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publican Convention, and in 1873-'75 was Attorney- "The London Musical Times,” and a musical writer General of the State. While holding the last office for “ The Living Church” and other publications. he was elected to Congress as a Republican, to fill He was a skillful director and performer, and coma vacancy. In 1878 he joined the national Green- posed several popular hymns. back party, and in 1880 was elected Governor of Purvis, Robert, abolitionist, born in Charleston, Maine, through a fusion of tire Greenback and S. C., Aug. 4, 1810; died in Philadelphia, Pa., April Democratic parties, after a close and bitter fight. 15, 1898. He was a son of William Parvis, a sucFor several years after his retirement he was editor cessful cotton merchant of English birth in Charlesof - The New Age,” in Augusta, Me.

ton, by a free-born woman of Moorish descent. In Poland, John Scroggs, military officer, born in 1817 the father, who had retired from business, Princeton, Ind., Oct. 14, 1836; died in Asheville, sent the mother and their three sons to PhiladelN. C., Aug. 8, 1898. He was graduated at the phia, expecting to settle permanently in England. United States Military Academy and appointed a On his own arrival, finding there was no school of . 20 lieutenant in the 2d Infantry in May, 1861; was a high grade for colored children, he established promoted 1st lieutenant the following month; cap- one on Spruce Street, and paid the teacher's salary tain, June 27, 1862; assigned to the 6th Infantry, for a year. The elder Purvis, who was a practical July 14, 1869; major, 18th Infantry, Dec. 15, 1880; abolitionist even at that early day, died before comlieutenant colonel, 21st Infantry, March 1, 1886; pleting arrangements to return to England, and colonel, 17th Infantry, Aug. 1, 1891; and brigadier Robert was educated in various schools in Pennsylgeneral in May, 1898. He was brevetted major, vania and New England, finishing at Amberst ColDec. 13, 1862, for gallant services in the battles of lege. He made his permanent home in PhiladelAntietam, Shepardstown Ford, and Fredericksburg, phia. He first became interested in antislavery and lieutenant colonel, May 3, 1863, for the battle of work in 1830 by making the acquaintance of BenChancellorsville. Gen. Poland served with the jamin Lundy and William Lloyd Garrison, the latArmy of the Potomac till after the battle of Gettys- ter having just been released from a Baltimore burg, and was then assigned to the defenses of prison. In 1833 he was one of sixty persons who Washington. In 1865–269 he was Assistant Professor organized the American Antislavery Society in of Geography, History, Ethics, and Drawing at the Philadelphia, of which he was vice-president for United States Military Academy, and during the many years, and of which also he was the last surnest ten years was principally employed on frontier vivor. He was also for a long time president of the duty. He was chief of the department of law at Pennsylvania Antislavery Society, and was an orthe United States Infantry and Cavalry School, in ganizer of the famous underground railroad." Leavenworth, Kan., in 1881-'86. At the beginning His house was one of the best-known stations on of the war with Spain he was commissioned a brig- this “road,” and his horses, carriages, and personal adier general, and at the time of his death was in attendance were always at the service of fugitive command of the ad division, 1st Army Corps, at slaves. During the period 1833–'61 his life was Chickamauga Park, Ga. He contracted typhoid frequently in peril, and on one occasion he and the fever in the camp, and went to Asheville a few days gentle Whittier were mobbed together in Pennsylbefore his death with the hope of recovery. Gen. vania Hall. After the proclamation of emancipaPoland was author of “ Digest of the Military Laws tion he became first vice-president of the Woman's of the United States from 1861 to 1868” (Boston, Suffrage Society, and in recent years he was active 1868) and “The Conventions of Geneva of 1864 in the local movement for better municipal govand 1868 and St. Petersburg International Com- ernment. mission” (Leavenworth, 1886).

