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born and educated, and we should hope therefore refined. If may be said, that "to the pure all things are pure," but this is no excuse whatever for indelicacy. We do not suppose that the double-entendres of last night were understood by half the people present; but we think it would have been far better if they had been, as Shakespeare says," reformed altogether."
We need say nothine of the Messrs. Ryckman; they an audience consists almost exclusively of gentry wellplayed as they always do, deliciously; but of the Farce we must say a few words. It was well, though some what overacted, but it went off heavily enough-it not only wearied, but in some instrances it disgusted us. With all submission to the gentlemen who have the management of these things, we think it would be as well if they had passed their pens across sundry and divers passages of the farce, which in our opinion, and we are not very squeamish, were exceedingly in- At the conclusion of the performances. Mrs. Leach delicate and low. It should be remembered at these delivered a valedictory address, written, we believe, by assemblages, in a crowded night, as it was on Friday, Capt. McNaughten. We have not seen it, but as far a great portion of the ladies of Calcutta are gathered as we could judge from hearing it delivered, it was together within the walls of the Chowringhee Theatre; exceedingly well-written and appropriate; as good it should likewise be remembered that here we have and as little commonplace as it is possible to make no "gods" to whose vicious appetites unwholesome these addresses got up for an especial occasion, where food is to be administered, and therefore we do not see the subject of all others is the most hackneyed and any occasion for preserving these indecencies of an the least poetical. It was spoken with much feeling earlier age in the stage representations of the present and expression. The house was crowded throughout.— day, at least let them be abandoned in Calcutta, where Herald, January 14,
MRS. LEACH'S FAREWELL.
Mrs. Leach took her Farewell Benefit last night to The elder Ryckman's Non Piu Mesta, was played the fullest house we ever remember to have seen at the quite a la Nicholson. It struck us by the by (having Chowringhee Theatre. Exclusive of the admirable se-handled a Rudall and Rose in our day) that his flute lections she had made, the simple and much to be was a singularly small one, counter-balanced peradvenlamented circumstance of her last appearance was ample ture by the handy longitude of his digits which was incentive for so full an assemblage. The house was equally conspicuous, his style of playing being, what literally crammed and more than once were apprehen-Tom Hunter would call, high actioned! The Suonila sions entertained by the denzens below of the unceremo- Tromba of his son was decidedly the best spicimen of nious descent, per smash, of the Gods above. Those, piano forte playing we ever heard. The exquisite however few, that were not present on this very interest maintenance of the air through the prestissimo variations ing occasion, have to regret the richest treat ever afforded and the astonishing velocity with which he rattles his to the bistrionic world of India. fingers, which are also happily Brobdignagian !) over
Although we have had the pleasure of seeing Master the keys, is perfectly wonderful. The last rose of sumWalter in a great variety of characters, we never saw himmer and the duet with the basso-bassoon were also in finer feather and more at home than he was last night. perfect chefs d'oeuvres. How proud must the sire feel The maintenance throughout of the fiery spirit and at the rapidly culminating talent of his son. majestic deportment of the ambitious and the noble ture to perdict that he may confidently rely on his soon Tribune, his seditious address to the rabble, his subse- attaining the very apex of his calling.
quent defiance of their defection, his natural tenderness at the anguish of his daughter, &c., &c., &c., were of themselves sufficient to stamp him an actor of the highest class, and evinced a strict study of the very arduous part he had undertaken. This is but a cursory notice of one of the perfectest pieces of acting we ever witnessed on the boards of our Drury, and we can only repeat our consolatory comment to the absentees that they lost, that which we would not have lost for twenty
catarrhs and all the untellable tin' of Croesus!
