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ITEMS.

1869.

1898.

121

196,000

488,000 532,000 300.000

None.

free from debt.

fostering of secondary schools and a laying of foun- city mission work. Ninety-five churches had been dations for theological training. Fourth, the time aided from the Church Edifice fund. From the is ripe for the Union to take decisive steps for the educational department the total enrollment of introduction of industrial pursuits among native pupils in all the schools was reported as being 5,396. Christians. A resolution was passed by the meet- More than $259,000 had been spent during the ing affirming that the settled aim and purpose of year 1896–97 on the colored schools. the Missionary Union “are nothing less and noth- Thirteen high schools and 13 secondary schools ing else than the planting of Christianity as an for colored people returned a total enrollment of abiding possession of the land in which its work is 5,036 pupils (2,210 young men and 2,826 young done, and that it regards as necessary to this end women), with averages of 1,414 boarders and 1,685 the forming of a strong and self-supporting Chris- day pupils, or a general average of 3,099. Of these tian people, trained in all that pertains to intelli- numbers, 373 were studying for the ministry, 1,724 gent thought and worthy living.” A comparison were preparing to teach, 29 were in the teachers' was given in the report of the Executive Committee professional course, 25 in the missionary training of the condition of the Union and its work in 1869 course, 39 in the nurse's training course, and 1,787 and 1898, summarized as follows:

had received systematic training in some line of industrial work. Three hundred and sixty pupils were enrolled in the schools for Indians, 2 of whom were

studying for the ministry and 25 were preparing to Missionaries

497 teach. Two hundred and forty-seven teachers-120 Appropriations

$180,000 $550,000 Receipts

white and 127 colored, 103 men and 144 womenPermanent funds.

58,000

were employed in the colored schools receiving help Annuity accounts.

from the society; in the 10 schools wholly or parDeficiency

30,000 68,000 Property owned by the Union abroad

tially managed by the society 112 white and 42 None. 700,000 colored, and in those under the entire control and

management of colored trustees 85 colored and 8 The twenty-seventh annual meeting of the Bap- white teachers. The society had received in the tist Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the shape of tuition fees, in payment for board, etc., West was held at Waterloo, Iowa, April 20 and 21. $118,032 from the colored people, and had contribThe treasurer's report showed that the receipts for uted to the support of their schools, for buildings, the year had been $58,607, and the expenditure etc., $84,767, and the total amount of $255,452 $57,299, leaving a balance in the treasury, including had been expended on them during the school designated funds, of $1,308.

year. The 16 schools under the entire control and The European missions in Sweden, Germany, management of negro boards of trustees included 3 Russia, Finland, Denmark, Norway, France, and holding college charters and 13 secondary or acaSpain) returned 1,518 preachers, 950 churches, 102,- demic schools. The aggregate salaries of all the 963 church members, 6,668 baptisms during the teachers in these schools were $44,827, of which year, 79,321 pupils in Sunday schools, and contri- the society paid $9,700, and the expenditure for butions amounting to $118,900 : the missions to board, school supplies, and all other current exheathen in Burmah, Assam, Teluguland, China, penses was $39,570, making a total expenditure for Japan, and Africa), 93 stations, 463 missionaries, 1896–97 of $84,397. Chinese mission schools were 3,484 native helpers, 870 churches, 98,904 church sustained at various points in the Pacific States and members, 6,529 baptisms, 34,041 pupils in Sunday Montana, and in New York city; and other schools schools, $71,849 of contributions; and a total of in Utah, Mexico, and New Mexico. 31.226 pupils in theological, boarding, and other Publication Society.-The seventy-fourth anschools.

