. Already houses had been induced to close its doors, and he hoped that before the close of another year, all the minor sinks would cease to exist. From a statement which be held, drawn out from the police reports, it appeared that within the last six months, or from June to Decem ber, out of about 700 seamen, who had been living on shore, 386 were accommodatad in punch houses, 303 at the Home, and the rest it might be supposed were in hospital, or straggling about the town. satisfactory evidence of the great utility of the establish ment, and the benefits derivable from its operations, it was worthy of remark, the men who had resorted to the Home, were generally of good character and sober habits, and consequently when employed, invariably found capable of undertaking the performance of active duties, whereas men obtained through crimps, or from the purlieus of Loll Bazar and other places, had from long indulgence in liquor, and other debilitating vices, become so nervous, irritable, and shameless, that it was with difficulty they were made to keep to their engagement, while they proved unfit to do any manner of work, for some time after they had been on boardship.

As a

Captain Frazer opened the proceedings of the day. by observing that when he was last in Calcutta, about three years ago, when an establishment like the Sailor's Home was acknowledged by many of his nautical friends to be greatly needed, and it rejoiced him considerably to find on his recent arrival, that a Home had actually been established. This intelligence was the more acceptable under the peculiar circumstances which brought him to Calcutta. The men of that unfortunate ship the Royal William, lately commanded by him, had now a comfortable home to receive them, where they were perfectly happy, and from whence they might hope to obtain respectable employment. He would not trespass further upon the time of the meeting with any observations on the utility of such an establishment, to which he was happy in giving his personal testimony.

Mr. Colvin stated that to give stability to such an institution, and successfully and permanently to promote its interests and usefulness, required the mutual cooperation of the commanders, owners and agents of vessels. That an unanimous determination on the part of commanders would render the assistance of others of secondary importance, and he hoped to find them associated together for this exceedingly useful and beneficial purpose.

The Reverend Mr. Boaz conceived that before proceeding any further in the business for which the meeting had assembled, a brief relation of the causes which induced the establishment of the Home, would be of service to it, and profitably occupy the attention of the gentlemen present. Long before the successful establishment of the Home, his attention was directed to those sinks of corruption denominated Punch Houses; which, with the pernicious system of crimping, extensively prevailed in Calcutta, fostering the demoralizing effects of idleness, the natural bent of the human mind

Our time and space will not permit us to proceed as minutely into matters as we could desire; we shall therefore close this imperfect, but we nevertheless hope, acceptable report, with merely stating, that a general disposition to support the excellent institution seemed to prevail, and which practically carried into effect, cannot but permanantly benefit the seamen of the port, and secure the interests of owners and commanders of vessels. We shall again revert to the subject on some future occasion.-Hurk. Mar. 1.


About fortnight, or twenty days ago, a great fire occurred at Bhowanipore, which nearly destroyed the whole of the extensive Bazar at the place, consumed about 20,000 maunds of rice and grain and did not cease until a hundred and eighty thatched houses were swept away.

vours almost useless, as the fire spread rapidly from one point to another.

We some time ago called the attention of the authorities to the necessity of protecting the grain golahs. The extensive, or perhaps large as yet exist at Balleaghat and Tallygunge. If he two last mentioned depôts are burnt, the laboring classes may be reduced to the distress that now exists in the north western provinces. Government should either protect the golahs, or purchase the grain and deposit it in some

At the commencement of the present week another five destroyed about a hundred and fifty houses in the vicinity, grain and articles of consumption were also burnt. The Conservancy officers did their utmost, but


The above meeting was held on Thursday evening, the 1st instant, and consisted of about fifty gentlemen, chiefly subscribers to the institution and parents and guardians of the pupils.