Putnam, Mrs. Mary Traill Spence (Lowell), Pool, Maria Louise, author, born in East Ab- author, born in Boston, Dec. 3, 1810; died there in ington (now Rockland). Mass., in August, 1841 ; June, 1898. She was the daughter of the Rev. died there, May 19, 1898. She was educated in the Charles Lowell and the elder sister of Hon. James public schools of her native town and prepared her- Russell Lowell, and married Samuel R. Putnam, a self for teaching, but after a year of that employ- Boston merchant, in 1832. She contributed occasionment she was obliged to give it up on account of ally to periodicals, and translated from the Swedish her health. She spent several seasons in the South Fredrika Bremer's “ The Handmaid" (1844). She and among the Carolina mountains, where she was also the author of “Records of an Obscure Man" found her inspiration for literary work. Her first (1861);“ The Tragedy of Errors ” (1862); “ The Trawritings comprised the “ Ransome" letters in the gedy of Success" (1862), the two last-named works " New York Tribune." Subsequently she made a being the two parts of a dramatic poem; “ Memoir specialty of depicting the life and character of New of William Lowell Putnam "(1863); “ Fifteen Days” England, where almost all her life was passed. Her (1866); and "Memoir best-known works are “Dolly” and “ Against Hu- of Charles Lowell” man Nature,” both relating to life in the Carolina (1885). mountains, “A Vacation in a Buggy.” Roweny in Quintard, Charles Boston," “Mrs. Keats Bradford," "The Two Sa- Todd, clergyman, lomes,” “ Katharine North,” “ Out of Step," " In born in Stamford, the First Person," “ In a Dyke Shanty,' Mrs. Conn., Dec. 22, 1824: Gerald," and “ Friendship and Folly” (1898). died in Meridian, Ga.. Potts, Stacy Gardner, organist, born in Tren- Feb. 15, 1898.

Пе ton, N. J., in 1858; died in Brooklyn, N. Y., April was a medical gradu11, 1898. He was graduated at the Columbia law ate of the University school in 1879. After admission to the bar he of the City of New practiced with his father till the latter's death, and York in 1847, and for then abandoned his profession for literature and a time practiced his music. From 1881 till his death he was continu- profession in Athens, ously employed as organist and choir master in Ga. He was subsechurches in New York and New Jersey, his last en- quently professor for gagement being with the Church of the Epiphany, several years in a medical college at Memphis, Tenn. in Brooklyn. For several years before his death he He took deacon's orders in the Episcopal Church in was one of the editors and the musical critic of 1855, and was admitted to the priesthood the next “ The Churchman,” the American correspondent of year. During 1857 he was rector of Calvary Church,

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Memphis, and from 1858 to 1862 of the Church of construction Government. From 1871 till 1876 the Advent at Nashville. From 1862 to 1865 he he was a judge of the State court in the same disserved as chaplain of the 18th Tennessee Regiment trict, and from 1876 till 1892 engaged in private

the Confederate army, and on Oct. 11 of the lat- practice in Austin. March, 1892, he was apter year was consecrated Bishop of Tennessee, the pointed judge of the United States Court for the cereinony being held in St. Luke's Church, Phila- Northern District of Texas, which office he held till delphia. In 1866 he began the restoration of the his death. University of the South at Sewanee, Tenn., which Reeder, Howard J., jurist, born in Easton, Pa., had been ruined by the civil war, and he was able in December, 1843; died there. Dec. 28, 1898. He by his untiring efforts to put it in a more flourish- was a son of Andrew H. Reeder, one of the Goving condition than ever before. He was an “ad- ernors of Kansas during the antislavery struggle vanced "Churchman, but was not unduly aggressive, there, and was educated at Princeton College. and under his care the Episcopal Church in Ten- While in the senior year he was appointed a lieunessee has grown and prospered.

