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down 13, carrying one to the scruples, whose total is
seven ; now as three scruples make 1 dram, I write 1,
and carry two to the drams, whose total is twenty-five;
8 drams making one ounce, therefore 25 drams make
three ounces and one dram; I write the 1 under the
drams, and carry three to the ounces, which I find
amount to thirty-eight; now twelve ounces are one
pound, therefore thirty-eight ounces are three pound two
ounces; I write 2 under the ounces, carrying three to
the pounds, which are added as in whole numbers.
Ex. (1.)

Ex. (2.)
3 3
Э gr.

Ž 3

э

gr. 17 10 7 1 2

2 3 6 1 6 14 5 3 2 16

17 11 5 2 17 13 9 6 1 14

14 6 4 1 19 1 11 3 2 19

1 3 7 2 14

Ib

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Answers to Addition of Apothecaries' Weight.
lb 3 3

ə

gr, (1.) 48

1 5 2 11. (2.) 36 2 0 2 16.

ADDITION OF AVOIRDU POIS WEIGHT.

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Add together the following quantities. Beginning

ton. cwt. qrs. lb.

oz. dra.

7 6 3 24 6 4 with drams the total being

9 4 1 26 12 6 only 15 I write it in full, as 10 6 2 15 6 3 in this weight it takes six- 19

1 27 7 2 teen drams to make an 46 15

9 15 15 ounce ;

I then add the ounces, whose total I find to be thirty-one, and there being sixteen ounces to the pound, I write the difference 15 under the ounces, carrying one to the pounds, whose total is ninety-three; as twenty-eight pounds make one quarter, and I find that twenty-eight is con

as four

tained in ninety-three, three times, leaving a remainder of 9, I write 9 under the pounds, carrying the three to the quarters, whose total is ten; now quarters make one hundred, ten quarters make two hundred and two quarters; I write 2 quarters under the quarters, and carry two to the hundreds, which when added amount to thirty-five, and as twenty hundred make one ton, I write the 15 under the hundreds, and carry one to the tons, which I add as in simple addition. As all the common necessaries of life are weighed by this weight, the learner cannot be too attentive in reading the directions, and working the sums set down for practice.

Ex. (2.)

Ex. (3.) cwt. qrs. lbs. ton. cwt. qrs. lbs. lbs.

oz. drams. 25 1 17 n 15 2 12 152 15

10
72 3
26

14 6 3 17 272 14 15
54 1 16 15

1 4 303 15

11 56 1 17 19 4 3 27 173 6 2 19 0 19 16 18 3 7 635 13 12 55 2 16 18 19 2 24

Ex. (1.)

Answers to Addition of Avoirdupois Weight. (1.) 283 cwt. 3 qrs. 27 lb. (2.) 92 tons 13 cwt. I qr. 7lb. (3.) 1539 lbs. 2 oz. 2 drs.

ADDITION OF LONG MEASURE. Add together the following distances. Begin

leagues. miles. fur. poles. yds. in. 72

2 1 9 4 10 ning on the right, and

73 2 6 20 7 9 adding the inches, we

63 2 5 17 3 6 find the amount is 30, 72 4 5 16 2 5 which is written in full, 284 0 2 24 5 30 as the next term is yards, and there are 36 inches to each yard; we then add up the yards, and as the amount is sixteen, and that five yards and a half make one pole, and eleven yards two poles, we

write the remainder 5 under the yards and carry two to the next column, poles, whose amount is sixty-four; now forty poles make one furlong, therefore we write 24 under the poles and carry one to the furlongs or next column, whose amount is eighteen ; 8 furlongs make one mile, therefore we find 18 furlongs make two miles two furlongs, we write the 2 furlongs under their proper column and carry two to the miles, whose amount is 12; now as three miles make one league, twelve miles will justomake four leagues and leave no remainder; we carry four to the leagues and add them up as in whole numbers. Ex. (1.) Ex. (2.)