nual meeting of the American Baptist Publication Home Mission Society.—The sixty-sixth an- Society was held May 21 and 23. The report mennual meeting of the American Baptist Home Mis- tioned as the great event in the year's history of sion Society was held May 19 and 20. The receipts the society the completion of its new building in for the year had been $458,470, of which $335,222 Philadelphia, costing $530,000, without cost to the had come from the contributions of churches, missionary department of its work except that schools, etc. The expenditure had been $402,315, money had been borrowed from it. In the business exceeding the income available for current work by department the aggregate of sales had been $670,about $14,000. The permanent trust funds had 093, an increase of $48,806 over the previous year. been increased by about $17,000, and $60,000 had In the missionary department the receipts from inbeen added to the annuity funds, which now vested funds, contributions, Children's Day, etc., amounted to $400,000. The growth of the work of had been $115,433. The deficit in this department, the society had been rapid and substantial, espe- $11,374 at the beginning of the year, had been recially in the far West. Missionary work among duced to $8,464. In addition to the ordinary misforeign populations was most prosperous and en- sionary contributions $41,850 had been received couraging, especially among Italians, and there had from bequests in the form of conditional gifts. The been progress in spite of difficulties in Mexico and receipts in the Bible department had been $12,419 ; among the negroes. One thousand and thirty mis- and the entire amount, including Bible funds, comsionaries had been employed, of whom 113 had ing into the missionary treasury through ordinary labored in the Central and New England States, 197 channels had been $127,852. Very great enlargein the South, 688 in the West, 14 in Canada, and 18 ments had been made in the Bible work during the in Mexico. Sixty-three of these had labored among year. The society was no longer dependent upon any the foreign populations. The missionaries had other society for Scriptures in the ordinary version, baptized 5,022 persons and received 3,938 others. but had a list of its own, comprising text editions, and returned a total membership of 40,593, 150 teachers', family, pulpit, illustrated, and other churches organized, 985 Sunday schools under the Bibles. On the general list, 72 new publications care of missionaries, and benevolent contributions had been issued. Ninety-four missionaries and amounting to $85,738. Important movements dur- workers had been employed during the year, who ing the year had been the withdrawal of co-operation had baptized 533 persons and constituted 51 from lowa, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, the exten- churches. sion of co-operation with the colored people of the A “ladies' chapel car," built at a cost of $8,000 South, and the beginning of larger participation in entirely by contributions from women, was dedicated during the meetings under the name of the Meetings of the German Baptist Young People's

Messenger of Peace.” It has a seating capacity Union were held during two days of the sessions for 175 persons.

of the convention. Other Societies.—The Woman's American Bap- Educational Society.—The American Baptist tist Missionary Society (New England) had raised Educational Society, now ten years old, meeting $37,000 dollars during the year, and had supported, alternately in the North and in the South, met in in whole or in part, 55 teachers, most of whom had connection with the Southern Baptist Convention been selected and appointed by the Home Mission at Norfolk, Va. It had during its existence made Society.

37 grants to schools—to 14 in the North, 10 in the The report of the American Baptist Historical South, and 13 in the West. It had granted $452,Society mentioned a revival of interest since the 600 to schools, of which $259,991 had been paid, opening of its new rooms in the Baptist building while the remainder had lapsed or was held for the in Philadelphia, and the gradual growth of the new institutions. The additions to schools as a result collections which had been made to replace those of this work had been $1,150,187, exclusive of Mr. which had been destroyed by fire. The Committee Rockefeller's grants to Chicago University. That on Studies in Baptist History reported that arrange- university, with its holdings of more than $12,000,ments had been made to begin immediately the 000, might not have been a possibility, the report publication of historical papers.

suggested, without this society. The Commission on Systematic Benevolence re- Southern Baptist Convention.—The Southern ported progress in its work of increasing the inter- Baptist Convention met at Norfolk, Va., May 6. est of the churches in the causes for which contri- The Hon. Jonathan Haralson, of Alabama, was butions are sought, and in systematizing the methods chosen president. The report of the Home Mission of giving: It had proceeded by means of meetings, Board showed that $54,25i had been raised and exthe distribution of literature, and organization. pended on the field during the year, against $45,