tenant in the 1st Regular Infantry, and he served Rains, George Washington, military officer, at Island No. 10, where he was wounded and obliged born in Craven County, N.C., in 1817; died in New- to give up the service. He recovered and became burg, V. Y., March 21, 1898. He was a brother of a captain in the 153d Pennsylvania Volunteers, Gen. Gabriel J. Rains of the Confederate army, and taking part in the battles of Chancellorsville and was graduated at the United States Military Acad. Gettysburg. After the war he studied law at Haremy in 1842. He entered the army as a second lieu- vard, and was admitted to the bar in 1867, taking tenant of engineers, but in the following year was up his practice in Easton. In 1881 he was appointtransferred to the 4th United States Artillery. In ed judge, and in 1884 was chosen judge of the 1844–46 he was on duty at the Military Academy Northampton Common Pleas. He was commisas Assistant Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, sioned, under appointment by the Governor, judge and Geology. During the Mexican War he served of the Superior Court, June 28, 1895, and elected in on the staffs of Gens. Scott and Pillar, and won the the autumn for the term beginning Dec. 19, 1895. brevets of captain and major for gallantry at Con- Remenyi, Édouard, violinist, born in Heres, treras, Churubusco, and Chapultepec. In 1849-'50 Hungary, in 1830; died in San Francisco, Cal., he took part in the Seminole Indian War in Florida, May 15, 1898. He was a pupil of Bohn at the Viand in 1856 he resigned his commission and engaged enna Conservatory, began giving violin recitals in in the inanufacture of iron at Newburg, N. Y. 1849, and traveled to all the principal cities in EuWhen the civil war broke out he offered his serv- rope and America. He was so successful in Engices to the Confederacy, and was commissioned a land that he was appointed solo violin to the Queen. colonel in the Confederate army and assigned to In 1860 he was appointed court violin master to the building and equipment of a powder mill at the Emperor of Austria. For several years before Augusta, Ga. He was in charge of these works his death he was a resident of New York city. He through the war, and was promoted to brigadier died on the stage of the Orpheum Theater, in San general for his services there. Two years after the Francisco, when about to begin a response to a rewar he became Professor of Chemistry and Phar- call after an enthusiastic reception given to the macy in the medical department of the University first number which he had played on his first apof Georgia, and for many years was also dean of pearance in a vaudeville performance. the faculty. Gen. Rains was interested in the con- Renier, Monsignor, Antonio, Count, bishop, struction of portable steam engines, and had ob- born in Chioggia, Italy, Aug. 29, 1825; died in New tained several patents for improvements thereon. York city, Dec. 11, 1898. Ile was educated at the Besides numerous essays, he published“ Steam Port- University of Padua, where he received the degree able Engines" (Newburg; 1860); “Rudimentary of doctor of theology and philosophy. For a time Course of Analytical and Applied Chemistry" (Au- he taught law and edited a newspaper in Florence. gusta, 1872); “ Chemical Qualitative Analysis ” He was made secretary to Pope Pius IX, serving in (New York, 1879); and “ History of the Confederate that capacity nearly fifteen years, and received the Powder Works" (Augusta, 1882). In accordance title of bishop, but never was appointed to a see. with his wish, the Confederate flag which he took After the death of Pope Pius IX he met with refrom the Augusta arsenal when he was about to verses, and in 1890 he came to the United States, evacuate that post, and which was the last garrison very poor. He officiated nearly a year in a small flag of the Confederacy, was buried with him. church in the southern part of Texas with little

Rasmussen, Peder A., clergyman, born in Sta- success, and then came to New York, where he set. vanger, Norway, Jan. 9, 1829; died in Lanesboro, tled in the Italian quarter, and was beloved because Minn., Aug. 15, 1898. He emigrated to America in of his modest labors and charities. 1850, and in 1851 settled in Lisbon, Ill. He taught Richards, Dexter, benefactor, born in Newport, school for a few years, and in 1853 the Norwegians N. H., in 1810; died there, Aug. 7, 1898. He rewho had settled in and around Lisbon called him as ceived a common-school education, and engaged in their pastor. He studied theology in the seminary business with his father till 1853, when he acquired at Fort Wayne, Ind., and in 1854 was ordained an interest in a flannel mill. He accumulated a as a minister of the Lutheran Church. He was large fortune in manufacturing and in financial pastor at Lisbon forty-four years, was one of the and railroad enterprises. After holding nearly all founders of the Norwegian Theological Seminary the offices in the gift of the town, he served three at Northfield, Minn., and one of the leaders in the terms in the lower house of the Legislature and two L'nited Norwegian Church in America.

