« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
In reply, I am instructed to acquaint you, that the ber to use his influence to obtain as large an accession" as printed draft to which you allude, has been forwarded possible to its numbers, so, that it may, in a short time, by this Government to ihe Government of India, and is present almost, without exception the whole body of understood to be now before the Legislative Council. Laudholders, and consequently become the proper organ
of their opinions. The short time that has elasped since I am, Gentlemen, your most obedt. servt.
their labours commenced, has sufficient to show, that (Signed) F. J, HALLIDAY : much good may be effected by union and perseverance, Offg. Sec. to the Govt. of Bengal. and your committee trusts, that in these qualities the
Society will not be found wanting. Ferie winiame partementary, 1838.}
W. COBB HURRY, It was resolved that a second application be made to
P. TAGORE, Government.
Hony. Secretaries. At the above meetings, the following gentlemen bave The translation of the above report in Bengallec was been elected members of the Society :
also read by the pundit of the Society, for the explana
tion of those who do not understand English. Wm. Martin, Esq., C. F. Dumaine, Esq., P. J. Paul, Esq. R. Salano, Esq., James Furlong, Esq., John An application from Moonshee Mohamed Ameer, Carr, Esq. w. N. Hedger, Esq., W. Storm, Esq., expressing his opinion in favour of the Persian language, John Bell, Esq., John H. Brightman, Esq., H. Harris, was also read by the secretaries in Bengallee and Eug Esq., D), Andrew, Esq. A. C. Dunlop, Esq., J. Hum- lish, which was replyed to, by the following gentle. frays, Esq , George Palmer, Esq., W.F. Fergusson Esq., men: Baboo Dwarkaqauih Tagore, Rajah RadbaBaboo Ramdhun Bunerjee, James Fergusson, Esq., G. caunt Babadoor, Mr. W. Fergusson, and 'G, Prinsep, Vint, Esq., J. H. Haines, Esq., Rustomjee Cowasjee, Esq. E«q., Ranee Soorjamoney Deby, Rajah Bejoygovind After a considerable discussion on the merits of the Sing, Mirza Mabomed Mehendy Ispahani, D. W. H. petition, the following resolution was proposed by G. A. Speed, Esq., M. Larrulota, Esq., W. Patrick, Esy. Prinsep, Esq. That this meeting generally concur in Thomas Tweedie, Esq., C. A. Cantor, Esq., W. R. the opinion expressed in the petition, that it would be Logan Esq., Chuecoram Sing, Joy kissen Mookerjee, desirable to make the Bengallee the laoguage of the Rajal of Tipperah, Dewan Mahomed Ally; Baboo courts in Bengal, and the Oordoo that of the courts of Sibjoy Tagore, Gourkisson Roy Chowdry, Moonshee Behar and upper provinces ; but as the question affects Dalabally, Callycomul Roy, Caliypersaud Roy, G. not the landed interests alone, but all the community, Higgins, Esq., J. H. Arratoon, Esq., Baboo Bissum. this meeting do not think it a subject proper to be take a bhur Roy, Rajah Gungadhur Roy, Baboo Chundercant up separately by the Landholders' Society.
This was Choury, Edward Preston, Esq., John Russell, Esq., seconded by Baboo Dwarkanauth Tagore, and carried Robert Watson, Esq., Baboo Essenchunder Banerjee, unanimously. After offering the usual thanks to the R. Thomas, Esq., Mirza Mahomed Mehendy Musky, chairman, the meeting dissolved. J.C. Miller, Esq., Baboo Neelrutten Holdar, Allan Gilmore, Esq., J. Mc Killigan, Esq., James, Hastie, Esq., Baboo Essenchunder Kanoongoe, Noulovee Proceedings of a meeting of the committee, held at the Cuiram Hussen, Moulovee Carramutally, Baboo Col- Society's office, No. 3, Clive-street-ghuut, on Monday, lykiucur Paulit, G, T. F. Speed, E«q., W. Carr, Esq., the 4th instant, 11. J. Leighton, Esq.. James Colquhoun, Esq. Colviu Campbell, Esq., Henry Roe, Esq., being 65 in number,
Rajah Kallykissen Babadoor ; Baboo Prosconoand making the present number of members 161.