Young People's Union.--The annual conven- 672 in 1896; and that $56,385 had been collected tion of the Baptist Young People's Union of Amer- and expended in building houses of worship, against ica was held at Buffalo, N. Y.. July 14 to 17, and $51,540 in 1896 ; making a total amount raised on was attended by more than 10,000 members and the field of $110,636, or $13,424 more than in 1896. visitors. The report of the Board of Managers em- The whole amount of cash received by the board phasized the fact that the Union had completed from all sources was $86,827. Four hundred and the first seven years of its growth. The distinctive sixty-seven missionaries had been employed, who features were federation, education, and denomi- returned 4,739 baptisms and 9,509 additions to the nation. All these were needed, denomination to churches. In addition to the amount of money regive control and direction to the other two. The ported as raised on the field the board had invested report of the previous year at Chattanooga had more than $10,000 in cash upon houses of worship. placed emphasis on the extensive development of Nineteen hundred and sixty churches and stations the work, in the extension of territory in the South, had been supplied during the year, 103 churches in the general expansion of the work, and in inter- constituted, 45 houses of worship built and 68 imnal administration. The year just closed had been proved, $59,629 expended on houses of worship, marked rather by intensive development. The and 297 Sunday schools organized, representing work of State and provincial organization had been 7,710 teachers and pupils. The co-operative work carried so far as to include nearly all the territory. among the colored people had been attended with The general secretary had traveled extensively dur- gratifying results, and successful institutes had ing the year, and had addressed rallies, associa- been held among negro preachers. The Women's tional gatherings, or State conventions in 24 States, Missionary Societies had contributed $35,636 to the provinces, etc. The relations established with the cause represented by the board, or $5,705 more than Baptist Young People's Union auxiliary to the in 1896, and their work in forwarding supplies to Southern Baptist Convention had been "harmo- frontier missions had been specially helpful. nious and delightful.” The development of the The Board of Foreign Missions reported that work in the South had been one of the salient fea- while it bad been burdened with an indebtedness of tures of the year. A review of the seven years' $13,532 at the close of the previous year, it was now history of the Union was presented, which recited free from debt, and had a balance of $2,976. The that after the organization of the Christian En- total contributions for the year had amounted to deavor Society numerous Baptist societies arose $124,249 as against $125,682 in the previous year. and various views were current. Some representa- The Woman's Missionary Society, the tenth annual tive men wanted an exclusive denominational so- report of which was incorporated with the report ciety. The Christian Endeavor Societies feared the of the board, returned total contributions of $21,withdrawal of the Baptist societies. A federative 633. There were connected with the foreign work plan was suggested in Nebraska for the formation 76 missionaries and 117 native assistants, and 701 of young people's societies for which no form of con- baptisms were returned. In China and Brazil stitution should be required, and for the federation“ large numbers ” had been added to the churches ; of all societies, of whatever name or affiliation, into in Japan, Africa, and Italy there had been steady a State organization. This plan was practically progress; while less progress, but “good in some of accepted at a meeting for organization held at the missions,” had been made in Mexico. Chicago, Ill., in June, 1891, when the present naine The gross income of the Sunday-school Board had and constitution were adopted, and Chicago was been $64,000, and after promptly meeting all bills inade the headquarters of the Union. A proposi- and expenses the treasurer returned nearly $33,000 tion to make the meetings of the convention bien- of assets, with practically no liabilities. Nearly $13,nial instead of annual was submitted to the local 000 had been expended in aid of the Home and Forunions for consideration. The Board of Managers eign Boards, Sunday-school missions, and other deannounced that the designation Founding fund nominational interests, and in gifts of books, Bibles, would be dropped from the financial reports, and tracts, and periodicals, and of boxes for Sunday: contributions would hereafter be made to the debt. school missionaries. The reserve fund, which had The sessions of the convention were occupied with been used in the previous year for the purchase conferences, addresses, reviews of progress in the of a house, had been started afresh and was held Christian-culture courses, presentation of banners, under safe investment for any emergency. The and special meetings.

board asked to be allowed to publish books.

Certain expressions and acts of the Rev. Dr. W. is represented within the bounds of the Southern H. Whitsitt, President of the Southern Baptist Baptist Convention by an aggregate membership Theological Seminary, Louisville, Ky., has afforded approximating 60,000. It is represented to be diffimatter of controversy among some of the members cult to obtain accurate statistics. of the churches connected with the convention for National Baptist Convention (Colored).- The several years.

