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utility of ice in the treatment of some of the diseases of India, I beg to state that I consider it one of the most valuable auxiliaries, the medical man has at his command, for the alleviation of suffering, and cure of the most dangerous diseases of this country. In fact I look upon it, as one of the greatest blessings we possess, and I have reason, I think, to consider it as such, since to ice, I feel I am indebted for the restoration to health, from nearly fatal illness, of one of my nearest and dearest relatives.

exposure to the heat of the sun, frequently produces considerable derangement of the brain.

I bave no doubt that the experience of every individual, will tend to corroborate the opinion, that the addition of ice to the luxuries of our table, ought to be considered equally desirable in a medical point of view. J. MAXTON, Surgeon.

Calcutta, July 29, 2837.

No. 22.

Calcutta, August 1837.
To the Chairman of the Ice Committee.
SIR,-In reply to your letter of the Calcutta Ice
Committee, in which you requested my opinion of the


Hurkaru, June 12.]

CALCUTTA, JUNE 11, 1838.

It was also resolved, that the honourary secretary do address Messrs. Kearsay, Hughes and Thomas, of LonAt a meeting of the provisional committee of thedon, authorizing them to register applications for shares, Bank of India, held this day, it was resolved, to recom- provided that the parties making such applications shall mend that the bank be opened on the 1st of January; not be considered to be proprietors, unless the instaland that a meeting of the subscribers on the 15th Sep-ments on their shares shall be paid in Calcutta, within tember, be convened for the purpose of considering that six months, after notice in England of the same having recommendation, and for fixing a day for payment of been called for in India. the first instalment; the committee expecting to receive before the last mentioned date, communications from EngJand, respecting the co-operation of parties in that country interested in the formation of a new India Bank.


Proceedings of a meeting of the medical and physi- | cal Society of Calcutta, held at the Asiatic Society's apartments, on the 2d of June, 1838.

Letters from the following gentlemen were read :

From J. Graham, Esq., assistant surgeon, and Johnstone, Esq., surgeon, requestiug to withdraw from the Society.


From Mr. Bouchez, requesting to be appointed librarian to the Society, stating, that he had for some months past acted in that capacity. This request was referred to the committee of management.

I remain, yours very truly,

Hurkaru, June 13.]

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6th. Two cases of traumatic tetanus, successfully treated by tartar emetic, by Dr. Bowron.

The following communications were then presented: 1st. A case of lithotomy terminating fatally on the 5th day after operating, with remarks on the causes of failure in extracting large calculi, by Dr. D. Stewart,

M. D.

2d. Illustrations of the poisonous effects of the external application of arsenic, and its employment in some of the manufactures of Bengal, by the same gentleman.

7th. Dr. Goodeve read an extract from a letter he had lately received from Mr. Cumberland, of Poeree,

From H. T. Prinsep, Esq., secretary to the Government of Bengal, forwarding a copy of Copland Hutchin-containing an account of a hot spring at Khoordab, in son's "Practical observations on Surgery," which was that district. The temperature of this spring, varied neighbouring tank stood at 64°, the air being 56°. The presented to the Society's library by the Hon'ble Court from 1120 to 128° of fahrenheit, when the water in a water appears to be impregnated with sulphureted hyof Directors. drogen. Mr. Cumberland sent a specimen of fish, seveJ. G. Vos, Esq., M. D., was proposed as a member of the Society by Dr. O'Shaughnessy, seconded by Dr.ral of which were swimming in the spring, where the McClelland.

These fishes died when thermometer stood at 1120o. they came in contact with the water at 128o.

3d. A case in which a bony deposit was found adhering to the falx cerebri, by T. B. Colledge, Esq., surgeon,

8th. Mr. R. O'Shaughnessy, presented a magnificant and unusually large specimen of calculi which he had removed from the urethra of a native.

A long discussion upon various topics followed, chiefly upon matters connected with the obstitric art in connexion with Mr. Colledge's second paper.


Hurkaru, June 13.]

Sec. Med, and Phy. Society.


