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be so. (Cheers.) The former, the statesman of Poon. | Capt. T., " that rare felicity' is not less the portioo of ont ah, was a soldier at Assaye, - the latter, the states honoured guest, than it was of Jr. Elpfunstone -- for man of Delhi, was a soldier at Deeg. (Loud cheers.) without I have misinterpreted the manifestations of public Having mentioned Mr. Elphinstone's name, he might feeling here and elsewhere, of the hundreds present, of well pursue the parallel between these distinguish the thousands abwent throughout Imilia, Sir Charles Meted men, for in very many points the resemblance calfe has descended from his throne of power without the was striking, but that the attempt would lead him to loss of a single friend.-(Loud cheers.) Captain. 7. too greau length ; on no one point however did they concluded by requesting ihe company to join him in more especially resemble each other than in prince-drinking Sir Charles Metcalfe's health with all the ly liberality and remarkable amenity of disposition honors - as “ The SOLDIER OF Deeg.” (lireat cheering.) and manner to all classes. It was," said Captain Tay- Sir Charles then rose, but would not "own the soft lor, “my good fortune to be present at the entertainment impeachment," and said that Captain Taylor had been given to Mr. Elphinstone at Bombay, when that gentle partly misinformed upon the subject, alibough someman was then to quit India for ever, as Sir Charles ihing of the kind certainly had taken place ; however, it Metcalfe is departing now, amidst the regrets, the tears, did not much signify as Capiain Taylor spoke exceedingly and blessings of assembled crowds. In respect to Mr. well, and the company very vigorou-ly applauded. ShortElphinstone, it was then well remarked that he had given ly after this the supper room was vacated, and we, who a useful lesson to all gentlemen who might hereafter rise decideilly agree w.th Leigh Hunt, that all writers to high stations in public life in India, by showing that

-who would cherish their powers universal kindness so far from being incompatible with And hope to be deafless, must keep lo good bours ; dignified office, is sure to command universal good-will, took our departure instanıly as did many others of the and that in his own case it would yield him the rare feli. élete! Dancing, however, was resumeil and carried city of relinquishing power without the loss of a single on - we know not to what hour, Perbaps they are friend. (Cheers.) Unless I am greatly mistaken,” said dancing still. - Hurkaru, Feb. 15.

REPORT OF THE GENERAL COMMITTEE IN AID OF THE SUFFERERS BY

THE GREAT FIRES IN CALCUTTA IN 1837.

By the publication of the Resolutions of the 9ih, 121h,, by the month, extending the period of repayment over one 15th, and 16th May last, subscribers were made aware iwo, or three years ; an arrangement obviously inconof the mode of operation determined upon. The Com. venient and difficult to be entered into on the part of the mittee, divided into several sub-committees, have patient-committee, especially when it is reinembereil that the ly endeavoured to act up to those resolutions, anil to money subscribed was for the benefit principally, if not observe the course of proceeding therein laid down : entirely, of the very poorest class of sufferers, and not but they have been obliged to proceed with extreme for those whose situations in life secure them comfortable caution and reserve, having from the first met with con- salaries, by means of which loans might be effected in siderable difficulty from the desire shewn by many of the ordinary way, without application to this cuinmillee. the people burnt out to take advantage of the benevo- But the principal consideration with the committee is, lence of the subscribers, from their apathy even in their that although previous to the rainy season their outlay own behalf, and from local considerations affecting was not very considerable, owing io the causes above individual cases. It has been found that many who assigned, yet as the rains approached and set in, the solicited aid at first proceeded shortly to build huts for people without shelter became more desirous of entering themselves, shewing that they were not in real distress. into the views of the General Committee, and latterly the Io several parts, especially in the districts of the town, applications for assistance became so numerous, that, under the first and second sub-committee's, there appears after the personal observation which most of the members to have been little or no necessity to aid the personal have had of the extent of distress ginong the poorest peo. efforts of the inhabitants themselves. The committee ple still remaining to be attended 10,-ihe general comat an early dale made an arrangement for furnishing mittee are persuaded they will require the whole of the tiles in any required quantity to the poor sufferers, a means at their cuminand for di-inibution among ihat measure by which good materials were placed at their class of the sufferers alone. disposal at an uniform and reasonable rate ; grants of Early in January 1838, a sub-commillee was appoint"tiles have been accordingly made to individuals on ed for the purpose of enquiring whether it might not lie certificates from the sub.committee, instead of pecuniary possible advantageously to lay out the remaining funds assistance, and with beneficial effects,