'Te doctarum hederæ præmia frontium
What Ursini meant by making a sort of absurd badinage of a serious part, by uttering words in a comic strain that were evidently intended to be tragic, is to us, utterly incomprehensible. It is a mistaken notion to imagin, that such travesties tell, and if he would take our humble advice he would reform altogether that
Sir Archy was very good in his keen sarcasms although his Scotch, we thought, was far from genuine. Sir Callaghan O'Bralleghan labored slightly under the same disadvantage, but with that exception (and it is no easy matter, we beg to assure our readers en passant, for
Mrs. Leach, the elfin spirit, who by the magic of her your John Bull to come the Tipperary) got through matchless attractions and the tender appeal of her last his part in right good style, Master Modus (as was appearance, summoned this marvellous congregation of his wont, in days of yore, when last we saw him) made Calcuttaites, was as usual, au fait throughout and a very happy (improvisatore) allusion to the heartless more than once elicited the most rapturous and deserv- apathy which has of late been shamefully evinced on ed applause, particularly in the graphic scene of Angelo the subject of the Wellington testimonial. Colonna's execution and her fall which, by the same token, we observed very nearly capsized her papa, albeit against all the scientific rules of gravitation, which, we have read in sundry abstruse Encyclopædias, maintain, that the lighter body is hauled down by the heavier! But let that pass.
The Beau Mordicai of "a debutant", was a very successful performance indeed. With such an inauguration he may, we calculate (as Janathan would say) safely rely on his future Thespic prosperity. Squire Groom
was but so so and strutted the boards backwards and forwards too often and too much after the fashion of a clown at Astley's for our taste. His Roscian Pegasus has a deuced hard mouth and requires to be awfully hard held in some of his dramatic handicaps! Mrs. Leach's Charlotte (although a character by no means calculated for the display of sock and buskin genius, if our readers will allow us the masculine adjective) was in her usual
We come at last to the painful portion of this our hasty critique, if so our indulgent readers will deign to dub it.
Malgré the immense crowd, the strictest silence was preserved (even by those Baotian blockheads who delight at times in disturbing others and making themselves assininely conspicuous by their rude, untimely laughter and their imaginary wit) when Mrs. Leach came forward to falter her valedictory address which couched in the most apposite and touching terms, was delivered with the intensest pathos. There was no acting there, but the pure ebullition of the tenderest emotions of the heart, kindled by that relentless corroding and, alas! inevitable word FAREWELL.
MRS. LEACH'S FAREWELL ADDRESS.
Of my young trials in these Thespic bowers,
Can I, then, hence, with light, ungrateful breast,
Which time shall not impair, nor age make cold ;
SUICIDES IN CENTRAL INDIA.
SUICIDES IN SAUGOR.
Persons who destroved themselves in the district of
We have been favoured by Major Sleeman, with a record kept by his orders of the number of suicides committed in the district under his charge, in the years 1834 and 35. The reports which were continually brought to him of the repeated acts of self-destruction, made him naturally anxious to discover the cause of the unusual frequency of this practice, and he Suagor for the year 1834, as reported by the polices directed the native officers to ascertain and place on re- The district contains about three hundred thousand cord, whenever it could be discovered, the reason by souls. which these victims had been actuated. It is singular to observe on how slight occasions many of these acts of suicide have been perpetrated; sometimes for an attack of dysentery, at other times, for a pain in the intestines, and semetimes, through grief for bereavement. It is also worthy of notice, that out of forty cases that are thus reported, thirty were women.
dred and fifty thousand. Suicide is not the result of climate but of morals.-Friend of India.
1834, hung himself in consequence of a severe pain in 1st. Ram chand, Lodhee. On the 1st January, the belly.
2nd. Himmut Gond. On the 6th January, in consequence of hunger, hung himself.
3rd. Gopaul Shopkeeper, 5th March, Poisoned himself with Duttoora, in consequence of a dispute with his wife.
5th. Chimna, Guala, 30th April, Hung herself in a
England was for many years considered to be distinguished above other countries, for the number of suicides cummitted in it; and this was attributed to the gloom of our climate. But those statistical researches which have given the present age so peculiar a character, have served to dispel this idea; and it is now ascer-state of insanity. tained that the number of suicides in France, where the climate is so much more propitious and cheerful than herself in the river, in consequence of a severe pain in the 6th. Wife of Kohmar, Lodhee, 3d May. Drowned in England, is greater in proportion to the population. But a farther corroboration of the fact, that climate has belly. little to do with such acts, is found in the report we now 7th. the mother of Hirooa, Chumar, 4th June, Poisonpublish, which, in a climate, directly the reverse of Eng-ed herself with the root of the Kenere tree, in conse
4th. Kesur, female, ditto, 15th April. Hung herself, in consequence of much suffering from stranguary.
