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West Indies :—Groups : Bahamas, Great Antilles, Lesser Antilles,
Windward Isles.
British
Spanish.
French.

Dutch,
Jamaica.
Cuba.
Guadeloupe

Curaçoa.
Barbadoes.
Porto Rico.

Martinique.
Trinidad.
Antigua.
Grenada.
St. Vincent.

Danish.

Independent.
St. Kitts.

Santa Cruz.

Hayti.
St. Lucia.
Dominica.
Tobago.

The Bahamas.
The “Babamas" are situated to the south-east of the peninsula of
Florida; the Bermudas lie south-east of Cape Hatteras.

(See Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy,' p. 50.)

3. State the general direction of the following rivers, with their place of outfall, and mention one or more important towns on each :—St. Lawrence, Nile, Jumna, Mississippi, Clyde, La Plata, Yang-tse-kiang, Rhine, Tees.

The St. Lawrence flows north-east into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Montreal is on its left bank.

The Nile flows north into the Mediterranean Sea. Cairo is on its right bank.

The Jumna is a tributary of the Ganges, and flows south-east. Delhi and Agra are on its banks.

The Mississippi flows south into the Gulf of Mexico. New Orleans is on its right bank.

The Clyde flows north-west into the Atlantic Ocean. Lanark and Glasgow are on its banks.

The La Plata flows south into the Atlantic Ocean. Buenos Ayres is at its mouth.

The Yang-tse-kiang flows east into the East Sea. Nankin is on its right bank.

The Rhine flows north-west into the North Sea. Cologne is on its left bank.

The Tees flows east into the North Sea. Stockton is on its left bank. (See Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy,' pp. 45–50.)

4. Define the terms “lat.” and “long." Give as nearly as you can those of Moscow, Singapore, Cape Town, and Sydney. State the extent and limits, respectively, of what are styled the “five zones.' In which of these is the proportion of habitable land to water greatest?

Latitude is the distance of a place north or south of the equator.
Longitude is the distance of a place east or west of a given meridian.
Moscow 55° 40' N. lat., 37° 36' E. long.
Singapore 1° 17' N. lat., 103° 50' E. long.
Cape Town 33° 56' S. lat., 18° 28' E. long.
Sydney 33° 52' S. lat., 151° 16' E. long.

The tropics extend 23° 28' either side of the equator, and the space bounded by these two limits is called the torrid zone.

The polar circles are described about the poles at the same distance as the tropics from the equator, i.e. 23° 28'. Within these polar circles lie

:

the two frigid zones, the north frigid zone being within the Arctic Circle, and the south frigid zone in the Antarctic.

The two temperate zones lie between the torrid and the frigid; the north temperate zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle, and the south temperate between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.

The greatest proportion of habitable land is to be found in the north temperate zone.

(See · Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy,' p. 45.)

5. A steamer makes a coasting voyage from Harwich to Inverness, what coast does she pass, what harbours, headlands, and islands does she sight successively before reaching her destination ?

Counties: Suffolk, Norfolk, Lincoln, York, Durham, Northumberland, Berwick, Haddington, Fife, Forfar, Kincardine, Aberdeen, Banff, Elgin, Nairn, Iuverness.

Harbours: Yarmouth, Hull, Bridlington, Scarborough, Whitby, Sunderland, South Shields, Berwick, Leith, Dundee, Aberdeen.

Headlands: Lowestoft Ness, Spurn Head, Flamborough Head, St. Abbs Head, Fife Ness, Buchan Ness, Kinnaird's Head.

Islands: Coquet Island, Farn Islands, Holy Island, Bass Rock, Inchkeith, Isle of May.

6. Into how many counties are England (including Wales), Scotland, and Ireland respectively divided ? Which is the largest, which the smallest English county? What are the counties included (1) in the province of Ulster, (2) in North Wales ? Describe the positions of the Isles of Man, Wight, Valentia, Skye, and Bute.

England and Wales embrace 52 counties; Scotland comprises 33, and Ireland 32.

The largest county in England is Yorkshire, and the smallest, Rutland.

Ulster: Donegal, Londonderry, Antrim, Tyrone, Fermanagh, Cavan, Monaghan, Armagh, and Down.

