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have done; may we not hope that he will still further see, that the true happiness of prince and people are inseparable and reciprocal, and the only true system of govern

ment.

The most airy and pleasant parts of Lisbon are in the direction of Buenos Ayres, which is situated on an eminence rather behind the city, and remarkable for several handsome buildings in its vicinity. The aqueduct is one of those works which combine utility and elegance. By means of this majestic structure, Lisbon is supplied with water; it is of considerable length, crossing a beautiful vale; and by the side of the water is a commodious footpath, from whence are views of beautiful landscapes; and from the termination of the bridge, which is on rising ground, are prospects still more interesting and extensive. In the valley beneath is a fine view of its stately arches, the construction of which is admirable.

In the vicinity of this part of Lisbon are

several magnificent churches and chapels, and we will select for a short description, that called the Queen's church. This splendid building, which has been but recently erected, exhibits some master-pieces of sculptor, architecture, and painting. The front is elegant, supported with pillars of the Corinthian and other orders. Round the top are figures intended, I suppose, for the apostles, most of which are in striking positions. The interior is superbly decorated; the altars are adorned with images and candlesticks, several of them made principally of gold and silver. The paintings are strikingly grand. The great altar or place of worship is apparently, in several parts, overlaid with gold, of exquisite workmanship; and other places with silver, richly embellished, all which being brilliantly illuminated by a number of large wax-tapers, at a first entrance especially, dazzles the eyes and confuses the mind. From hence towards the Queen's gardens, and museums near Belem, are several handsome buildings, beautiful gardens, monasteries, convents, and landscapes, situated

on the shore of this majestic river. I shall confine my description to the Queen's gardens and museums.

These gardens are situated in a beautiful level, are delightfully laid out, and form a desirable retreat during the intense heat of summer, and the shaded walks are open to the respectable public.

In various parts of the gardens are rare and beautiful animals, and several extensive aviarys, containing a great number and variety of birds, whose beautiful plumage is more remarkable than the harmony of their notes. Fountains and cascades play their pleasing waters into ponds, stocked with numbers of the finny race, whose sparkling bodies vie with the beauties of the feathered tribe. These fountains, cascades, animals, aviarys, &c. are laid out and interwoven with the pleasant walks, so as each to heighten the effects of the other; and as the best effects are excited by those works of art which most nearly imitate nature, the contemplative mind will here find many

objects to elevate his thoughts to the God of nature-the source of all perfection.

At the termination of several walks are placed some interesting statues; among which is the Roman daughter, nourishing with her milk her almost famished parent; the story is so full of interest, that it tends to excite admiration, and afford entertainment to every reader.

* History of Rome.

CHAP. III.

Museums of Natural Curiosities and Capital Paintings-Egyptian Mummy-Sketch of the History of the Tremendous Earthquake -Unusual Serenity of the Morning-Awful Sound which announced the sudden Visitation-Consternation of the Inhabitants, Forty Thousand of whom Perished in the dreadful Convulsions-Reflections-Second

Earthquake-Vestiges-Lisbon again very Populous-Indifference and Dissipation of its Inhabitants-Old Lisbon-Royal Gardens-Numerous and Prolific Vineyards— Manners of the Villagers.

ADJOINING the gardens is the museum, containing a large and choice collection of natural curiosities; also an exhibition of valuable paintings, extensive and well arranged, all well worthy the attention of the curious. The paintings arrested my attention immediately, for the first that was presented to notice was an extraordinary

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