On the motion of Mr. M. Crow, seconded by Mr. C. F. Byrn, the Rev. Mr. Boaz was called to the chair; and with a few usual prefatory remarks, called on the secretary to read the report. This document commenced by lamenting the loss which the institution had sustain ed during the year in the death of Mr. Lorimer, the head teacher of the school. It then went on to detail the arrangements that had, in consequence, been necessa

rily adopted; one of which was, that several of the pupils of this school, who had been for years engaged in the work of education, had been promoted. This practice was followed by other public schools in Calcutta, and it was a cause of great satisfaction to the committee to think that the institution was enabled, to a very great extent, to look to itself for instruments for carrying on the work of education. The quarterly examinations had been held at the stated periods, and the annual examination took place on the 15th of December last. The report then enumerated the various branches of education in which the pupils had been examined, which was followed by extracts from the newspapers giving an account of the examination. The improvement in the tone of education pursued at this and other similar institutions was adverted to and mention made that this was the oldest institution of its kind, and had a large share in producing that improvement. A list of the prizes awarded at the last examination, with the names of the successful candidates next followed. On the 28th ultimo, the number of pupils in the school amounted to 213. The resignation of Dr. Halliday, of the medical charge of the school, in consequence of his departure from Calcutta, and the appointment of Dr. F. Corbyn in his room, were noticed, and the reports of these gentlemen regarding the health of the pupils, which went to establish that the children had been remarkably healthy, in consequence of the great care and vigilance exercised over the culinary, the clothing, and other departments connected with their comforts. The pecuniary difficulties of the institution were the next points noticed; but a sub-committee had been formed to remedy the evil, and its arrangements had effected great savings, so that it was hoped this measure, added to the realization of the outstanding balances, would, in some degree, relieve the institution. The departure of Sir C. T. Metcalfe, and his parting liberal

donation of a Rs 1,000 to the institution, as well a another thousand from D. O. D. Sombre, Esq., formed the last topic of comment in the report, and it concluded with expressions of gratitude to all the supporters of the


Mr. Kirkpatrick. This institution is one of the first of the kind, and had, at its commencement, struggled with great difficulties; but it has successfully overcome them, which must be a source of satisfaction to all connected with it. The report had made allusion to the progress of the other seminaries, every one of which was, like horses in a race, endeavouring to gain the vantage ground in obtaining favour. Under such circumstances, and with a disinterested public, industry alone could command success. They would patronize the best candidate for their favor, leaving alone those that were going back

institution. It has been progressing onward, which in it self is an evidence in its favor. The meeting were not now called upon to record an opinion formed on the spot by the perusal of the report, but an opinion formed long before from other circumstances. Mr. Kirkpatrick alluded to the death of Mr. Lorimer, and to his zeal and undivided energy in behalf of the school. Considering the small recompense he got, how he wrote out his constitution in performing the duties of this seminary, he might be justly said to have fallen a victim to the cause of education. The annual exhibition was not, he thought, suffi cient to enable the public to form a proper estimate of the qualifications of the pupils; he would suggest a plan followed in academies in England, which was to select one or two of the higher classes for examination, and Propose to them a series of questions which had been registered, and record the answers which might be elicited in the course of examination. This would not only ena

ble those who were present to form an opinion but the published report embodying these answers would enable those at a distance to judge of the school.

He then moved, that the report now read be approved and published for general information. Seconded by Mr. S. Chill, carried unanimously.


The chairman, in putting the question, remarked that Mr. Kirkpatrick had compared the schools to horses; but he thought that a school to do well, required, like a horse, to be fed well. The meeting, therefore, could not properly approve of the report without doing something towards wiping off the debts of the school, He had been lately at a meeting of the Sailor's Home, where, under similar circumstances, every one present had subscribed, which example be expected would be followed here. The Wesleyan Societies in America, always kept themselves a little in debt in order to stimulate public charity; but he for one did not approve of debts, and would like to see the whole wiped off, and if the others subscribed he would add his mite at the end,

observed several put down their names; but we have A subscription paper was here handed round, and we not been able to ascertain the amount subscribed.

resolution he was about to put. It was not necessary to Mr. C. Pote expected nothing but unanimity on the talk on a subject which had been completely exhausted by having been spoken of in every possible term of eulogium. The name of Sir Charles Metcalfe (Cheers) recommends him to all India, nay to all the intellectual world, which has regarded his career, and borne testimony to his usefulness. Mr. Pote would, therefore, simply read the resolution, and expect the unanimous concurrence of the meeting. He would, however, submit one observation which had that moment occurred to him. The long experience of Sir Charles Metcalfe in India, and his mature judgment were well known to all. Now this great, good, and experienced man had marked out the Parental Institution for his especial patronage, which circumstance was an evidence in its favor, and the example of so great and good a man ought to be followed by all who have the good of India at heart. Indeed such an example could not fail to produce its due effect: the Chairman had already pointed out the means and it

Alluding to the paucity of examiners at the annual exami- seminary to support it with their purse. The resolution nation, he regretted the circumstance; but singled out was carried unanimously.

