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stration was spent in a perpe- son.-To prove the divinity
tual combat against the pow- of Christ, and his co-equality
ers of Arianism. He is said with the Father, this denomi.
to have consecrated every mo- nation argue thus :
ment, and every faculty of his In John i. 1, it is said ex.
being, to the defence of the pressly, In the beginning was
doctrine of the Trinity.-The the Word, and the Word was
scheme of Athanasius made with God, and the Word was
the supreme Deity to consist God; which implies that the
of three persons, the same in Word existed from all eternity,
substance, equal in power and not as a distinct, separate
glory. The first of these three power; but the Word was with
persons, and fountain of divi- God, and the Word was God:
nity to the other two, it makes not another God, but only
to be the Father; the second another person of the same
person is called the Son, and nature, substance, and God-
is said to be descended from head. It is evident that John
the Father by an eternal gen intended the word God in this
neration of an ineffable and strict sense, from the time of
incomprehensible nature in the which he is speaking. In the
essence of the Godhead ; the beginning the Word was God,i.e.

person is the holy Ghost, before the creation. It is not derived from the Father and said that he was appointed the Son, but not by genera- God over the things which tion, as the Son is derived should be afterwards created. from the Father, but' by an He was God before any domieternal and incomprehensible nion over the creatures comprocession. Each of these per- menced.-It is said that all sons are very and eternał God, things were absolutely made as much as the Father himself; by him: therefore he who creand yet, though distinguished ated all things cannot be a in this manner, they do not created being. Since nothing make three Gods, but one was made but by and through God.*

him, it follows that the Son, This system also incľudes in as creator, must be eternal

, it the belief of two natures in and strictly divine.--Christ's Jesus Christ; viz. the divine divinity and co-equality with and human, forming one per- the Father, are plainly taught

* It is thus expressed in the Athanasian Creed: The catholic faith is this, that we worship one God in trinity, and trinity in unity. For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the holy Ghost. But the godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the holy Ghost, is all one; the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal.

X. Deliennes

i oneration is a strange tim to cenote the truth

to ther

in Phil. ii. 5, 6, 7, &c. Let And Thomas calls Christ, after this mind be in you which was his resurrection, his Lord and also in Christ Jesus, who, being God.---The titles given to in the form of God, thought it Christ in the new testament, not robbery to be equal with are the same with those which God; but made himself of no are given to God in the jewish reputation, and took upon him scriptures. The name Jehothe form of a servant, fc.- vah,* which is appropriated to Our divine Saviour says of God, (Psal. lxxxiii. 18. Isai. himself, I and my Father are xiv. 5.) is given to Christ. one-He that has seen me has (Compare Isaí. xiv. 23-25, seen the Father--All that the with Rom. xiv. 12. Isai, xi. 3, Father hath ure mine. (John with Luke i. 76.) Jesus is the v. 19. ch. X. 30. ch. svi. 15.) person spoken of by John, Those high and strong ex- whose glory Isaiah is declared pressions teach that he is to have seen, when he affirms the supreme God.--The


he saw the Lord of Hosts: phets describe the true God as therefore Jesus is the Lord of the only Saviour of sinners. Hosts.The attributes which For thus it is written: I, even are sometimes appropriated to I, am Jehovah ; and besides God are applied to Christ. me there is no Saviour. Jesu Omniscience is ascribed to Christ not only professes to Christ: Now we are sure that save sinners, but he calls him- thou knowest all things. (John self the Saviour by way of xvi. 10.) To be the searcher eminence. Hence it is evident, of the heart is the peculiar that he assumes a character and distinguishing characterisin the most emphatical way tic of the one true God, as which the God of Israel had appears from Jer. xvii. 10. challenged and appropriated Yet our blessed Lord claims to himself,—The divine titles this perfection : I am he (saith which are ascribed to the Son he) that searcheth the reins and in scripture are, The true God the heart. (Rev. ii. 23.) Om---The mighty GodThe Alpha nipresence, another divine atand Omega, the first and the tribute, is ascribed to Christ. last-God orer all, blessed för Where two or three are gathered evermore. (1 John v. 20. Isai. together in my name, there am ix. 6. Rev. i. 8. Rom. ix. 5.) I in the midst of them. (Matt.

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* It has been observed by critics on the word Jehovah, that the first syllable, jah, means the divine essence, and that by hovah may be understood calamity, griet, destruction. Hence some have supposed the design of that venerable name was, to convey unto us the ideas of a divine essence in a human frame, and a suffering and crucified Messiah.


xviii, 20.) Immutability is Son of Man hath power on ascribed to Christ: Thou art earth to forgive sins. (Matt. the same, and thy years shall not ix. 6.)-Christ's being apfail. (Heb. i. 10, 11, 12.) This pointed the supreme Judge of is the very description which the world, is an evidence that the Psalmist gives of the im- he is the true God. The God mutability of the only true of Israel is emphatically stylGod. See also Heb. xiii. 8. ed the Judge of all.* --ReliEternity is ascribed to Christ, gious worship, though appro(Rev. j. 8.) The Son's being priated to God. was by divine Jehovah is another proof of approbation and command his eternity, that name ex- given to Christ. In Heb. i. 6, pressing necessary existence. the apostle, speaking of Christ, Christ is also said to have says, Let the angels of God almighty power. (Heb. i. 3. worship him. (See also Luke Phil. iii. 21.) The truth and xxiv. 25. John v. 23. Rev. faithfulness of God are ascrib- i. 5, 6. v. 13.) The scriped to Christ. . I am (says he) ture every where asserts that the truth, c.--Divine works God alone is to be worshipped. are also: ascribed to Christ; The same scripture asserts that viz. creation, preservation, and our blessed Saviour is to be forgiveness of sins. There are worshipped. Thus Stephen numerous texts of scripture adores him with direct worwhich assert that Christ is the ship: Lord Jesus, receive my creator of all things : Thou, spirit ! The obvious conseLord, in the beginning hast laid quence of which is, that our the foundation of the earth, ond blessed Saviour is God. the heavens are the work of thy This denomination allege, kands. (Heb. i. 10. also Rev. that divine titles, attributes, jui. 14. 1 Cor. .viii. 6.) The works, and worship, are also work of creation is every where ascribed to the holy Ghost.in scripture represented as the Many plead that the holy mark and characteristic of the Spirit is called Jehovah in the true God. (2 Kings xix. 15. old testament, by comparing Job xxii. 7. Psal. xix. 1.) Acts xxviii. 23, with Isai. vi. 9. Hence it is evident that Christ, And he also appears to be callthe creator, is the true God. ed God, in Acts v. 4.--EterPreservation is ascribed to nity is clearly the property of Christ : Upholding all things the holy Ghost, who is styled by the word of his power. (Heb. by the author of the epistle i. 3.) Christ himself says, The to, the Hebrews, the Eternal

