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Various methods have been used to encourage gen- mob of people of Fredonia and West Point, Oct. 23, eral farming by proving to landowners the adapted- according to an Associated Press dispatch. At ness of the soil to the cultivation of grains and hay Augusta, Nov. 22, a mob made an attack upon the and the facility for cattle raising. The Georgia jail to take negro held for attempted assault. The Southern and Florida Railroad has offered 6 prizes jailer resisted, and in the fight that followed a volof $25 each for the best acres of corn, wheat, oats, unteer soldier who was at home on furlough was tobacco, strawberries, and garden truck; and at Al shot and mortally wounded. The attempt at lynchbany an annual hay festival, inaugurated two years ing was then abandoned, and the negro was tried, ago by the Hon. H. M. McIntosh, has for its object Nov.5, and sentenced to twenty years in the Penitenthe increase of acreage devoted to that crop. Pre- tiary. At Monticello a negro named Merriwether, miums are given by the Albany Board of Trade for who was lynched for murder, made a confession imthe best crop on a five-acre plot, and for the second plicating three others, whereupon the mob, after and third best, for the best ton of native hay exhib- disposing of him, “rushed back to the jail to get ited, the best crop of peavine hay, and the best and the other negroes, who had been arrested on sussecond best hay floats.

picion. Ropes were put around their neeks, and The State at Omaha.–From an account by they were dragged to the place where Merriwether's ex-Gov. Northen, chairınan of the commission for bullet-riddled body was hanging. A large number making a display of the products of the State at the of citizens rushed to the scene. It was only by the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, the most vigorous efforts that this lynching was prefollowing extracts are taken:

vented. One of the negroes was about to be drawn " It is of course known that under our Constitu- up on a limb when a young white man jumped fortion the State could not appropriate money to make ward and cut the rope. The mob then gave up, and the necessary arrangements for suitable advertise- the three negroes were turned over to the sheriff.” ment of our resources at Omaha. The commission On Dec. 6 another negro, suspected of complicity in therefore made direct appeal to the people and the murder, was lynched near Monticello. realized, in cash contributions, $7,700. of this At Wood's Bridge, Dec. 24, a negro charged with amount $3,150 were contracted to be paid for a murder and arson was taken from the officers on State building, and $450 were paid for the ground the way to jail and lynched. In June the grand space for its erection. Georgia was the only South- jury was engaged in the investigation of the alleged ern State represented by a State building, and the demolition of a general merchandise store in Chickaonly State of all the States that installed its exhibit mauga by two regiments of soldiers, said to be in its own building.

Pennsylvania and Illinois troops. According to " For each of seven separate entries we received the statement, “the men reached Chickamauga and seven separate gold medals, as follows: First, State a few of the hungry soldiers stepped into Berger's exhibit; second, fruits; third, building stones; store to buy food. While he was waiting on the fourth, aluminum ore and manufactured products; men their comrades made a rush into the store and fifth, ornamental timbers; sixth, cotton 'seed and began to help themselves. Berger made an effort its products; seventh, the best small farm, by John to stop the robbery, but was helpless against hunA. Mangett, of Marietta. We were awarded two dreds of reckless soldiers. He had to stand and see silver medals, as follow: First, mica, graphite, and the men demolish his store and carry off its conasbestos; second, grains, grasses, and cotton. We tents. The soldiers did not confine their foraging were awarded seven bronze medals, as follow: to the eatables, but took the dry goods and wasted First, for gold ores; second, for clays; third, for what was not wanted. There were other disorders iron and manganese ; fourth, for timber specimens; in the neighborhood of "Chickamauga and Lytle fifth, for cheese; sixth, for Indian corn; seventh, connected with the attempted enforcement of liquor for sugar cane and sirup.”

laws. Immigration. In June 51,000 acres in the The State Boundary.-Georgia and Tennessee southeastern part of the State were bought by the have a boundary dispute which involves possession Shaker Society, of Union Village, Ohio, for the lo- of the city of Chattanooga. The present boundary cation of a colony. Other large sales of lands for line places the city in Tennessee, but several expert colonies have been reported—one of 5,000 acres geographers have recently found information which near Baxley, on which it is designed to plant a col- goes to show that the boundary line is not located ony of farmers from the northwest, and one of 12,- properly. The boundary line between the States is 000 acres near Jessup for a colony of Dunkards the thirty-fifth parallel of north latitude, and this from Ohio, Minnesota, and other States. Both was located by a survey in 1818 at a point one mile these tracts are in southeastern Georgia. A site south of Tennessee river. Georgia will claim that for a colony of Mennonites has been selected at a correct survey will place the thirty-fifth parallel Lithia Springs, De Kalb County, about 18 miles north of Lookout mountain, and that more than from Atlanta.

