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EXAMPLES. (1.)

(2.) 174536 46827

(3.) 326809

Multiplicand
Multiplier

Product

1749072

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Multiply 718374 by 8. Multiple 715602 by 9 5. 6500083 6 9.

2714863

10 6. 238417 7. | 10.

718374 11 7. 890152 8 11.

456789 12 12.

273580961 by 23 Product 6292362103 13. 36829157 38

1399507966 14. 827316 63

52120908 15. 129186 98

12660228 16. 181281 763

138317403 17. 281216 978

275029248 18. 261986 7638

2001049068 19. 812617 43859

35640569003 20. 8496427 874359

7428927415293 21.. 3750 2800

10500000 22. 627000 268000

108036000000 23. 89124 60009

5348212116 24. 1281280 70043

897446950 20 25. 573684 100

57368400 26. 8475631 10000

84756310000 27. 8175 99

809325 28. 72836 9999

72828716. 29. 75643 35

2647505 30. 63159 49

3094791 31. 873652 63

55040076 32.

53746 13 33.

64758 15 34.

753426 17 35.

857463 19 36.

68024 102 37.

76543 105 38.

47135 107 39.

83572 21 40.

58372 61 41.

34567 91 42. Multiply nine million seven thousand nine hundred and sixty by eleven hundred.

Ans. 9908756000. 3. Multiply eight thousand five hundred and sixteen, by eventy-six thousand and two. Ans. 647233032

QUESTIONS FOR EXERCISE. 44. There are two numbers the greater of them is 73 times 109; and their difference 17 times 28. Required their sum and product ?

Ans. 15438 their sum. 59526317 their product. 45. Whates, the product of 7143 multiplied by 37 and 29 ?

Ans. 46. There were 71 men concerned in the payment of a sum of money, and each man paid $1275. demand how much was paid in all ?

Ars. 47. An army of 10000 soldiers having plundered a city, took so much money, that after the Officers took $125000, sud the rest was shared among them, each man had $127. Tell me the amount of the sum taken? Ans.

SIMPLE DIVISION Teacheth to find how often one number is contained in 2 mother, and readily performs many subtractions.

The number to be divided is called the dividend
The number to divide by is called the divisor.

The number of times the dividend contains the divisor is cala led the quotiert. The reinainder, if any, will be less than the divisor:

EXAMPLES. (1.)

(2.) diridend.

dividend. divisor 6)2184 (364 quotient. divisor 24)9464 (394 quot. 18 6

72 24

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13.)

(4.)
$765432 85467421
divide

89786756
98877665

3257914 7-19368175 83726150493 26912193263212

8 remainder.

(5.)
11)12340650
by

17
26
92
271
8697
56789
3546572
123456789

9.

123456789376 98765452123456789

13.

12.

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72

24. divide 789012 by 11. I 25. divide 5456789 by 12.

Rule. To find the true remainder when the divisor is the product of two numbers, multiply the last remainder by the first divisor, and add the first remainder. (26.)

27. divide 48967 by 57)31046635

28.
89674

96 56

29.

93125 108. 8) 4435262 1 first rem. i 30.

57113

99 31.

70421 144 554407 6 sec. rem. 32.

48379 121 33.

73421 132 Ans: 554407 rem. 43. 34.

17865 180 QUESTIONS FOR EXERCISE. 35. What number multiplied by 72084 will produce 5190048?

Ans. 36. What number multiplied by 57 will produce just what 134 multiplied by 71 will do ?

Ans. 37. Subtract 30079 out of ninety-three millions as often as it can be found; and say what the last remainder exceeds or falls short of 21180 ?

Ans. 38. Suppose nine thousand men march in a column of 750 deep; how many march a breast ?

Ans. 39. I would plant 2072 fruit trees in 14 rows, twenty-five feet assunder ; how long must the grove be ? Ans.

COMPOUND ADDITION Shews how to add several numbers of different denominations into one sum.

FEDERAL MONEY.

10 Mills 10 Cents 10 Dimes 10 Dollars

make

M. 1 Cent. 10

1 D. 1 Dime. 100 10= 1 1 Dollar. 1000 100= 105 1 2 1 Eagle. 10000 = 1000=10=10=1

Note--The only division in practical affairs are Dollars and Cents.