North Wales: Anglesey, Flint, Denbigh, Caernarvon, Montgomery, and Merioneth,

The Isle of Man lies in the Irish Sea to the south-west of Cumberland.
The Isle of Wight is south of Hampshire.
Valentia Island lies to the west of County Kerry in Ireland.

The Isle of Skye is the chief of the Hebrides group, to west of Inverness-shire in Scotland.

The Isle of Bute is in the Firth of Clyde, due south of Argyleshire. (See Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy,' p. 46.)

7. How is British North America divided ? name the capital of each division, and give a short account of one of the divisions. Divisions.

Capitals.
Dominion of Canada

Ottawa.
Quebec or Lower Canada

Quebec, Montreal.
Ontario or Upper Canada

Kingston.
British Columbia

New Westminster.
Vancouver Island

Victoria.
New Brunswick

Fredericton.
Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island

Halifax, Sydney,
Prince Edward Island

Charlotte Town.
Newfoundland

St. John's.

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Vancouver Island has been called the England of the Pacific. The shores are high, steep and rocky, forming numerous indentations, some of which prove excellent harbours. The interior of the island is very fertile. The summer heat is excessive in June and July. The agricultural capabilities of the island are very great; and there is every reason to believe that it will continue to make good progress in the commercial history of the world.

(See · Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy,' pp. 49, 50.)

8. Describe the situation of the following harbours, briefly noticing any important distinctive features of each :—Rio Janeiro, Cork, Milford Haven, New York, San Francisco, Bombay, Port Philip, Honolulu.

Rio Janeiro on the west coast of Brazil. One of the finest harbours in the world. The largest and most commercial city in South America.

Cork. A famous harbour in the County of Cork in south of Ireland.

Milford Haven. A splendid natural harbour—the finest known-in south-west of Pembrokeshire in South Wales.

New York. A very fine city, capital of the United States in North America. It is situated on an island at the mouth of the Hudson River.

San Francisco. On west coast of California in the United States. A most rising and prosperous city.

Bombay. Capital of the Presidency of that name in British India. It is situated on an island off the west coast. It has a fine harbour, and is the chief station for communication by steam with England viâ Suez.

Port Philip. The harbour of Melbourne, capital of Victoria in Australia. It is a well-sheltered and navigable bay, and forms a basin from 60 to 70 miles in circuit.

Honolulu. The chief town and seaport of the Sandwich Islands. The mouth of the harbour is formed by an inlet through a coral reef.

(See Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy,' pp. 45–50.) The next Guide (No. 3) will be brought out directly after the March Examination.

LONDON : PRINTED BY EDWARD STANFORD, 65, CHARING CROSS, s.W.

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;

JOHN GIBSON, M.A., First Class Classics Camb. 1874 ; formerly Senior Exhibitioner of Uppingham School ; Open Exhibitioner, Foundation Scholar, and Prizeman of Trinity College ; and for five years Assistant Master at Westminster School ; Author of a series of books for Army and Law Students, and Public School Examiner

Assisted by Three Resident Graduates of the University of Oxford, and several Visiting Professors. A detailed Prospectus, with full particulars, will be sent on application to

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Mr. Gibson has prepared the following Books for the Use of Students :

Price 28. 6d. ; post-free 28. 9d. Preliminary Army Examination Made Easy:

A COMPLETE GUIDE TO PREPARATION FOR THE ABOVE.

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Guide to the Preliminary Army Examination.

Published immediately after each Examination. CONTENTS: --Part I. Articles on the subject of the Preliminary, Useful Hints, &c.

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A Graduated Epitome of French, prepared specially for the Use of Candidates for the

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Price 18.; post-free 18. ld.

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Being an Epitome of Latin, graduated on a similar scale. A Pupil writes :-“I owe my success in the recent Examination in a great measure to your valuable Guides, especially to the Latin Grammar Made Easy,' where everything is put in such a clear and concise form, that it is invaluable for Examination purposes.

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Price 48. cash; post-free 48. 5d.

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A complete Guide to Preparation for the Preliminary Law Examination, prepared on a

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In course of preparation. CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION MADE EASY. A Complete Guide to preparation for the Lower Division Clerkship Examinations

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