TO THE REV. T. Boaz,

And other subscribers of the petition on the subject of natives bathing at the aqueducts. GENTLEMEN,-I have the pleasure to send copy of the reply from Government to my letter forwarding your petition on the subject of natives bathing on or near the aqueducts. I am, &c., (Signed) Calcutta Police Office, June 12, 1838.



Judicial Department.

Chief Magistrate of Culcutta.

A general meeting of this society was held at the Townhall on Wednesday, the 13th June, 1838.

PRESENT.-The Hon'ble Sir E. Ryan, President, in the chair.

Dr. Wallich, v. P.; Dr. Spry; Col. McLeod ; Messrs. W. Storm; C. K. Robison, v. P.; J. Guilding; R. Watson; A. Grant; A. Colvin; W. Ainslie; W. Earle; Jos. Willis; G. A. Prinsep; E. Preston; F. T. Fergusson; W. F. Fergusson; A. Porteus, Thomas Bracken; M. S. Stautton; W. K. Ewart; C. Dearie; Dwarkanath Tagore; Ramcomul Sen; R. Walker; C. A. Dyce; D. Hare; J. Allan; W. Mackenzie; H. Cowie; D. W. H. Speed; G. T. F. Speed; J. W. Masters; A. McArthur; Thomas Leach, and John Bell, secretary.

The proceedings of last meeting were read and confirmed. After an alteration had been made by the President, on Dr. Spry's suggestion, viz.

In motion No. 1, of last meeting, for the words " Dr. Spry, moved as an amendment," read "Mr. G. A. Prinsep, moved as an amendment."

The following gentlemen proposed at the May meet ing were duly elected members of this Society, viz.

Captain H. Macfarquhar, Dr. Jas, Hutchinson, Thos. Lane, E. Mackintosh, G. T. Cockburn, E. G. Mackin. tosh, C. S. F. Kirtchhoffer, C. M. Hunter and G. Austin, Esquires, Rajah, Nursingchunder Roy, and Baboo Keenut Singh.

The following gentlemen were proposed as members,



Major H. Cox. 58th regiment, N. I., proposed by Dr. Wallich and seconded by the secretary.

Henry Freeth, Esq., assistant surgeon, Nowgong, proposed by Captain Jenkins, and seconded by the

SIR,-I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated the 12th ultimo, with its enclosures does not think it necessary to pass any order on the suband to acquaint you in reply, that the Deputy-Governor ject to which it refers.


H. J. Leighton, and Colin Camphell, Esqs., proposed by W. F. Fergusson, Esq., and seconded by the Secretary.

opinion that whilst unusually indecent exposure of the His honour, however, desires me to convey to you his person should be prohibited, it would be objectionable to prevent natives from resorting to the aqueducts for the purposes of bathing when clothed to the extent cus. tomary with them on such an occasion.

I am, &c.,

Brigadier General Sir Thomas Anbury, K.C.B., proposed by F. T. Fergusson aud seconded by the Se cretary.

W. R. Logan, Esq., Mymunsing, and Baboo Peary Mohun Day, proposed by D. Hare, Esq., and seconded by A. Grant, Esq., and Dewan Ramcomul Sen.

W. F. Dowson, Esq., proposed by John Allan, Esq. and seconded by W. Storm, Esq.


(Signed) Secretary to the Government of Bengal.

Fort William, June 5, 1838.

Major J. D. Parson, D. c. G., proposed by the se cretary, and seconded by Dr. Wallich.

Col. L. R. Stacy, 32d N. I., proposed by the secretary, seconded by Dr. Wallich.

Motions of which notice was given at last meeting.
Strong, was brought forward and carried, nem con.
Motion No. 1, by the secretary seconded by Dr.

Storm, Esq., was next brought forward and carried nem con.
Motion No.2, by C.K. Robison, Esq., seconded by W.

Notice of motion.

Proposed by G. A. Prinsep, Esq., seconded by C. K. Robison, Esq. "that the sum of 500 rupees be appropriated for procuring cotton-seed of every variety in estimation from South America, and that a correspondence be opened with Rio Janeiro, for the purpose of obtaining it."

