« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
RECORD OF CONTRIBUTIONS. (Continued.)
Rate of Name of proprietors. Numbers of fields in the khusrah. Quantity of contribu
Amount of 'total demand.
Thoke Goolab Khan. Goomanee Piswa and Urjoon Mokhoo ... Mujlis and Madara Moteea Durba .. Sebba Soomaira, son of Danish, Goolla ... Amambukhsh, son of Eeda Goolab Khan Ghurreeba Saidoo Hounsa, Sabul Khan .... Purwurrush Khan
Brought forward 1..... 12, 13, 15, 17, 21... 7, 10, 11, 22, 23, 24 38, 39, 40, 42, 44, 45.
2, 3, 4 31, 32, 34 33, 25 41, 43, 124 98, 99, 100 46, 47, 50, 51, 52 80 to 97, 60, 63 48, 49.... 61, 62. 58, 59, 64, 65 66 to 79, and 101 to 123 53, 54, 55, 56, 57
Bh. bis. Per P.th. 13 46 0 3 12 9 17 25 18 1 4 0 1 4 3 1 7 6 5 19 0
7 7 9 5 7 0
6 1 9 7 12 0
9 9 6 2 16 0
3 7 0 2 15 0
3 5 9 2 15
3 5 9 2 15
3 5 9 2 8 0
2 10 9 4 12 0
5 12 6 23 4 0
29 2 6 1 4 0
1 9 6 1 12 0 아
2 0 3 4 14 0
5 14 3 51 18 0
65 5 9
song of Sepehdar
The holdings are so numerous that the small. ness of the column will not admit of the compoaent numbers being included. See Khuteownee.
14 14 0.
Sekohra and Poorun
6 4 0 Chahee
9 5 0
14 5 0 Baranee
0 14 0
12 7 0
21 12 0
3 5 0 Chahee
10 5 0 Baranee
Junno, Ram Sahâë, Gunga Be
shun, and Kissen Sahâë..
10 0 0 Chahee
10 0 0 Baranee
Maharaj Sing ..
4 0 0 Chahee
2 18 0 Barahee
6 18 0
8 8 6
Korao Ram Sahäë.....
The holdings are so numerous that the smallness of the column will not admit of the compouent numbers being included.-- See Khuteownee.
9 0 0 Chahee
8 0 0 Baranee
35 5 0 Chahee
68 10 0 Baranee
103 15 0 415 17 0
0 14 0
112 14 0 452 80
By the undersigned, Bustee and Mohooroo, sons of Sadho, deceased; Phoolwa, son of Attoo; Saddasookh, Shaira, Goolzar, Ramsookh, Sawdë, and Goordyal, zemindars of mouzal Bankra, pergunoah Atrowlee,
Whereas the settlement of this village was concluded by the former collector in 1239, F. S. at an even annual jumma of 300 rupees with us, and the settlement has been renewed at the same jumma with us from 1243 to 1272, F. S., being a term of thirty years, we have unanimously agreed to it under the following conditions :
Ist. - We have appointed Bustee, the son of Sadho, deceased, manager of the estate, through whom the revenue will be punctually paid, according to the regulated kists, into the Government treasury at Atrowlee.
2.1.- The malgoozar will, in the first instance, take balf of every grain crop grown by the proprietors. Their money rates for kutcha beegas are as follows: Cotton Churree Muckee
2 8 0 And after liquidating the Government revenue, the profits arising from the out-turn will be equally divided, and each man will receive bis share. In case of deficit it will be made up in the same manner by Bach, in proportion to the amount originally collected from each. Should there be a Government balance, the entire village will be sold by public auction for recovery of the
30.-With respect to the tenants at will, only one-fourth of the crop will be demanded from them, and their zubte e rates per kutcha beega will be for cotton 12 annas, churree 4 annas, muckee 8 annas.
Should a change in the rates be at any time contemplated, previous notice thereof will be given at the tuhiseel office.