In historical articles written for National Baptist Convention (Colored) maintains a “Johnson's Cyclopædia" and for the “Independent” home-misssion board, with a corresponding secrenewspaper, Dr. Whitsitt bad affirmed as a fact that tary having his office at Nashville, Tenn., and immersion was not practiced by the earlier English which publishes Sunday-school periodicals; a forBaptists, nor down to a comparatively late date in eign-mission board, the receipts of which for their history. A demand was set up that he be 1896–97 were $4,337, and which sustains missions disciplined and removed from his presidency on at Brewerville and Monrovia, Liberia ; Cape Town, account of these publications and because of a dis- Queenstown, Ouanda, and four places in East Gricourtesy he was alleged to have shown toward one qualand, South Africa ; and an educational board, of the trustees in refusing to allow him informally which reported an increase of interest in its work to inspect his official books. The Board of Trustees and improvement in the character and extent of the had declined to entertain the complaint and the instruction given in denominational schools. convention had refused to call their conduct into Reports of the statistician of the National Bapquestion. The trustees reported to the present tist Convention, the items of which are included in meeting of the convention that they had received the tables of the "American Baptist Yearbook" and several communications respecting the manage- in the summaries at the beginning of this article, ment of the seminary, which they referred for con- give the colored Baptist organizations in the Southsideration ; " but, inasmuch as the communications ern States 12,923 churches, 8,338 ministers, 1,470,refer only to issues which were settled by the 876 members, and 285,806 pupils in Sunday schools. trustees at their last meeting, it is proper to say The members are distributed in the several States that after twelve months of mature and prayerful included in the showing as follow : In Alabama, reflection we can find no reason for modifying in 139,638 ; in Arkansas, 54,673; in Florida, 25,196; in any degree our statement made at that meeting; Georgia, 211,660; in Kentucky, 71,328; in Louisiana, but, on the contrary, we feel constrained by our 71,845; in Mississippi, 198,654 ; in Missouri, 30,765; own convictions of duty to reaffirm our adherence in North Carolina, 129,265 ; in South Carolina, 132,to the action then taken.” A motion to refer the 900; in Tennessee, 47,872; in Texas, 129,373; in matter to the several State organizations was lost Virginia, 223,778; in West Virginia, 3,929; total by“ an overwhelming majority"; and the motion amount of contributions for all purposes, including to adopt the report of the Board of Trustees was benevolent objects and church expenses, $677,662. carried by a vote of about 4 to 1. A motion asking The reports from which these data are derived are, for the Kentucky delegaion to the convention the many of them, very incomplete. The colored right hereafter to make nominations to fill Ken- Baptists have regularly organized conventions in tucky vacancies on the Board of Trustees; and a all the States named, with affiliated Sunday-school, notice of a resolution to be made at the next meet- educational, and missionary societies and women's ing of the convention that “without expressing organizations in several of them. The Colored any opinion whatever concerning the seminary Baptist University, at Selma, Ala., had at the matters,” “ but in the interest of harmony it divests end of 1897 been nearly freed from a large debt of itself of responsibility in the management of the fifteen years' standing, only $500 remaining unseminary by declining to nominate trustees for it, provided for. The State convention (white) of or to entertain motions or receive reports relating Arkansas employs a suitably qualified white minister to it, were referred to a special committee to con- to deliver weekly lectures to the ministerial students sider and report at the next session of the conven- of Arkansas Baptist College for the education of tion concerning the advisability of any change in colored people. the relations of that body to the seminary.

The Baptist Congress.—The sixteenth annual Subsequent to the meeting of the convention, Dr. meeting of the Baptist Congress was held in BufWhitsitt resigned the presidency of the Theological falo, N. Y., beginning Nov. 15.

The congress Seminary.

is a voluntary meeting for discussion only, having The statistical secretary reported, of 687 associa- no power to take definite action, and not even passtions whose minutes had been examined, while 27 ing resolutions. The meeting was attended by had given no information, that there were associated about 50 brethren from the United States and Canwith the convention 18,922 churches, with 1,568,906 ada. The subjects were discussed of " Man's Fall members and 9,770 Sunday schools; that 98,984 and Redemption in the Light of Evolution," by baptisms had been reported for the past year; that President A. H. Strong, I). D., George Dana Boardthe value of church property was $18,681,227; and man, D. D., H. Peabody, D. D., and L. C. Barnes, that the amount of contributions for all purposes D. D. ; “The Opportunity for Baptists in Present was $2,895,697. A resolution was adopted to peti- Religious Progress," by W. C. Bitting, D. D., Prof. tion the Government at Washington to use every A. I. Newman, D. D., the Rev. Everett D. Burr effort toward securing religious liberty for every and George E. Horr, D. D.; “ On what Grounds inhabitant of Cuba. The Home Mission Board was shall we accept the Biblical Books as our Bible?” authorized to expend $5,000 in the “ mountain by George E. Merrill, D, D., Prof. B. 0. True, D, D., region”in aid of Baptist schools and in holding and the Rev. George II. Ferris ; “State Help vs. institutes for the ministers and laymen for biblical Self-Help, or Paternalism in Government," by and theological instruction and qualification for Prof. W. Rauschenbush, Prof. Shailer Matthews, religious work. Mormon missionaries were repre- and George William Douglas; “How far can the sented to be making formidable proselytizing efforts Truths of Christianity be stated in Terms of Natamong these people. It was reported of the Cuban uralism?” by Prof. George B. Foster, D. D., Prof. mission that while men missionaries had left the W. N. Clarke, D. D., Albert Foster, D. D., and Prof. island, women had remained and worked in Sun- D. B. Purinton, LL. D.; and “The Union of the day schools and day schools, while laymen carried Believer with Christ,” by the Rev. Clarence A. on the Sunday meetings and prayer meetings. As Barbour. a result, several converts were awaiting baptism. The “Hard-Shell ” Baptists.— Three kinds or