* MEr. Alexander's late Essay on the real Deity of Jesus Christ.

Spirit. (Heb. ix. 14.) -Om- human nature, is baptized by nipresence is a necessary proof John ; and the holy Ghost

ap of divinity, and this attribute pears in the shape of a dove. belongs to the holy Spirit; for (Matt. iii, 16, 17.) The trithus saith the inspired poet, nity of persons in the GodWhither shall I go from thy head appears from our bapSpirit? (Psal. cxxxix. 7.) = tism, because it is dispensed Omniscience is ascribed to in the name of the Fathers and the Spirit: For the Spirit of the Son, and of the holy searcheth all things, even the Ghost. The trinity of persons deep things of God. (1 Cor. also appears from the aposii. 10.)--Paul declares that tolic benediction : The grace his ability to work all man- of the Lord Jesus, the love of ner of astonishing miracles, God, and the communion of the for the confirmation of his holy Ghost, be with you all. ministry, was imparted to Amen. (1 Cor. xii, 14.) And him by the Spirit. (Rom. xv. also from the testimony of the 19.) The same act of divine Three in heaven, contained in grace; viz. our spiritual birth, 1 John v. 7. The Trinity in is ascribed, without the change Unity is one supreme Being, of a single letter, to God and distinguished from all others the Spirit. (John ii. 1. 1 John by the name of Jehovah. The t. iv.)-The chief texts pro- Lord our God is one Jehovah. duced to prove that divine (Deut. vi. 4.) Yet Christ is worship is given to the Spirit, Jehovah. (Jer. xxiii. 6.) So are, Matt. xxiii. 19. Isai. vi. is the Spirit. (Ezek. viii, 1, 3.) 3, 9. Acts xxviii. 25, &c. Therefore Father, Son, and Rom. ix. 1. Rev.i. t. 2 Cor. holy Ghost, are one Jehovah: xiii. 14.

they are three persons, but There are various texts of have one name, and one nam scripture, in which Father, ture.* Son, and Spirit, are mention AUDÆANS, a denominaed together, and represented tion in the fourth century; so under distinct personal cha- called from Audæus, who was racters. -At the baptism of said to have attributed to the Christ, the Father speaks with Deity a human form.t an audible voice; the Son, in AZYMITES, so called from

Waterland's Sermons, p. 34, 69, 97, 164. Vindication of Christ's Divinity, p. 263, 269. Seed's Sermons, vol. ii, p. 420. Doddridge's Lectures, 392. Willard's Body of Divinity, p. 100. 'Hervey's Letters, p. 103, 104.

, of Christ, p. 58, 63, 242. Mäther on the word Jehovah. The Creed of Athanasius,

-† Mosheim, vol. i. p. 350,

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the greek atopos, a name given the Latin church, because by the Greeks in the eleventh they use unleavened bread in century, to the christians of the eucharist.*


APTISTS, or ANTIPÆ- nistered in the Russian and

DOBAPTISTS. [This Greek church : and thus it is denomination of christians is at this day directed to be addistinguished from others by ministered in the church of their opinions respecting the England, to all who are thought mode and subject of baptism. capable of submitting to it in

Instead of administering the this manner. ordinance by sprinkling or With regard to the subjects pouring water, they maintain of baptism, the Baptists say that it ought to be administer- that it ought not to be admied only by immersion. Such, nistered to children or infants they insist, is the meaning of at all, nor to grown-up perthe word βαπτιζω ; so that a sons in general; but to adults command to baptize, is a com- who profess repentance for mand to immerse. Thus, they sin, and faith in Christ, and say, it was understood by to them only. Our Saviour's those who first administered commission to his apostles, by it. John the Baptist, and the which christian baptism was apostles of Christ, administer- instituted, is to go and teach all ed it in Jordan, and other nations, baptizing them: that is, rivers and places where there say they, not to baptize all was much water. Both the they meet with, but first to inadministrators and the sub- struct them; and whoever rejects are described as going ceives the instruction, him to down into, and coming up baptize in the name of the Faagain out of the water. And ther, and of the Son, and of the the baptized are said to be holy Ghost. This construction buried in baptism, and to be of the coinmission, they conraised again; which language tend, is confirmed by the difcould not, they' suppose, be ferent words in which another properly adopted on supposi- evangelist expresses it: Go ye tion of the ordinance being into all the world, and preach administered in any other the gospel to every creature: manner than by immersion. he that believeth, and is baptized, Thus, they affirm, it was ad- shall be saved. To such perministered in the primitive sons, and to such only, they church: thus it is now admi- say, baptism was administered

* Historical Dictionary, vol, i. See Azymitæ.

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