in the erection of lines of tiled huts, across spaces gene. Finding that the setting in of the rainy season ren rally occupied by thatched buts, or in tiling small clus. dered it impossible satisfactorily to carry on their opera. ters of thatched huts, still found in spaces chiefly occu. tions, the General Committee resolved the execution of pied by tiled huts. The sub.committee was composed the main object of their association, the erection of tiled of the following persons ; D. McFarlan, Esq., Capt. R. huts in place of those burnt down, until a more favorable J. H. Birch, Capt. F. W. Birch, Dr. Vos, Capt. Viot, state of the weather should enable them to resume it. Baboo Russomoy Dutt, Ruslomjee Cowasjee, Esq.,

During the rains the plan pursued was to bestow Mr. Balston, Mr. Lindstedt, and Baboo Ramdhone assistance on such persons as were actually without shel. Ghose ; and they reported that after having inspected a ter, to enable them to cover in their huts with auy de. considerable space occupied by native dwellings in the scription of available materials, restricting such assis- neighbourhood of Fenwick's Bazar, the Free School, tance to those who were in real Jistress, and only grant. Collingah, and Dhurrumtollah, they were unanimously ing the smallest sums necessary for the object. When of opinion, the season permitted, the operation of tiling and of sub- "'Ist. That the funds at our disposal would not enstituting tiles for the temporary thatching was resumed. able the committee to adopt the course proposed in the

The committee avail themselves of this opportunity to first alternative in more than one or Iwo considerable 'explain their reasons for not making loans of large a spaces occupied by thatched huts, and that the approprimount to individual sufferers : in the first place no appli- ation of the money to such lines would be to give pe'cant for a loan has yet offered any sort of security for cuniary advantage to individuals not staoding in need the repayment of the money, or for its being made good of it and generally to appropriate to special localities in case of their decease-besides which, the terms of repay selected (referring to the time and labour we have to

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tended in the first instance for the relief of the poor Subscriptions advertired
in whatever part of the town they might bappen to reside. 10 17th March 1837.. 13,654 10 8

" 2il. That it would be proper to adopt the 2.1 Deluct receipt No. 106, alteroative proposed in the resolution in all cases where twice inserted.

50 0 : 0 the sub-committees considered it 'desirable. It will onlinarily be found that the inhabitants whose huts are

13,604 10 0 proposed to be tiled, will willingly execute the improve. Government donation.

20,000 0 0 ment on being furnisherl with tiles, and in general we The Right Honorable Lord Auckland, think the gradual appropriation by the sub.committees G. C. B. &c. &c......

1.000 0 of the funds at our disposal to such cases, and those of Kirk Collections...

2,280 12 5 great proverty, or in other words, a continuance of the St James' Church...

100 00 plan hitherto followed by the sub-committees would Old Church...

511 3 9 renler, under all ibe circumstances, be the best course St. Stephen's Church, Dum-Dum

81 14 0 ro adopl."

Cathedral...

488 8 9 In ihese sentiments the General Committee concurs, St. Peter's Church...

336 0 and it is accordingly resolved to proceed as heretofore Select Vestry, lapsed pensions from John till the sum remaining in hand shall be entirely distri- Barretto's charity:.

2,234 10 0 buted on the plan originally laid down.

