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DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

OF THE

CONSTITUTION

94740

OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

1787–1870

DERIVED FROM THE RECORDS, MANUSCRIPTS, AND ROLLS DEPOS-
ITED IN THE BUREAU OF ROLLS AND LIBRARY OF

THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

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CONTENTS.

Page.

I

CIRCULAR LETTER OF THE SECRETARY OF CONGRESS TRANSMITTING COPY OF THE

CONSTITUTION TO THE SEVERAL GOVERNORS

(Ratifications of the Constitution: Delaware, 24—Pennsylvania, 27—New Jersey,

46—Georgia, 65—Connecticut, 86—— Massachusetts, 90—Maryland, 97—South

Carolina, 123—New Hampshire, 141–Virginia, 145—New York, 174—North

Carolina, 266—Rhode Island, 291–Vermont, 371.)

PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS

RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING AMENDATORY ARTICLES TO THE SEVERAL

STATES

(Ratifications: New Jersey, 325—Maryland, 330—North Carolina, 335—South

Carolina, 340--New Hampshire, 345–Delaware, 347–Pennsylvania, 352,

367—New York, 357—Rhode Island, 363—Vermont, 374–Virginia, 385.)

RECOMMENDATION OF “SUBSEQUENT AMENDMENTS" BY VIRGINIA

RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING ELEVENTH AMENDMENT

(Ratifications : Virginia, 392—Kentucky, 394—Maryland, 397-Connecticut,

401—North Carolina, 402-South Carolina, 405.)

RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING TWELFTH AMENDMENT

(Ratifications: Maryland, 411–Virginia, 414-Ohio, 417-Pennsylvania, 423—

Vermont, 427—Rhode Island, 430—New Jersey, 433—Georgia, 440—Ten-

nessee, 447.)

(Rejection by Connecticut, 437.)

ACKNOWLEDGMENT BY KENTUCKY OF THE OFFICIAL NOTIFICATION OF

ADOPTION OF THE TWELFTH AMENDMENT

RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, RESPECTING

TITLES OF NOBILITY

(Ratifications: Maryland, 454-Kentucky, 460—Ohio, 463—Delaware, 466–

Pennsylvania, 469—New Jersey, 474—Vermont, 478—Tennessee, 481–Geor-

gia, 486—North Carolina, 493–New Hampshire, 497.)

(Rejections: New York, 500—Connecticut, 502—South Carolina, 508—Rhode

Island, 514.)

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RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, RESPECTING

NONINTERFERENCE WITH DOMESTIC AFFAIRS OF THE STATES

(Ratification by Illinois, 518.)

RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT

(Ratifications: Rhode Island, 522—Illinois, 523—Michigan, 525-Maryland,

528— New York, 533—West Virginia, 535-Massachusetts, 538—Pennsylvania,

547— Maine, 549—Kansas, 552—Ohio, 556–Minnesota, 559—Virginia, 561–

Indiana, 564–Nevada, 570—Louisiana, 573— Wisconsin, 588—Missouri,

593—Tennessee, 595–Vermont, 597—Arkansas, 600—Connecticut, 602-

New Hampshire, 604-South Carolina, 605—North Carolina, 607–Alabama,

609—Georgia, 612—Oregon, 617—California, 619-Florida, 624—New Jer-

sey, 627—Iowa, 630— Texas, 634.)

DECLARATION OF THE ADOPTION OF THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT

RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS PROPOSING FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT

(Ratifications: Connecticut, 641—New Hampshire, 645–Tennessee, 653-New

Jersey, 657—Oregon, 661–Vermont, 664--New York, 668—Ohio, 675—Illi-

nois, 690—West Virginia, 693—Kansas, 697—Maine, 701 - Nevada, 705–

Missouri, 709–Indiana, 713—Minnesota, 717-Rhode Island, 720_Wiscon-

sin, 723—Pennsylvania, 727-Michigan, 731-Massachusetts, 735-Nebraska,

739—Iowa, 743—Arkansas, 747—Florida, 751—North Carolina, 754-Lou-

isiana, 758—South Carolina, 761-Alabama, 765—Georgia, 769–Virginia,

772–Mississippi, 776—Texas, 779.)

DECLARATION OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE CONDITIONALLY ANNOUNCING THE

ADOPTION OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT

Documentary History of the Constitution

of the United States of America.

1786-1870.

In Convention, September 17, 1787.* Sir,

We have now the honor to submit to the consideration of the United States in Congress assembled, that Constitution which has appeared to us the most adviseable.

The friends of our country have long seen and desired, that the power of making war, peace, and treaties, that of levying money and regulating commerce, and the correspondent executive and judicial authorities should be fully and effectually vested in the general government of the Union: But the impropriety of delegating such extensive trust to one body of men is evident-Hence results the necessity of a different organization.

It is obviously impracticable in the federal government of these states, to secure all rights of independent sovereignty to each, and yet provide for the interest and safety of all: Individuals entering into society, must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest. The magnitude of the sacrifice must depend as well on situation and circumstance, as on the object to be obtained. It is at all times difficult to draw

* From Washington's copy of the Journal of Congress (vol. xii, p. 164), the original not having been found among the papers of the Continental Congress up to the time of going to press.

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