8th. Phondee, Kormee, 10th June. He stabbed Report of suicides in the District of Central India, himself with a sword and died, in consequence of pain which took place during the year 1835. The populatin in his arm, which had been broken in a fall from a wall. of the District is about two hundred and fifty or three 9th. Mohun, Brahiman, 21st July. He shot him- hundred thousand. self with a ball from a matchlock, in consequence of much suffering from inflammation of the bowels.
10th. Aman, Brahman. On the 2d August, hung himself, in consequnce of a dispute with his wife. 11th. Tejiea, a female, Lodhee, 5th August. Hung hereslf, in consequnce of suffering from the inflammation
of the bowels.
14th. Jykeea, a female Kormee, 25th August. She threw herself into a well and destroyed herself, in a fit of insanity.
12th. Bichoo his wife and daughter, Weaver, 12th August. These three persons all threw themselves into a well and killed themselves, in consequence of opthelmia and fever from which they suffered a good deal. 13th. The mother of Kurhora, Barber, 21st August. 4th. Mandoo, a native woman of the Sonar cast, Threw herself into a well and killed herself in conse-threw herself into a well and killed herself on the 20th quence of grief for the death of her son Kurhora. January; cause not discovered.
5th. The wife of Kurheree, a gardner, on the 16th February, threw herself into a well and killed herself on account of long suffering from severe dysentery.
15th. Khengoo, female, Gardener, 28th August. She threw herself into a well and destroyed herself, in consequence of a dispute with the second wife of her husband.
16th. Choteea, female Braham, 28th August. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, from pain
17. Kumeea, female, Cotwar, 28th August. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, in a state of insanity.
18. Name not written, Chumar, 27th August; Threw herself into a well and killed herself, from the want of food or the means of providing it.
19th. Luchmun, Lodhee, 1st September. Threw himself into a well and killed himself from severe rheumatic pains.
23. Anoopa, female, Oil-vender, 3d October. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, in consequence of great suffering from sores from which she Could not keep the worms.
24th. Heera, female, Shopkeeper, 7th October. She threw herself into a well and killed herself, in consequence of shame at some abusive language her husband had used towards her.
1st. Foolsa, a native woman of the Sonar cast, hung herself in the town of Khimlassa, 10th January, on account of a severe pain for which she could find no remedy.
2d. Suroopee, a native woman of the Rajpoot cast, hung herself on the 11th January, in the twon of Karapore, on account of a dispute with the mother of her
20th. Burhoo, female, Shopkeeper, 12th September. Threw herself into a well and destroyed herself in consequence of the importunity of her creditors.
21st. Khuroog, female, Shopkeeper, 27th September. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, in conse-killed herself. Town of Saugor. quence of severe suffering in sickness.
26th. Pretheeraj Dhangee, 20th October. Hung himself from the want of food, or the means of providing it.
3d. Gonda, a native woman, a shopkeeper, threw herself into a well and killed herself on the 12th January, in the village of Narhut, on account of a severe pain in her stomach.
27th. Makeea, female, Oil-vender, 20th October. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, in consequence of a dispute with some members of her family.
28th. Kulloo, Lodhee, 27th October. Hung himself in consequence of great suffering from a large boil into which the worms had got.
29th. Kuseea, female, Shopkeeper, 13th November. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, from sufferings in sickness.
22nd. Oojeealee, female, Chumar, 30th September. Threw herself into a well and killed herself, in conse--the cause could not be discovered. quence of a dispute with her husband.
30th. Hunsee, and her son, Lodhee, 13th November. They both hung themselves in consequence of sufferings in sickness. It is not clear from the report, whether the son killed himself or was killed by his mother.
6th The wife of Madaree, a shop-keeper, on the 28th February, threw herself into a well and killed herself because she had been expelled from her cast on suspicion of adultery, in the town of Malthore.
7th. Magoo, a female shop-keeper, on the 2d of March, threw herself into a well and killed herself in the town of Banorka-the cause could not be discovered.
31st. Ram Sing, Lodhee, 18th November. Killed himself with a ball from a matchlock, in consequence of
8th. Sujun Sing Thakur, a Rajpoot, on the 7th of March hung himself, from affliction caused by the death of his son.