coomar Tagore; G. Vint, Esq.; Baboo Ramcomul Seo; The committee in thus giving you a short summary Cowar Sutichurn Ghosaul, and W. C. Hurry, Esq. of their proceedings beg to remark, that they have not
The gentlemen proposed at the last meeting of the confined themeslves to the monthly meetings pre committee, to be ile members of the Society, were scribed by the rules of the Society, but have met and unanimously elected. transacted business every week since its formation, being anxious to bring it into extensive operation as speedily
The following gentlemen were proposed as mem
bers : as possible. In the short time that has elapsed, they have obtained the recogoition of the Society by Govern Proposed by G. Vint, Esq. and seconded by Baboo ment, and the permission to address it ihrough their Ramcomul Sen. secretaries; they have organized permanent sub.com
J. F. Leith, Esq.; J. Bræ, Esq. of Hatberea, Jes. mittees of correspondence for every district in Bengal, sore: Gilson Rowe, Esq. Charnerandie, Jessore; Jas. and appointed three sub-committees for special pur. Dalrymple, Esq. Surda, Nattore; and A. H. Sim, Esq. pose of importance, vis.
Union Bank, Calcutta. G. Vint, Esq., W. Storm, Esq., and Baboo Ram.
Proposed by Baboo Ramcomul Sen, and seconded comul Seo, formed a sub-committee for examining a by G. Vini, Esq. paper of grievances of the land holders, received from
Thomas Palmer Esq.
Proposed by Baboo Prosoonocoomar Tagore, and seand Suttochurn Ghosaul' have been elected to consider conded by Rajah Kallykissen Bahadoor, the resumption petition, and prepare a letter to Govern. Baboo Bhoyrobchunder Chowdry zemindar of Mymeni to accompany it. Rajah Radhacaunt Bahadoor, munsing; W. Thompson Esq; Roy Pronkisson Mitter, Rajah Rallykissen Bahadvor, and Baboo Ramcomul of Barrasut; W. Wolby, Esq.; J. Smith, Esq.; A. Sen are to take into consideration the very important Porteous, Esq.; Baboo Debendernauth Tagore ; Baboo subject of public instruction, which though it may not be Muttoornauth Tagore, and Muddenmohun Chatterjee. considered as directly within the province of the So
Proposed by Cowar Suttchurn Ghosau), and seconded ciety, as in various ways closely connected with its
by Rajah Kallykissen Bahadoor. objects. Your committee feeling deeply the importance of ge
Oodit Prokas Sing, Rajah of Buxar. neral co-operation, in order to make the Society really Proposed by Cowar Suttchura Ghosaul, and seconded
Baboo Sreenauth Bremah: - Read a letter from Mr. ( Supreme Government in the legislative department lớo 1. J. Halliday, officiating secretary to the Goveroment that effect. of Bengal, in reply to the application for a copy of the The committee to meet again this day fortnight. drast resumption Law.
W. COBB HURRY. Resolved, an application to be made with reference to
P. TACORE. the suggestion contained in the above letter 10 the
Hurkuru, June 7.)
To the Editor of the Bengal Furkaru. the climate, and I am directed to submit to your lonout Sir, I am directed by the committee for promoting in Council, correct copies of the circular, wbicb the the importation of American Ice, to forward io you tbe committee issued, and the answers which they have accompanying resolutions, which will, of themselvee, received. The letter of the committee distinctly stated explain the object proposed, and the circumstances in the object which they had in view, and that ihe opiawhich it has originaleil
. Should you deem it right to ions were to be submitted to the Government. Of aid the views of the committee, may I solicit the favour the twenty-two answers which they received, twenty-one of your transmitting to me your opinion in writing for treat a permanent supply of ice in Calcutia, as of great the purpose of its being submitted to the Government. importance to the public health. I have the honour to remain, Sir, your obedient servant, It was about a year ago, that the committee from LONGUEVILLE CLÁRKE, Chairman of the committee. carefully watching the receipts and expenditure of the
speculation, began to entertain fears, that the sale of ice Esplanade Row, July 1837.