Howrah church,

981 14 6 Subjoned is a statement of what has been done and Principal Roman Catholic church...

466

2 7 of the present amount of the funds.

From John Barretto's charity through
J. GREGORY Voss, M. D. Dr. St. Leger......:

2,234 10 8 Cal., Jan. 26, 1838. Secu. District Churitable Society. Dyce 0. Sombre, Esq. through ditto 500 0 0

Colonel J. Caulfield....

100 0 0 амор

Lieut. R. G. MacGregor..

50 0 0 แnang Suraเpuแอ!

Kesrchand Roybhun.....

25 0 0 2014 jo joqlung

Seetaram Jewanram....

25 0 0 “ issə, ond u! 8 Pooruncbund Moolchaund.

25 0 0 sinh lo jaquinN

Hanjaremul Hemutram....

25 0 0 W.P Grant, Esq.....

50 0 0 Aquo pal!! siny jo yəqiung

Narain Persaud Bullubdoss..

200 0 0 Colonel D. McLeod

100 0 0 ` ajua il!ng

J. L. Russell, Esq...

50 0 0 sinil jo jaquinN

R. J. Bagshaw, Esq.

100 0 0

25

T. Barlow, Esq.. •uәлія

0 0 SLS'90'86 Baboo Gudadhur Mitter...

100 0 0 Sal! jo jaqunN

siapio gu!pnput
H. Colquhoun, Esq..

50 0 0 Archd. Śconce, Esq.

50 0 0 'pansisse

Baboo Hurrochudder Bose..

25 0 0 SA!lulej 10

Baboo Nundgopaul Bhuttachargee.

5 0 0 -190 jo stəqiun

Baboo Rajchunder Sen...

2 0 0 Ramrutton Gupto....

1 0 0 Baboo Narain Dutt..

1 0 0 " 'puen Baboo Nilmoney Gupto......

2 8 0 uraguelle

2 Baboo Ramcomar Bose ...

8 0 Baboo Gunganarain..

2 8 Baboo Budden Mitter....

1 0 Baboo Koonjoobeharry Mitter...

50 0 sอเว Baboo Ruggooram Gossain.

100 0 0 uasuquoɔ

J.S. Smith, Esq.

20 0 0 R. Scott Thomson, Esq

16 0 0 Samuel Smith, Esq.

16 0 0 C. Brownlow, Esq..

4 0 0 siny Plnou |

Mr. T. E, Thompson..

8 0 uanio Sauow

I

Messrs F. Burkinyoung and Co..... 16 0 jo junowy

Mr. W. Grant..

4 0 Mr. T. 0. tell,..

8 Mr. T. Black......

4 Sivey) u!

Mr. Lowrie....

5 6 |uәлі кәмош

Mr. H. F. Schneider..

16 | jo junowy

Mr. Jas. Jacob

10 0 Mr. L. Cooper..

5 0 0 Mr. W.Price

1 0 0 Mr. R. W. Allan....

0 0 *

0 0 Mr. J. Holmes.... əaliļawo

Mr. R. Campbell..

16 Lesana gayi wold

0 0 Messrs. Hamilton and Co.

100 0 0 Mr. T. Allardice

8 0 0 Messrs. Pittai, Lalley and Co.

16 Messrs. Pillar and Co....

20 0 0 Baboo Gopaul Mullick....

20 0 Mr. W. W. Robinson.....

16 0 A. D. Parker, Esq

16 0 Cash through R. S. Thomson, Esq.. 20 R. J. Colvin, Esq...

50 C. Dearie, Esq......

50 0 H. Moore, through MacIntyre & Co..