The Baptist Young People's Union of America branches of “ Hard-Shell Baptists are described

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by the Rev. J. B. Cranfill, editor of the “ Texas Baptists in the Maritime Provinces. The Baptist Herald," who was reared among members fifty-third convention of the Baptists of the Mariof this sect and believes himself familiar with their time Provinces was held at Amherst, Nova Scotia, doctrines, polity, and modes of thought. One beginning Aug. 18. The Rev. J. C. Spurr was branch is represented as thoroughly antinomnian in chosen president. Among the delegates were sevpractice, with its theology as running into fatalism; eral women. An increase of about 800 members another branch as having articles of faith in all by baptism was reported. Efforts had been made respects like those of the regular Baptists, its dec- to secure a subscription of $60,000 for the endowlarations and practice differing from those of the ment of Acadia College, upon the raising of which latter chiefly in the matters of feet washing and a further amount of $15,000 was expected from missionary operations. A third branch is called Mr. J. D. Rockefeller. Toward this sum $48,000 United Baptists, and is made up of Missionary Bap- had been obtained. The convention, besides its own tists and Hard-Shell churches that have come local work in home missions, aids the mission of together. It is not distinctly a missionary body, Grande Ligne, Quebec, and in the Northwest and but holds the form of the orthodox teaching con- British Columbia. The reports from these fields cerning the doctrines of grace which have been ad- indicated prosperity. vocated by Baptists from the beginning. Hard- British Baptists. The tables of the "American Shell Baptists of the second of the divisions men- Baptist Year Book” give the Baptists in the United tioned hold the orthodox views concerning the plan Kingdom, 3,037 churches, 2,006 ministers, 364,729 of salvation, the atonement, regeneration, repent- members, and 15,950 baptisms during the year. The ance, faith, human instrumentality, sinners' pray- annual meeting of the Baptist Union of Great Briting, and all the other doctrines that are commonly ain and Ireland was held in London, beginning April believed among Baptists. The division among 25. The Rev. Samuel Vincent, of Plymouth, preSouthern Baptists on the question of missions be- sided. The report of the council showed increase in gan less than three quarters of a century ago. The the number of churches, chapels, members, Sunday: Georgia Baptist Convention was organized while school teachers and scholars, pastors in charge (2,606 the disintegration was going on, and when that against 1,955 the previous year), and local preachers body came into existence there was not a Mis- (5,021 against 4,838), but the number of baptisins sionary Baptist Church in the State. There were had fallen from 16,113 to 15,950. The total receipts Missionary Baptists in many churches, but there including contributions to the several funds and was no church that could have unanimously passed special contributions, had been £21,078. The assoa resolution approving the convention and its work. ciation of Huntingdonshire, Cardiff College. 38 The original constitution of the convention there- churches, and 28 persons had been received into fore provided that the body should be made up membership during the year. The Board of Intronot of messengers from churches, but of individuals duction had recommended ministers to pastorless who would each contribute a certain amount annu- churches in upward of sixty cases. The council ally to the support of missionary enterprises. had appointed a special committee charged with

Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec. the duty of ascertaining whether candidates should -The Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec be recognized by the Union as members of the Bapmet at Hamilton, Ontario, May 16. The Home- tist denomination. A scheme for providing & Mission Board reported that its income had been course of biblical and theological reading for can$22.299 and its expenditures $23,822. Twelve chap- didates for the pastorate was in course of preparaels had been built during the year, 8 churches organ- tion. A resolution was passed by the meeting deized, and 708 persons baptized under the direction claring that " alike in the case of public elementary of the missionaries. The women in Eastern On- schools and of the proposed Roman Catholic unitario were supporting missionaries in 7 fields and versity in Ireland there should be strenuous prothose of Western Ontario in 11 fields, besides con- test against the devotion of public funds to the tributing $1,000 to the Grande Ligne Mission. Much support of denominational institutions. Baptists evangelistic work was done by the co-operation of are therefore urged to use their utmost influence to pastors and deacons. The receipts for church-edifice prevent the creation and maintenance by Parliawork had been $1,851, and the disbursements ment of an Irish Roman Catholic university, and $1,346. The loans made during the year amounted to secure the substitution of unsectarian primary to $1,300. Several churches had paid off and others schools controlled by representatives of househad reduced their indebtedness. "The Grande Ligne holders, for denominational schools under clerical (French Canadian) mission had an income of about control in the villages and towns of England and $18,000 a year, without counting the receipts from Wales.” Another resolution called on Baptists to the pupils in the schools. The Feller Institute had give more earnest attention to the necessity for 135 pupils, and had been obliged to refuse 50 for immediate, more general, and more energetic temwant of room. The school at Coaticook, with 63 perance work, and especially commended the dispupils, had been closed a part of the year on ac- couragement of the traffic in strong drinks and the count of illness. Two pastors were preparing to go promotion of temperance principles and practice to among the French people, using both the French the churches and Sunday schools. and English languages. McMaster University re- The autumnal meetings of the Union, held at turned 173_students, 51 of them in theology; Nottingham in the latter days of September, were Woodstock Boys' College, 122, the manual training chiefly devoted to addresses and discussions. A course, 51 ; and Moulton Ladies' College, 152 pupils. resolution was adopted protesting against the necesThe Sunday schools returned 37,002 pupils, an sity alleged to exist“ in thousands of parishes” of average attendance of 25,390, and contributions of nonconformist parents sending their children to $18,776, of which $4,000 were for benevolences. day schools where the principles of the Church of The income of the Board of Foreign Missions had England are taught, and demanding that Parliabeen $32,537, exceeding that of the previous year ment cease to subsidize schools “in which clerical by $1,271, and the expenditure $35,079. The mis- managers are free to teach, or to employ others to sions, chiefly in India, returned 3,600 members, and teach, salvation by sacraments, auricular confession 400 baptisms during the year, with village schools, to priests, and the sinfulness of attending nonconboarding schools, etc., in excellent condition. A formist places of worship," and that, pending the mission had been established in Bolivia, for which establishment of a really national system of educaa second missionary had been ordained.

tion, it take some action with a view to place an

unsectarian school within the reach of every family represents that the number of baptisms had been in the United Kingdom, and to abolish all theolog larger than during any previous year within the ical and kindred tests in every elementary school last decade, except one, being 2.121. The actual and training college into which state grants of total increase was, however, relatively larger, and money are paid.

the Baptists in Germany now numbered 27,991, The annual report of the Baptist Missionary showing an increase of 8,982 in ten years. The Society furnishes the following approximate statis- work among the young was carried on by societies tics : * There are 148 missionaries and assistant for young men and young women and in 397 Sunmissionaries wholly supported by the society, 9 day schools. The Young Men's and Young Womsuperannuated missionaries and 80 pastors of self- en's societies had each a monthly paper published supporting churches, of whom 11 are in India and in their interest. The contributions had greatly Ceylon and 69 in Jamaica, 843 evangelists and 13 increased, amounting in 1897 to 18.55 marks, or evangelist pensioners. The number of stations is $4.50 per capita, against 16.29 marks, or $4 per. 1,035, and the number of members 53,365. The capita in 1892. day schools include 726 teachers and 37,026 pupils, BELGIUM, a constitutional monarchy in western and the Sunday schools 3,428 teachers and 38,483 Europe. The legislative power is yested in a Senate pupils. The total receipts of the society during the of half the number of members in the other Chamber year were £137,709, including £46,932 in hand on elected for eight years, partly by direct vote and account of the Centenary and other special funds, partly by provincial councils, one half being reand £8,232 raised for missionary purposes at various newed every four years, and a House of Deputies stations.

the members of which are elected for four years, The Zenana Mission had received £9,890 and ex- one half being renewed every two years, by all pended £10,055. It had stations in India, in Ben- citizens over twenty-five years of age, under a gal, the Northwestern Provinces, Orissa, and the plural system of voting. An elector can cast a city of Madras, and had maintained famine-relief supplementary vote if he possesses freehold properwork in Benares and Agra, and supported mission- ty, or if he is thirty-five years old, married, and a aries in China, where the mission house at Chouping taxpayer, and if he has the diploma of an institution and the boarding house and premises at Taing-Chu- of the higher education, or has filled a public office Fiu had been completed. Its present staff con- requiring superior intelligence, he is entitled to two sisted of 62 missionaries in India and 7 in China, supplementary votes, but none may cast more than with more than 200 native Bible women and three votes in all. Failure to vote is a penal offense. teachers.