in Calcutta might not remunerate Mr. l'udor, its spirited Rosolved.-It appearing that Mr. Tudor experi. importer; they believed that the undertaking might be ences great difficulty in procuring vessels to carry cargoes injured, and not benefitted, by raising the price, as that of ice, and for which he is obliged to pay double freiglit, would diminish the sale, and if the sale were not rapid, the importation might be greatly promoted, if the Gov. loss would be inevitable, from the perishable nature of ernment would offer an encouragement to ship-owners the article. The committee were aware, that the Govera. by a remission of port duties, a plan which has been ment of Havannah had for the last eighteen years, successfully adopted by the authorities at Havannah.
secured, a permanent supply of ice for tbat settlement, Resolved. – That the true ground for soliciting the by giving Mr. Tudor a monopoly for its importation, Government to offer this bounty lo vessels landing ice, and remitting all port and pilotage duties on vessels. is the opinion of the medical profession of its vast import- landing a cargo of ice ; and ihey were also aware, that ance to ihe public health, especially in cases of lever this plan originated at the suggestions of the medical so incidental to this climate.
profession. It was under these circumstances the con.
Inittee proposed to adopt a similar course, but forbore Resolved.Some medical gentlemen of the first inaking any application until they found Mr. Tudor enci eminence, having offered to favour the committee with certaining doubts of his own success. Mr. Tudor bas their opinions in writing on the great importance of a never been apprized of the fears, or intentions of the permanent supply of ice 10, the public health, that a committee, but these fears have been realized, by the circular be addressed to all the members of the profes- following paragraph in a letter from that gentleman, dated sion at the presidency, soliciting their opinions on the the 15th of February : :-" The profits at best are very subject, for the purpose of being submitted 10 the Gov small-expenditures, of every kind, very heavy. After a ernment in aid of the inteaded application by the com shipment of twelve cargoes, and the consumption of four millee.
years of time, the debtor side of the ice account to India exceeds the credit side, and it is still a business of hope
and expectations." To The HonouRABLE THE PRESIDENT OF THE Council OF INDIA IN Council.
Under these circumstances the committee respectfully Honourable Sir, I have been directed by the com- submit to your Honour in Council, that the opinions of so mittee for encouraging the importation of American ice many eminent medical men, decidedly establish, how im. into Calcutta, to solicit most respectfully the aid of the portant it is to the public health of the capital to secure Government, in promoting the undertaking.
a permanent supply of ice. The experience of the
committee, and the statement of Mr. Tudor, shew that The grounds on which the committee urge this re. afteç four years' trial, and expenditure has not been quest are, that the importation of ice is of the greatest covered by the receipts, and they are fully convinced, importance to the public health, and that the success of that increasing the price would not afford a remedy. It the undertaking is endangered, unless assistance be is under the latter circumstances, and on the former afforded.
ground, the committee venture to appeal to the GovernThe committee are well aware of the unremitting ment for aid, attention bestowed by Goveroment to the great object of The chief obstacles which Mr. Tudor has to encoun. public health, and of the vast sums expeaded for this ter, are the objections of ship-owners to carry cargoes of purpose. They therefore believe, that if they can clear. ice, and the very high freight which they charge. It ly establish that the importation of ice is of immense appears to the committee that these dificulties might consequence to the healib of this great capital, that the be in a great measure removed, by the adoption of the assistance which they seek will meet with favourable plan pursued at Havannah, and if the port and pilotage consideration.
charges were remitted 10 eight vessels every year, pro. The committee have obtained the opinions of all the vided they landed not less that one hundred tons of principal medical practitioners in Calcutta, regarding ice, ship.owners would be desirous of taking the cargoes
But while the committee, in the best exercise of that Government can seldom have a more favourable such judgment and experience as they possess, ven. opportunity of conferring a most incalculable benefit ture to offer this suggestion, they trust that it may not opon the inhabitaats of all ranks and conditions of this deprive the undertaking of the benefit of any other plan, town and neighbourhood, than by holding out every which may seem to your Honour in Council more expe inducement for the importation, and the reduction for the dient.
price of ice. I have the honour to remain, with great respect,
I do not speak of this article as a luxury merely, but Honourable Sir, your obedient humble servant, as a most important and essential remedial agent in a
Longueville Clarke, vast variety of diseases, both medical and surgical.