100

0 0

593) 5' 6' 2,532 19306575 817' 876' 1601 1,0311

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Baboo Woodychurn Pyne...
A. St. L. McMahon, Esq..
C. Fagan, Esq......
Mr. J. Spence...
A, F. (olvin, Esq. Allahabad..
G. F. Bruwn, Esq...
Mr. R. Smith
Capt. H. B. Henderson....
Baboo Bissumbhur Sen
R O'Dowda, Esq
John Franks, Esq.
R Walker, Esq..
J. Ranken, Esq.
T. Bracken, Esq...
A widow through the Rev. J. Charles..
Baboo Kissen Mohun Dutt....
Brigadier E. Cartwright...

1 0 0 J. Richards, Esq..

50 0 0 42 10 8 W. C. Hurry, Esq..

20 0 0 32 0 0 John Jackson, Esq..

50 20 0 0 An old Neelwollah...

5 0 0 150 0 0 J. Abbott, Esq...

20 0 100 0 0 Baboo Cossinauth Mullick......

210 0 0 5 0 0 H. P. Bell Esq.......

20 0 0 25 0 0 Baboo Sreenath Mookerjee....

8 0 0 100 0 0 Alexander, Esq..

16 0 0 50 0 0 50 0

47,679 2 8 0 Interest from Union Bank.....

261 19 25

0
16 0 0

Co.'s Rs. 47940 4 5 16

J. GREGORY VOSS. M. D. 5 0 0

Secy. Dist. Char. Socy. 50

Hurk, Feb. 19.

25

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TRADE OF THE UPPER INDUS,

By CAPTAIN A, BURNES.

nature of the traffic will be best explained by observing

that the custom-house books shew, that 5,140 camels Definition of Derajat.

Jaden with merchandize passed up this year, exclusive 1st. The country on the right bank of the lodus, be of those carrying the tents and baggage of the people, low the salt range, till that river is joined by the waters these are rated at the enormous number of 24,000 of the Punjab, is known by the name of Derajat. It is camels, the Nasseers having 17,000, the Aleeankhly so designated from the two principal towns in the tract, 4,000, and the Kharoulee 3,000. The tract which they Dera Ghazee Khan, and Dera Ismæl Khan. Derajat pass, leads by broken rugged roails, or rather waterbeing the Arabic plural of the word Dera. The lower courses of the Goomul, through the wild and moun. part of the tract, bears the local name of Sinde, and the tainous country of the W uzeerees, but the Lohanees upper that of Damun (or border) from its bordering on have arms and numbers to protect their property, and the mountains of Sooleeman. The country itself is Aat that of strangers. They all reach Cabool and Cao. and in many places fertile, particularly in the vicinity of dahar by the middle of June, ia sufficient time to dis. the two Deras; but to the westward of the river, even patch their investments to Bokhara and Herat, and in at a distance of a few miles, there are no wells, and the ihe end of October as winter approaches, they descend soil is entirely dependant on rain, and water from the hills, with the same arrangements into the plain of the Indus, without which, there is no crop. On the opposite bund bringing horses, dyes, fruits, and productions of Cabool, of the river in Leia, the Indus overflows to the east, and in return for the goods of India and Britain. The the land which is exceedingly rich, yields heavy crops, channel of trade is ancient, for in the year A. D. 1505, and is known by the name of Cuchec." From Leia the we find the Emperor Baber campaigning in the Derajat, great ferry of Daheeree conducts the merchant beyond and stating that he had fallen in with Lohance merchants, the ladus into Deerajat, and as the mountains are cross. and pluntered them of " a great quantity of white cloth, ed caravan route that lead to Cabool and Canahar, aromatic drugs, sugar (both candieri and in powder) ani and as it is here that the greatest of the Indian Caravans horses,” which are the very articles of trade in these assemble before passing to the west, the Derajat is in. days, though 332 years have since elap-eil

. It is due to vested with a high degree of corninercial importance.

the Emperor lo state that if he then plandered, in his

own sificulties, he afterwards cloathed the Lohanee Caravan of the Lohanees, Camels, 8c.,- Ils Route. merchants in dre-ses of hunor, whea firmly established