9th. Sheranee, a female of the Rajpoot cast on the 18th March hung herself in the twon of Saugor, from affliction caused by the death of her only son.
10th. Morundee, a female of the Brahman cast, on the 22d March hung herself in Saugor, from grief at the death of her son.
11th. Beea, a female of the Brahman cast, on the 26th March, on account of the pains which followed the birth of a daughter, threw herself down a well and
12th. In the town of Saugor, on the 2d of April, a traveller threw himself into a well and killed himself
25th. Wife of Pertaub, Rajpoot, 13th October. 15th. Kesur, a female of the gardener cast, on the Threw herself into a well and killed herself, in conse- 23d April, threw herself into a well and was killed quence of sufferings in child-birth.
-the cause not discovered.
13th. Amuroo, a female of the Chumar cast, on the 15th of April, first threw her infant into a well, and then jumped in after it; the child was taken out alive, but she was dead. She had stolen some things from Dome, barber, and they were found in her house, and she could not survive the disgrace of being detected.
14th. Ram Sing, a Chumar, on the 20th April, cut his throat with a seah hook, on account of a severe pain in the eyes, which no one could cure.
of the Rajpoot cast, shot herself with a matchlock, in 16th. On the 4th May, Nunhee, Bahoo, a female consequence of much suffering from an obstinate disease. Town of Khimlassa.
17th. On the 26th May, in the town of Saugor, Ieera, a native woman of the gardener cast, threw herself into a well and killed herself, on account of pain in the
18th. On the 3d June, Puncheea, a female of the Brahman cast, at Narhut, threw herself into a well, and killed herself-no cause ascertained.
19th. On the 18th July, Omedee, a female of the Gosaen cast, threw herself into a well in a fit of madness,
20th. The mother of Dureeau, Lodhee, on the 27th July, threw herself into a well, from having nothing to
21st. On the 28th July, at Gumbereen, Suroopa, a female of the Teylee cast, threw herself into a well, on account of suffering from a pain in the stomach, and died. 22nd. On the 4th August, Kesur, o female of the Rajpoot cast, threw herself into a well in a fit of madness, and died. Town of Korar.
23rd. On the 5th of August, the wife of Buljoo, Lodbee, threw herself into a well, on account of suffer ing from worms in her nose, and died.
24th. On the 23rd. of August, Nowloo, the wife of a barber, threw herself into a well, in the town of Khimlassa, on account of a severe pain in the stomach, with which she had been afflicted for five mouths.
25th. On the 23rd of August, in the town of Saugor, a Moosulman threw himself into a well and killed himself, on account of his sufferings from disease.
86th. On the 25th August, Bhow Sing, Chumar, of Jysingnugur, first put his daughter, Bhageea, to death, and then cut his own throat, because she rejected, with indignation, his dishonourable proposals.
27th. On the 21st August, Gunesh, a Rajpoot, threw himself into a well and killed himself, because he had been accaused of adultery by Kishan Sing.
28th. On the 4th September, Nunhee, a female of the Brahman cast, threw herself into a well and killed herself, on account of a severe pain in the stomach.
29th. On the 7th September, Sirdar, a Rajpoot, hung himself, on account of a severe pain in his eyes.
30th. On the 15th September, in the village of Banda, Jusoda, the wife of a barber, threw herself into a well and killed herself, on account of suffering from dysentery 31st. On the 30th of September, Futteh, a guala. hung himself, from grief at the death of his wife and two daughters, who had all three died within the space of three or four days, in the town of Malthore.
32nd. On the 30th September, in the same town. Bindeea, the wife of a gardener, threw herself into a
35th. On the 28th of October, in the same town,
: 36th. On the 31st October, in the srme town, Motee,
37th. On the 18th November, in the town of Khim-
TO THE HON'BLE THE COURT OF DIRECTORS. Sheweth-That the despatch of your Hon'ble Court addressed to the Governor-General in Council, and dated 3d May last, has been laid before the subscribers to the Civil Service Annuity Fund, at their annual meeting, having been communicated by the Govern: ment to the Managers of the Fund for that especial purpose, and thus has been printed and circulated to
38th. On the 23rd November, Poneea, a female of the Cowherd cast, bung herself, on account of a severe pain in the stomach.