The substitutes to which physicians and surgeons
have for ages been in the habit of resorting, for the reCalcutta, 8th June, 1838.
lief of many of the fornuidable diseases of this country,
are not to be compared in efficiency to the pure water No. 1.
ice ; besides which, they were always very limited in To LONGUEVILLE Clarke, Esq., &c. their use or application, in consequence of the expen. Sır,- In reply to your letter of this day's date, call. sive nature of the materials of which cold or cooling mix. ing for my opinion as to the inportance of a permanent
lures were formed. supply of ice to the public, I beg to state, that I cousi- By relieving the vessels importing ice to this town, of der it would be a very great blessing indeed, if the use the various duties to which they were now liable, Gov. of the commodity, could be placed within reach of the ernment will confer a lasting boon upou all classes of poorer classess of the community.
the community of this place. A press of business obliges me to be succinct in my llis not the higher ranks of Europeans and rich natives reply. As an article of luxury, I need not expatiate alone who use ice ; on the contrary, I have been upon the use of ice. It lies more within my province lo credibly informed, that the greater number of purchas. declare, that the article is a therapeutic agent of im- ers of the first cargo of ice, were dirgees who crowded mense value in the treatment of a variety of ailments that to the ice house every afternoon, to provide themselves urgently demand the aid of the surgeon, no less than of witb a small portion, ere they commenced their seven the physician. This is especially the case on oecasions miles' walk home. where the preparation of artificial cold mixtures, would be operose, incur delay-be inaccessible to many on ac.
I am, Sir, your most obdt. servt. count of the expense, &c. and after all, the substauce
S. Nicolsox, Surg. Genl. Hosp. not be suited for direct application as well internally as to Calcutta, 2d August, 1837. various parts of the external surface of the body, as ice. Purposely omiting all but affections of imminent
No. 4. danger, I content myself with observing, that there are
There can be no doubt that ice in cerebral and other cases of hemerrahage where during the bot-season espe. affections, is one of the inost certain remedies we pose cially, the application of ice, und of ice only might save sess: and the only means in some affections, on which, life. In certain fevers, with great determination to the
we can rely for the prevention of a fatal result. head, and burning heat, the application of ice lessens vascular action, and soothes the sense of rending pain in the
FREDERICK Corbyn, Garrison Surgeon.. brain, bringing not only relief, but a tendency to repose. Fort William, August 5th, 1837. The same remork applies still more forcibly to the den. tition fevers of children, in whoin the sensorial excitement and tendency to organiclesim, are still greater than in
No. 5. adults. lo internal inflammation, the surgeon in this
Chowringhee, Ist August, 1837, climate does not possess a more soothing or more palent resolvent, and in cases of stangulated hernia, though
SIR,-In reply to your circular of the 20th ultimo, such are not frequently heard of amongst us, 'ice might which incessant occupation has hitherto prevented me literally be worth its weight in gold. ° I might adduce from attending to, 1 have no hesitation in stating it as other instances, but time will not permit,
my opinion, that a permanent supply of ice in such a,
climate as ihis, would not only be one of the greatest I have the honour to be, dear Sir, yours faithfully,
luxuries, but one of the greatest benefits, which could -Bth June, 1836.
J. Grant. be conferred on a large portion of the population of
Calcutta. Where disease in every form is so fearfully No 2.
rapid in its progress, and so frequently attended with To L. CLARKE, Esq. Chairman 1. C. great determination of blood to the head, &c. the advan. 818,- In compliance with the request contained in ages of having at all times at command, a remedy of your circular, 1 have to state that cold is undoubtedly the greatest efficacy in subduing high vascular excitea most powerful remedial agent in many cases of medical, ment, need only be mentioned to be duly appreciated. surgical, and obstitrical diseases, and ice, affords an easy the expression of an opinion, being all you require,
I might enter much into detail on such a subject, but expeditious, safe, very convenient and effectual means of applying it. In my opinion, in this point of view, shall conclude by hoping your committee way succeed this torrid climate, and even in these respects it promotes of so much importance to us all. ice is as valuable, as it is, as a comfort and luxury, in in persuading Government to hold out every induce
mene in their power, to the accomplishment of an objecten, health and makes life worthy having. I have the honour to be, Sir, your most obedt: servt.
