8. Four are how many times two? 9. If two shillings will buy one yard of cotton cloth, how many yards will five shillings buy? 10. Five are how many times two ? Ans. Two times two and half of two. 11. Six are how many times two ? 12. If two dollars will buy a yard of cloth, how many yards will seven dollars buy? 13. How many halves make a whole one ? 14. Eight are how many times two ? 15. Nine are how many times two ? 16. Ten are how many times two ? Remark. When any thing, or any number, is divided into three equal parts, one of those parts is called the third part of the thing or number. When it is divided into four equal parts, one part is called the fourth part, and so on. 17. If a yard of cloth be worth three dollars, and it be cut into three equal pieces, what will one of the pieces be worth? that is, what will one third of a yard be worth ? 18. What is a third of three? 19. Suppose the yard of cloth to be cut as before, what will two pieces of it cost ? that is, what will two thirds of a yard cost? 20. What is two thirds of three ? 21. If three shillings will buy cne bushel of corn, what part of a bushel will one shilling buy? What part of a bushel will two shillings buy ? 22. One is what part of three ? Ans. One is the third part of three ; or one third of three. 23. Two is what part of three ? Ans. Two is two times the third part of three; or two thirds of three. * * The instructer may use either of these expressions ; the former will be usost easily understood by the pupil : it would be well, there. 24. Three times one are how many times thrce? 25. If you can buy a barrel of cider for three dollars, how much can you buy for four dollars ? How much for five dollars ? 26. How many thirds make a whole one ? 29. If you can buy a barrel of fish for three dollars, how much can you buy for seven dollars ? How much for eight dollars ? 30. What do you understand, by a third, and by two thirds of any thing? For the answer, see remark after example 16th. 31. Eight are how many times three ? 32. Nine are how many times three? 33. Ten are how many times three ! 34. Eleven are how many times three ? 35. Twelve are how many times three ? 36. If a yard of cloth he worth four dollars, and it be cut into four equal parts, what will one of the parts be worth ? that is, what is one fourth of it worth? What are two fourths of it worth? What are three fourths of it worth ? 37. If you can buy a barrel of cider for four dollars, how much can you buy for one dollar ? How much for two dollars ? How much for three dollars ! 38. What part of four is one ? 42. If you can buy a bushel of corn for four shilfore, for the instructer to uze the former frequently, though the latter is used for the most part in this treatise. lings, how much can you buy for five shillings ! How much for six shillings ? How much for seven shillings? 43. Five are how many times four ? 47. If four bushels of corn will buy one yard of cloth, how many yards will nine bushels buy? How many yards will ten bushels buy? How many yards will eleven bushels buy ? 48. What do you understand by one fourth, two fourths, or three fourths of any thing ? See remark after example 16th. 56. If a barrel of flour be worth five dollars, and it be divided equally among five men, what will one man's share be worth ? that is, what is one fifth of a barrel worth? What are two fifths of it worth? What are three fifths of it worth ? What are four fifths of it worth? 57. If five dollars will buy one box of butter, what part of a box will one dollar buy? What part will two dollars buy? What part will three dollars buy? What part will four dollars buy? 58. What part of five is one ? Ans. One is the fifth part of five, 59. Two is what part of five? Ans. Two fifths of five. many fifths make a whole one ? 63. If cherries are five cents a quart, how many quarts can you buy for six cents? How many for seven cents ? How many for eight cents ? How many for nine cents ? How many for eleven cents ? How many for thirteen cents ? 64. What do you understand by one fifth, two fifths, &c. of any thing ? See remark after example 16th. 74. If a barrel of beef cost six dollars, and it were divided into six equal parts, what would one of the parts be worth? that is, what is one sixth of it worth? What are two sixths of it worth? What are three sixths of it worth? Four sixths ? Five sixths ? 75. If fish is worth six dollars a barrel, what part of a barrel will one dollar buy? What part of a barrel will two dollars buy? Three dollars ? Four dollars ? Five dollars ? 76. What part of six is one ? 78. Three is what part of six ? 81. How much rye at six shillings a bushel can you buy for seven shillings ? How much for eight shillings? Nine shillings? Ten shillings? Eleven shillings? Twelve shillings? Thirteen shillings ? Fifteen shillings ? Seventeen shillings? 82. What do you understand by one sixth, two sixths, &c. 83. Eight are how many times six ? 91. If coal is worth seven dollars a chaldron, what is one seventh of a chaldron worth? What are two sevenths of a chaldron worth? Three sevenths ? Four sevenths? Five sevenths ? Six sevenths ? 92. At the rate of seven dollars a yard, how much broadcloth can you buy for one dollar ? How much for two dollars ? How much for three dollars ! How much for four dollars? How much for five dollars? How much for six dollars ? How much for eight dollars? How much for ten dollars ? How much for twelve dollars ? How much for fifteen dollars ? 93. What part of seven is one ? |