100,000 citizens of Tennessee will have to become Damage by Storm.-A storm swept over south- citizens of Georgia. Western Georgia about Oct. 2. There was little Peace Jubilee.-Dec. 14 and 15 were set for a damage at Savannab, but the losses in Brunswick jubilee in Atlanta over the return of peace, but were heavy, and the cotton and rice crop suffered the President sent a telegram in November requestseverely. Many persons were rescued by boats from ing the committee to change the name of the celesecond-story windows in Brunswick, and the livery bration from peace jubilee” to a demonstration stables were flooded so that it was necessary to over “our victorious arms,” giving as the reason for quarter some of the horses in the Baptist church. the change “the uncertain outcome of the Paris On the wharves there was great destruction of prop- conference and the exigencies which may arise." erty, naval stores in quantities being swept away,

The executive committee of the celebration held a The loss of life there was remarkably small, the special meeting and decided to call the demonstraonly deaths reported being four negroes, two of tion “the Atlanta jubilee.” The President adthem children; but the loss of life on the sea dressed the Legislature, Dec. 14, and a banquet was islands was believed to be large.

given on the evening of Dec. 15. The President Mob Violence.-A negro was lynched near Grif- also made speeches in other cities. At Macon an fin, Aug. 8, and one near Quitman, Aug. 21, both address of welcome was given by the commander for attempted assaults on white women. Another of the Bibb County Veterans' Association and Bibb Degro, charged with murder, was put to death by & County Camp, No. 484, in which he said :

VOL. XXXVII.—19 A

“ You, sir, have endeared yourself to the hearts duction of the common-school appropriation from of all Confederate soldiers on account of the noble $1,000,000 to $800,000. sentiments expressed by you in regard to our Con- Measures were proposed also for making taxation federate dead. I assure you that these old, maimed, more equitable and reaching property that escapes and infirm veterans who have met here to do you paying its just proportion. A set of questions was honor to-day appreciate such words of love and prepared and embodied in the general tax bill. kindness, and uttered, too, by the President of this They call for exact answers as to the quantity and great country and by one who was a member of the value of the various kinds of property, and every Union army in the sixties. I hope and pray, Mr. taxpayer is to be required to answer them under President, that God in his infinite mercy may so oath. Further, a resolution was passed providing direct the future legislation of this country that for the appointment of a board of tax commissionthe living Confederates will be remembered. This ers to consider the tax problem in its different country and the Stars and Stripes belong as much phases and to report at the next session of the Gento the Confederate veterans as to the Grand Army eral Assembly in 1899. of the Republic. The South proved its loyalty to In the House 435 bills and 149 resolutions were this grand old country when war was declared with introduced, and 157 of them were passed. The Spain, and now, henceforth, and forever she will be number passed of those originating in the Senate found ready to take up arms to defend our country was 37. and our flag. Mr. President, on behalf of these Political.-A Governor and other State officers brave and maimed Confederate soldiers of Bibb were to be elected in October. The candidates of County, Georgia, I present to you this parchment, the Democratic party were chosen at the primaries, engrossed in letters of gold, the beautiful sentiment June 6, and were nominated by the State convenexpressed by you in our capital city in regard to our tion held in Atlanta, June 29. The platform dehonored dead."

clared the war with Spain to be " just and rightAnother Confederate veteran offered the Presi- eous," and demanded that Spain be driven from the dent a badge of a Confederate Veterans' Associa- Western Hemisphere. It urged the construction of tion, which was accepted and worn by the President the Nicaragua Canal, and declared in favor of the during his stay in Macon.

free coinage of gold and silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. Legislative Session. This began Oct. 28, and On State issues it approved the uniform primaries ended in December.