Believe me, yours faithfully,
To L. CLARKE, Esq., Chairman, Ice Committee.
ose of ice in a medical point of view to the community of the cholera patient, has also been relieved by it, of of Calculia, I beg, in reply, lo state, that I consider it of which I have been witness to
instances. essential benefit in many cases of disease incidental to this climate, especially in fevers and inflammatory female is liable in this country, I can bear ample tese
In the long train of diseases 10 which the delicate affections, and likewise to a large class of invalids, tinong to the value of ice in these complaints. whose digestive organs are in an impaired and debilitated state, arising from effects of climate and other causes,
Numerous other proofs most convincing and satisan affection, which, amongst the community, prevails 10 factory, of the eficacy of ice, could be adduced by me ; no small exteot.
but which I consider, unnecessary alter what I have ai. I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, ready stated in its favor. In one word, I regard the
importation of American ice as one of the greatest H. S. MERCER, Marine Surgeon.
blessings bestowed upon the people of this melropolis, Calcutta, 14th August, 1837.
both in a medicinal point of view, as well as an aniele
of comfort and luxury. No. 7.
God bless the ice. To L. Clarke, Esq., Chairman, Ice Committee.
I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedt. servt.
W. Cameron, Presidency Surgeon. Sin.-In reply to your letter of the 20th ultimo, and its accompanying resolutions, I beg to slate, that ice is Calcutta, August 1837. of the highest utility in the ordinary gastric (commonly called bilious) remillent fever of Bengal. It is also beneficially used in many forms of dyspepsia common
No. 9. to our cliinate, and, altogether, I think ihe regular and ample supply of ice a matter of first rate importance to
In all cases of febrile excitement, more especially public healila.
those attended with fixed determination of blood to the I have the honor to be, Sir, your most obedient servant, one of the most valuable and safest of our remedies; it
head, i look upon the command of a supply of ice, as Calcutta, August 1, 1837.
J. R. Martin. enables us more effectually, than any other application
we possess, to reduce, and keep down, the immoderate
circulation, and encreased nervous irritability which is No.8.
commonly destructive of life, in cases of sever; to effect To L. CLARKE, Esq. Chairman, Ice Committee. which, without it, all our endeavours are in vain, and Sir,-In answer to your letter of the 20th ultimo, 1 which it is our most anxious abject to effect. As a topic have the honor to submit to you my opinion, " on the cal agent, in many ordinary affections, its efficacy is great importance of a permanent supply of ice to the undoubted, and when within our reach, one of which public health,” for the information of the committee we are always glad to avail ourselves ; but it is in fevers, for promoting the importation of American ice.
and the acute attacks, common to this climate, that its
advantages are most apparent, and Government could In all ages cold has been regarded hy physicians, as in no manner shew its care and regard to the well-be. one of the most powerful means of allaying the worst ing, and protection of its servants and subjects at large, symptoms of inflammatory diseases, and is at present so well, as by affording its most liberal assistance, a universally used by medical practitioners in all civiliz. promoting the importation of a constant supply of an ed countries.
article, of such active powers, and great value, in the How invaluable therefore must such a remedy prove treatment of these diseases, characteristic of, and inciin a country like this, (sent to us in its beautifully-c
dentalto, the country. gealed form,) with a high temperature of the almosphere,
A. R. Jackson, M. D., Off: A. H.C. where inflammatory diseases are so abundant, and assume so formidable an array of alarming symptoms.