in the upper. He was a man of large benevolence, Rector, John Benjamin, jurist, born in Jack- and among his gifts to the town were a handsome son County, Ala., Nov. 24, 1837; died in Austin, public library and a high-school building. Texas, April 9, 1898. He accompanied his parents Richards, Matthias Henry, educator and to Texas in 1847, was graduated at Yale in 1859, author, born in Germantown, Pa., June 17, 1841 ; studied law, and settled in Austin. In the civil war died in Allentown Pa., Dec. 12. 1898. His father he enlisted in Terry's Texas Rangers, with which was a distinguished theologian of the Lutheran he served till the close of the war. Resuming law Church. The son was graduated at Pennsylvania practice at Bastrop, he was elected district attorney College, Gettysburg, Pa., in 1860, and became a of the 20 Judicial District of Texas in 1866, but teacher and a student of theology. On the invalost the office in the following year under the re- sion of Pennsylvania by Lee's army, 1863, he enlisted for the existing emergency” in the 26th sioned a colonel in the 3d Artillery of PennsylPennsylvania Militia, and shared all its campaign vania, March 19, 1863; was brevetted brigadier experiences until mustered out. He was ordained general of volunteers, April 9, 1865; and mustered in 1864, and supplied various pulpits. In 1865 he out of the service Nov 13, 1865. He served at became pastor of a congregation at South Easton, Fort Hamilton, N. Y., in 1835–36; took part in Pa., and in January, 1866, he took charge of a con- the operations against the Creek Indians; and gregation at Greenwich, N. J., where he remained served in the Florida war of 1836–'37 as captain of until November, 1867. In 1868 he was elected a regiment of mounted volunteers. In 1838–'39 he Professor of English and Latin in Muhlenberg Col- was Assistant Professor of Natural and Experimentlege, and removed to Allentown. He held this al Philosophy at the Military Academy. He was chair until the spring of 1874, when he became again sent to Florida, and took part in the Indian pastor of a Lutheran congregation in Indianapolis, war of 1849. In 1853 he commanded Fort Mifflin, Ind., where he remained until January, 1877, when in 1857 was transferred to Fort Leavenworth, Kan.. he was recalled to his former chair in Muhlenberg and later assumed charge of Fort Monroe.

Не College. As professor, while nominally of the served through the civil war, was in command of English language and literature, he taught, at one Fort Monroe in 1861, in October of that year was time or another, everything in the college course made chief of artillery in the 7th Army ('orps, except the natural sciences. His place in college and in 1863 was in charge of the 4th Artillery he retained until his death. Besides his college Corps. After the war he held the office of assistwork he was connected with the schools of Allen- ant inspector general of the department in Washtown from 1879 as director, member of the Board ington and superintendent of the Artillery School, of Control, and secretary of the board. He was at Fort Monroe. At the time of his retirement, in editor of the “ Church Lesson Leaves” and “ The 1877, he was on duty at the Presidio, in San FranHelper,” 1880-'96; editorial writer for “The cisco. He published “ A Handbook of Artillery Lutheran," 1884-98; editor of the “ Church Mes- (1860). senger ” for several years; a regular contributor to Robertson, William H., lawyer and politician, the "Gettysburg Quarterly” and the “ Lutheran born in Bedford, N. Y., Oct. '10, 1823; died in Church Review”; and from 1896 was associate Katonah, N. Y., Dec. 6, 1898. After preliminary editor of “The Lutheran ” and a contributor to the studies in Union Academy, Bedford, he was adGeneral Council's new series of Sunday-school mitted to the bar in 1847. He practiced in New publications. He was in demand as a lecturer, York city a few years, beginning with 1861; but preacher, and teacher, especially at the Pennsyl- bis life practice was in the adjoining county of vania Chautauqua. In June, 1889, he received the Westchester, of which he served as county judge degree of D. D. from Pennsylvania College. twelve years. Beginning life as a Whig, he after