2d. From Calcutta, by Lucknow, Delhi, Hansee on the throne of Cabool. and Bhawulpore : from Bombay, by Pallee, Becaneer,

Other ('aravan routes from Indir. Bhawalpore, Multan : from Umrutsir by Jung and 3d. Having given the routes of the Lohanee caraLeia, and from Dhera Ghazee Khan itself on the south, van, 1 ought now to note the whole of the other roads by Bhawulpore; all these routes join at the small town leading from India to Cabool, but it would be impossible of Drabund, about 30 miles west of Dera Ismael Klan. | 10 do justice to the subject by any verbal description. At this point, commences the well known road by the There are three great roads leading from India, the first Goomul river to the pass of Goolairee, which is always I by Lahore and Altock, the next from the Darajat (altraversed by the Lohanee Asyhans, some of them ready described) and the last by the Bolan pass, from enter the mountains bigher up west of Tak, and also by Shikarpoor to Candabar, intermediate to these lines lie an inferior pass named “ Cheeree,” lower down ; but all various roules, some of which have been userl even by eventually join, about 45 miles from Drabund. These large bodies of armeil men, and, though, therefore, very people are pastoral and migratory, and many of tbem important, need not detain us here, as they are not at preproceed annually into India to purchase merchandize, sent used by the merchants. I may only observe of that and all assemble here in the end of April, their families leading from Dera Glazee Khan across the Sukhee Sur. having wintered on the banks of the indus, to pass into wur pass, by Boree, to Candahar, that it has been used Khorasan for the summer. They effect this in fixed in modern times by the kings of Cabool, to supply the order by three divisions or “ Kirees," which, I believe, luxury of mangoes, and that I met persons who had seen simply mean migrations, and these bear the names of the fruit arrive by it at Candahar from the ladus, in 8 Nasseer Kharou tee, and Meeankhly, which is that of or 9 days. The climate of Goree is described in very the branches of the tribes con lucting them. The first favorable terms, both by Mr. Elphinstone, and all the is the most numerous, and with it, go from 50 to 60,000 natives I have interrogated ; and by this route Baber heart of sheep, but it is with the last, that lindoo mer. passed up to Gluzni wiih his force after the campaign of 2 to le

34

26

want of grain, but as a caravan route, this seems not about one lac of rupees in value. The dye is inferior inferior to the Golairee pass, and only to have been to that procureil in Bhawul Khan's country, but it is deserted of late years ; and at the present hour is used cheaper and has a ready sale ia Cabool and Bokhara, by couriers Cossius to bring speedy information to and besides being nearer at hand. The cotton of Dera from India. From Dera Ismael Khan, north to Pesha. Ghazee Khan is superior, being soft in staple, 25,000 wur, there is no direct traffic. The roads are bad, the mauods are procurable, it is at present exported. Sugar people are predatory. From Dera Ghazee Khan, south is culuvated, but in small quantities, and only of late by Dajel and Her and, there are roads leading over low years.— The place is rich in grain, the wheat and barley bills to Bag Dadur, and the Bolan pass, which bave are superior, but the rice is red and indifferent. The been used by large Caravans within these 25 years. price of graia in June 1837, was as follows, the currency Dera Ghazee Khan, indeed, and shikar poor, as l stated being that of Shooja Ool Moolk, and much the same when writing on that mart, are always spoken of by as the Company's rupee, and the maund as that of the people, as two gates of Khorassan.

Shikarpoor already described.
Dera Ghasee Khan described.

Rice per maund of 40 seers, 80 rupees

3 Rupees. 4th. In a neighbourhood so advantageously situated to a seer. ::..

Rice, and sort, 1maund.. the merchant exports the native productions of the soil

Wheat, 1. maund..

1 with profit, and the manufacturer converts them, and

Gram 70 seers..

1 the imports from other countries into cloth which accom.