H. C. Dispeasary, 11th August, 1837. In the ardeat fevers which hourly present themselves in this city, with great determination to the head and other cavities of the body ; intense thirst, a burning
No. 10. and dry state of the skin ; great restlessness and general uneasiness, with a pulse upwards of 120, the application
Esplanade Row, 24th July, 1837. of iced water is al once a sure means of subduing these
Sir,- In answer to your circular of July 20th, wishsymptoms, and affording to the patient the most speedy, ing my opinion in writing, as to the importance and use grateful, and soothing relief, next to blood-letting, and of ice in a madical or surgical point of view, I beg to purgatives. I consider cold effusion to be the next most state for the imformation of the Ice Committee, and the powerful agent in the cure of fever, and, therefore, a Government, that I consider its use to be truly valuable. prodigious acquisition to medical practice in this country. and of very great importance, not ouly iu revers, but in
In the diseases of infants, the value of ice is incalcula various other disorders, both surgical, and medical, ble, especially in dentition, where there is such enor. and that there are some cases, in which a substitute for mous determination to the head, and which so frequent. ice cannot be obtained. I have within the last few days ly and rapidly terminate in convulsions and death, had two such cases under my care. I have frequently there is no means which relieves heat, and distention, used ice in this country, and have had many years by emptying the large vessels of the brain so effectual experience of its utility both ia public and private ly and so safely, as the application oficed-water to the practice in England. head, and I can declare, that many parents in this city, I have the honour to be, Sir, your most obedt, servia owe the existence of their offspring to the judicious use of the invaluable remedy. In that state of debility
F. P. STRONG following acute disease, the patient has been kept alive To L. CLARKE, Esq., Chairman, Ice Committee, again, and again, by dipping toasted bread io iced water, when nothing else would remain on the stomach. In the irritable stomach also, which is so frequent and dis
No. 11. tressing a symptom of acute disease, I have seldom failed Sın,-In reply to your note relative to the benefits to to allay it, by giving from time to time, a tea-spoon-full be derived from ice, as applied to medical purposes, I,
ation, that ice in fevers and cases of hemorrhage, is for words to express my sense of its value and impor-
CHARLES C. EGERTON,
bat in all the acute disease, to which European adults
ind children are liable, I esteem it as a remedy, only Eye Infry, 14th Aug. 1837.
econd to the lancet, and I believe that a permanent supply of so invaluable and powerful an agent, would
prove a source of benefit to public health, and a means No. 12.
of saving life, not inferior to any single article of pharClub-House, July 19, 1837.
macy, which can be named, in the hands of an Indian
I remain, my dear Sir, very truly yours, experience to afford my unhesitating testimony, to the
D. STEWART, M. D. powerful agency, which it possesses, when judiciously
. secy. to the Ice Committee.}
F. H. BRETT. nient is to follow up nature's plan by keeping up a free action of the bowels by medicine, many is the line Calcutta, 22d July, 1837. fufferer, however, whom I have seen sink under ibis indispensable evacuation, who might have been saved if we had possessed the means, which the ice now affords us, of determining powerfully, and at once, from
No. 15. the brain by its application in substance to the head.
To L. CLARKE, Esq., Secy, Ice Committee,
&c. &c. &c.
Sir, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt alvine flux, which is diaining away the strength of the of your letter, dared the 20th instant, in which you inbabe. It will soinetimes stop a convulsion fit, as if by form me that the Ice Committee are desirous of learning magic; and when one reflects that the cranium of the my opinion, as to the utility of ice in the case of disease. iofant is in iis upper part almost as thin anu diaphorous In reply, I bave to state that, in my opinion, the use as an egg shell, where the several bones are in- actual of ice as a remedial agent, is very important, whether opposition, and that there are several spaces where the with reference to its immediate application in diseases of niembranes covering the brain, and the scalp are only congestion, inflammation, and hemorrhage, or to those separated by the inter position of a thin membrane, one still inore extensive though not eo direct benefits, arising ceases to be surprised at its immediate effects.
from the tonic effects of cold fluids, taken in moderation
into the stomach. I beg you to excuse my troubling you with such details, but our conversation on the subject was intur. I have the honour to be, Sir, your most obedt. servt. rupied, and I wish to instance to you how specifically
J.T. PEARSON, Assistant Surgeon.
Calcutta, 14th Aug., 1837.
Sir,- In reference to your circular of yesterday.' I mothers, or hope to become so, and in these two classes, ran with much satisfaction and confidence add my tesa I presume, may be included a pretty considerable maumony, to the value of "Ice" as a pharmacartical again beg your excuse for the length of my note and agent, in some of the most important and fatal diseases
of Bengal. remain,
As a local application in cases of fever, where deYours very faithfully,
termination to the head prevails, and induced, in local L. CLARKE, Esq.
inflammation wherever situated. “ Ice," constitutes one of the most efficacious antiphlogestic remedies, in con.
junction with bleeding, and purgatives, whilst as a source No. 13.
of relief, and luxury to the feverish patient, by affording
a naturally cool beverage, which no art can imitate, its Calcutta, August 1837. advantage cannot fail to be generally admitted, and apMy Dear Sir, I must beg your forgiveness for my preciated. remissness to answer your first letter. Jo reply to you:
Walter RALEIGH, inquiry of the estimate wbich my professional experi
1st, Assist. Surg., Genl. Hospl. ence of its use has induced me to form of ice, as a