called by the State Executive Committee to ascertain President McKinley made a speech before the the choice of the people for the nominations to be joint session on Dec. 14, and the following passage made by the convention, and instructed the comwas received with great enthusiasm :

mittee to make similar provision for choosing future “Every soldier's grave made during our unfortu- candidates for State offices, and to declare the offinate civil war is a tribute to American valor. And cial form of a ballot for use at the primaries, conwhile, when those graves were made, we differed taining the names of all candidates to be voted for, widely about the future of the Government, those and allowing no other to be recognized. It favored differences were long ago settled by the arbitrament the nomination of candidates for the Senate by of arms, and the time has now come in the evolu- direct vote of the people. It commended the existtion of sentiment and feeling, under the providence ing State administration and called for liberality to of God, when in the spirit of fraternity we should the public schools; and said further: share with you in the care of the graves of the Con- “We commend the last General Assembly for the federate soldiers.”

improvement inaugurated in the State Penitentiary The following resolutions were unanimously system, and we urge upon the prison commissioners adopted, Dec. 15:

to give immediate attention to the establishment of " Resolved, By the House, the Senate concurring, a reformatory for youthful criminals. that as the chosen representatives of the people of ** We refer with pride to the fact that the State Georgia we desire to express our high appreciation of Georgia has been more liberal than any other of the chaste, eloquent, and enthusiastic address State in the matter of pensions to Confederate vetdelivered in the presence of this General Assembly erans, and we believe it is the duty of the General in the hall of the House of Representatives on yes- Assembly to make adequate provisions, for the futerday by his Excellency, William McKinley, Presi- ture, for all Confederate veterans and the widows of dent of the United States.

Confederate veterans who are in dependent or needy “ Resolved, further, That President McKinley by circumstances." his ready recognition of Southern ability and South- The candidates were : For Governor, Allen D. ern worth in military appointments made at the Candler; Secretary of State, Philip Cook; Attoroutbreak and during the recent Spanish-American ney-General, Joseph M. Terrell; Comptroller GenWar won a warm place in the hearts of all of our eral, William A. Wright; Commissioner of Agripeople and endeared himself to the country at large. culture, O. B. Stevens; Commissioner of Schools,

Resolved, further. That we desire especially to G. R. Glenn; Treasurer, W. J. Speer; Prison Comcommend and applaud the generous and soldierly missioner, J. S. Turner. suggestion made by his Excellency that the North The Populists held a convention in March and should share in the care of the graves of the Con- nominated Thomas E. Watson for Governor. He federate soldiers.

declined to run and J. R. Hogan was afterward Resolved, further. That the Secretary of the made the candidate. Republicans and Populists Senate and the clerk of the House of Representa- fused in many of the districts. tives be instructed immediately after the adoption The total vote for Governor, Oct. 5, was 164,089of these resolutions to have a copy of the same en- about 20 per cent. less than that of 1896. The rolled and duly attested and that they deliver the Democrats carried the election by large majorities; same to his Excellency, the President, in person, Candler's was given as 67,923 (not official). The before he leaves the capital of the State."

Democratic vote in the Legislature is overwhelmAmong the important measures before the Legis- ing. All the eleven Congressmen elected are Demolature were several designed to reduce State ex- crats. A proposition to amend the Constitution so penditures and lower the rate of taxation. It is that the judges and solicitors of the Superior Court estimated that those which were adopted will re- shall be elected by the people was carried. The duce the rate from 6.21 mills to 5.36 mills. The city of Atlanta decided in favor of municipal ownmost important act in this direction was the re, ership of the electric-light plant.

POPULATION

STATES.

Square miles.

Dec. 1, 1890.

Dec. 9, 1895.

5,594,982

5,818,544 2.081,151 1,725,464

29,282
77,528
5,821
5,787
5,135
2,965
2,479

1,039,020 313,739

678,342
992.883
354,968
403,773
326,091

97,978
223,832
271.963
206,513

1,131

953
906
755

339,217 101.540 234,005 293,298 216,603 180,313 134,854

511

128,495

469
433

Rudol

stadt

363

333
319
131
122
158
115
99

119,811
39,163
62.754
6:22,530

132,130 41,224 67,468 681,632

83,324 196.104

Lübeck
Bremen

180,413

208,830

GERMAN EVANGELICAL CHURCH. The German Evangelical Synod of North America returns for 1898 872 ministers, 1,130 churches, and 199,234 communicants. The figures W a decrease of 6 ministers and an increase of 4,618 com- Prussia

134,603 29,957,367 31,855,123

Bavaria municants, while the number of congregations re

Würtemberg

2,036,522 main the same as in 1897. The General Conference

Baden.