English and French crowns at 110 cents, and Spanish dollars at 100 cents, are current in the United States.

EXAMPLES. 1. Add 27} eagles ; 57 dollars, 9 dimes, 4 cents, 5 mills ; 171 dollars, 8 cents, 3 mills ; 6 eagles, 1 cent, 9 mills ; 17 dollars, cents, 4 mills ; 12 dollars, 3 dimes and 5 cents,

Ans. 2. What is the sum of 57 E. 78 3 d. 4.c. + 14 E.78 5 d. 2 c. + 543$ 5 d. 2c. + 121$ 9 d.7 c. + 217$ 1 d. 8 c. into one sum?

Ans. 3. Add 718$ 54 c. + 1598 25c. + 176$ 19 c. +111$ 67 C. +912$ 92 c. into one sum.

Ans. 4. A Cashier received bags of money, the first holds 5028 10 c. the second 512$ 75 c. the third 10048 the fourth 8958 95 c. the fifth 599$ 50 c. and the sixth holds 998%. I demand the sum received ?

Ans.

one sum.

4 I

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Si Penny.

ENGLISH MONEY.

qrs.

d. 4 Farthings 12 Pence

Shilling:

48 = 12 = 1 20 Shillings 1 Pound Sterling. 960 =240 = 20=1

Likewise in this manner was money reckoned in the several States, until Congress passed a law in favor of the deci. mal computation.

Guineas of 21s. half guineas of 10s. 6d. crowns of 5s. half crowns of 2s. 6d. shillings, sixpences, pence, half pence, and farthings are the real coins of Great Britain.

PENCE TABLE. Pence Table. Pence Table.

Shillings Table. d. d. d.

d.
d.

d. 20 is 1 8 130 is 10 10 1 is 12 12 is 144 30 2 6 140 11 8

2 -- 24 13 - 156 40 3 4 150 12 6

3

14 168 50 4 2 160 13 4

48

15 180 60 5 0 170 14 2

5 60 16 192 5 10 180 15 0

6 72 17 204 80 6 8

190 15 10 7 84 18 216 90 200 16 8

8 96 19 228 100 8 4 210 17 6

9 108 20 - 240 9 2 220 18 4 10 120 120 10 0 230 19 2

132

S.

S.

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70

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110

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TROY WEIGHT.

gr.

dwt. 24 Grains

1 Penny weight. 24= 1 oz. 20 Penny weights 1 Ounce.

480=

20=1 lb. 12 Ounces

1 Pound. 5760=240 =12=1 By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, and Jewels. (8.) (9.) (10.)

(11.) Oz, dwt. gr. 02. dwt. gr.

tb. 02. dwi. gr. lb. oz. dot. 7 11 15 9 14 16 7 10 15 11 1 11 13 4 16 11 7 17 - 17 5 11 13 21 7 10 15 9 10 21 8 15 14 3 11 19 20 2 7 17 7 17 13 5 19 23 1 9 11 19 8 6 19 5 15 19 6 12 11 6 1 17 18 3 5 14 8 19 23 4 18 20 4 7 14 23 9

4 16

3

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.

2. 20

1 Scruple. 20 1 3. 3 Scruples 3) 1 Dram. 60

3= 1 8 Drams

1 Ounce.
480= 245 8

1 tb 12 Ounces

1 Pound 5760=288=96 =12=1 By this weight Apothecaries' compound their medicines ; but they buy and sell by Avoirdupois weight. (12.) (13.)

(14.) t. 3. 3. 9. gr. 15. 3. 3. 9. gr 五 15. Z. 3. 2. 16 3 11 7 2 21 10 5 7 2 20 8 11 7 2 19 7 10 1 1 23 9 8 6 0 19 7 10 7 2 20 8 8 6 0 19 8 10 5 2 18 6 10 6 1 18 9 hy 40 20 7 11 4 2 17 5 10 6 1 18

4 5 1 18 6 11 3 2 16 4 10 7 1 18 5 5 3 2 11 5 11 2 2 15 3 11 7 1 11

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