Dr. Corbyn as an individual who, notwithstanding his arduous professional avocations, had always been at his post for the ten or twelve years part, and performed this public duty. The institution he therefore thought, owed a great obligation to Dr. Corbyn. The following reso lution was then moved by Mr. Pote, and seconded by Mr. H. Andrews, and carried unanimously, with enthusiastic cheers, every one present standing up.

That concurring fully in the observations embodied in their report, this meeting desires respectfully to record its grateful sense of the liberal and encouraging disposi tion so uniformly evinced by Sir C. T. Metcalfe to wards the institution.

The chairman related an anecdote of Dr. Dodridge. The Doctor had been to see a good girl on the bed of sickness, and observed to her as a consolation that every body loved her: she, in the simplicity of her heart, replied, because she loved every body. The same might be said of Sir Charles; every body loved him because he loved every body.

On the motion of Mr. P. S. De Rozario, seconded by Mr. C. Kerr, it was resolved unanimously, that Mr. W. Byrn and other gentlemen forming the committee of management, be re-elected for the ensuing year, and that Mr. Byrn be requested to continue in the office of secretary to the institution.

The secretary then announced that Messrs. D'Costa and Sturmer had resigned their seats in the committee, and Mr. H. B. Gardner said, that he had been autho rized by Mr. James Wood to say, that he also begged to withdraw, in order to make room for others who might give to the committee a fresh impulse. He said Eu ropeans as well as East Indians were supporters of the in stitution; but the committee consisted exclusively of the latter, he would, therefore, propose that the Rev. Mr. Boaz, now in the chair, should he added to the list of its members.

Mr. M. Crow, adverting to Mr. Gardner's remark on the resignation of Mr. Wood, observed, that as one of the management, it was not his intention to address the chair, but an opportunity having presented itself he would take advantage of it. An observation similar to Dr. Corbyn, had some experience in the progress of that of Mr. Gardner had been made at the last annual education on this side of India; and looked upon some meeting, on which occasion it was stated, that new blood of the leading public seminaries as doing the greatest ought to be infused into the exhausted veins of the good: but this institution he regarded as the principal committee, in order to give fresh impulse to its motions, among them. Here education was given in all its most In consequence of this observation, some new members useful branches, and civil and religious liberty formed had been added to the committee, and that, he (Mr. the great foundation of the structure. The education Crow) was selected as one of the number. The report was solid; the pupils learnt not by rote, but their un-he said, adverted to certain improvements made in the derstanding was cultivated. Their compositions had course of the year in the important department of finance, astonished many Englishmen. A gentleman who had by a sub-committee of the management. He begged to closely examined the classes at the last annual exhibi-state distinctly, that none of the new members were in tion, had lately met him and expressed his astonishment this sub-committee, and that, therefore, in the credit due at the answers which the boys had given to his questions to its measures of economy, the new members had no in Latin. This was Mr. Picans, a man fully capable of further share than that of approving of those measures. judging on such a subject. This was the reason that Mr. Crow concluded by proposing, that Messrs. P. S. Sir Charles Metcalfe patronized this seminary; he De Rozario and J. Graham be added to the committee, had told Dr. Corbyn, that he considered this institution of great service to the public, not only as a source from which well qualified public servants could be obtained, but also as a means of encouraging morality in society, by making useful men of so many who with out education would bave proved an evil to the commu-cupy his seat until Mr. Graham's arrival. nity. These were the causes of the general patronage add good-will which this institution enjoyed. moved the following resolution :

Mr. Kirkpatrick observed, that Mr. Graham was at that time absent from Calcutta and could not, therefore, enter upon his labours as a member of the committee; he therefore proposed that Mr. Wood continue to oc

That this meeting begs to offer its best acknowledg ments to his friends and supporters of the institution for the continuance of their aid in promoting its interests.