Dal, or Mohree, 2 mauads. panies these and the foreign goods that pass through it in iransit. Dera Ghazee Khan itself is a manufacturing

Moong, or Mash, 50 seers.... town, but it is surpassed by Multan and Bhawulpoor,

Ghee, per maund.

83 which are in its neighbourhood ; on these two marts I

Oil, per ditto.... shall be silent, as their commerce has engaged the atten.

Salt per ruja, or piece of l maund 25 33 tion of Lieutenant Leech, whose reports will convey

Native salt, 2 maunds...

1

Goor or molasses...... every anıl the fullest information of Dera Ghazee Khan. I need only speak at one time, its trade with the west

Sugar candy per mauod... and even with east, was brisk,and though it does not now

Under Cabool, Dera Ghazee Khan yielded a yearly exbibit its former prosperity, from the great influx of

revenue of about 12 lacs of rupees, it now proluces 8; British goods, its native manufactures are yet healthy and thriving. It is celebrated for its goolbuildens and or 9 lacs, and that only within these two or three years. duriaees, or striped and plain silken cloths, which being Sungur on the north, and Hunand Dajel on the south,

- The country which gives this includes tbe distret of sought fur, and admired, are yet annually exported to Lahore and to Sinde, and considered to surpass those of also Bachee across the lodus. It is farmed to the same every other couniry. To the east it sends its silks, deriy. person who is now Governor of Multan, and it is im. ing ile raw material from Bokhara, and the west. To the proving dily. The pumber of villages around Dera wese it sends its cotton, and the greatest of its exported all peopled by Mahomedans, and in the town of Dera

Ghazee Khan is exceedingly numerous ; they are nearly manufactures,is coarse white cloth, which is sent to Khoras san, and yet stands its ground with English cloth, as far Ghazee Khan the two tribes are about equal, there as demand goes, though far its inferior in quality. The being in it 125 Hiodoo temples and 110 mosques, great demand for British calicoes has decreased by one of this!

and small, every description ioclusive.- The Juties

leviable ia Dera Ghazee, ou all sales of cloth are, I year ; on this account last year ; the sales effected amounted to 50,000 rupees, and for this, it is under pues per rupee, which paid at the Custom-house (Chu24,000. Chinizes of different descriptions, with soosee, led the old tax mohsool (qudeemee) and paid by citizens,

bootra)immediately after the transaction. This is calbafta, and some There are no woollen manufactures. The value of ali -foreigners pay double. these may amount to about one and a half, or two lacs Cammunication and Transits to and from Cabool, &c. of rupees, and the greater part is exported. A coarse kind of cutlery, swords, scissors, knives (such as

6th. Dera Ghazue Khan communicates with all the used by sailors) is made at Dera Ghazee Khan and countries arouod it, by good roads except ibose to the exported. The bazar consists of about 1,600 shops ; west, where it is necessary to qualify that term: a list of 530 of which are engaged in weaving and selling cloth. the marts or places of note may not be useless, and I may I annex a list of them. The Town has a prosperous prefix to it that goods of every description, quitting appearance, which is a together attributed to the protec. Dera Ghazee Khan, pay an ad valorem duty of 2 pero tion of Monsieur Ventura, who was lately in charge of cent. lo Asnec, Huound, Cuich Gaudava, Mitthen, this district. It may have a population of 25,000 people. Shikarpoor, Bhawulpoor, Khyrpoor, Ullah Yar, Hyderali is said to have been built by a Belooch about 300 bad, Multan, Lahore, and 'Umrutsir, all merchandize years since, and its name loay Huctuated between whether clotla or groceries, is taxed in this manner. But “ Ghazee Khan," and " Hajee Khan.” It was com- since the most important route in this line is that of the pletely subject to the crown of Cabool, and fell into the great caravans to Cabool, I shall particularize the hands of the Sheiks, about 25 years ago. They farmed duties there leviable. Althe outset, the first charge is as it lo Bhawul Khan, who had no interest in protecting it, above. and his officers were guilty of gross extortion, but since Ad valorem.....