The reigning King is Leopold II, born April 9, The receipts for Baptist home missions had been 1835, who succeeded his father, Leopold I, the first £3,240 and the expenditure £3,699. The churches King of the Belgians, on Dec. 10, 1865. The heir helped returned 4,413 communicants, with 159 presumptive is his nephew, Prince Albert, born baptized in 1897, an average attendance in congre- April 8, 1875, son of Philippe, Count of Flanders. gations of from 5,719 at morning services to 9,728 The Cabinet, reconstituted on Feb. 25, 1896, was in the evening, 7,581 young people in Sunday composed in the beginning of 1898 of the following schools and 914 in Bible classes, sitting accommo- members: President of the Council and Minister of dation for 26,503 persons, and £7,550 raised by the Finance, P. de Smet de Naeyer; Minister of Foreign mission churches for various purposes.

Affairs, P. de Favereau ; Minister of Justice, V. The income of the Tract and "Book Society had Begerem ; Minister of Railroads, Posts, and Telebeen £1,499 and the expenditure about £160 less. graphs and Minister of War ad interim, J. H. P. An effort is to be made to obtain £2,000 as a cap- van den Peereboom; Minister of the Interior and of ital fund.

Public Instruction, M. Schollaert; Minister of AgriThe report of the Baptist Building fund showed culture and of Public Works, L. de Bruyn; Minister that 41 churches had been assisted with loans of Industry and Labor, M. Nyssens. amounting in the aggregate to £13,052, an increase Area and Population. The area of the kingof £1,042 of the previous year. The Capital fund dom is 11,373 square miles, on which there was a amounted to £51,692. Applications for assistance population on Dec. 31, 1896, of 6,495,886, averaging amounting to £15,000 were waiting to be consid- 571 persons to the square mile. There were 3,241,ered. Nineteen churches had this year been placed 423 males and 3,254,463 females. This population, on the fund's “ roll of honor," in which are entered almost the densest in Europe, is still increasing at the names of those churches which repay the sums the rate of about 1 per cent. per annum. The numgranted them before the expiration of the time for ber of marriages in 1896 was 52,585; of births, 188,which the loans are allowed.

533; of deaths, 113,748; excess of births, 74,785. Account was given at the meeting of the Bible There is of late years a steady excess of immigration Translation Society of a large amount of biblical over emigration. In 1896 the net immigration was revision which had been undertaken. It included 4,739. The population of Brussels, the political the completion of the Bengali Bible by Dr. Rouse capital, on Jan. 1, 1896, was 531,011, including after four years' labor; progress with the Uriya ver- suburbs; of Antwerp, 267,902; of Liége, 165,404; sion of the Old Testament; revision of the Cinga- of Ghent, 159,218. lese New Testament; and the printing of a new Finances.—The budget for 1898 makes the total edition of the Dwalla New Testament.

ordinary revenue 388,298,598 francs, of which 25,Reports were made to the meeting of the Baptist 456,000 francs are derived from property taxes, 20,Total Abstinence Association that 1,627 Baptist 085,000 francs from personal taxes, 7,400,000 francs ministers were pledged abstainers, an increase of from trade licenses, 600,000 francs from mines, 36,128 for the year; that 47 of the foreign mission- 246,632 franes from customs, 52,420,297 francs from aries had enrolled themselves ; that 209 of the 211 excise, 19,940,000 francs from succession duties, 19,900 students in the denominational colleges were ab- francs from registration fees, 6,500,000 francs from stainers; that 207 Bands of Hope had been formed, stamps, 5,771,000 franes from various other indirect making the whole number of such bands in connec- taxes, 154,000,000 francs from railroads, 6,880,000 tion with the Baptist churches 1,556, and that the francs from telegraphs, 1,590,000 francs from canal income had increased.

and river tolls, 13,160,020 francs from the post office, Baptists in Germany.-A yearbook called 1,430,000 franes from navigation dues 2,718,000franes “ Statistics” is published in Germany by the Bap- from domains and forests. 10.051,900 francs from tist publishing house there. The volume for 1808 funds and securities, and 4,149,749 francs from repay

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