4th.– A seer in every maưnd of grain is fixed for the village expenses, and the deficiency, if any, is made up by the maliks in the manner mentioned in the second article of this engagement. If the cultivation falls off, we will not urge it as a plea to obtain a remission of the Government
5th.—The proprietors have among themselves divided off their several portions of land, and no change or alteration can now be made. The trees of every description standing in each man's field, belong exclusively to him, and those that are in the lands held jointly by the fraternity, are the property of all the proprietors. According to ancient usage, a transfer of the right possessed by a Biswahdar cannot be made either by sale or mortgage.
6th. The putwarree's dues are on every maund of grain a quarter of a seer, and on the amount of the zublee a quarter anna in the rupee... The chokeydar has 10 pucka seers of grain from each house, and two beegas oí land. We will pay all fines and forfeitures ; obey all orders from the courts and police, and we will not interfere with the rent-free lands.
As it has hitherto been usual for the lumburdar's son to succeed him in office, we will observe this ancient usage for the future. Should we, at any time, infringe those conditions, we shall abide by such punishment as may be awarded by the authorities to which we are amenable. We, therefore, in due execution of this malgoozaree engagement affix our respective signatures, this 7th day of August, 1836.
Tenants at will Kullee
This is the quantity of land held in 1244 F. S. is liable to fluctuation, as the proprietors may at any time include any portion in their own cultivation and pay bach rates.
9 50 of the crop 4 seer pr. md
2 12 0 1 of the crop
8 5 5
Not fixed- there being no money rates.
Lal Sing ..
Such is the nature of some of the papers, which it is the business of the settling officer to prepare. Every possible contingency is provided for, and there is no occasion whatever to introduce any amendment, in order to make the record more neat or conformable to a particular system. We have seen a district mohurrir distort and misrepresent the affairs of a whole pergunnah, in order to make his records conform to particular examples. Any attempt to define and compress the limits of the different tenures, is not only injudicious but impracticable. Their variety in these provinces is extraordinary, and as the late William Fraser used to observe, there is scarcely a tenure in the world, however strange or complex, which will not find its counterpart in this presidency; so that every single village should, if necessary, have a new form of its own to exbibit its real peculiarities.
The English settlement forms also, are sometimes made to exhibit fictitious returns, in order to prove that the collector has successfully tried a system, which, perhaps, he has either never attempted. or failed to succeed in introducing. A man may be perfectly convinced he has been acting right while using some peculiar method of his own, which he prefers to the one enjoined for his observance by superior authority, but he will not like to shew by bis proceedings that he has gone counter to some express order, which would have inconveniently fettered him in his progress. He will, therefore, endeavour to show that his papers at least correspond with the prescribed pattern, and that the results exhibit the wonderful success of the system which be has carried into effect.
Collectors, for instance, are ordered to show the average rent rates which are supposed to prevail in a pergunnah for each kind of soil, and from these they are to deduce their revenue rates. Let us take a table which professed to shew this in more than usual detail, subunitted by an officer of no mean reputation.
Now, on comparing the village statements received with this form so carefully drawn out, we find not one gross rental correspond with it, and not one deduced revenue rate near the jumma For instance, on comparing two villages we find, that though both had Bangur Rouslee irrigated, one was charged 3 rupees, and the other 2 rupees 8 annas per acre. They exhibited other discrepancies, which it is useless to point out, but which sufficiently proved that this statement was fictitious. The manner in which it was prepared is not difficult to show. The collector, we conceive, after negociating with the zemindars, and getting as much jumma as they were inclined to accede to, fixed the Government demand on what he called “general considerations,” and found, when all the engagements were given in, that the jumma amounted to 77,730 rupees, which fell at the rate of 1 rupee 13 annas 5 pies on the cultivated acre.
This was distributed on the Bangur and Khadur area : to the former was assigned 1 rupee 15 annas 9} pies, and to the latter 1 rupee 10 annas 6 pies. But this again had to be distributed on the classes of each soil, and this was done by a buck process, till all was made square. There would have been no harm in all this, had it been done previous to settlement, and bad the