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The standard of Gold Coins is 11 parts fine, to 1 part alloy ; the alloy to be silver and copper mixed, not exceeding one. half silver. The standard of Silver Coins is 1485 parts fine to 179 parts alloy, all copper.

TABLE II. Shewing the weight and value of Foreign Coins as they pass in

the United States.

Old

N. Hamp. Ver.
Massa. Rh. Isl.
Conn. & Virga.

New-York and
N. Carolina.

Delaware & on. Fersey, Penn.

Maryland.

and South Carolina

Georgia.

Gold.

Silver.

Names
of the fetandard federal
Coins. I weight. value. I

Dwts. Grs. $c.m. ks. d. £.s. d. f. s. d. fi. s. d.
Johannes, 18 16 00 614 16 0 16 8 0 16 0 0 13 14 8
Doubloon 16 21 14 78 1 + 8 8315 18 3 1510 10113 8 11%
Moidore, 6 18 6 00 011 16 0 12 80 2 5 0 1 8 0

E. Guinea 5 6 4 66 711 80 1 17 4 1 15 0 1 1 94
F.Guinea | 5 51 4 56 711 7 41|1 16 6 1 14 24/1 1 31
E.&F.Cro. 19 1 10 2 6710 8 9110 8 3 0 5 11
Sp. Dollar 17. 6| 100 ep 65j0 80 9 7 6 10 4 8

Pistareen 311 2000 1 2}|0 17 16 10 0111 By Act of Congress, February 9th, 1793, the Gold Coins of Great-Britain and Portugal, were made legal tenders at the rate of 27 grains per Federal Dollar ; and those of France and Spain at 27 grains per Dollar.

TABLE III.

MISCELLANEOUS. 200 lb,

make a barrel of beef or pork. 196 lb.

flour. 100 lb.

gun-powder. 112 lb.

quintal of fish. 120 lb.

seam of glass. 16 lb.

stone of feathers, cheese or butter. 14 lb.

wool, iron, shot or horseman's wt, 8 lb.

butchers meat. 7 lb.

gallon of oil. 192cwt. fodder of lead. 6 feet

fathom.
4 inch.

hand.
20 art.
5 score

short hundred
6 do.

long do,

D

score.

small gross.

ream

12 articles make a dozen.

5 dozen roll of parchment.
12 do.
12 gross or 144 dozen, make a great gross.
24 sheets make a quire of paper.
30 quires

do. 1. To reduce a number of a higher denomination to that of a

lower. RULE-Multiply the greatest denomination by the of the next less, as will make one of the greater, adding in said less denomination, if any, &c. II. To reduce a number of a lower denomination to a higher.

Rule-Divide the given denomination by that number which makes one of the next higher, and so on till the highest name is arrived at, each remainder, if any, will be the name of the dividend.

EXAMPLES. 1. In $725, how many cents ?

Ans. 72500 c. 2. In 72500 cents, how many dollars ?

$725. 3. In $79 84 cents, how many cents ?

7984 c. 4. In 7984 cents, how many dollars ?

$79 84 c. 5. In £27, how many shillings & pence?

540s. 6480d 6. In 6480d. how many shil. and pounds? 540s. £27. 7. In £40 10s. how many farthings ? 8. In 38880 farthings, how many pounds ? £40 10s. 9. In $586, how many pence N. Y. currency ? Ans. 56256d. 10. In 56256d. N. Y. currency, how many dols ? $586. 11. In 21 guineas, how many pence sterling ?

5292d. 12. In 5292d. sterling, how many guineas ? 13. In 24 lb. of silver, how many oz. dwts, and grs ?

Ans. 288 oz. 5760 dwts. 138240 gre. 14. In 138240 grs. how many dwts. oz. and lb ?

Ans. 5760 dwts. 288 02. 24 lb. 15. In 12 lb. 10 oz. 22 grs. how many grains ? Ans. 73942 grs. 16. In 73942 grains, how many pounds ? Ars.12 16. 10 oz. 22grs. 17. In 14 lb. how many ounces, drams, scruples and grains ?

Ans. 168 Z. 1344 3. 4032 3. 80640 grs. 18. In 80640 grs. how many 3. 3. 3. and lb ?

