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1838.] ON MAKING WILLS. 127

Just as she cross'd the churchyard stile,
Cries Goody Hobbs to Gaffer Gile,—
"Why, Thomas, what a fine discourse
We've had to-day!—but sure, your horse
Last night broke down my garden pale,
And on my turnips did regale."
"I tell ye dame, 'twas Simon's brute."
And so began a fierce dispute.

Next issued from the arched door
A smart young damsel, Jenny More;
She curtsied to his Reverence low,
And thus her piety did show :—
"Good Sir, be kind enough, I pray,"\
Give me a book, that there I may V
My duty scan on this bless'd day." j
"Most willing, Jenny, shall I be
To yield instruction when I see
Your dress more modest, and your mind
From pride and vanity refined."
Jane toss'd her head, and passing on
Forgot the sermon in her scorn.

Last of the train, an aged pair ~>

With crutch and staff, and snowy hair, V
Came slowly from the House of Prayer. J
Amid the humble graves around
Was one with oziers neatly bound,
Where slept their only daughter dear;
They paused awhile, and dropp'd a tear;
Then, turning from the lowly stone,
Said, " Father, Thy heavenly will be done."

In this brief sketch we sure may find
A picture of the human mind:
The preacher's sermon, like the seed,
Fell in quite different soils indeed.
Th' accusing dame, the angry man,
The damsel vain,—in these we scan
The stony and the thorny soil,
Where weeds defeat the sower's toil,
While in the good old pair, resign'd
To Heav'n's decree, with pious mind,
The seed in fertile ground is sown,
And God will claim them as His own.
The Close of Saram. E.

ON MAKING WILLS. We mentioned in our last number some of the alterations of the law as to the making of wills. The following directions have been printed in the form of a hand-bill, and placed on some of the parish churches.

The principal regulations contained in the recent Act,

(1 Victoria, C. 26,) for amending the laws with respect to wills, which will take effect on the 1st day of 1838.

No will made by any person under the age of 21 years will be valid.—Sect. 7.

The new statute does not alter the law as to the wills of married women.—Sect. 8.

The regulations to be observed in making a will or codicil are as follows:—

1. The will or codicil must be signed at the foot or

end thereof by the testator.

2. If he does not sign, it must be signed by some

other person, in his presence, and by his direction.

3. The signature must be made, or acknowledged,

by the testator, in the presence of two or more witnesses present at the same time.

4. The witnesses must attest and subscribe the

will or codicil in the presence of the testator. —Sect. 9. Appointments by will, under a power, are made subject to the above-mentioned regulations.—Sect. 10.

The testator's marriage is a revocation of this will (excepting in certain cases of exercise of powers).— Sect. 18.

The revocation of a will or codicil may be by any one of the following means :—

1. By a will or codicil executed in the manner

above-mentioned.

2. By a writing declaring the intent to revoke, and

executed as a will.

3. By burning, tearing, or destroying of the will by

the testator, with intent to revoke, or by some person in his presence and by his direction.— Sect. 20. Alterations made in wills must be executed in like manner as wills.

N.B.—The signature of the testator and subscription of witnesses may be made in the margin, or opposite, or near to, the alteration, or at the end of a memorandum, on the will, referring to the alteration.—Sect . 21.

Residuary devises in wills will include (unless a con

1838.] EXTRACTS FROM THE NORTHAMPTON HERALD. 129

trary intention appear in the will) estates comprised in "or void devises.—Sect. 25.

EXTRACTS FROM THE NORTHAMPTON HERALD.

If any one intends to improve his condition, he must earn all he can, spend as little as he can, and make what he does spend bring him and his family all the real enjoyment he can. The first saving which a working man effects out of his earnings is the first step, and, because it is the first, the most important step towards true independence. Independence is as practicable in the case of an industrious labourer as in that of the tradesman or merchant, and is as great a blessing to him. The possession of a reserved sum of money or of commodities, be they ever so small, so that they are increasing, will produce independence of feeling, and procure for a man what is necessary to his own comforts and well-being, and the happiness of his family.

"The true economy of housekeeping is simply the art of attending to mean fragments of time, as well as of food or materials. Nothing should be thrown away so long as it is possible to make any use of it, however trifling that use may be; and whatever be the size of a family, every member should be employed either in earning or in saving something."—Mrs. Child.