Richmond, George Borden, inventor, born in ward became a Republican, and was a delegate to Chardon, Ohio, in 1849 ; died in Lansing, Mich., numerous conventions of that party. Between 1848 Aug. 3, 1898. He was left an orphan in early life, and 1891 he was three times a member of the State and went to live with relatives in Watertown, Mich., Assembly and eight times a member of the State where he worked on a farm till eighteen years old. Senate, of which he was uniformly the chairman of Then he studied dentistry, and settled in North the Judiciary Committee and often the president Lansing to practice. He was an earnest student, pro tem. He was chairman of the Military Coman accomplished chemist, and a genius in mechan- mittee of his senatorial district in 1862. În 1876 ics. His undisputed inventions included an electric he was sent to Florida by President Grant to witmotor. He claimed the invention of the telephone, ness the count of the electoral vote. He was a Repand old residents of Lansing testified to his experi- resentative in the 40th Congress. Williams Colments and to the successful working of his device. lege conferred upon him the degree of LL. D. in On applying for a patent he was informed that one 1876. Three incidents in his later life made him a had just been granted to Alexander Graham Bell. most important factor in the politics of the United He accumulated much evidence to substantiate his States. The first was in May, 1880, when, two claims, but allowed them to go by default.

months before the Republican National Convention, Roberts, Charles W., military officer, born in to which he was a delegate, he announced himself Oldtown, Me., in 1829; died in Bangor, Me., March for Blaine as against Grant, thus breaking over the 23, 1898. At the outbreak of the civil war he time-honored custom of the “unit rule" that reentered the national army as lieutenant colonel of quired the votes of all the delegates from a State to the 2d Maine Volunteers, and was promoted to the be cast for one candidate. Ble thus became the command of the regiment. Subsequently he was leader in the movement that resulted in nominatbrevetted brigadier general for meritorious conducting Garfield. The second was in March, 1881, when on the field. After the battle of Antietam, in President Garfield had nominated him for collector September, 1862, he was forced by illness to take a of customs of the port of New York. The State furlough, but he retained command of his regiment Senate, of which he was a member at the time, aptill January, 1863, when his condition led him to proved his nomination, but it was not approved by resign. He was for a short time collector of the Roscoe Conkling and Thomas C. Platt, who were port of Bangor by appointment of President John- the United States Senators from New York, and son, but failed of confirmation by the Senate, and who claimed the privilege of nominating appointees be held the office under confirmation from 1887 till to Federal offices in that State. They thereupon 1891. In 1870 and 1875 he was the unsuccessful resigned and appealed to the Legislature for a reDemocratic candidate for Governor of Maine. election. During the long struggle that followed

Roberts, Joseph, soldier, born near Middletown, President Garfield was assassinated. The LegislaDel., Dec. 30, 1814 ; died in Philadelphia, Oct. 19, ture refused to return the two Senators, and elected 1898. He was graduated at the United States others in their places. Judge Robertson, in the Military Academy and entered the army as brevet meantime, had been confirmed by the United States 20 lieutenant in the 4th Artillery, July 1, 1835; Senate, and he held his office four years, ending in promoted 20 lieutenant, June 10, 1836 ; 1st lieuten- 1885. Upon his retirement his conduct of the ofant, July 7, 1838; captain, Aug. 20, 1848; major, fice was commended even by men of other politSept. 3, 1861; lieutenant colonel, Aug. 11, 1863 ; ical parties. The third and most far-reaching incicolonel, Jan. 10, 1877; and was retired July 2, dent arose out of a trivial proxy in the Republican 1877. In the volunteer service he was commis- State Convention of 1882. The delegates were