39th. On the 30th of November, in the Purgunnah of Khimlassa, Gomanoo, the wife of a brazier, jumped into a well and killed herself, from grief at the death of her son.
CIVIL SERVICE ANNUITY FUND.
Through the effect of the provision made for permitting the retirement of Servants on their completing one quarter only instead of one half of the value of the annuities, no less than fifty of your senior Civil Servants will be enabled to retire in independence, the majority of whom
40th. On the 14th December, in the town of Kura-
While in charge of the Sauger District, in the year 1831,
Draft Memorial laid before the Meeting on the 1st of must otherwise have spent the remainder of their days
in India, some through loss of fortune, from disastrous
That in this despatch your Hon'ble Court has declared your approval and confirmation of the rules pass ed by the Service to give effect to to the measures of indulgence towards the Service sanctioned by the orders of your Hon'ble Court, dated 27th May, 1835; but your Hon'ble Court repeat the injunction that the rules so passed shall not be extended beyond three years without your further special sanction.
Your Hon'ble Court has benefited directly from these retirements in the immediate relief they have given to the finances of this presidency; for a large proportion of the Servants who have so relinquished or are about to relinquish othice, have been in the receipt of personal allowances and augmented salaries not continued to their successors; and, in many instances, a saving of the entire salary has been effected by abolition of the office on the vacancy occurring. Moreover, through the li beral provision thus afforded, your Hon'ble Court has been relieved from the claim which your Commercial Servants of this presidency, whose career had been confined to that department so as to unfit them for high offices in other lines of service, must indubitably have possessed of your liberality, consequent on the abrupt
Your memorialits, on the part of the whole body of the Civil Servants, subscribers to the fund, whom discontinuance of your trade in India. But the most they represent, beg to offer to your Hon'ble Court important benefit of all has resulted, from the means their humble thanks for the consideration mani and the inducement afforded by this more liberal provision fested for the interests and wishes of your Servants in to meritorious Servants worn out by their unren.itted these orders. "xertions to relinquish important official situations, the duties of which they were from infirmity no longer able to perform.
have been anticipated in accelerating the promotion of In the first ten years of the Fund the expenditure for Junior Servants; owing to the number of situations the purchase of annuities, instead of being nine lakhs per abolished, or filled by persons from other professions. annum, was less than half that sum owing to the paucity To the working branches of the Service, therefore, of retirements. Consequently the accumulation, instead there has yet been little gain in present position, and of arising from fines, and proceeding in the ratio estiif the rule for completing only a quarter of the value of mated, was a net saving out of the income from subscripthe annuity on retirement, is to cease altogether at the tion and donation, and on the first May, 1836, it amountend of the third year, there will be none in future ed to the enormous sum of Co. Rs. 74,02,874, or Sa. prospect, from the measures of relief devised by your Rs. 69, 40, 195, exclusive entirely of the values set apart Hon'ble Court. yearly as equivalent to the annuities furnished.
Your memorialists being thoroughly convinced that the rule in question may safely be continued with advantage to the fund and without imposing new burthens on the finances of your Hon'ble Court, and feeling strongly the inevitable consequences that will follow from its sudden cessation are emboldened again to urge upon your Hon'ble Court their humble request that the present order for the rule to cease after it shall have been applied to the annuities of 1838, may be re-considered. Your memorialists would submit that the effect of fixing a date for the cessation of the rule, has already been felt injuriously: Junior Servants whose due period of service and residence has just been completed, have hurried forward their applications and have retired withThrough the operation of this order the sum of Co.'s out the excuse of failing health, and before their accu- Rs. 39,81, 301, or Sa. Rs. 36,69,969 only out of the mulation of means was properly advanced upon a cal-above stated large accumulated balance was set apart culation that the annuity at a quarter value now is the to provide annuities on the new terms, leaving Co.'s Rs. same thing as one taken two years hence under the con- 34,21,573, or Sa. Rs. 32,70,226 still available as a perdition of completing the half value. Thus the extra manent capital yielding interest in addition to the other inducement offered within the period fixed producing sources of income. anticipated applications from Junior Servants, the whole number of annuities is likely to be prematurely taken, and several Seniors will be deprived of their just provision, Balance as when in ordinary course the period of their retirement per account, shall arrive. The regular current of promotion, which, Deduct rewhile all are confident of obtaining the retiring provisi-mainder of on when their turn shall come, flows evenly with con- the approtentment to all, threatens to become unnecessarily de-priated ranged, and the advantage conceded instead of being a 35,81,301 fairly earned and certain provision, will be the prize of hasty eagerness, and a source of contentious jealousy and envious feeling.