Heion of new blood into the exhausted veins of the commit. Mr. Pote commented at some length upon the infu tee, and, we believe, proved that it was good or better than that of any new member who could be chosen.

The Rev. Mr. Boaz and Mr. P. S. De Rozario were hen duly elected.

Mr. Kirkpatrick, supported by Mr. Gardner, request, ed that a statement of the funds be laid on the table.

Mr. Crow observed, that there could be no objection

The Rev. Mr. Campbell, in seconding the resolution, observed, that this institution had laid the public under great obligation, by giving the first impulse to scholastic education in India. The first discoverer was always to the measure itself; but that it was informal and out entitled to greater praise then those who followed up his of order, in asmuch as it was contrary to a standing law footsteps. He had heard of objections to the variety of the society, the purport of which was, that none but and extent of studies pursued in this school; but con- subscribers to the institution were eligible to take a share sidering the comparatively short time which children in the financial management, and that the present meetwere kept in school in this country, he thought it was ing, being composed of many who were not subscribers, necessary to give them information on a variety of sub- it was not competent to vote on the question. jects. Schools and universities only laid a foundation,

The finish could be given by individual exertions after-subject, the proposition was withdrawn, and an abstract After a good deal of desultory conversation on this wards. He adverted to the arrears not paid up by pa- of the accounts having been placed on the table, and rents and guardians, and said they ought to be ashamed

of it. This institution he said was based on liberty and Messrs, Kirkpatrick and Gordon expressing themselves Christianity, and served as a neucles for the diffusion of satisfied, the proposition was withdrawn on the ground knowledge to the most parts distant provinces of India to pointed out by Mr. Crow. which young men brought up here would resort. He

The thanks of the meeting were then voted to the


As some misrepresentation appears to have gone abroad in respect to the nature of Dwarkanath Tagore's munificent bequest to the District Charitable Society, we have sought and obtained information upon the subJect, and now beg to lay it before our readers, in the shape of a copy of the letter of the trustees to the society:

peculiarly objects for charitable consideration, next indeed to the lepers; and there seemed a feeling on his mind that the amount already adverted to might with the greatest benefit to humanity be principally, if not solely, devoted to the relief of the class in question. On this point, however, nothing need now be determined, but as it would doubtless be desirable to consult the wishes of Dwarkanath Tagore in the appropriation of his gift, and he may continue to entertain in the sentiment he expressed to us, touching regular alms or a kind of Asylum for the destitute blind, we shall feel greatly obliged, if you would give directions, for our being furisnished with any information which the records of the District Charitable Society can afford, respecting the state of the poorest class of blind persons in Calcutta. The means the poorest class have of obtaining assistance in the progress of diseases of the eyes; and the numbers and condition of such as, deriving no benefit from the aid afforded, are ultimately deprived of the blessing of sight We need scarcely add that we shall at all times be hap py to do ourselves the honor of waiting upon you personally respecting any matter connected with the dona tion, the nature and extent of which, we request you will do us the favor to announce to the District Chari. table Society.

The Hon, SIR EDWARD RYAN, KT., &c. &c. &c. President of the District Charitable Society. Honorable Sir,- Our friend Dwarkanath Tagore prior to his leaving Calcutta, requested that we would undertake for him the necessary arrangements connected with the disposal of one lac of rupees, which sum it his desire to appropriate to the accomplishment of some charitable object in this city. Dwarkanath desired that the disbursement of the amount so to be appropriated, might be in some measure connected with the operations and objects of that excellent institution, the District Charitable Society, and for that purpose he requested us to place ourselves in communication with the president. In now soliciting your permission to do so, we have the satisfaction of knowing, that we could not apply for advice or aid to enable us to carry the present bequest into effect to any one so well qualified to afford both in the most valuable degree or more capable of entering into the charitable views and benevo lent intentions of our friend. It is the desire of Dwar kanath Tagore that, to whatever branch of charity the fund may ultimately be appropriated, it should be called Dwarkanath Tagore's Fund. The interest on the one lac of rupees before mentioned will be devoted to the maintenance of this fund, the principal to be invested in good mortgages in the name of certain trustees; the detailed wishes of the donor on these points are in our possession.