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evenly balanced between the two candidates for In 1866–67 he spent some time in the Sheffield Governor, Alonzo B. Cornell (for re-election) and Scientific School of Yule University, specially deCharles J. Folger, who was then Secretary of the voting his attention to those subjects that would Treasury under President Arthur. The Blaine men fit him for the new appointment. Four years later were for Cornell, the Arthur men for Folger, both he resigned his chair at Alfred and became assistesides looking to the presidential nomination in ant in the observatory of Harvard University, re1884. Robertson, who was a delegate to the con- ceiving in 1875 further recognition by his promovention, was for Cornell and Blaine. He was unable tion to the assistant professorship in astronomy, to attend, and an alleged proxy from him was voted In 1886 he was called to the chair of Physics and upon and turned the scale in favor of Folger. Af- Astronomy in Colby University, Waterville, Me., ter the convention had adjourned it was discovered where he continued until his death, although he that the proxy was a forgery. This so incensed the had accepted the appointment of Professor of Cornell-Blaine voters that they stayed away from Physics at Alfred, to take effect from April 1. The the polls in large numbers, and the election for physical laboratory of which he was to take charge that reason went to Grover Cleveland by the un- was planned by him, and when the corner stone precedented majority of 193,000. When Mr. Blaine was laid, June 23, 1897, he delivered the dedicatory was a candidate for the presidency in 1884 he was address. At Harvard University his special work opposed by enough of the Folger-Arthur men of consisted in observing and mapping all the stars, 1882 to compass his defeat.

down to the ninth magnitude, in a narrow belt, a Robinson, Frank Torrey, art critic, born in little north of our zenith. The observations on this Salem, Mass., July 16, 1845; died in Roxbury, Mass., work extended over a period of eleven years and June 3, 1898. He was educated in Harvard and required fifteen years for their reduction. His reWarren schools, Charlestown. In his sixteenth sults were published in the “ Annals of Harvard year he enlisted in the 5th Massachusetts Volun- Observatory, as follow : “Observations made with teers and he served in the North Carolina and Vir- Meridian Circle, 1871-1872"; “ Observations of ginia campaigns. On his return from the war he Fundamental Stars made with Meridian Circle, 1870followed various occupations, finally taking up 1886”; “ Catalogue of 8,627 stars between 49° 50' news correspondence. He was local reporter for and 50° 10' of North Declination, 1875"; " Discusthe Boston “ Journal,” Boston “ Advertiser,” and sion of Proper Motions of Zone Stars, 1879-1883”; "Bunker Hill Times"; in 1875 began art criticisms; “Journal of Zone Observations during the Years and from_1879 till 1883 was editor of the Boston 1870-1875”; “ Journal of Zone Observations during “Sunday Times.” For three years he was art di- the Years 1875–1883." One of the earliest difficul. rector of the New England Manufacturers' Insti- ties that he met with in his researches was the findtute. Subsequently he became art critic for the ing of micrometer spider webs that were suitable Boston “ Traveler," and later of the Boston “ Post.” for his work. After numerous experiments he sucHe was editor of a periodical, “ American Art," ceeded in etching glass with the moist fumes of published in Boston between 1886 and 1888; con- hydrofluoric acid so satisfactorily that he retributed many articles to the “ Art Interchange,” ceived from the United States Government the of New York, under the pseudonym Torrey; and order for the plates that were used by the expedifor years acted as literary curator of the Metropoli- tions sent out by this country to observe the transits tan Museum of Art, New York, where he edited cata- of Venus. His study of this subject, extending logues and handbooks. He wrote “ The History of over a quarter of a century, made him an authority the 5th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers." He in all that pertains to micrometrical work. The also published “Quaint New England”; Living articles on * Measuring Machines ” and “Ruling New England Artists” (1808); " Christmas Morn- Machines” in “ Johnson's Universal Cyclopædia ing" (1890); and “ Winds of the Seasons" (1890). were written by him. He made a specialty of con

Roche, John Alexander, clergyman, born in struction of comparators for the determination of Stillpond, Md., Aug. 30, 1813; died in New York differences in length, thus establishing useful workcity, Feb. 15, 1898. He was ordained in the Metho- ing standards of measurement for practical medist Episcopal Church in 1834, joining the Phila- chanical work, which resulted in the Rogers-Bond delphia Conference. Immediately after ordination Universal Comparator, built by the Pratt & Whithe took the regular course in the Philadelphia Col- ney Company, of Hartford, Conn., who were thus lege of Medicine, and afterward practiced for many enabled to establish their system of standard gauges, years, but only to help the poor. His active minis- In 1880 he visited Europe and obtained authorized try covered a period of more than sixty years, and copies of the English and French standards of extended over charges in Pennsylvania, Maryland, length, which were used by him as the basis of Virginia, Delaware, and New York. He was widely comparison for bars which he constructed and ruled, known in his denomination as a preacher, debater, and these are now the chief standards in the most and author, and, besides much work in biography important laboratories in the United States. His and on themes connected with the doctrine, disci- micrometer rulings, both on metal and on glass, are pline, or usages of his denomination, he published known to microscopists for their accuracy and for Life of the Rev. John Price Durbin, D. D.” (New the character and beauty of the lines. Subsequent York, 1889) and “Life of Mrs. Sarah A. Lankford to his acceptance of a chair in Colby he began the Palmer" (1898).

