Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979–2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen, Taliban & Al Qaeda
Bloomsbury Publishing, 20 Απρ 2012 - 64 σελίδες
Following the Soviet invasion in 1979, the Mujahideen defenders of Afghanistan developed and reinforced many natural cave systems to use as supply bases and defensive positions. The Taliban and Al Qaeda further strengthened these positions in the 1990s. Following the events of September 11, 2001, these cave systems have once more come to prominence and sites such as Tora Bora and Zhawar Kili have featured in news headlines around the world. This title provides an analysis of these caves and underground systems, and discusses the U.S.-led Coalition's tactical approach to dislodging the enemy from these fortified positions.
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Afghanistan Cave Complexes 1979–2004: Mountain strongholds of the Mujahideen ...
Περιορισμένη προεπισκόπηση - 2012
10th Mountain Division 2nd Battalion Adi Ghar air assault air defense air strikes aircraft Al Qaeda altitude ammunition antiaircraft artillery attack base battle battlefield Blowpipe bomber booby traps British bunkers camp cave complex Ceiling Coalition forces combat combined arms commander communist Crew destroy DRA/Soviet eastern Afghanistan engine Length equipment explosion fighting fuelair Ghar mountains Grau grenades ground groups Infantry Regiment insurgency Islamic JDAM Kabul karez Khost killed Kutsenko Lester located manmade Maximum Takeoff Weight mines missiles mission Mohammad mountain ranges Mujahideen munitions nautical miles Operation Anaconda Operation Enduring Freedom Operation Mongoose Osama Bin Laden Pakistan percent personnel Power plant Pryor Qaeda reconnaissance RPOA sappers shaft Shah smallarms fire SovietAfghan tactics Takur Ghar Taliban tanks TAQ fighters TAQ militias target terrain thermobaric bomb THERMOBARIC WEAPONS Tora Bora Trapdoors tunnel complexes tunnel entrances tunnel systems U.S. Army United USAF village of Markhanai warfare Wingspan Zhawar Kili