"The committee having given the subject of reference to them their best consideration, are of opinion that upon the account of the state of the funds laid before them by the Secretary, the means of the society at present are inadequate to admit of its offering any sufficient rewards, for the four practical treatises on cereal grain, sugar, silk, and cotton; and the committee have there. fore abstained from entering into any further detail, Se-conceiving that the general operations of the society will be endangered if the preseut ascertained surplus be applied to these purposes."

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The President drew the attention of the meeting to the subject matter of motion No. 1, of April meeting which was brought forward at the last meeting, and carried by an amendment on the original motion, being consideration. He (the President) would read the re at the same time referred to the general committee, for port of that committee, drawn up at a meeting held on

the 9th instant, as follows:

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From J. Guilding, Esq. dated May 23, forwarding a sample of cake cochineal, made by him from Sylvestre insect, abounding in Midnapore, and asking for an opinion upon its quality, &c.

From Dr. Hufnagle, dated May 30, forwarding a bale of cotton, being a portion of the second crop produced from 400 plants grown at Cossipore, raised from Upland Georgia seed imported by the society in 1836.

Suggesting that the bale of cotton be sent to England for a competent opinion as to quality. Forwarding also two bottles of oil pressed from the seed of this cutton.

From T. O. Crane, Esq., Secretary Agricultural Society of Singapore, dated May 11, acknowledging receipt of Secretary's letter of the 17th March, together with the Seychelles' cotton-seed, and transactions of the Society vol. 5.

(Referred to the cochineal committee.)

From Major W. H. Sleeman, dated Jubbulpore, May 7, conveying much interesting information on the mode of cultivating the lac insect.

(Referred to the committee of papers.)

From the Revd. C. E. Driberg, dated May 9, annexing a paper on the "culture of the cocoanut tree in Ceylon," received from a friend in that island.

(Referred to the committee of papers.)

Enclosing a small sample and a few seeds of a description of cotton resembling Sea Island.

From Major Syers. Secy, to the Agricultural Society of Cuttack, presenting samples of Upland Georgia cotton and Virginia Tobacco, grown on that district from seed received from the society referred to in his letter of the 4th May.

Mr. Harris states, that the original cuttings from which these three average canes were produced, did not exceed the thickness of a common ratan, shewing a vast improve. ment on the plant canes; but the most extraordinary im

From Professor O'Shaughnessy, dated May 31, giv-provement is upon the ratoon, which is nearly four times ing his opinion on the cochineal paste prepared by Mr. the thickness of the plant or parent stock, a fact which Guilding. Having submitted it to chemical test, the is at variance with the course of ratooning in general, Professor speaks in very favorable terms of this dye. since ratoons are invariably smaller, and can only be "This I think completes the proof that between the fina accounted for, in the extraordinary fertility of the Soonand Sylvestre insects there exists at least no chemical derbund soil, and holds out fair prospect of ultimate difference." The conclusion at which Mr. Piddington remuneration to those grantees who are now laboring to and Professor O'Shaughnessy arrive are very similar, convert a rank pestilential morass, into a highly cultiva. the only difficulty appearing to be in obtaining a com- ted sugar country." plete absorption of all moisture from the paste, immediately after the process of manufacture.

From G. H. Smith, Esq. dated Delhi, May 8, promising to forward, shortly samples of cotton of the first and

Note.-All these samples of cotton ordered to be referred to committee for reports.

From Col. Dunlop, a parcel containing varieties of bill forest trees, referred to in his letter to the Secretary, on the 25th March.

From Mr. A. Harris, dated 24th May, forwarding three cuttings of cane (variety unknown, but resembling the China cane) together with a large cane, retained from the small stock.

A full length sugar cane was submitted, said to be produced in the Island of Ceylon by Mr. Henly, from Mauritius plant,-of four months' growth.

From A. Harris, Esq., dated May 28, offering a few remarks on a trial made with a plough recently received by the society, made at the Porto Novo foundery from an American model.

