Cambridge University Press, 12 Απρ 2010 - 606 σελίδες
Aircraft Design explores fixed winged aircraft design at the conceptual phase of a project. Designing an aircraft is a complex multifaceted process embracing many technical challenges in a multidisciplinary environment. By definition, the topic requires intelligent use of aerodynamic knowledge to configure aircraft geometry suited specifically to the customer's demands. It involves estimating aircraft weight and drag and computing the available thrust from the engine. The methodology shown here includes formal sizing of the aircraft, engine matching, and substantiating performance to comply with the customer's demands and government regulatory standards. Associated topics include safety issues, environmental issues, material choice, structural layout, understanding flight deck, avionics, and systems (for both civilian and military aircraft). Cost estimation and manufacturing considerations are also discussed. The chapters are arranged to optimize understanding of industrial approaches to aircraft design methodology. Example exercises from the author's industrial experience dealing with a typical aircraft design are included.
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Methodology to Aircraft Design Market Survey
Aircraft Classiﬁcation Statistics and Choices
Aircraft Sizing Engine Matching and Variant Derivative
Stability Considerations Affecting Aircraft Conﬁguration
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Miscellaneous Design Considerations
Aircraft Cost Considerations
Aircraft Manufacturing Considerations
Appendix A Conversion
3D wing aerodynamic aerofoil aircraft CG aircraft conﬁguration aircraft drag altitude angle of attack aspect ratio baseline beneﬁt Bizjet cabin CDpmin CG position Chapter climb coefﬁcient computed conceptual design considerations cost coursework cross-section deﬁned deﬁnition deﬂection DFM/A diameter difﬁcult efﬁciency empennage engine Equation estimation example factor ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬂap ﬂight ﬂow ﬂying follows fuel fuselage geometry high-lift devices increase induced drag intake interference drag layout length lift load Mach Mach number manufacturing mass maximum cruise methodology military aircraft MTOM nacelle nondimensional operational parameters parasite drag passengers payload performance phase pilot pitch plane planform pressure propeller provides range reference area seating Section semi-empirical shown in Figure sizing speciﬁcations speed stability statistics structural sufﬁcient surface Table takeoff thrust tion tire turbofan turboprop types typical undercarriage V-tail variant velocity wave drag weight wheel wing-loading