Ex. (3.) yds. feet. in. feet. in.

miles. fur. yds. 225 1 9

2 9

39

5 171 0 3

11 4

14 214 52 2 6

17 6

15 1 19 397 0 10

13 5

19 4

13
154 2 7
2

5
136 1 9

9 3

17 5 204

17 6

Answers to Addition of Long Measure. (1.) 1138 yds. O feet 8 in. (2.) 56 feet 10 in. (3.) 125 miles o fur. 18 yds.

ADDITION OF CLOTH MEASURE. Cloth is measured by inches, nails, quarters, yards, and ells; and by this are all drapery goods measured.

Bought 6 pieces of linen cloth, measuring as follows, viz.:

yds. qrs. nails.

135 3 3 Count the nails, whose amount is ten,

70 2 2 and four nails or nine inches making

95 3 0 a quarter, of course ten nails will make

176 1 3 two quarters and two nails; we write 26 0 1 the 2 nails under their proper head,

279 2 1 and carry two to the quarters, whose 784 1 2 amount thirteen make three yards and

one quarter, the quarter we write under the quarters, and add three to the yards, which are added as in Simple Addition.

Ex. (1.)

Ex. (2.)

yds. qrs. nails. 146 3 3 145 1 2 170 3 1 130 1 2 148 3 1

ells Eng. yds. qrs. nails.

272 2 1 3 152

1 2 2 79 3 3 1 156 3 2 3

84 1 1 1 154 2 3 2

Answers to Addition of Cloth Measure. (1.) 742 yards 1 qr. 1 nail. (2.) 909 ells, 0 yard, 3 qrs. 0 nails.

ADDITION OF LAND MEASURE.

Land is measured by the rood, acre, and square mile; also by the foot and chain. And

144 inches = 1 square foot. 1296 inches = 9 feet = 1 yard. 39204 inches = 2724 feet = 30% yards = 1 pole. 1568160 inches = 10890 feet = 1210 yards 40

poles = 1 rood. 6272640 inches = 43560 feet = 4840 yards = 160

poles = 4 roods = 1 acre. 640 acres = 1 square mile.

I have five farms, containing each as follows: the 1st, 179 acres, 3 roods, and 4 poles; the 2nd, 49 acres, 3 roods, and 6 poles ; the 3rd, 193 acres, 2 roods, and 1 pole; the 4th, 15 acres, 2 roods, and 3 poles; the 5th, 200 acres, 2 roods, 3 poles, and 41 yards. How many acres, roods, &c. do I possess ?

15

The above Table nearly explains acres. roods. p. yd.

179 3 4 0 the process. There being but 4;

49 3 6 0 yards, it wants one yard of making

193 2 1 0 a pole, therefore the 4; is written

2 3 0 under yards; the 17, which is the 200 2 3 4) amount of the perches, is written 639 0 17 41 in full, as it requires forty to make a rood; the amount of the roods being twelve, and four roods making one acre, three is carried to the acres, which are added as in Simple Addition.

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IMPERIAL MEASURE, In Wine Measure there are five notations, viz., pints, quarts, gallons, hogsheads, and pipes.

Bought of several the following quantities of sherry wine : 1st lot containing 31 hhds. 57 gals. 1 qt. ; 2nd lot, 97 hhds. 18 gals. 2 qts.; 3rd lot, 76 hhds. 13 gals. 1 qt. ; 4th lot, 56 hhds. 46 gals. 3 qts. ; 5th lot, 87 hhds. 38 gals. 3 qts. What quantity did I purchase ?

The amount of the quarts is ten, hhds. gals. qts. and as four quarts make one gallon,

31 57 1

97 18 2 ten quarts make two gallons and two

76 13 1 quarts; the 2 quarts are written under

46 3 the quarts, and the two gallons carried

38 3 to the gallons, whose amount is 174;

349 48 2 now 63 gallons make one hogshead,

56

87

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