1,657,867 held its triennial session at Quincy, Ill., Sept. 20 to Saxouy

3,502.684 3,787,688 29. The Rev. Paul L. Mengel, D. D., of Richmond, Mecklenburg-Schwerin..

597,436

Hesse. Va., was appointed a delegate to represent the

Oldenburg Synod at the dedication of the Evangelical Church Brunswick

1,421

434,213 in Jerusalem, to take place Oct. 31. A question of Saxe Weimar

1,388

Mecklenburg-Strelitz several years' standing respecting the legal position

Saxe-Meiningen.. of the teachers in the parochial schools was settled Anhalt. by granting them a full representation in the Gen- Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

Saxe-Altenburg. eral Conference; the revision of the constitution of

170,864

Lippe.. the Synod was proceeded with ; a board of home Waldeck

57,281 57,766 missions was instituted; the publication of a hymn Schwarzburg book and of a Sunday-school paper, both in the

85,863

88,685

Schwarzburg - Sonders English language, was authorized. Measures were hausen

75,510 78,074 taken looking to the celebration of the semi-centen- Reuss-Schleiz nial anniversary, the theological institution of the Schaumburg-Lippe

Reuss-Greiz. church, July 4, 1900, and in reference to further Hamburg provision for the educational institutions, to the

76,455 reduction of the indebtedness of the Church and

Alsace-Lorraine

5,600 1,603,506 1,610,986 to the enlargement of its publishing house. GERMANY, an empire in central Europe com- Total.....

49,428,470 52,219,901 posed of the federated German states. The King of Prussia is German Emperor, and as such has There sailed in 1896 from German ports 95,803 supreme charge of military and political affairs, emigrants of other countries than Germany. Of and power to make war or conclude peace, except the German emigrants who embarked at German, that for an offensive war he must have the consent Dutch, and Belgian ports, 17,549 were males and of the federated states and princes. There are two 14,513 females. There were 3,907 families, numlegislative bodies—the Bundesrath, representing the bering 12,770 persons. The emigration from Gerfederated states, and the Reichstag, representing many to the United States since 1871 has been the German people. The acts on which they agree 2,404,782 ; the total emigration from 1820 to 1896, become law on receiving the Emperor's assent and about 5,230,000. The emigration to Brazil since being countersigned by the Chancellor of the Em- 1871 has been 49,440. Of the emigrants of 1896, pire. The Bundesrath has 58 members, appointed not counting 1,710 who sailed from French ports, by the governments of the federated states. The 19,459 were Prussians, 3,418 Bavarians, 2,121 from Reichstag has 397 members. 1 to 124.500 of popula- Würtemberg, 1,080 from Baden, 1,303 from Saxony, tion, elected for five years by universal manhood 1,644 from Hamburg, 558 from Hesse, 645 from suffrage and by secret ballot.

Bremen, 345 from Mecklenburg-Schwerin, 340 from The German Emperor is Wilhelm II, born Jan. Oldenburg, and 268 from Alsace-Lorraine. 27, 1859, who succeeded his father, Friedrich III, Finances.- The customs, stamp, and excise King of Prussia and German Emperor, on June 15, duties, and the profits of the imperial railroads, 1888. The heir apparent is the Emperor's eldest the post office, and the telegraph service are the son, Prince Friedrich Wilhelm, born May 8, 1882. chief resources from which are defrayed the com

The Chancellor of the Empire is Prince Hohen- mon expenditures of the empire; but, as these are lohe-Schillingsfürst, appointed Oct. 29, 1894. The insufficient, the deficit is made up by matricular following were the secretaries of state in charge of contributions from the states assessed in proportion the various departments at the beginning of 1898: to their population. The total revenue for the year Ministry of Foreign Affairs, B. von Bülow ; Secre- ending March 31, 1898, was estimated in the budget tary of the Interior and Representative of the Chan- at 1,295,468,300 marks, of which 653,131,500 marks cellor, Graf Posadowsky-Wehner;

Secretary of the came from customs and excise duties, 61,873,000 Imperial Marine, Rear-Admiral Tirpitz; Ministry marks from stamps, 41,253,100 marks from posts of Justice, Dr. A. Nieberding; Imperial Treasury, and telegraphs, 1,546,300 marks from the imperial Freiherr von Thielmann ; Imperial Post Office, printing office, 25,405,600 marks from railroads, Lient.-Gen. von Podbielski; Imperial Railroads, 3,506,100 marks from the Imperial Bank, 17,378,500 Dr. Schulz; Imperial Exchequer, Herr von Wolff marks from various departments, 28,683,000 marks Imperial Invalid Fund, Dr. Rösing; President of from interest of the Invalid fund, 411,100 marks the Imperial Bank, Dr. Koch; Imperial Debt Com- from various ordinary sources, 47,459,900 marks mission, Herr von Hoffmann.

