Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

of delay which have somewhat retarded the progress of the first settlements, do not exist in the other parts of the district. Mr. John Thornton, some of whose admirable reports have appeared in the Agra Ukhbar, has performed, in settling the talookdarée estates, a most difficult and delicate duty, with great judgment, ability, and success.

In this division, Dehra Dhoon, and the lapsed pergunnahs included in Begum Sumroos jagheer, bave not been noticed. The Sirdhanah pergunnahs are under Mr. Plowden, and those of Tuppul, Jewar, and Pahassoo, will be settled by the Allygurh and Boolundshuhur officers. We may reckon on the whole being assessed at about nine lacs of rupees. The revenue survey of the whole division has been completed excepted in the three last named pergunnahs Captain William Brown, whose progress, remarkable for rapidity and cheapness, is shown in the tabular statement at the beginning of this article, surveyed the first four districts. The last has been undertaken by Capt. Wroughton, whose qualities as a surveyor are well kuown and appreciated.

[blocks in formation]

According to the tabular statement at the beginning it will be seen that very little remained for settlement at the close of 1835-36, and that, we presume, is now complete.

Jumma of 1243.

Jumma of 1241. FURRUCKABAD......... 17,64,394

16,11,600

The actual demand on the tabular statement differs greatly from this, because large increase has been obtained by the annexation of other pergunnahs. It will be seen that about four lacs of rupees was left for settlement, besides that of the pergunnahs lately annexed. Although Mr. Robinson has had other official duties to perform of no slight trouble and responsibility, his progress has been very successful.

Jumma of 1243.

18,34,714

*Jumma of 1244.

28,15,801

MYNPOORIE...

There are no settlements in progress in this district. It has by late arrangements been divided into two, Etawah and Mynpoorie. The professional survey will shortly commence under Captain Wroughton, after he has finished the remaining portions of Furruckabad, and the settlement will not be long in following it up. An increase of jumma may be expected from a revision of the present assessment.

THIRD DIVISION.

Jumma of 1243.

14,07,346

Jumma of 1244. 13,84,158

BAREILLY.....

This district is now finished,. and Mr. Muir, who has performed his duty very satisfactorily, will shortly commence Shajehanpore.

Jumma of 1243.
SHAHJEHANPORE... 11,15,700

Jumma of 1244.

11,15,156

Jncluded Belah.

The settlement will commence next season in this district,

Jumma of 1243. ... 4,89,707

Jumma of 1244. 4,72,277

PILIBHEET..

The settlement has not yet begun, but we conceive that the survey has since, the commissariat officer informis us, that he has been directed to supply an elephant to the surveyor, on account of the swampy nature of the jungles. Mr. Timius is so intiinately acquainted with this district, that it would be highly advisable that he should settle it. He has, however, just claim to promotion which cannot be overlooked.

Jumma of 1213.
MORADABAD, S. D.. 9,79.168....

Jumma of 1244.

9,79,778

The settlement has commenced in this district, and will be brought to a speedy conclusion under the superintendence of Mr. R. Money.

Jumma of 1243.
MORADABAD, N.D. 14,79,056.

Jumma of 1244.
14,65,863

The settlement may be expected to be over by the end of next year.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

The progress of the revision in this district was highly creditable to Mr. S. S. Brown, in whose hands it could not but succeed. Had he remained, the settlement would have been complete ere this. He has left little to be done.

Jumma of 1243.
KUMAOON.......... 2,16,780.

Jumma of 1244.

2,16,966

Almost every thing remains to be done.

When the survey of Shahjehanpore is complete, Mr. Abbott will move to the southward, and commence the unsettled districts. Probably Cawopore will be selected as the first to come under survey. Captain B. Browne will survey the remaining part of Rohilcund, including the forests of Bareilly and Shahjehanpore.

FOURTH DIVISION.

[blocks in formation]

Io none of these districts has any revision commenced. In Bandah and Humeerpore a summary settlement has been formed, which reduces the jumma greatly below the amount in the tabular statement,

Belah does not now exist as a separate zillah. It was at the beginning of the year absorbed by Etawah. The survey of Bundelcund has commenced.