From Major J. A. Moore, dated Hydrabad, May 18, grown in a friend's garden a few miles from the station. advising despatch of three apples of the nonpareil species,

From Colonel Stacy, dated Dacca, May 20, forwarding a bag containing the roots of a plant, common in that part of the country, called "Suth Moolee," or the sixty radishes, also a few bags of a climber termed "Tiel'h,


From Captain Cautley, dated Saharunpore, May 11th, advising the despatch of a quantity of bansmutii seed

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The Madras Journal of Literature and Science from January, 1837, to March 1238, 5 numbers, has been received through Messrs Thacker and Co.

From Captain F. Jenkins, dated Gowhatti, May 31, intmating his intention of forwarding by a different mode to that hitherto pursued, which has proved unsuccessful, some eggs of the Fria worm to try if by this means they can be received in a living state.


From James Anderson, Esq., M. D., secretary Agricultural Society, Beerbloom, forwarding the samples of cotton alluded to in his letter of the 5th instant.

From Miss Peacock, a pod of a large species of tamarind the produce of Mhow.

Dr. Wallich stated, that it was not a tamarind, but the adansonia digitate or boobab of the West Coast of Africa.

From Dr. Wallich, dated June 13, annexing extract of a letter from Mrs. Captain Milner, presenting a basket of beautiful and perfect bunches of purple and white grapes, with some interesting details as to the mode adopted by that lady in treating the vines. Proposed by the president, seconded by the meeting, that the special thanks of the society be offered to Mrs. Milner, for her highly interesting and beautiful present, which clearly proves that nothing but taste and attention is wanting, to secure as fine grapes and as plentiful in and about Calcutta, as in the finest vine countries.

Memo.-The Secretary had also received within the last week, a spendid bunch of grapes from Col. James Young,the produce of the vine planted by C.K Robison, Esq., in the Union Bank compound, and a bunch from Mrs. Smith, the produce of her garden in Short's Bazar. If every householder in Calcutta would plant but two vines, he would secure at once a cool retreat, and delicious fruit by simply planting cuttings in a soorkey corner.

Mr. George Prinsep presented a fine specimen of cotton grown from Peruvian seed, valued by Mr. Hill at fifty per cent. more that Surat. It has the advantage of black seed which are easily detached.

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meeting, that unless active steps are now taken, another year will be lost to the community. Many parties are anxious to build bungalows, and expressed their determination to do so; but the difficulty of procuring build

At a meeting held this-day, J. W. Grant, Esq. in the chair, the following report, drawn up by two gentle-ers to direct and superintend these operations, has been men, to whom the public are greatly indebted, was already experienced by the whole of them. read to a rather numerous and most respectable assemblage.

Under these circumstances, the idea of starting a The present meeting has been called by a few of the hotel on the scheme of a tontine has been suggested, applicants for sites, with the view of promoting such as likely to induce respectable builders to undertake measures, as may be likely to insure comfortable ac- its erection, while, at the same time, the opportunity commodation to all parties, who propose to visit the thus afforded to settlers of procuring competent persons

advantage of by many, who from want of time and other causes could otherwise do nothing.

A plan of a hotel has been prepared by Messrs. Burn and Co., which Mr. Spence approves of; and as he agrees to open it on much the same footing as the one conducted by him here, the question now remains to be considered," whether or not an adequate sum for its erection is likely to be raised? Messrs. B. and Co. are not at present prepared to give an estimate or enter into a contract; but from the abundance of materials on the spot, they are disposed to think, the expense of such a building at Darjeling would be considerably less than in Calcutta. The scheme of the proposed tontine has been kindly drawn out by Mr. Curnin, and along with the plan, both are now submitted for consideration.

Doubts have been expressed by some persons as to the probability of a hotel succeeding at Darjeling, and the Mussoorie one is quoted as being nearly a failure. Without enquiry here into the accuracy of this assertion, it appears to us, that the circumstances are totally dif ferent. The Mussoorie hotel was started after the number of bungalows built exceeded the demand for them. At Darjeling there is not a hut at present available. No doubt it may be argued that the hotel is not likely to be patronised after parties have built their own bungalows; but the answer here again is, that the ca-es are not parallel; and whatever number of bungalows are built at Darjeling, it may be fairly presumed, there will always be a sufficient influx of Bengal visitors, who, from various causes, would prefer a residence at the hotel, to the trouble and expense of building houses for themselves.