from extraordinary sources, and 414,824,700 marks Area and Population.—The area and popula- from the rederal contributions. The customs retion of the states of the empire according to the ceipts amount to 372,480,000 marks; tobacco duty, completed returns of the census of 1895, compared 11.293,000 marks; sugar duty: 81,000,000 marks; with the population at the last preceding census salt duty, 45,669,000 marks; spirit duty, 115,783,000 period, are given in the table at the head of the marks; duty on beer, 26,843,000 marks. Bavaria, next column.

Würtemberg, Baden, and Alsace-Lorraine, which The total population in 1895 was divided into have their own postal and telegraph services, col25,661,250 males and 26.618,651 females. The num- lect and expend the beer duty separately, furnishing ber of marriages in 1895 was 414,218; of births, in compensation higher matricular contributions. 1.941.644; of deaths. 1,215,854; excess of births, The stamp duties turned into the imperial treasury 725,790. The number of emigrants in 1896 was are 1,366,000 marks from playing cards, 8,183,000 33,824, of whom 29,007 went to the United States, marks from letters of exchange, 51,521,000 marks 1,001 to Brazil, 2,152 to other parts of America, from securities, bills, lottery tickets, etc., and 803,000 1,346 to Africa, 144 to Asia, and 174 to Australia. marks from certificates. The gross receipts of the posts and telegraphs amount to 314,683,150 marks, fully covering the debt of Alsace-Lorraine, Baden, and expenses to 273,720,968 marks; the gross re- Bavaria, Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Schweceipts of the imperial printing, office to 6,317,000 rin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Saxe-Coburg, marks, and expenses to 4,770,841 marks; the gross Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Weimar, and Würtemberg, railroad receipts to 70.431,000 marks, and expenses and amounting to 5,535,622 marks in Anhalt, 42,to 45,052,600 marks. There was a surplus of 12,107, 000,000 marks in Brunswick, 154,100,000 marks in 690 marks remaining over from 1897.

Hesse, 5,544,120 marks in Saxe-Altenburg, and 838,The total imperial expenditure for 1898 was esti- 403.742 marks in Saxony. mated at 1,307,576,000 marks, of which 1,168,210,500 The Army.-By the law of Aug. 3, 1893, which marks are the ordinary recurring expenditures and continues in force till the end of the fiscal year, 139,365,500 marks non-recurring and extraordinary 1899, the average peace strength of the imperial expenditures. Of the recurring expenditures 658,200 army is 479,229 men, exclusive of volunteers of marks are for the Reichstag, 159,200 marks for the officers and of surgeons, paymasters, and other nonImperial Chancellery, 10,961,600 marks for the Min- combatants. The number of young men arriving istry of Foreign Affairs, 36,712,200 marks for the at the age of twenty every year is about 400,000, of Ministry of the Interior, 486,409,000 marks for the whom 10 per cent. are unfit for service by reason of army, 58,925,300 marks for the navy, 1,981,000 marks physical or moral defects, or are lost by emigration, for the Ministry of Justice, 409,151,300 marks for or join the army as volunteers. Of those who are the imperial treasury, 357,000 marks for the rail- available, men enough are drawn by lot to fill up road oflice, 76,191,300 marks for the debt of the the ranks of the active army, in which they serve empire, 740,500 marks for the audit office, 57,459,400 two years, except in the cavalry and horse artillery, marks for the Pension fund, and 28,504,500 marks in which the term of active service is three years. for the Invalid fund. The total expenditure for The one-year volunteers, numbering about 8,000, are the army is 539,973,000 marks, and for the navy not counted in the budget strength of the regular 116,974,000 marks, including 97,936,355 marks of army, which for 1898 was as follows: 215 regiments extraordinary expenses for the army and 58,094,968 of infantry, numbering 12,048 officers and 363,113 marks for the navy. Of the other extraordinary men ; 19 battalions of rifles, 410 officers and 12,013 expenditures 8,440,000 marks were for railroads, men; 288 depots, 797 officers and 5,478 men; 2,684 8,434,520 marks for foreign affairs, 8,297,828 marks surgeons, instructors, etc., making the total infantry for posts and telegraphs, and 9,298,377 marks for 13,255 officers and 383,288 men ; 93 regiments of the Invalid fund. Of the federal contributions cavalry, 2,375 officers and 65,688 men, exclusive of for 1898 Prussia pays 243,490,000 marks, Bavaria 823 officers and men on special service; 43 regi54,237,000 marks, Saxony 28,931,000 marks, Wür- ments of field artillery, 2,671 officers and 57,997 temberg 19,047,000 marks, Baden 14,391,000 marks, men, exclusive of 810 officers and men on special Alsace-Lorraine 13,692,000 marks, Hesse 7,942,000 service; 17 regiments and 1 battalion of foot artilmarks, and the smaller states and free cities in pro- lery, 869 officers and 22,734 men, exclusive of 132 portion.