We have the honor to remain, Hon. Sir,
Your obedient humble servants,
(Signed) H. M. PARKER.




Calcutta, Feb. 20, We are informed that upon the receipt of the above, the District Charitable Society resolved to endeavour to obtain accurate knowledge regarding the condition of the blind poor in Calcutta, and in the mean time nomi. In conversation with ourselves, Dwarkanath Tagore nated a sub-committee to confer with the central comappeared to be under an impression, that one class of mittee, as to the best mode of appropriating the money. indigent persons in this city, viz. the poor blind, were-Englishman, March 4.


The court-martial on Cornet Roche, which has even such instant chastisement as the usual infirmity of lately been published to the army, calls, in our opinion, human temper would have excused, for the insult; and for some commentary, with the view of placing that yet Mr. Roche has been made the object of what it is young officer's case on a footing even more creditable not too weighty a description of term, persecution for seto him than what his essentially full acquittal makes veral months, on shipboard and shore together. He was it appear, although backed by the opinion of the Com- a passenger on the Thomas Grenville, coming out with mander-in Chief, which leaves no slur attachable to several officers, including one of the lieutenant colonels the Cornet's character. We are well acquainted with of his regiment, to join; and it appears from official do the facts of the case, as given in evidence, and nothing cuments which we have seen, that he was kept in close can show more strongly how impossible it is for even the arrest, and not allowed to come upon deck when any most mild and the best conducted officer (in all social other of the passengers were there, nor before nightfall, relations) to pass through his professional life without nor after eight in the morning, and all this for no reason, being subjected to trial by court-martial. Here is another than that he had resented a rude man's insolence, instance of a young man of quiet, gentlemanly, and to the extent we have described-having never given extremely inoffensive manners, dragged before a tribunal the slightest provocation to call the insolence forth! Mr. of military justice, at the very outset of his career, be- Roche had only just entered the service before he sailed cause he was subjected to the outrageous abuse of an from England, so that he was totally without experience, ill-mannered mate of a ship, and, after much forbear- and therefore, when the vessel touched at the Cape, he ance, resented it by knocking the offender down, as did not know how to seek the protection of the Governor the charge alleges, but by only, as the fact was, push-or Commander-in-Chief there, and it seems, Sir Benjaing him off from him indignantly with his open hand. min D'Urban (we must suppose either misinformed, or There was not only not the slightest aggression on Mr. strangely misunderstanding the true statement) enforced

July 28.

-so that it absolutely required the Doctor's sanction my native soil, I shall see you all happy and contented.' for the prisoner's taking the air on deck. It is very sur prising to us how the court-martial could have sentenced Cornet Roche to even a reprimand upon the evidence which we know was before it; for to say nothing of the extenuation, for even undue warmth (had any been displayed) to be found in youth and inexperience, there was the strong evidence not only of the respectable pas sengers, male and female, and of the captain of the ship, but of some of the witnesses for the prosecution, that the demeanour of the accused had been uniformly mild and conciliating to every one, and that he was the last person on board whom any of them would believe disposed to give offence to a human being. There was also proof that such were the character and disposition he had been noted for, before he entered the army at all, and among those who had good opportunities of appreciating both; for, in a newspaper which happened to be on the files of the Cameronians' mess, or library, (the Cork Constitution of July, 1837,) was a testimony of that nature which it gives us much pleasure to lay before


our readers :