[blocks in formation]

The survey is in stronger force here than elsewhere, in order that the settlement may be speedily completed. The addition to the Government rent roll is so important, being at the rate of more than 100 per cent. that it is obviously desirable no delay should occur ; and yet with all this enormous increase -actual and prospective, it will scarcely be believed that the cultivated area will bear an average of only one rupee per acre. The peculiarity of the Birt tenure, and the small area of the villages, rather retard the progress of the settlement, but it will, doubtless, be concluded by the end of next year.

AZIMGURH....

Jumma of 1243. ... 12,82,907

Jumma of 1244.

13,54,369

The survey and settlement of this district are finished. It is matter of regret that Mr. Thomason has been called away before completing the records of settlement under his own superintendence. His successor, who has oblained good repute for his own settlement labour in various pergunnahs, will, no doubt, bring up the work in a most efficient manner, but Mr. Thomason's abilities and talents are of such a high order that we very unwillingly forego the pleasure which a perusal of his own remarks would have afforded us. We trust that he will give us the benefit of his experience and conclusions in some durable shape.

DELHI DIVISION.
Jumma of 1243.

Jumma of 1244.
Five DISTRICTS...... 37,15,812

38,07,991

A few partial commencements have been made, and, as almost the whole division has been served professionally by Captain Simmonds, we may expect the officers to commence with vigour next season. There is no lack of ability amongst them, and a fund of excessive zeal. Captain W. Brown is surveying the remaining portions of Hansie, and will shortly take up Bad- . shahpoor, Ferozepoor, Captain Thoresby's Bhuttee country, and the tract reluctantly given up by Pattialah.

SAUGOR AND NERBUDDA TERRITORIES.

Jumma of 1243.
Three DivisiONS.... 22,28,181

Jumma of 1244.
21,53,608

Settlements are proceeding in this division, but without any trust-worthy survey, and with large abatements, in order to reconcile the potails to the dangers which they apprehended from a twenty years' lease. The famous minute of Mr. R. M. Bird, induced a thorough reform into the mode of administration in this division ; and a man who enters into engagements with Government is now compelled to act up to them, instead of being buoyed up with the hopes of ultimate remission by exciting the collector's commisseration.

We think that the result of this detailed examination amply bears out our assertion, that the settlement is making satisfactory progress in the North Western Provinces. The enormous interests involved in the question have induced us to enter into large detail. If we deduct the revenue of Benares (41,39,393 rupees) from the total jumma of 1243 F. S., we shall find a revenue of 3,77,53,416 rupees affected by the measures in progress. From this is to be deducted a further sum for excess of nominal over real demand, and we shall leave a clear revenue of about 3,60,00,000 rupees, which either is to come or has come under revision of settlement. This is several lacs above the revenue permanently assessed in Bengal, Behar, and Orissa ; several lacs above the whole revenue of Madras, both permamently and periodically assessed, and more than double the whole revenue of Bombay. We subjoin the following table in exemplitication. It must be remembered that the whole exhibits nominal demand, and is so far, of course, in favour of permanently assessed provinces.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

are

even

on.

It is satisfactory to know that the settlements which are in progress are made without any avowed purpose of increasing the Government rent roll, although the net result of the whole will probably be an increase of twenty lacs. Abatements

more readily conceded than enhancements are laid Never yet has a proposal for relieving an over-assessed estate met with rejection.