officers and men on special service; 23 battalions of The debt of the empire on March 31, 1896, pioneers, 2 balloon detachments, 3 regiments of amounted to 2,245,273,100 marks, of which 450,- railroad troops, 1 railroad battalion, and 3 railroad 000,000 marks were borrowed at the rate of 4 per companies, 738 officers and 19,086 men, exclusive of cent. per annum, 790,000,000 marks at 31 per cent., 126 on special service; 21 battalions of train, 310 and 885,355,100 marks of old debts paying 35 per officers and 7,750 men, exclusive of 69 on special cent. were refunded at 3 per cent., and new obliga- service; special formations containing 506 officers tions emitted since 1890 at 3 per cent.

and 3,570 men; and 2,364 non-regimental officers, The Invalid fund on March 31, 1896, amounted with 279 men, making the total strength on the to 447,708,993 marks. The war treasure of 120,- peace footing 23,088 officers and 562,352 men, with 000,000 marks is hoarded in gold at Spandau. 97,850 horses. The battalion in the German army

The following table gives, in marks, the budgets has a normal peace strength of 544 men, and in war and debts of the different states for 1898 or, in the is raised by calling in a part of the reserves to 1,002 case of a few, for 1897:

men. There are 494 field batteries, including 47 mounted batteries, each consisting in time of peace of 4 and in war of 6 guns. Every one of the 21

corps d'armée can be mobilized independently, as it Alsace-Lorraine

63,503.596
22,861,250

includes troops of all arms, auxiliary services, and 81.506,809 87,520,761 335,172,485 all the stores and equipments necessary for action 315,356,505 345,356,505 1,418,443,185

as a separate army. Brunswick. 16,300,500 16,300,500

The Navy.--The effective navy on Jan. 1, 1898, Hamburg..

consisted of 6 first-class, 4 second-class, and 6 third37,378,000 37.316,000 163,100,000 class battle ships, 19 armored gun vessels and oli Lippe. 1,194,318

ironclads suitable for coast defense, 2 first-class and 4,573, 127 4,573,427 Mecklenburg-Schwerin 3,952,000 3,952,000 113.531.000 6 second-class cruisers, 11 lookout ships, and 105 Mecklenburg-Strelitz..

6,000,000 first-class and 9 second-class torpedo craft. Besides Oldenburg

8,919,591
2,046,031,385 2,046,031,385 6,498,138.631

these a battle ship of the first class, 2 cruisers, a

lookout ship, and 6 destroyers were building. Reuss-Schleiz

1,010,550 The personnel of the navy at the beginning of Saxe-Altenburg

4,056,189

1898 consisted of 1,014 oflicers and engineers, 5,389 Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 5,313,7-13 5,983,558 Saxe-Meiningen

6,802,800

petty oflicers, 16,778 seamen, and 222 surgeons,

4,870,913 paymasters, and gunsmiths, making the total numSaxony.

77.604,230 716,993,900 ber of men 23,403. Schaumburg-Lippe 1,029,210 1,029,210 360,000 Schwarzburg - Rudol

Commerce and Production.—The production 2,778,050 2,778,050 3,884,000 of wheat in 1897 was 3,008,385 metric tons; of rye, Schwarzburg-Sonders

7,232,320; of barley, 2,317,334; of oats, 4.968,272;

2,964.755 Waldeck

of buckwheat, 95,205; of potatoes, 29,278,132; of Würtemberg 74,123,510 74,698,813 473,878,700 sugar beets, 12,616,432; of other beets and turnips,

STATES.

Revenue.

Expenditure.

