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1. Troy Weight. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, marked put. 20 penny-weights, 1 ounce, 12 ounces,

1 pound,

2. Avoirdupois Weight. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce,

Oz. 16 ounces, 1 pound,

Ib. 28 pounds, 1 quarter of a hundred weight, 4 quarters, 1 hundred weight,

cwt. 20 hundred weight, 1 ton,

T. By this weight are weighed all coarse and drossy goods, grocery wares, and all metals except gold and silver.

3. Apothecaries Weight. 20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple,

3 3 scruples, 1 dram,

3 8 drams, 1 ounce,

3 12 ounces, 1 pound,

its Apothecaries use this weight in compounding their medicines.

4. Cloth Measure. 4 nails (na.) make 1 quarter of a yard, 4 quarters, 1 yard,

yd. 3 quarters,

1 Ell Flemish,

E. Fl. 5 quarters,

1 Ell English,

E. E. 6 quarters,

1 Ell French,

E. Fr.
5. Dry Measure.
2 pints (pt.) make

1
quart,

qt.
8 quarts,
1 peck,

pk. 4 pecks, 1 bushel,

bu This measure is applied to grain, beans, flax-seed, salt, oats, oysters, coal, &c.

6. Wine Measure. 4 gills (gi.) make

pt. 2 pints,

1 quart, 4 quarts,

1 gallon, 31gallons, 1 barrel,

61.

qr.

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1 pint,

qt. gal.

1 pipe,
1 tun,

m.

42 gallons,
1 tierce,

tier. 63 gallons, 1 hogshead,

hhd. 2 hogsheads,

p. 2 pipes,

T. All brandies, spirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are meas. ured by wine measure.

Note.-231 solid inches make a gallon.

7. Long Measure. 3 barley corns (b.c.) make 1 inch,

,

marked in. 12 inches,

1 foot,

ft. 3 feet,

1 yard,

yd. 54 yards,

1 rod, pole or perch, rd. 40 rods,

1 furlong,

fur. 8 furlongs,

1 mile, 3 miles,

1 league,

lea. 697 statute miles,

1 degree, on the earth. 360 degrees, the circumference of the earth.

The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, where length is considered, without regard to breadth.

N. B. In measuring the height of horses, 4 inches make I hand. In measuring depths, six feet make one fathom or French toise. Distances are measured by a chain, four rods long, containing one hundred links.

8. Land, or Square Measure. 144 square inches make 9 square feet,

1 square yard. 304 square yards, or

1
square

rod. 2721 square feet, 40 square rods,

1
square

rood. 4 square roods,

1 square acre. 640 square acres,

NOTE.-In measuring land, a chain, called Gunter's chain, 4 rods in length, is used. It is divided into 100 links. Of course, 25 links make a rod, and 25 times 25=625 square links make a square rod. In 4 rods, zhere are 792 inches. Of course, 1 link is 7 92

9. Solid, or Cubic Measure. 1728 solid inches make

1 solid foot.

1 square foot.

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1 square mile.

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40 feet of round timber, or ?

1 ton or load. 50 feet of hewn timber, 128 solid feet, or 8 feet long,

1 cord of wood. 4 wide, and 4 high, All solids, or things that have length, breadth and depth, are measured by this measure. N. B. The wine gallon contains 231 solid or cubic inches, and the beer gallon, 282. A bushel contains 2150.42 solid inches.

m.

10. Time. 60 seconds (S.) make 1 minute, marked 60 minutes, 1 hour,

h. 24 hours, 1 day,

d. 7 days,

1 week, 4 weeks,

1 month, 13 months, 1 day and 6 hours, 1 Julian year,

yr. Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November, February twenty-eight alone, all the rest have thirty

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mo.

one.

N. B. In bissextile or leap-year, February hath 29 days.

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1 sign,

11. Circular Motion. 60 seconds (") make 1 minute, 60 minutes,

1 degree,

S. 30 degrees,

12 signs, or 360 degrees, the whole great circle of the Zodiac.

12. Sterling Money. 4 farthings, (qrs.) make 1 penny,

marked d. 12 pence

1 shilling, 20 shillings,

1 pound,

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13.

12 units

make
12 dozen
144 dozen
20 units
24 sheets of

paper

A Dozen.
A Gross.
A Great Gross.
A Score.
A Quire.
A Ream,

20 quires

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Value of Foreign Coins in Federal Money. Shilling Sterling, $0.222 Rix Dollar of Austria,

0.778

Rix Dollar of Denmark ? Crown 58. 1.111

1.000

and Switzerland, Sovereign, (a gold coin, £) 4.444

Rix Dollar of Sweden,

1.037 Guinea, (21s. nearly out of

Rix Dollar* of Prussia,

0.778 4.666 ase in England)

Florin,

0.259+ Livre of France, 0.185+ Ducat of Sweden and

2.074 Franc

0.1875 Prussia, Pistole* 10 livres 1.852— Piaster of of Spain,

0.80 Louis d'or, 4.444+ Ducat of ex,*

1.102 Five franc piece,

0.937 Stiver of Holland, 0.019+ Real of Plate, of Spain, 0.100 Guilder or Florin,

0.388 Real of Vellon, 0.050 Rix Dollar,

0.970 Pistole,

3.60
Ducat,

2.079 Dollar,

1.00
Gold Ducat,

8.000 Re. of Portugal, $0.0012+Ducat of Denmark,

8.833+ Testoon, 0.125 Ruble, of Russia,

1.000 Milre, * 1.250 Zervonitz

2.000 Moidore, 6.000 Tale, of China,

1.480 Joanese, 8.000 Pagoda, of India,

1.840 Marc Banco of Hamburgh, 0.333+ Rupee, of Bengal,

0.500 Pistole of Italy, 3.200 |Xeriff, of Turkey,

2.222 Those denominations which have the asterisk, (as the Pistole of France, and the Milre of Portugal,) are merely nominal; that is, they are represented by no real coin. In this respect, they are like the Mill in Federal Money.

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A TABLE OF SCRIPTURE WEIGHTS, MEASURES AND MONEY.

MEASURES OF LENGTH.

Feet. Inches. A Cubit,

1 9.88 A Span, half cubit,

0 10.94 A Hand breadth,

0 3.68 A Finger,

0 0.91 A Fathom,

7 3.55 Ezekiel's reed,

10 11.32 The measuring line,

145

11.04

miles. furlong8. rods. feet. Sabbath day's journey,

0

5

21 l} Eastern mile,

1

3 2 3 Stadium, or Furlong,

0

1 4 3 Day's journey,

33

1 12

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MEASURE OF LIQUIDS.

gal. pints. sol. inch. The Homer or Cor.

75 5 7.6 The Bath,

7 4 15.2 The Hin,

1 2 2.5

0 0 24.3 The Firkin,

0 7 4.9

The Log,

[blocks in formation]

A Shekel,
The Bekah, (half Shek.)
The Zuza,
The Gerah,
Maneh or Mina,
A Talent of Silver,
A Shekel of Gold,
A Talent of Gold,
Golden Daric or Drachm,

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dolls. cents. mills.

0 50 5 0 25 3 0 12 5 0 02 5

25 29 6 1,157 85

7 8 24,285

71 4 4 85

7 dolls. cents. mills. 0 14 3 0 28 7 0 57 4 14 35 1 0 14 3 0 00 6 0

3 0 00 1

Piece of silver, (Drachm)
Tribute money, (Didrachm)
Piece of Silver, (Stater)
Pound, (Mina)
Penny, (Denarius)
Farthing, (Assarium)
Farthing, (Quadrands)
Mite,

00

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