the court that the accused only struck (the verdict, very In addition to all that, we have the avowed opinion of rightly, does not find the knocking down) the mate after great and continued provocation; and yet he is sentenced to be severely reprimanded,-this young and naturally peaceful man,-because his spirit could not brook the wanton and protracted abuse heaped on both his countrymen and himself. We do think it was very thoughtless in the court to brand a young officer, under threshhold of his professional life; and we rejoice to find these circumstances, with such a penalty on the very inferential evidence to the fact that the Commander-inChief did really deem the sentence unnecessarily harsh, though he does not seem to have thought disapproval to be politic-perhaps with reference to the regimental situation of the virtual prosecutor. His Excellency confines bis formal reprimand to the mere acquiescence in the court's desire to that effect, but remarks, that the interference of the 3d mate of the Thomas Grenville with Cornet Roche, and the gross and vulgar language used by him, both with reference to the Irish generally, and to the Cornet personally, go far in extenuation of the Cornet's misconduct.' Much approving of the tenor of that observation, we think we can fairly object to the use of the phrase misconduct,' with which it terminates. His Excellency, we know, not unfrequently employs words in their originally strict sense, which have come, in ordinary parlance, to convey stronger sentiments than, perhaps, they always did (there are many instances of such terms, in our language) and the word misconduct is, in military cases especially, understood to convey the impression of some very heinous course of action, and to such only is it ordinarily applied. In the case before us, we believe neither civil nor military society will proRoche acted; and we are quite certain, that neither nounce it to be atrocious in any one to act as Cornet the purely military, nor the gentlemanly, feelings of Sir Henry Fane are dissatisfied with his conduct, because, if such had been the sentiment, the reprimand would have been properly couched in terms of indignation. We have scarcely any personal acquaintance with Cornet Roche, nor with any one who knows him; and we are actuated in these remarks solely by a desire to set a young officer quite right with the Indian community, at his first starting as one of their social members.—Englishman, March 4.

At a meeting of the farmers, tradespeople, &c., of the parishes of Corkbegg and Trabolgan, on the 27th


The following address was unanimously resolved on :

Sir.-The farmers, tradespeople, &c., of the parishes of Corkbegg and Trabolgan, have heard of your intended departure from amongst them, with the most acute feel. ings of regret. Your accustomed urbanity of temper, and your uniform charitable disposition to all-have endeared your memory indelibly in their hearts.

We sincerely wish you every success, and trust that Divine Providence will prolong your existence, and that they will have again the pleasure of beholding an individual whom they shall ever respect and love.


It is with the greatest pleasure I have read your address. I regret exceedingly that my income did not permit me to be more liberal to the poor of your neighbour hood. I trust that Divine Providence will bestow on you the blessings of plenty, and that, when I again visit.

Proceedings of a Meeting of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta, held at the Asiatic Society's Apartments, the 3d March 1838.

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L. T. Watson, Esq., Assistant Surgeon, by H. Chapman, Esq., seconded by Mr. R. O'Shaughnessy. Maxwell, Esq., of the Madras Service, by Dr. O'Shaughnessy, seconded by Dr. Goodeve.

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2d. Journal de Medicine de Societé Royale de Medicine de Bordeaux, for May 1837.

Dr. O'Shaughnessy took the opportunity of informing the Society, that, after many attempts he had succeeded in finding iodine in the confeval of the salt-water lake. We had previously examined a great number of the plants of Letters from the following gentlemen were read: that and other salt-water morasses, and found them all 1st. From the secretary of the Asiatic Society, re-destitute of this substance. The confeval is however, turning thanks for the 4th and 6th numbers of the So- richer in iodine than any of the algee fuci, be had ever ciety's journal. examined or read of. It contained about a grain of 20. From Messrs, Arbuthnot and Co., the So- iodine to the seer (2lbs.) of the moist weed. The conciety's Agents at Madras, forwarding their account car-feval could now be obtained to the amount of hundreds rent and stating that they had a balance in their hands of tons on the surface of the salt-water lake. The proin the society's favour of 674 rupees. cess of preparation is very ample. The confeval is ga3d. From D. Macnab, Esq., forwarding a commu-thered and dried before the sun, then burned, and from nication upon dysentry and other algine fluxes produced the ashes soda and iodine are obtainable in such quantities, by bad rice. that the soda will pay, the expense of the manufacture, and give the iodine for nothing.

The following works were presented to the library : 1st. Report of Mr. Bruce upon the culture of tea in Assam by the tea committee, through their secretary

Mr. MacNab's paper on congestive fever was then read and discussed. H. H. GOODEVE.

24. Report of the coal committee by their secretary Dr. Mac Clelland.

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