Ans. 4032 9. 1344 3. 1683. 14 lb. 19. In 41b. 11 Z. 27. 17 grs. how many grains ? Ans. 28377 grs. 20. In 28377 grains how many pounds ?

Ans. 4 lb. 11 303.29. 17 grs. Note-There are some sorts of silk which are weighed by

a great pound of 24 oz.

38880 qrs.

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21g.

.

21. In 1 ton, how many qrs. lb. oz. and drs ?

Ans. 80 grs. 2240 lb. 35840 oz. 573440 drs. 22. In 573440 drs. how many oz. Ib. qrs. and cwt ?

Ans. 35840. oz 2240 lb. 80 qrs. 20 cwt, 23. In 461 great pounds of silk, how many oz. and drs ?

Ans. 11064 oz. 177024 drs. 24. In 177024 drs. how many oz. and great lb ?

Ans. 11064 02. 461 great lb. 25. In 12 tons, 10 cwt. 14 lb. 11 oz. 15 drs. how many drs?

Ans. 7171775 drs. 26. In 7171775 drs. how many tons ?

Ans.

12 tons, 10 cwt. 14 lb. 11 oz. 15 drs. 27. In 176 miles, 30 poles, how many poles? Ans. 56350 po. 28. In 56350 poles, how many miles ? Ans. 176 m. 30 po. 29. In 12 leagues, 1 mile, 6 feet, 29 poles, 4 yards, how many barley corns ?

Ans. 7193178 b. c. 30. În 7193178 barley corns, how many leagues ?

Ans. 12 1.1 m. 6 f. 29 p. 4 yds. 31. In 24 yards, how many qrs. and nails ? Ans. 96 qrs. 384 na. 32. In 384 nails, how many qrs. and yds ? Ans. 96 qrs. 24 yds. 33. In 72 ells, Eng: 4 qrs. 2 nails, how many na ? Ans. 1458 na. 34. In 1458 nails, how many ells, Eng? Ans. 72 el. E. 4 qrs. 2n. 35. In 121 ells, Flemish, how many nails ?

Ans. 1452 na. 36. In 1452 nails, how many ells, Flemish ? 121 el. F. 37. In 42 acres, how many roods and poles ? - 168r.6720 p. 38. In 6720 poles, how many acres ? 39. In 12 acres, 3 roods, 29 p. how many poles ? 40. In 2069 poles, how many acres ?

-12 a. 3r. 29 p. 41. In 15 tons of hewn timber, how many solid inches ?

Ans. 1296000 in. 42. In 1296000 cubic inches of hewn timber, how many tons ?

Ans. 15 tons. 43. In 5 cords of wood, how many solid inches ?

Ans. 1105920 in. 44. In 1105920 solid inches, how many cords of wood ?

Ans. 5 cords. 45. In 24 quarters of corn, how many quarts ? 46. In 6144 quarts, how many quarters ? 47. In 36 cha. 26 bu.of coals, how many pecks?

5288 pecks. 48. In 5288 pecks, how many chaldrons ? 36 ch. 26 bu. 49. In 12 bar. of ale, how many gal. and qts?-3843.1536qts. 50. In 1536 quarts of ale, how many barrels ? . 12 bar. 51. In 6 hogsheads, 27 gallons, 6 pints of ale, how many pints ?

Ans. 2526 pts. 52. In 2526 pints of ake, how many hhds?

-6hhds. 27 g.6. 53. In 6 tuns, 1 butt, 42 gallons of beer, how many quarts ?

Ans. 5784 qts.

42 ac. 2069 p.

6144 qas.

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24 qrs.

54. In 5784 quarts of beer, how many tuns ! - 6 t. 16. 42. 55. In 4 anchors of brandy, how many gallons and quarts ?

Ans. 40 gal. 160 qts. 56. In 160 quarts, how many anchors ?

4 anch. 57. In 42 tierces, 24 gallons, how many pints? Ans. 14304 pts. 58. In 14304 pints, how many tierces ? Ans. 42 tier. 24 gal. 59. In 4 tuns, 1 pipe, I hogshead, 42 gallons, 6 pints, how many pints ?

Ans.

9918 pts. 60 in 9918 pints, how many tuns ?

Ans. 4 tun, 1 p. 1 hhd. 42 gal. 6 pts. 61. In 428 weeks, 4 days, 15 hours, how many hours ?