25 per cent. it was resumed in 1832, it has greatly recovered itself.

At Sungur, per maund'

13 aonas. Productions, Prices, Revenues of Dera Gharee khan.

At Kot Tuga, per camel.
At Drabond..do...

2 ditto. 51h. The country around Dera Ghazee Khan is

At Tuk Sewaree Khan ditto.. 2 ditto. very rich; the town is plesantly situated in a fat country

At Sooleemad Khuel..ditto.. I ditto. about four miles from the Indus and surrounded by

At Ghuznee, per camel...... 8 ditto. gardens and lofty trees, among which the date predomi. Dates. It is said indeed that there are 80,000 date trees shi” or ear tax per camel......

At the gate of Cabool “ Goo.

2 ditto. around Dera. By far the most valuable production of the place is Indigo, 2,000 maunds of which were this Landed at the caravanseries of Cabool, one in forty is year exported to the west. I am informed that this is taken in pieces of cloth ; lodigo, and groceries are comthe full resource of the district. The best soit now sells pounded for, at 20 rupees per camel load. This is the for 65 rupees per maund, the next for 50, and the most whole duty of the road. In cffecting sales, a hrokerage

are

2 rupees.

3 rupees.

caravansaria hire and porterage. On returning from and grain than is required, anil it is therefore shippeil for Cabool the duties are as follows on quilling the city. Dera Glazee Khan, which contributes still further to Ad valorem.....

14 per cent. keep down the price of provisions at the town. The At Drabual per muu of every

salı of Kala Bagh a also used all along this line of the kind (ifto any but a Shika pooree,

liver, and brought down by boats, but a few cargoes the charge is 10 rupees).... 6 rupees.

of it supply the population. The pilgrim boals likewise At Dera Ghazee Khan per

take in a little cargo, for which I find there is a regulated moo if advanced from this.... 10 annas.

charge, but as this is unknown to Government, il may be At Bhawul Khan's frontier

considered a kind of smuggling. So organized however per camed....

is it, that a weighiol 8 inaunds may be sent down to the At Bhawulpoor (though the u-ual

following rates— Dıra Ghazee Khan to Virtheu 2 ru. soute here is via Multan)...... 3 to 54 per cent. pees, 10 Shikapoor or Roree 6 rupees, 1o Sehun 7 ru.

Nothing therefore is more complicated in appearance pees, to Hyderabad 9 rupees, and to Gora Baree 12 ru. than these Julies; and one is surprizel at the novel pees, all this is indicative that there is a channel of trade mode of weighing cloth and levyiny duties accordingly. by the Indus. The only instauce however of upword Thie Hindoo merchant of Shikarpooree, it will be seen, communication, of a late date, is in a Shikarpooree mer. has a great ailvantaye over the Mahoinedan, which arises chant freighing a vessel with molasses or goor from Dera from its being advisable to give encouragement to a great Ghazee, to Dera Ismael Khan, about four years ago, dealer. The luies tu conveying you is to Khorassaa and bringing salt in relurn. The coll season was selec. are heavier than in reining, probibly from the greater tel, and the vovave performed in 15 days, the distance value of the articles : the expenses of an investinent to, being about 160 miles ; the down waid voyage occupied and from Dera Ghazee Khan, to Cabool, and Candalar, four days. The speculation was profitable, and the sime are raleil at 3 i per cent, the profit in excess is calculatell merchant has since forwarded goor lo Shikarpoor. Al the at 25 per cent, an'l this is generally realizeil. Fiom opposite season it may be as well to state, that the voyDera Ghazee Khan, 1o Drabuni, 90 coss, the hire of a age from Mitchen to Dera Ismael Khan, was marle in camal is 3 rupees; from that to Caboul, it depends upon 19 days, during May and Jone. The road distance, the supply, varying from 20 10 30 rupees per hea'l. is about 250 miles, perhaps a quarter more by the river, Of Dera Ismuel Khan, its Trade, Revenue, &c.

and as the swell is nar its height, the result in a 7th. Dera Ismael Khan, is in these parts next in commercial point of view, is encouraging. la naviga. importance to Dera Glazee, but is is only a third of its cing the Indus above Mitthen it will not be omitted in the size, and labours under disa Ivantages from its position. calculations of the merchant, that both men, and boats About 12 years ago, the town was washer into the may be hired for one half the sum paid in Sinde, The Indus, and on a new site about three miles from the river, contrary of this is stated in my printed work, and I am the inhabitants have again fixed themselves. Till lately glad of an opportunity to correct the error after finding the place was held by a Mahomedan Chief, who laji it out by actual experience. out the new town with order and regularity, haviny

Cump at Attock, 5th August, 1837, wide streels and a good bezar, but the Sheiks posses-el

TUE DAZAR OP DERA GH ZEE KUAN ON THE IXDUN. themselves of Dera Ismael, a year ago, and are

Nos. of Shops.

115 likely to work out his plans of improvement, as yet the Sellers of cloth.. houses are built of sunburned brick, and the town has an

Sellers of silk..

25

128 deserted look, but it is said to be a place of much stir Weavers of white cloth

112 and bustle in the winter, when the Athgaus return from Weavers of silk..

Cleaners of coitou ....

25 Khorassan to its neighbourhood. There is a large cara.

17 vansarai in it, where they transact their business and Sellers of cotton

219 dispose of much of their goods, for Dera Ismael is their Dealers in grain

55 bazar town.

Boot and shoe makers
It contains 518 shops, but there are no

25 native manufactures here, as in tlie Lower Dera. The

Ditto Hindoos..

15 wool of the Lohanee sheep is not sold here, but in Caboul. Cap makers

50 where an agent, if dispatched, might procure the article Tailors....

Butchers..

15 in abundance, and, at the same time, the means of

40 transporting it. The transit of coarse white clotli froin Dealers in vegetables..

Dealers in fruits

32 the Punjab through Dera Ismael to Drabund is great,

Dealers in milk.

30 amounting to no less than 3,000 camel loails a

year
Confectioners..

75 Each package contains about 600 yards of clutlı, the guz

40 and English yard being the same, so that we have an

Cooks....

10 export of 1,800,000 yards of this fabric. It is manufac- Hakeems

30 turer at Meeugana, Jung, &c. also at Rohan, and

Grocers passaree might be made in Britain. Most of these goods are cros- Dealers in ivory,glass, &c. mumyaur.

Black smiths much

45 sed at the ferry opposite Dera Ismael, and pay heavier duties than lower down; 24 rupees being ex

Cooper smiths..

25 Jewellers

60 acteil on every maund of weight, while 7 to 10 annas

Cutlers

12 is the demand at Kaheeree, which readily accounts for the caravans crossing at that ferry. The revenue of

Tinners Dera Ismael Khan amounts to 47 lacs of rupees per an.

Shroffs ......

30 num, of this 2 lacs and 8.000 are derived from the taxes

Saddlers

20 and town duties from Kaheeree south, to Eesa Khyl

Washerman

50 north, and the rest from the lands subject to Dera Ismael

Painteis

15 Khan. Grain and the necessaries of life are more expen. Dealer in salt and mate

Dealer in tobacco and bang

30 sive than in the Lower Dera, the supplies are also re

12

18 ceived by the river from Murwut which is a grain country. Pipe sellers ....

Paper sellers ..

18 Water Communicacions-Boat-hire. Shops shut up and consequently unknown

165 8th. The Derajat, as I have stated lies along the Indus, and the advantages of the river are so obvious a

Total..1,697 even not to have escaped the people. The productives soil of Sungur, 50 miles to the north, under the hills

Dera Ghazer Khan, June 13, 1837.

not

30

..

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