Debt.

52,619.000
22,861,250

24.115.000

773,124

Anhalt.
Baden.
Bavaria
Bremen

18,5 16,651

26,147 631 142,359.833

%7, 108,738 75,907,203 325, 195,781

73,352,612

Hesse.

1,191,318

Lübeck

19.120.020

10,369,137

50.690.709

Prussia
Reuss-Greiz

61,050

1,332, 118 2,386.900 4,057,798

1,332,418 2,379,734

887.450 2.921,858 9,174,331

[blocks in formation]

10,526,403 ; of hops, 25,325; of wine, 5,050,808 Against the debts must be offset the productive hectolitres. The quantities of minerals produced state property for which they were mainly incurred, in 1896 were 85,639,900 tons of coal, 26,797,900 of

1,410,128

3,044,115
2,037.000

COUNTRIES.

Exports.

15.801.000

Russia

146,343,000

lignite, 14,162,300 of iron ore, 729,900 of zinc ore, The participation of the different countries in 154,700 of lead ore, 717,300 of copper ore, 755,800 of the commerce of the German customs union in Tiek salt, 1,780,400 of potassic salt, and 286,600 of 1896 is shown in the following table, giving, in other products. Of pig iron 5,464,501 tons were marks, the values of the imports from and of the produced in 1895; of zinc, 150,286 tons; of lead, exports to each country: 111,0.58 tons; of copper, 25,777; of silver, 392; of tin, 884; of sulphur and sulphuric acid, 539,989; of

Imports. gold, 3,547 kilogrammes; of nickel, bismuth, and

German free ports..

40,156,000 other products, 30,809 tons; of manufactured iron, Great Britain..

617,773.000 715,946,000 6,193,480 tons. There were 1,537,522 tons of raw Austria-Hungary

578,632,000 477,324,000 sugar and 328,463 tons of molasses produced in

634,671,000 364,142.000

Netherlands. 1896 from 11,672,816 tons of beet root. The beer

162.632,000 262.265,000 France.

233,587.000 201.553,000 brewed amounted to 37,733,000 hectolitres in the im- Switzerland.

243,953,000 perial excise district, 16,034,000 in Bavaria, 3,885,- Belgium

175,702,000 169,000,000 w in Würtemberg, 1,914,000 in Baden, and 997,000 Italy

137.484,000 85.630,000 Norway and Sweden,

93,109,000 127,144,000 in Alsace-Lorraine ; total, 60,563,000 hectolitres. Denmark

58.221.000 97, 117,000 The production of alcohol was 3,334,000 hectolitres. Spain,

33,912,000 39,428,000 Balkan countries

114,830.000 The special imports in 1896 into the imperial

72,702,000 Portugal

15,226,000 13,412,000 customs territory, which contains 52,485,807 in- British India

171.163,000 49,179,000 habitants, and includes Luxemburg and two com- Other countries in Asia.

132,324.000 99,123,000

Africa munes in Austria, but does not include the free

88,588.000 57,457.000 North America

610.142.000 424,766,000 ports reserved in Hamburg and Bremen nor cer- South America

369,417,000 182,307,000 tain petty districts in Prussia and Baden, were Australia