Ans. 72015 ho. 62. In 72015 hours, how many weeks? 428 19. 4 d. 15 họ. 63. In 15 years, 19 days 21 hours, 37 minutes, 45 seconds, how many seconds ?

Ans. 475047465 sec. 64. In 475047465 seconds, how many years?

Ans. 15 y. 19 d. 21 k. 37 mn. 458. 65. In 6 signs of the Zodiac, how many seconds ?

Ans. 648000 sec. 60. In 648000 seconds, how many degrees ! - 180 de. III. To reduce foreign coins and the state currencies to Federal

Money. RULE-Reduce the foreign coin, or currency, to the lowest denomination mentioned either in the question, or in the value of a dollar, then divide by as many of that denomination 26 make a dollar. IV. To reduce Federal Money to the coin, or currency of any

other state. RULE.-Reduce the dollars to the lowest denomination mentioned either in the value of a dollar, or in one piece of the coin, &c. then divide by as many of that denomination as make one piece of the coin, &c.

EXAMPLES. 67. In £3757, New-York currency, how many dollars ?

Ans. $9392 50 c. 68. In $9392, 50 cents, how many pounds New-York cur. rency?

Ans. £3757 69. In 6349, 19s. ld. New-England currency, how many dollars ?

Ans. $1166 511 c. 70. In $1166 51{ cents, how many pounds New-England currency?

Ans. 349 198. id. 71. In £100, New-Jersey currency, how many dollars ?

Ans. $266 66} c. 72. In $266 66 cents, how many pounds New-Jersey currency?

Ans. £100.

100 g:

183 m.

73. In £140, South-Carolina currency, how many dollars ?

Ans. $600. 74. In $600, how many pounds South-Carolina currency?

Ans. $140. Note.--In Canada, &c. the Federal Dollar is 5s. 75. In £225, Canada currency, how many dols ? Ans. $900. 76. In $900, how many pounds Canada currency ? Ans. £225.

Note.--In England, the Federal Dollar is 4s. 6d. 77. In £375 sterling, how many dollars ? Ans. $1666 66c. 78. In $1666 66} c. how many pounds ster?

£375. 79. In 100 English guineas, how many dols ? $466 661 c. 80. In $466 66 cents, how many E. guineas ? 81. In 183 moidores, how many dollars ?

$1098 82. In $1098, how many moidores ?

QUESTIONS FOR EXERCISE. 83. In £107, 10s. 8d. how many two-pences ? Ans. 12904 84. In 5348 two-pences, how many pounds ! - £44 11s. 4d. 85. In £6 17s. how many three-pences ?

548 86. In 2782 three-pences, how many pounds ? £34 15s.6d. 87. In £10 10s. 8d. how many four-pences ?

263 88. In 3859 four-pences, how many pounds ? 664 6s. 4d. 89. In £200 178. how many six-pences ?

8034 90. In 795 six-pences, how many pounds ? £19 17s. 6d. 91. In £30 sterling, how many crowns & pence?. 120c.7200d. 92. In 20160 pence, how many half crowns, crowns and pounds sterling?

Ans. 672 half crs. 336 crs. £.84. 93. In £25, how many shillings, 5 shilling pieces and pence?

Ans. 500s. 100 crs. 6000 d. 94. In 80 pieces of 5 shillings, how many shillings and pounds?

Ans. 400s. £20. 95. In £213 15s. 6d. ster. how many crowns, half crowns

and shil. and of each an equal number? Ans. 503 of each. 96. In 36 crowns, as many half crowns, shillings, and four

pences ? how many pounds sterling ? Ans. £15 18s. 97. In 21 purses, each purse 21 guineas, a crown and a moi

dore, what sterling do they contain ? Ans. £496 138. 98. In 21424 qrs. how many pieces each of 58. of 2s. 6d. of 1s. and of id ?

Ans. 52 99. In 4 ingots of silver, each 4 lb. 6 oz. 22 grains, how ma. ny grains ?

Ans. 103768 g. 100. In 241056 grains, how many ingots, each 6 lb. 11 oz. 14 dwts ?

Ans. 101. A lady sent a tankard to her silversmith, that weighed

50 oz. 8 dwt. and ordered it to be made into spoons, each to weigh 2 oz. 16 dvt. how many each ? Ans. 18,

6 ing.

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