"Poor Richard's Almanack, written by Dr. Franklin, contains a volume of useful maxims for the conduct of men in every station of life, and should be hung up in every cottage. It begins by stating that we complain of the taxes imposed upon us by government, but, it adds, 'we are taxed twice as much by our idleness, three times as much by our pride, and four times as much by our folly.' Now, if we lessen some of these useless taxes made by ourselves, we should feel but little from the others; for, adds Poor Richard, 'God helps them that help themselves.'"—Publications of the Labourers' friend Society.

"No false pride, or foolish ambition to appear as well as others, should ever induce a person to live one farthing beyond the income of which he is certain. If you have twenty shillings a-week, let nothing but sickness induce you to spend nineteen; if you have ten shillings, spend but nine; if six shillings only, be careful to spend less than six shillings."—Mrs. Child.

The Savings'1 Bank.—Let no poor person forget there is within his reach a Savings' Bank, in which he may deposit in the time of health and strength a provision for the time of sickness and decay. Suppose a young person at the age of twenty was to place eighteen-pence a-week in the Savings' Bank, instead of spending it in drinking or in folly, the amount saved at the end of one year would be 31. 18*.; to which, if he added two shillings, he would become entitled to interest on four pounds. Let him, in the same manner, add four pounds every year to his savings, and continue so to do till the age of forty—that is to say, for twenty years; at that time he will find, that although he has placed but 80/. in the Savings' Bank, he has become entitled to upwards of 1201.; in fact, that the interest has amounted to above half as much as the whole sum he had saved. Surely a consideration of the above will induce many to acquaint themselves with the advantages of the Savings' Bank.

SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

The following cases have been prosecuted by the Secre

Lambeth-street.—U. D., a tripeman, was charged with cruelly ill-treating his horse.

From the evidence of the police constable, H 183, it appeared that he saw the defendant flog the horse in a

SHrSi and bri!tal manner>with a very heavy whiP>

beat tl, Snd neck for nearly five miTMtes. He next body n . ,Poor Creatme under the flank and about the new the 2? A, TTM61"- The occurrence took place ran into the1?dantS,houUSe' who' when he »w witness, Positf * a "to Tpe anfd CJ,an^d hh coat . Witness i* quite the horse. defendant being the man who flogged

bellow! denlecfthe3^!118161'5^ and exceedingly talkative the charge altogether; but it was proved

1838.] PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ASUULS. ldl

against him, and be was fined 10*. and costs. Defendant paid the fine, and was then discharged.

Union-hall.—S. H., a tradesman, was charged with cruelly torturing a dog, under the following circumstances :—

A dog was seen to be thrown out of the defendant's shop with two lighted crackers fastened to its tail. The poor creature ran along the street howling in a most pitiable manner, followed by a number of vagabonds, who seemed to delight in the torture of the animal. The defendant, it was proved, lighted the crackers, and then kicked the dog into the street.

The wife of the defendant attended on his behalf, and said it was only done by her husband for a lark!—there was no harm done to the dog.

The constable said the dog was severely burned.

Mr. Traill, in strong terms, animadverted upon the brutality evinced by the defendant, and inflicted a fine of 10*., and 10s. 6d. costs.

The wife, in great anger, paid the penalty.

C. B., a horse-dealer, was convicted and fined in costs (7*. 6d.) for cruelly treating a horse in the Londonroad.

J. J., a costermonger, was convicted of cruelly illtreating a dog, drawing a cart, near the Blind School, St. George's-fields. Fined 5s. and costs, by Mr. Traill.

Mansion-house.—S. H. was convicted of wantonly and cruelly kicking a dog. The defendant was seen to take the dog up by the hind-legs, and kick it violently in the loins eight or ten times. The dog was drawing a truck, from which the defendant unharnessed the animal in order to wreak his vengeance upon it. City police No. 32 witnessed the transaction, and apprehended the defendant. Fined 40s. and costs.— Paid.

This is the way to obtain God's mercy:—in all our temptations, all our sorrows, and all our undertakings, to spread before Him in prayer, freely and openly, all our circumstances and wants.—Rev. J. Slade.

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