According to the accouts laid upon the table on the 1st January 1838, this balance on the 1st 1837, was
increased to 44,60,763 Co's Rs. or 41,81,255 Sa. Rs. from which six lakhs being deducted to supply the additional six annuities of present year, there still remains Sa. Rs. 35,00,000, yielding interest in the perpetuity. At six per cent. this reserve will give 2,10,000, sicca rupees to be added to the subscriptions a donation yielding between six lakhs and a half or seven lakhs. The Fund, has thus an assumed income from its present sources of very nearly nine lakhs, and as the balance is still increasing the
Your memorialists solicit attention to the following brief reference to the principle on which the Annuity Fund was established as affording incontrovertible proof of the ability of the Fund to provide its annuities on the terms of quarter payment.
Your Hon'ble Court, upon representation of this condition of the Fund, and of the unfortunate circumstances which had combined to prevent the due retirement of your Bengal Servants, allowed annuities to be granted for three years on the terms of quarter payment. But with due foresight, and in order to secure the stability of the Fund, it was ordered, that before making this appropria tion out of the inordinately large balance that had accumulated, one-third of the value of over-due annuities, together with any that might remain unclaimed at the end of the three years, should at once be added to the capital of the Fund, the interest of which was required to make good the annual income of future years.
If your Hon'ble Court had graciously permitted the rule to stand until stopped by a vote of the Service, the annuities granted on improved terms, instead of being seized with greedy avidity so as to threaten a deficiency to meet the applications, which your memorialists at pre-income will very shortly exceed that amount. sent see reason to apprehend, would have remained for distribution amongst your Servants in the order of their being ready for retirement, and the measure would have been much more extensively beneficial without injury or loss of any kind to your Hon'ble Court.
This being premised, it must be obvious to your Hon'ble Court, that the question as to the ability of the Fund to continue the rule sanctioned for three years, under which a reduced number of annuities are granted on the condition of completing payment of one quarter of the value must amounting at present to very nearly nine lakhs of Ruresolve itself purely into a question, whether an income pees, and expected shortly to exceed that amount, is equal to the providing of the number of annuities on
But nine lakhs of sicca rupees is the full average Your Hon'ble Court is aware that the prospective value of nine annuities, which might be purchased with estimate, upon which the assurance of the stability of the the sum, without the Fund's demanding any further Fund is founded, assumes an annual subscription from the payment from retiring Servants. The rule for completService of about three lakhs and a quarter (the real ave-ing half the value was adopted, first in order to admit rage has exceeded three lakhs and a half,) and a like sum Senior Servants from the date of the Fund's being estabeing reckoned as donation from your Hon'ble Court, theblished, and that their payments might from the requirsum of six lakhs and a half of sicca rupees was thus annu- ed capital, and secondly, for equalization of the benefit ally to be provided; but in order to furnish nine annui- yielded by the Fund, and in order to provide a perpetuties per annum, an income somewhat exceeding nine al source of income, then deemed indispensable to secure lakhs was necessary, the calculation was therefore so annuities in sufficient number. If, however, the interest made, that through fines to the extent of half the value of the capital of the Fund yields a sufficiency of income of the annuities, a capital in shape of unappropriated bato provide the full amount required, the fines may be lance should be provided in the early years of the institu- dispensed with as a source of income, and a lower tion, from the interest of which at six per cent., added to amount than one half may safely be assumed as the a permanent sum of about one lakh from fines, the re- amount to be made good by the retiring Servants. The maining sum of two lakhs and a half of sicca rupees question therefore of the Fund's ability to continue fur