study of certain mercurial thermometers, and by Rogers, William Augustus, physicist, born in comparison with these he secured a standard for Waterford, Conn., Nov. 13, 1832; died in Water- the measurement of very low temperatures. In ville, Me., March 1, 1898. He was graduated at connection with Prof. Edward W. Morley, he apBrown University with the degree of A. M. in 1857. plied optical methods to the determination of miA call to the mathematical department of Alfred nute changes of length, and later determined the University was promptly accepted, and in 1859 he coefficient of linear expansion of Jessop steel with was made full professor of that subject. In 1864 a degree of precision never before attained. The he enlisted in the United States navy, in which he degree of A. M. was conferred on him by Yale in remained until the autumn of 1865, when he re- 1880, that of Ph. D. by Alfred in 1886, and that of sumed his duties at Alfred and engaged in the LL. D. by Brown in 1892. In 1873 he was elected building and equipping of the university observa- a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and tory. În 1866 he was appointed first professor in Sciences, and in 1880 he was elected a fellow of the charge of the department of industrial mechanics. Royal Microscopical Society of London, becoming

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an honorary fellow a year later, and he was president cated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart, Manhatof the American Microscopical Society in 1887. tanville, N. Y., and at the Chegory Institute, PhilaHe was a vice-president of the American Associa- delphia. In 1868 she married Señor Romero, whom tion for the Advancement of Science in 1882–83, she accompanied to Mexico, where she became propresiding over the section on mathematics and as- ficient in the Spanish and French languages. She tronomy, and delivered a retiring address in 1883 returned with her husband to Washington in 1882. " On the German Survey of the Northern Heav- Rooker, Myron Holley, journalist, born in ens,” and in 1894 he presided over the section on Lyons, N. Y., April 17, 1824; died in Albany, N. Y., physics, delivering an address on “ Obscure Heat as July 19, 1898. He removed to Albany at an early an Agent in the Expansion of Metals.” He in- age, and learned the trade of a printer. For two vented and manufactured various forms of appara- years he was editor of the Evening Transcript.” tus, and was the author of nearly 70 published În 1839 he became night editor of the New York papers that related principally to his specialties. Tribune," which place he held until the last year

Romero, Don_Matias, diplomatist, born in of the civil war. In 1864 he was made manager of Oaxaca, Mexico, Feb. 24, 1837; died in Washing- the New York State Associated Press. Resigning ton, D. C., Dec. 30, 1898. He was educated at the this office in 1869, he was manager of the New York Institute of Arts and Sciences in his native city. City Associated Press in Albany till 1881. In 1866 In 1853 he went to Mexico city, and entered the he went to San Francisco in the vain endeavor to

Foreign Office. While combine all the newspapers into one association for
employed there he stud- collecting and distributing news. In 1870 he be-
ied law, and was admit- came part proprietor and associate editor of the
ted to the bar in 1857. Albany “Sunday Press," and his relations contin-
When President Juarez ued after the absorption of the “Knickerbocker"
was forced to leave Mex- and throughout his life. He was a brother of
ico, in 1857, Señor Ro- Thomas N. Rooker.
mero accompanied him to Rooker, Thomas Newberry, journalist, born
Vera Cruz, where he con- in Hudson, N. Y., Dec, 1, 1815; died in New York
tinued in the service of city, June 6, 1898. He moved, with his father, to
the Department of For- Lyons, N. Y., at an early age, and for a short time
eign Relations. In De- he was a driver on the Erie Canal. He learned the
cember, 1859, he was sent trade of a printer in Albany and Troy. In 1841 he
to Washington as secre- set type on the first number of the “New York
tary of the Mexican lega- Tribune," and three years later he became fore-
tion, and in August, man, a place that he retained till 1877. He was

