Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979–2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban & Al Qaeda
Bloomsbury Publishing, 20 Απρ 2012 - 64 σελίδες
Following the Soviet invasion in 1979, the Mujahideen defenders of Afghanistan developed and reinforced many natural cave systems to use as supply bases and defensive positions. The Taliban and Al Qaeda further strengthened these positions in the 1990s. Following the events of September 11, 2001, these cave systems have once more come to prominence and sites such as Tora Bora and Zhawar Kili have featured in news headlines around the world. This title provides an analysis of these caves and underground systems, and discusses the U.S.-led Coalition's tactical approach to dislodging the enemy from these fortified positions.
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Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979–2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen ...
Περιορισμένη προεπισκόπηση - 2012
aerial Afghan Afghanistan aircraft Ali Ahmad Jalali American arms artillery assault attack base Battalion battle bombs British caches camp caves Center charge clearing close Coalition forces combat combined commander Company complex conduct continue covering Crew Defense designed destroy developed Division eastern effective enemy engine entrances equipment explosion facing fighters fighting fire four Ghar ground groups heavy helicopters Infantry intelligence Islamic January killed landing located machine guns major miles military militias mines missiles mission mountains moved Mujahideen munitions natural Office Operation Operation Enduring Freedom Osama Bin Laden Pakistan percent personnel positions Power Pryor Qaeda Range Regiment region rock shaft soldiers Soviet Special Speed strikes tactics Taliban terrain throughout Tora Bora traps troops tunnel U.S. Army U.S. Navy SEALs United warfare weapons Weight Zhawar Zhawar Kili