On the contrary, the collectors have been positively enjoined to search out those estates which are heavily assessed, and to reduce them at once of their own accord, although the sanction of Government may already, have been obtained for the existing lease. In the same spirit it has been declared that while in newly assessed estates all decrease is to be given immediately, increase is not to be taken till after the year of settlement. While such just principles obtain, we need be under no fear of over-assessment, and its consequent demoralization. The able statistical tables which have appeared in our magazine under the signatures of S. and P. R. shew the assessment of these provinces to be any thing but severe. So far is the revenue from absorbing the whole of the rent, or even nine-tenths of it, as the least virulent of the Honourable Company's opponents assert, that, on an average, little more than one-half enters the Government exchequer. To be sure a deduction of about one-third or one-fourth only is left in favour of the proprietors, but it is, of course, merely nominal, as every one not ignorant of settlement work well knows. Indeed, when we consider what an acre of land can produce even in this country of light soil and clumsy agriculture, and then examine the rate at which the revenue falls on the cultivation, we cannot affirm that it is excessive. We subjoin tables of the rate of assessment in the several zillahs which have yet come under revision. We make no selection of pergunnahs to suit a particular purpose, but take the mean rate of each district, as far as it has been settled.

Name of District.

On total area. On malgoozaree. On cultivation.

Seharanpore
Bereilly
Goruckpore
Meerut..
Allyghur.
Muttra.....
Furruckabad
Bijnour
Saheswan
A zimgurh
Saugor....
Jubblepore
Agra (Reg. vii.)

1 5 9
0 14 5
0 8 10
1

0 63
2 0 8
1 13 11
O 14 0
0 15 2
0 12 2
1 0 2
0 9 8
0 9 6
1 11 2

1 11 3 1 0 7 0 12 8 1 3 11 2 7 10 2 5 2 1 1 2 1 3 2 0 15 7 1 9 3 ( 13 2 0 11 2 2 2 10

1 14" 9 2 0 9 1 1 6 113 4 2 10 9 2 10 3 1 12 7 1 15 4 1 8 6 2 4 5 1 7 1 1 4 3 2 9 8

The last is quoted because friend INDOPHILUS said, it was almost the only moderately-assessed district in the upper provinces; but the averages tells another tale.

We regret extremely to find that we have already so far exceeded the limits assigned to us, as to leave no room for a discussion we had pronised ourselves, respecting the vexata quæstio of settling by average revenue rates, and a comparison between our own and the ryotwar system of Madras. Of the rate question we can only say, that the objection which has been urged against it of rendering poor soils liable to heavier assessment than rich ones, would only be valid if the settling officer were in every instance to settle by one revenue rate. But the fact is, he is under peremptory injunctions to see where these poor soils intervene, he is ordered to class them separately, and at lower rates, and where they are too small and scattered to admit of distinct classification, he is merely to state his reasons in each instance of their occurrence, why he has not taken the full revenue rate. Now, in this there is nothing recondite; in this there are none of the perplexities and mystifications of the old produce rates, and if it is remarked that, by the present system, you cannot get at the real assets of a village, we can only reply that neither did the ponderous old entomological 'system (if we may venture on the expression), nor will any system in the world enable one to obtain them. Whatever is done in settlement work must be almost at a venture, and we would infinitely rather rely upon the discretion of a European in forming a standard rate than on the fictitious assets and estimate given in by a native ameen. What has become of the Regulation VII. settlements, which professed to be formed on the most careful ascertainment of produce ? tiow many of them have stood with their fractional nirukhnames and myrionymous soils? and how many within so short a period have undergone subsequent revision by the application of these very rates ? On the second subject of the comparison between a ryotwar and our mouzahwar settlement we have collected weterials, but must avoid introducing the discussion for fear of extending an article already too long, Much as we have to say in praise of our system and condemnation of the Madras ryotwar, we think it is but just to the latter to point out the gross misrepresentations which it has to undergo, because disputants will persist in remaining ignorant of the important modfications which it has undergone since the year 1820. It was but the other day that a discussion arose at the presidency, respecting the merits and demerits of the ryotwaree settlement, when the well-known statements of Messrs. Fullarton and Tucker were quoted as applicable to the present state of the system. The stale arguments about compulsory labour and the ten per cent. liabilities of neighbours (which even the Edinburgh Review of April 1823, brings against it), and the excessive rates, only prove how little it is kuown that the latter have been reduced from 12 to 42 per cent, and that the two former have been totally abrogated. Nevertheless,

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »