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three females. The charge against him was his supposed fore give the following extract from the account which pre vilection towards the English.

had just reached our bands :

Colesberg, 4th Marck. The Governor of Rangoon was, in a little way, also “ Agreeably to the wish of Dingaan, as respects the indulging his taste for the “ advancement of the human emigrant farmers settling in his territory, Pieter race,"

He had ordered for executiou a man convicted Retief proceeded to take possession of such lands as that of stealing three rupees, and had himself tortured an chief had previously pointed out for the purpose. After individual for the purpose of extorting confession. The a tiresome journey, and having passed through numbers of British merchants are forbade to approach this great Dingaan's people, with the most friendly intercourse, man with their shoes on. Fifty thousand baskets of they arrived at a spot in the vicinity of Port Natal, paddy had been sent to Ava, and all the dried buffaloe where they established their bead-quarters, and on which hides. The latter were intended to make shields of. An they purposed to build a fort, &c. Two days after ibeir opinion was gaining ground, that Tharrawadie was de arrival, Retief made known his intention of lacating on termined to refuse compliance with the Yandaboo trea. separate places such families as might wish to be so placed. ty, and, as a precautionary measure to guard against On the fourth day these persons assembled with their internal commotion, he has made away with the young waggons and families, amounting in all to two hundred prince, who might have been a ralying cry for the op. anu seventy souls, men, women, and children. On the posile party in Ava.

faith day they left head-quarters, and, on the night of the seventh day, they were surrounded, and attacked by a

commando of Dingaan's people, and all perished, including CAPE.

PIETER RETIEF!

" Intelligence of this dreadful catastrophe has been DREADFUL MASSACRE OF THE EMIGRANT PARMERS.- received by Mr. Maritz (formerly of Graaff-Reinet), By the mail which arrived this morning from the nor- and by him it has been forwarded to farmers residing on thern frontier, we have received the appalling intelligence the Riet and Modder rivers, together with a communiof the massacre of Mr. Pieter Retief, together with cation that he wishes as many as are capable to joia bim 270 persons, comprising men, women, and children! If

for the the account furnished us be correct, the Zoolu Chief

, remaining at Reties head-quarters. In consequence,

purpose of giving assistance to the emigrants Dingan, must, with the most subtle treachery, have inveigled the emigrants into his territories, and,'having however, of a rumour that all are killed, the farmers are acquired their confidence, he must, at a moment when pressed as to whither they will proceed.

rather tardy in their movements, and some doubt is es. thrown off their guard by his specious kindness, scat. tered and comparatively defenceless, have committed “ I have this intelligence on the authority of a gentlethis savage butchery. This is a true sample of native man of unboubted respectability, who has actually read character, and shews what Europeans may expect when the document, spoke to Maritz on the subject, and who left to their tender mercies. At present time will not heard the aged people bewailing the loss of ihe children." permit us to dwell upon this painful subject; we there. -Graham's Town Journal, March 8.

THE

CALCUTTA MONTHLY JOURNAL.

1838.

THE OVERLAND ROUTE.

REPORT.

TIMES OF STARTING AND RATE OF TRAVELLING.

five months after the 20th April, at which time the The steam committee in publishing the following re- £1,000 was paid to the contractors. port of Col. Barr's proceedings in Egypt, have to con. The following regulations as to the time of starting gratulate the subscribers to the fund, and the public ip from Suez and Cairo, the rate of travelling, and the fares general, on the near completion of arrangements which to be charged, were also arranged. will so greatly teod to facilitate the transit, and promote the comfort of passengers, proceeding to England via the Red Sea.

From Cairo.- If more than a sufficient number of pase It will be in the recollection of the subscribers that first van to start within 48 hours before the departure

sengers for one van are anxious to proceed to Suez; the Col. Barr, under instructions from the committee, took of the steamer from Suez, and the second within twelve with him from hence and also purchased in Egypt, sun. hours after the first, If only sufficient passengers for dry articles, consisting of small tents, sedan chairs; one van, to start thirty-six hours before the departure of covered chairs for ladies and children ; tables, small she steamer ; or as may otherwise be agreed on by the table chairs and cooking utensils ; a portion of which

majority of passengers. he left at Cossier, to be distributed on the roule be. tween that place and Thebes ; and the remainder he dis.

From Suez.-The first van to start six hours after the posed of between Suez and Cairo. - These will be landing of the first lady passengers from the steamer ; found sufficient for the accommodation of such passeng: -the second twelve hours after ihe first; if the number of ers as are likely to proceed by these routes, before the passengers exceed ten. In event of there being no lady more extended improvements are brought into operation. passengers, then the first van to start six hours after the

landing of the first ten male passengers.- Ladies to have Immediately on his arrival in Egypt, Col. Barr communicated, as requested by the committee, with Cor. always prior claim as to proceeding by the first or subse

quent carriages. Campbell, the consul.general there, who entered warmly into our project and addressed to Boghoz Bey, .the

The right of male passengers, without families, to a minister, a long official letter to be submitted to the similar choice, to be hereafter determined by the steam Pacha, on the subject of the erection of suitable build. committee. Every facility to be afforded to such ings between Suez and Cairo.

ladies or gentlemen as may wish to perform the whole, Pending the expected answer to this communication ; riage conveyance.

or any part, of the journey by saddle, in place of car. which on the assurance of Bogiioz Bey, the committee

TUE RATE OF TRAVELLING TO BE, have every reasou to believe will be favourable ; arraogements were entered into with Messrs. Hill'and 20 hours actual travelling, or less if practicable. Raven, of Cairo, to provide the necessary establishment 21-3 hours stoppage at the centre station. of carriages and baggage, waggons, &c., for conveying å do. at the other stations. passengers across the desert.-Tbis agreement pro- The votes of a majority of passengers by any carriage, vides, that in consideration of the sum of £1,000 Sier; may extend the period of balting at the mid-way station ling, Messrs. Hill and Raven engage to procure and for any number of hours, not exceeding twelve ; or of dehold on account of the steam committee.

parture from Cairo or Suez for six additional hours. 4 Light vans with canvas or woollen awnings and This latitude be necessary at particular seasons.

stuffed seats. 2 Luggage waggons.

From Cairo to Suez and from Suez to 40 Mules.

Cairo, for Ladies or Gentlemen..£ 600 5 Sets of harness for light vans of 4 mules each.

Childern under 10 years of age

300 Servants

3 0 0 3 Sets of harness for luggage waggons of 6 mules each and to keep up the following establishment :

The above to include the carriage of one cwt. of lug.

gage for each lady or gentleman, and cwt. for each 6 Carriage drivers.

child or servant, with provisions, attendance, &c.--but 15 Assistants at station-houses.

not including wines, spirits, beer to go by the luggage.. 1 Harness mender, and

Extra luggage waggons, and be charged at the rate of

five shillings per cwi. 2 Shoeing smiths; one at Suez and one at the centre

To procure the carriages, in conformity with the station house.

above agreement, Mr. Raven was about 10 proceed to The whole to be kept in a thorough and efficient state England, at the period of Col. Barr's departure from

FARES AND CHARGES.

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With regard to the buildings between Suez and hours as they please. From thence a ten hours' drive in Cairo, plans bave been prepared of a centre station and a comfortable open, or close carriage, over an excelleat four intermediate ones in the desert, which are now be- road, will take ihem to the half-way house, whence an fore the committee, all of which Messrs. Hilland Raven additional drive of 9 or 13 hours brings them to Cairo, offer to contract to build, for the sum of 5,117 dollars, where they will find comfortable accommodations in the or about 12,000 rupees. The centre station to contain one English hotel. room of 24 feet by 18, and 5 sleeping apartments of 14

With a view also to improving the communication by 12, and 15 feet high, with stabling and other re between Cosseir and Thebes, likely to be visited by so quisite buildings; the whole protected and enclosed by many passengers from India, Col. Barr communicated a wall 15 feet high to be built of stone, in a subsantial with a Mr. "Prisse, a civil engineer, formerly in the and workmanlike manner. A water tank also to be Pacha's employ, now resident at Luxor, and obtained added sufficiently large for the use of the mules.

from him plans for a building at Luxor, another at The intermediate bungalows to be built with walls Cosseir, and sour intermediate ones in the desert, the twelve feet high, and to have stalling attached ; together erection of which he offers to superintend and conduet. with water tanks, the whole to be built in the same sube Mr. Prisse estimates the expense of these buildings as -stantial manner as the centre station.

under for a house at Luxor, as per plan ...... 1500 At the date of Col. Barr's departure from Cairo, Col.

Ditto at Cosseir ditto....

250 Campbell had not received any positive answer from the 4 intermediate houses at £175 each.......... 700 Pacha, rolative to the erection of these buildings, but in a letter dated Alexandria the 11th April, he writes to

£1,450 Col. Barr, that“ the Pacha, who is now in the Delta, has written ; in a letter received yesterday; that he will

He states, however, that it is difficult to estimate arrange everything satisfactorily with me respecting those correctly the expense of building in Egypt, where the buildings on his arrival at Alexandria, which will be in a price of labour and materials varies so much, but he feels few days. His arrival however will probably not be in confilent that the cost of those he proposes, would Dot time for me to communicate to you, before the departure exceed, under any circumstances, £1,700. of the expected steamer, any arrangements which the The Pacha had also given orders to build a number Pacha may make with me, and therefore I fear that 1 of boats both for the file and Canal; to be placed shall not be able to let you or the Bombay steam com. under the entire control of the consuls, allowing them mittee, know the result before the steamer which will to fix a fair scale of passage-money. As we may reasonleave Suez in the ensuing month.

ably expect, from the management under which they 1 Nothing, of course, can be undertaken in the way of will be placed that these boats will be kept in a proper building or forming establishments of any kind or nature, states of cleanliness, this act of the Paclia's will prove between Suez and Cairo, until I shall obtain the Pacha's one of the greatest boons he could grant 10 the traveller sanction to that effect."

through bris dominions. His Highness had furiber io. The committee have every reason to believe that the Nile and Canal, as soon as they can be prepared, and

timated his intention of having small steamers on the Pacha will himself undertake the erection of these has, in fact, promised to afford every facility for the buildings, but in the event of his declining to do so it will

transit of be necessary to place at the disposal of Col. Campbell, state in conclusion, that an accomodation buildinz at

passengers. The committee have only to the requisite funds for carrying on the work on his ob. Mocha or Aden, if the latter should be selected as taining His Highness's sanction to do so. In the mean the coal depôt, appears to be absolutely necessary for

time, however, a sufficient number of tents have been the comfort of passengers, as all complain of the discom-
provided as substitutes for the buildings ; and as the fort of having to remain on board the steamer while the
contract with Messrs. Hill and Raven, comes into opera. coals are being taken in.
Lion on the 1st of October, passengers on landing at

C. B. SKINNER, Aetg. Sec.
Suez, from and after that date, will find there a branch
of the Cairo hotel, where they can remain comfortably, Bombay, 17th May, 1838.
free of all expense (except for wines, &c.) for as many [ Bombay Courier, April 19.- Hurkaru, June 2.

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TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES.

We invite the attention of our readers to a letter Board of Control, and in ten years more, we may, if addressed to the Honourble the President of the Council we are in good luck, ascertain what those opinions may of India, by the committee appointed by a public be. Six years have been consumed already, and the meeting at the Town-hall to communicate with the only progress we have made is the receipt of an assurGovernment, respecting trial by jury in civil cases in ance, that “the best attention of the Legislative Couo. the Supreme Court, and the answer of Mr. R. D. cil will be given to our wishes,” which means, being Mangles, the officiating Secretary to the Government translated, ** open your mouth and shut your eyes and of India. The case of British subjects is strongly and see what the gods will send you." clearly put; and the delay and dilatoriness of the “ powers that be" pot spared. The answer is anything but satisfactory; for the committee are told to wait

Calcutta, May 21, 1838. the result of the deliberations of the Law Commission. To the Hon. tiie PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL OF INDIA. ers, " who are engaged in the consideration of the existing law of procedure in all the Courts of India and Hon'ble Sir,-We beg permission to address you as in framing a code for the future regulation of the same;" the committee appointed by a public meeting of the and consequently ten years hence we may possibly hear inhabitants of Calcutta, convened for the purpose of a recommendation of jury trial ia civil cases has gone promoting trial by jury in civil cases in Her Majesty's

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object is to entreat the favourable and immediate atten. Jof introducing trial by jury in civil cases, while tlie tion of Government to the prayer of the inhabitants of fact of Mr. Justice Grant having been a member of the this city, a prayer important in its object, often urged, committee up to the tiine that he became a Judge of the powerfully supported, yet long left without any replý. Supreme Court, at once establishes, that the judges of

In 1726, British Law was first introduced into India, the Supreme Court, consider, the introduction of juries and in 1774 the Supreme Court was founded in Calcutta,

in civil cases of essential consequence. with the same number of judges and similar jurisdic- The recommendation of the president of the Board tion as the King's Bench in Eogland. With British of Commissioners to apply to the Legislative Council, Law, and a British Court, the inhabitants had hoped at least establishes that the highest authority in Engthat trial by jury, which is the grand characteristic of land, did not object to the proposal. The numerous that law, and ihe invariable practice of these Courts, signatures of the barristers, officers of Court, and had also been given to this city, but in 1779 the judges attornies to the petitions ; prove, that the experience determined, that except in crii inal cases, they had no of the profession was strongly in favour of the measure. authority to try by jury. lo consequence of this deter

Such, Honourable Sir, are the facts under which we mination a petition was presented by the inhabitants of address you, and respectfully entreat your early atten. this city to ihe legislature, against a court being estab. tion to the prayer of the inhabitants of this city. We lished,““ who should be at once judges and jury, do submit in plain, but we trust in becoming language, and invested with uncontrolled and indefaite powers, that the strength of our case is almost unparallelled. such as no men were to be trusted with.". This peti. The capital of British India is now praying for the intion was presented, but was not followed up by any troduction of that system, which is the most ancient, substantive motion, for then one great obstacle existed and the most prized in the British Constitution, a system to granting its prayer, which has long since been remov. closely identified with the cherished punchyat of the el, the want of a sufficient number of capable juryinen. natives, and forming as it were a link still further to

On the 14th of April 1832, a public meeting was unite the European and native subjects of Her Maconvened at the Town-hall to petition Parliament for a jesty: The introduction of this system has been stronglegislative enactment, for trial by Jury in civil cases. ly advocated by the judges of the very Court in which The requisition to the Sheriff was signed by the unpre. it is to take effect, it has been advocated by the bar, the cedented number of 312 persons, comprehending every officers, and the attornies, and three times in the last mercantile firm in Calcutia, and 162 of the most opuleni eight years have the citizens publicly assembled and natives. One of the present judges of the Court, the petitioned the Crown, the Legislature, and the local Ilon'ble Mr. Justice Grant, took a most prominent paryGovernment, to grant them that trial by jury, which at the meeting, and all the resolutions were carried ought to be inseparable from British rule, and which with only one dissentient voice, and 3,108 inhabi- is rapidly introducing into every country through tants of Calcutta, signed the petition to the King and which knowledge, freedom, and tolerance, are dise Legislature,

seminating. The Right Hon'ble Charles Grant presented this We have the honour to remain, Hon'ble Sir, a petition to llis Majesty and to the House of Commons

Your obedient humble servants, and the Marquis of Lansdowne to the House of Lords.

LongueviLLE CLARKE, Chairman, Mr. Grant, as President of the Board of Commissioners

WILLIAM PATRICK Grant, for the Affairs of India, addressed a letter dated Novem

David Hare. ber 1834, to Mc Longueville Clarke, the chairman of

GEORGE Vint.
the committee, recommending an application to the

Jous FAIRLIE Leith,
Governor General and the Legislative Council, as pos.

Robert John Bagsuaw.
sessing full powers to comply wiih the prayer of the peri.

DWARKANAUTU TAGORE. tion. In consequence of this reeommendation, a second

PROSONOOCOOMAR TAGORE.
public meeting was convened by the high Sberff at the

HENRY MEREDITH PARKER,
Town-hall on the 8th of July 1835, at which a petition

CHARLES ROBERT PRINSEP.
was unanimously voted to the Hon'ble Sir Charles Theo To LoxoUeVille Clarke, Esq. AND OTHERS.
philus Metclafe, then Governor General, praying for an
Act of Council, granting trial by jury in civil cases, and

Being

" the committee appointed by a pub. which petition was singed on behall on the inhabitants

lic meeting of the inhabitants of Cal. by the high Sheriff of the city.

cutta, convened for the purpose of pro.

moting trial by jury in civil cases in No legislative enactment having been passed, and

Her Majesty's Supreme Court of Judithe Righe Ilonourable Lord Auckland having arrived as

cature for this presidency.Governor General, a third public meeting of the in. habitants of Calcutta was convened at the Town-hall Legislative Department. on the 12th of April 1836. Al this meeting a petition GentleMEN, -I am directed by the Hon'ble the to the Governor General was uvavimously voted, and President in Council, to acknowledge the receipt of presented to him personally by the high Sheriff, and your letter, dated the 21st instant, and to inform you, ihe whole committee, on which occasion, his lordship lin reply, that at a time when the Indian law commiswas pleased to say, that the petition should be laid be: sioners are immediately engaged in the consideration of fore nbe Law Commissioners and their attention called the existing law of procedure in all the Courts of India, to its great importance.

and in framing a code for the future regulation of the From that time to the present no legislative enact. same, his honour in council does not think it proper to 'ment has been passed, no communication has been made forestal the results of their deliberations upon a general to the committee, and trial by jury in civil cases has subject of such great importance, by introducing inter. not been introduced into Calcutta.

mediately a charge in the mode of administering civil In addition to the above detail, shewing the unanimous justice in the Supreme Court of Calcutta. wish and continued efforts of the inhabitants of this city 20.- I am instructed to add, that a copy of your letter to obtain trial by jury, we beg to refer to the repeated under reply, will be forwarded to the law commissioners charges of chief justice Ryan to the Grand juries, and that, as stated in the para. 2, of Mr. Secretary Macespecially in the 12th of April 1828, and also to the naghten's letter to Mr. Cockerell, dated the 30th of May charges of Chief Justice Grey. and Mr. Justice Franks, 1836,on the final consideration of the questions as to which matters of fact are now decided by the Supreme I have the bonour to be, Gentlemen, Court, or what modifications generally in the application

Your most obedient servant, to India of the principle upon which they are decided in England;" the best attention of the Legislative Coun.

(Signed) Ross D. MANOLES, cil will be given to the wishes of the body which you

ofg. Sec. to the Govt. of India. represent, and to the arguments with which ihose wishes have been urged.

Council Chamber, May 28, 1838. [Hurkaru, June 6.

LANDUOLDERS' SOCIETY.

PRESENT.

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Proceedings of a general meeting of the members of Government, and support it by a separate represenlathat Society, held at the Town-hall, on Monday, the 28th tion. It was resolved, that Government should be apMay.

plied to, for a copy of the draft resumption law, which
is understood to have been printed. The answer of

Government to the request of the Society, to be allowed
Rajah Radhakant Bahadoor ; Rajab Kallpkissen to communicate with it having been received, was read,
Bahadoor ; Rajah Rajnarain Roy Bahadoor Cower and is as follows:
Suttchurn Ghosaul; Baboo Ramruiten Roy; W. Storm,
Esq. ; Baboo Callykinker Pallit; G. Vint, Esq. ; Baboo

No. 501.
Dwarkanauth Tagore; Baboo Prosonoocoomar Tagore; To W.C. Hurry, Esq. and Baboo ProsonOOCOOM AB
W. F. Fergusson, Esq.; G. Prinsep, Esq.; W.C.

Tagore.
Hurry, Esq.; D. Hare, Esq.; J. Humfrays, Esq. and
Moonshee Mahomed Ameer,

Gentlemen, - I am directed to acknowledge the reBaboo Kannoylall Tagore and several other members ceipt of your letter dated the 7th instant, enclosing the and visitors, upwards of 60 individuals.

prospectus of a Society to be called the Landholders'

Society, and requesting permission to address the Gov. Rajah Kallykissen Bahadoor was called to the chair.

eroment, through the medium of the Society's secreta, The secretary read a short report of the proceedings ry, in the same manner as is done by the Chamber of of the committee since the last general meeting, and Commerce. which is as follows:

In reply, I am directed to state, that the Hon'ble the The committee beg leave to lay before the Society, deputy Governor of Bengal will always be disposed to the following short report of their proceedings since the receive and consider the representations of any class of last general meeting.

the inhabitants, affecting their own interests or the good

of the community. Their first meeting was held at the Town-hall on the 27th March, wlien an establishment was voted for

The communications of the Landholders' Society carrying on the business of the Society, and Mr. Dickens upon matters connected with the lands, revenue, and was requested to find some gentleman willing to under judicial departments of government, must be addresstake the office of secretary. The Union Bank was ed in due course, through ihe secretary of those de pariTequested to act as treasurer, and it was ordered that a ments. respectful letter be addressed to Goveroment, informing I am, Gentlemen, your obedient servant, them of the establishment of the Society, soliciting to be

(Signel) H. T. PRINSEP, allowed to communicate with Government through the secretary of the Sociery on all subjects connected with

Sec. to the Govt. of Bengal. the general interests of the landholders, the same

General Department. manner that the Chamber of Commerce does now on

, 1838. } matters relating to trade.

On the 7th of May the committee were increased to An application was presented by the provisional secretary, requesting the Society to memorialize the the twenty-four, by adding sis European members, as

follows: Government, to introduce the Vernacular language into the proceeding of the Sudder instead of the Oordo, as G. Vint, Esq.; W. Storm, Esq. ; Robert Watson, contemplated at present.

Esq: ; James Hastie, Esq.; J. McKilligan, Esq.; and On the 20 of April, the committee met at Mr. Hurry's

w. Fergusson, Esq. Office, that gentleman having agreed to act as European They determined, that the question of vernacular secretary, and having offered the Society the use of language be discussed at a general meeting in conseApartments in his house, No. 3, Clive-street ghaut. quence of its importance, and this-day (the 28th) was Baboo Prosonoocoomar Tagore also consented to con- accordingly fixed for the purpose. tinue to act as secretary for the native languages.

On the 14th May, the distribution of the sub.com. The following gentleman were elected additional mittees was completed. On the 21st May, the answer members of the committee :

of Government to the letter, requesting a copy of the Baboo Pranauth Chowdry.; Baboo Callynauth Roy draft resumption regulation was read, and is as follows: Chowdry ; Baboo Mothoornauth Mullick ; Baboo

To W. C. Hurry, Esq. aud Baboo ProssONOCOOMAR Shumboʻchunder Mitter ; Rajah Buirodacaunt Roy; and Baboo Radhamadhub Banerjee.

Tagore, A list of districts was submitted to the meeting, in

Hony. Secys. of the Landholders' Society. order to form sub-committees of correspondence.

Gentlemed,-1 am directed to acknowledge the reOn the 230 April, the committee took into considera ceipt of your letter of the 26th ultimo, applying for a

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