101,164,000 30,044,000

All other countries valued at 4,557,951,000 marks, and the special ex

2,498,000 1,574,000 ports at 3,753,822,000 marks. The imports of live Total

4,557,951,000 3,753,822,000 animals were 157,749,000 marks, and exports 23,951,000 marks; imports of animal products, 117,- The Prussian Minister of Finance on Jan. 30, 498,000 marks, and exports 26,361,000 marks; im- 1898, issued an order prohibiting on sanitary ports of articles of consumption, 1,324,266,000 marks, grounds the importation of fresh fruits from the and esports 426,752,000 marks; imports of seeds United States. The ostensible cause for this in. and plants, 53,237,000 marks, and exports 32,500,- terdict, which was suspected to be a protectionist 000 marks; imports of fuel, 116,854,000 marks, and measure for the benefit of German fruit-growers exports 165,157,000 marks; imports of fats and and a retaliation for the differential duty placed oils, 245,395,000 marks, and exports 31,656,000 on sugar from bounty-paying countries, was the marks: imports of chemicals, drugs, and dyes, discovery of the San José scale in a consignment 284,225,000 inarks, and exports 360,743,000 marks; of Californian pears. Negotiations were carried on imports of stone, clay, and glass, 64,014,000 marks with foreign governments during 1898 for new and exports 155,005,000 marks; imports of metals commercial treaties. The Anglo-German treaty, and metal manufactures, 471,500,000 marks, and which the British Government had denounced in esports 658,929,000 marks; imports of wood manu- order to secure preferential treatment for British factures, 274,173,000 marks, and exports 124,550- goods from Canada, expired on July 30, 1898. In 000 marks; imports of paper and paper manufac- accordance with a special law enacted on May 11, a tures, 21,776,000 marks, and exports 106,985,000 modus vivendi was proclaimed for one year, accordmarks; imports of leather and leather manufac- ing most favored-nation treatment to imports from tures, 211,353,000 marks, and exports 216,480,000 the United Kingdom and from British colonies and marks; imports of textile materials and manufac- possessions which do not impose heavier duties on tures, 1,040,828,000 marks, and exports 957,422,000 German than on British goods. marks; imports of rubber and rubber manufac- Navigation.—The number of vessels entered at tures, 45,639,000 marks, and exports 31,916,000 German ports during 1895 was 66,688, of 15,183,222 marks; imports of machinery and instruments, tons, of which 57,436, of 14,225,271 tons, were with 69.888,000 marks, and exports 212,656,000 marks; cargoes and 9,252, of 957,951 tons, in ballast. The imports of hardware, etc., 18,495,000 marks, and total number cleared was 67,142, of 15,285,527 tons, exports 100,854,000 marks ; imports of works of of which 49,948, of 10,227.895 tons, were with carliterature and art, 41,061,000 marks, and exports goes and 17,194, of 5,057,632 tons, in ballast. There 120.727,000 marks; various other exports, 1,178,000 were 41,287 German ships, of 7,340,252 tons, enmarks. The imports of horses were 73,594,000 tered with cargoes and 7,121, of 566,789 tons, in marks in value; of hogs, 6,873,000 marks; of ballast, and 16,149 foreign ships, of 6,885,019 tons, wbeat, 197,943,000 marks; of rye, 85,491,000 marks; entered with cargoes and 2,131, of 391,162 tons, in of barley, 108,850,000 marks; of coffee, 189,294,000 ballast. Of the total number cleared 38,803, of marks; of petroleum, 57,481,000 marks; of hides. 6,505,186 tons, were German and 11,145, of 3.722,114,775,000 marks; of raw cotton, 238,810,000 709 tons, foreign ships carrying cargoes and 10,164, marks; of wool, 237,125,000 marks; of woolen of 1,526,031 tons, German and 7.030, of 3,531,601 yarn, 114.084,000 marks; of raw silk, 83,567,000 tons, foreign ships in ballast. Of the foreign ships marks. The exports of sugar were 236,352,000 entered with cargoes 5,462, of 4,581,352 tons, were marks; of coal and coke, 157,882,000 marks; of British; 4,638, of 748,619 tons, Danish; 3,053, of hops, 19,556,000 marks; of aniline colors, 64,932,- 599,122 tons, Swedish; 1,312, of 206,593 tons. Dutch: 000 iarks; of wooden wares, 57,517,000 marks; 948, of 391,906 tons, Norwegian, and 510, of 168,152 of paper, 67,364,000 marks; of leather goods, 77,- tons, Russian. Of the number cleared with cargoes 263.000 marks; of coarse cottons, 62,869.000 marks; 3,017, of 2,017,222 tons, were British ; 4,232, of 633,of mixed silk and cotton cloth, 98,327,000 marks; 983 tons, Danish; 1,807, of 409.884 tons, Swedish ; of woolen cloth, 149,904,000 marks; of hosiery, 92,- 1,011, of 182,001 tons, Dutch; 632, of 246,940 tons, 185.000 marks; of haberdashery, 121,499,000 marks. Norwegian, and 281, of 93,528 tons, Russian. Of the total imports in 1896 the value of 2,336,369,- The merchant navy of Germany on Jan. 1, 1897, 000 marks paid duties, and the value of 2,221,582, comprised 2,552 sailing vessels, of 597,617 tons, and 000 marks was free of duty. The gold and silver 1,126 steamers, of 889,960 tons. Of the sailing vesimports in 1896 were 233,552,000 marks, and the sels 509, of 76,703 tons, belonged to Baltic and exports 227,989,000 marks.,

2,043, of 520,914 tons, to North Sea ports, and of

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