It was then proposed by Captain W. N. Forbes, and seconded by Mr. W. Storm,

Carried unanimously.
Resolution 1st.-That the report be approved of.→

Proposed by Mr. C. K. Robison, and seconded by Captain Forbes,

Most persons present are aware, that measures are now in progress for the construction of a public road, and four staging bungalows. These undertakings will probably be completed against February next. other matters of importance to the settlers. Such as There are arranging for a proper dak line; managing the details connected with these bungalows; fixing on a European of respectability near Titalay, who would keep a store there and at the station, and act likewise as an agent in

procuring bullocks, &c. &c. These objects must be attended to by the committee to be now appointed. It may be satisfactory, however, to the meeting to learn, that a statement regarding the alteration of the dak line has been already submitted to the proper authorities, (with every prospect of success,) which, if adopted, will enable a traveller to lay dak from Calcutta at once to the second bungalow at Punkabanee, 1,500 feet above the sea level, and where he may arrive with ease on the fourth evening.

With these observations this report may be concluded. The subject in all its bearings is now before the community at large; and whatever difference of opinion there may be, as to the means proposed, discussion cannot fail to promote the speedy establishment of an object, conducive alike to the health and recreation, of a great proportion of the Europeans in the Bengal presidency. HENRY M. Low. WM. BRUCE.

Calcutta, 15th June, 1838.

On Tuesday evening, we attended the above perform. ance at the Town-hall, and considering the circumstances under which it had been got up, we were agree able surprized to find it so well attended. There could not have been less than twelve hundred rupees in the


Resolution 2d.-That the scheme of the tontine be approved of.

An amendment

O'Shaughnessy, seconded by Mr. Patrick, and carried, that instead of a tontine scheme, the necessary funds be was, however, proposed by Dr. raised by proprietary shares of 250 rupees each.

Proposed by Mr. Samuel Smith, seconded by Mr.


Resolution 3d.-That a committee be appointed for call a meeting of subscribers, when it shall appear that purposes stated in the report; with instructions to

a sufficient number of shares are subscribed.

by Mr. R. Stewart and seconded by Captain Forbes, This resolution being carried nem. con., it was moved

following gentlemen, viz. Messrs. J. W. Grant, C. K. Resolution 4th. That the committee do consist of the Robison, J. Curnin, Samuel Smith, W. Patrick, Theo. Dickens, II. V. Bayley, Major Garstin, Capt. Bruce, Lieut. Gilmore, H. M. Low, W. F. Fergusson, G. G. Macpherson, Dwarkanauth Tagore, and Prosonocoomar Tagore, with power to add to their number.

Captain Forbes,
Proposed by Mr. C. K. Robison, and seconded by

Resolution 5th.-That Mr. H. M. Low be requested to act as honorary secretary. Carried nem. con.

W. Storm.
Proposed by Captain Forbes and seconded by Mr.

Resolution 6th.-That the committe be authorized to &c., for which expense the subscribers shall be respon to incur any necessary expenses in circulating books,


Proposed by Mr. W. Prinsep, seconded by Captain

and authrized to place themselves in communication with Resolution 7th.-That the committee be requestedGovernment on all subjects connected with the Sanatarium, and particularly to endeavour to have the road now progress, converted into a good carriage road.


K. Robison,
Proposed by Mr. H. M. Low and seconded by Mr. C.

Resolution 8th. That the thanks of the meeting be given to Mr. Curnin, for the trouble he has taken in pre

the plan of a tontine.

Resolution 9th.-That the thanks of the meeting be given to the chairman.-Hurkaru, June 16.


which, doubtless, stimulated her to do her utmost to Mrs. Chester welcomed with hearty congratulations, please her audience; for she acquitted herself much to their satisfacttion.

Mrs. Valadares warbled through passages of consi.

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