1860, was made chargé secretary of the Tribune Association for many d'affaires, remaining such till 1863. In that year years, beginning with 1868. In 1897 he retired he returned to Mexico and took part in the war from 'active work, but so great was the appreciation against the French as colonel and chief of staff to of his services that the association voted to bim Gen. Diaz. Soon after this he was sent to Wash- half pay for the remainder of his life. ington as envoy extraordinary and minister pleni- Roosevelt, Blanche (Marquise D'ALLIGRI), author potentiary, remeining at this post from October, and opera singer, born in Sandusky, Ohio, in 1856; 1863, till January, 1868. From 1868 till 1872 he died in London, England, Sept. 10, 1898. She was a was Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of daughter of W.A.Tucker, first United States Senator President Juarez, retiring on account of failing from Wisconsin, was educated in music in Italy, and health to devote himself to agriculture in Soco- made her debut at Covent Garden, London, in the nusco. In 1876 he became a Senator, from 1877 rôle of Violetta in “Traviata,” under the name of till 1878 he again served as Secretary of the Treas- Blanche Roosevelt, in 1876. In 1877 she was enury under President Diaz, and in 1880 he was ap- gaged for concerts in Milan, where she met and pointed Postmaster-General. In March, 1882, he married Signor Macchetta, who subsequently bewas again sent as minister to the United States, came Marquis d’Alligri. In 1877, after a short and remained in that capacity till his death, with engagement in Holland and Belgium, she retired an interruption of ten months in 1892, when, for from the stage and devoted herself to literary the third time, he was called to serve as Secretary work. On Sept. 23, 1879, she reappeared as Joof the Treasury. Señor Romero was a member of sephine, in "Pinafore," at the Opéra Comique, the International American Conference, and one of London, and subsequently she came to the United its two vice-presidents; in the conference he voted States, where she sang the same rôle, as well as for the establishment of the Bureau of American that of Mabel, in “ The Pirates of Penzance.” She Republics, and he was a member of the Executive wrote a libretto from Longfellow's “ Masque of Committee of the bureau when it was organized. Pandora,” and produced it, with music by Alfred He published more than fifty volumes, chiefly offi- Cellier, in Boston, in 1882. She then permanently cial reports. Some of his more important works relinquished the stage and became correspondent are - Circulars and Other Publications made by in London for several European and American the Mexican Legation at Washington during the journals. Her books are Home Life of Henry French Intervention” (2 vols., Mexico, 1868); Wadsworth Longfellow (New York, 1882); “Coffee Culture on the Southern Coast of Chiapas “ Marked In Haste" (New York, 1883); “Stage (1875); “ Correspondence of the Mexican Legation Struck; or, She would be an Opera Singer" (New at Washington during the French Intervention " York, 1884); “Life and Reminiscences of Gustave (9 vols., 1870-'85); “ Historical Sketch of the An- Doré" (New York, 1885): "The Copper Queen,” a nexation of Chiapas and Soconusco to Mexico novel (London, 1886); and “ Verdi, Milan, and (1877); “ The State of Oaxaca” (Barcelona, 1886); Othello” (London, 1887). “ Coffee and India-Rubber Culture in Mexico" Rosecrans, William Starke, soldier, born in (1898); “Geographical and Statistical Notes on Kingston, Ohio, Sept. 6, 1819; died near Redondo, Mexico" (1898); and “Mexico and the United Cal., March 11, 1898. He was graduated at the States" (1898).-His wife, Lucretia Allen, was United States Military Academy, and commissioned born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1851, and died in brevet 2d lieutenant in the Engineer Corps, July 1, Atlantic City, N. J., July 29, 1898. She was the 1842; promoted 2d lieutenant, April 3, 1843 ; redaughter of W. E. Allen, of Virginia, and was edu- signed, April 1, 1854; appointed brigadier general,



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