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impression on him; and it is well if the devil within does not urge him to deal out blows to his already distracted family. The bitterness of sorrow is the lot of the drunkard's family, whether he be a son, a husband, or a father. When he is absent, there is a continual fear lest some crime, committed under the maddening influence of strong drink, should render him amenable to the laws of his country. When he is at home, no efforts of his family can please him. He is as violent as the most untutored savage, and as ill-tempered as the power of Satan can make him. His temper is completely changed to his friends, lie can scarcely speak in peace to them. But his continued excitement soon wears out his enfeebled frame—not his thirst for strong drink. Unlike many sins which lose their power with the bodily vigour, the power of this sin increases. Every period of depression increases the drunkard's desire for the stimulant; and thus does the cause produce the effect, and the effect cry out for the cause as a remedy, till the animal machine is worn out, and the power of indulging gone for ever!
"The case of the drunkard is a case of life and death. The very next indulgence may be the last! whilst the cup of intoxication is in his hand, he may drop into the bottomless pit."—J. J.
The paper proceeds to point out the "national" evils of drunkenness, but want of room prevents us from inserting the important matter contained in that section.
A LITTLE TALK ABOUT SAVINGS' BANKS AND OTHER MATTERS.
The following conversation is taken from a paper entitled, "Useful Hints to the Labourer," published by the "Labourers' Friend Society."
John.—What do the gentlemen get who have established the bank in this town? They would never set up this bank unless they got something by it.
Thomas.—Indeed, John, you are much mistaken. I used to think as you do now, when I did not know what I was about; but I have learnt better; and I can tell you that these gentlemen do it for the purpose of serving
1838.] A LITTLE TALK ABOUT SAVINGS' BANKS. 381
their industrious but poorer neighbours, and for no other reason, and that they give their time and labour for nothing; besides, I can tell you too that your money is as safe in the Savings' Bank as in the Bank of England; for these gentlemen attend and see that all is right. The money is always sent to the Bank of England, and is laid out in the government funds, and there it must be safe as long as old England stands, and I hope that will be as long as you and I live, and a good deal longer. When you put your money into the bank, the gentlemen give you a book with your name in it, and they write in that book what you put in, and what you draw out of the bank: for you must know you may draw out whenever you want any part of your money, without giving any reason far it to anybody.
J. Well, but Master Thomas, why not let one's master keep it, or lend it to some friend or neighbour, as well as putting it into these banks?
T. Look here now, Master John; do you remember, when you and I were boys, one Squire Hearty of Tophill?
J. Yes, to be sure I do; and a great man he was in those days; farmed the whole parish, and a great deal more.
T. Well, who would ever have thought of his failing? and yet he did, and was obliged to sell off and quit the country; and he had in his hands the money of many a poor man. Poor old Trustall of Sheep-street, and his wife, went to the workhouse. Old Molly Barn lost every farthing she had: and many such like things happened. Well then, there is Mis. Bucking, the washerwoman; she sold a cottage and lent her money to Tom Swindle, and not one farthing will she ever get of that.
J. Ay, but she is more wise now, for she has sold the other cottage; and folks say she has put the money into the Savings' Bank.
T. Well, I am glad to hear it, for now her money is safe; and she will get interest for it every year into the bargain. Now, John, be prevailed upon to begin, if it is only with a shilling. My little ones have all got something in the bank, and have their banking books, which tell them exactly what they are worth. Tom, who is a bit of a scholar, makes out that, by the time he is fifteen, he shall have enough to put himself out apprentice; little Molly, whom you remember, and who is as comical as ever, says that, if she can put by sixpence a week, she shall have enough to buy a cow and a pig for her husband when she is married. And, though this is a joke among us over the fire at night, yet, if they go on as as they have begun, they will have enough to do what they say, with God's blessing. I should like to show you my cottage and my family some Sunday, and leave you to judge which is the best, the way I now live, or the way I used to live. Come over to us some Sunday morning, and go to church with us, and see how we spend the sabbath. You do not know how happy we all are, praised be God for all His mercies.
J. Well, but what is the matter with my mode of spending the Sunday? I lie a little longer in the morning, I dig a little in the garden, and then I and my family dress ourselves in our best (and bad is the best); and then my old woman goes up to the big house to have a bit of talk with Mrs. Chatter the cook, and perhaps to get a bit for the young ones to eat. Harry Tipple and I go down the road to the public house, called the Brink of the Pit, where we smoke a pipe together; and where's the harm of all this?
T. Why, time was when I thought as you do; but I have since been taught by God's own book, the Bible, that He requires us to keep holy the sabbath-day; and that as I receive all the good things I enjoy from the Lord, I must devote His own day, at least, to His service, and to reading His book, and teaching my family, giving Him thanks for past favours, and offering my prayers to Him for future blessings, both in time and in eternity. Besides, John, it is said by God Himself, not only that "the wicked shall be turned into hell, but all the people v/ho forget God." Do you not forget Him on a Sunday and all the week too?
J. I have heard this before, many times, and have no doubt it may be all very true; but between ourselves, Thomas, I am ashamed to set about this, just the same 1838.] THE Servants' Home.
as I should be ashamed to be seen going into the Savings' Sank; I should get laughed at by all my comrades.
T. Well, it happened the same to me; but what of that? Now suppose some time, when you are overcome with liquor, you were to get into trouble, and to be sent to Hereford to be tried, and you wanted a character; could the gentlemen in the neighbourhood come forward and say, "John Hopewell is an honest, sober, hardworking man?" And would your comrades give you a character? And if they did, would the judge believe them? This would be bad enough; but what say you of being ashamed to read your Bible, of going to a place of worship, and "training up your children in the way they should go?" in short, of being ashamed of Christ and His gospel; of Christ, who died for you, that, if you believe in Him, " you should not perish, but have everlasting life." Remember what He says in His gospel, "Whosoever shall be ashamed of Me and of my words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when He shall come in His own glory, and in His Father's, and of the holy angels." Now fancy, John, the day of judgment come, and Christ Himself sitting as judge, and you and your wife and children standing before the judgment-seat, and you hear him say to you and your family, " Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels." Just see them all turning upon you, and reproaching you with being the cause of their eternal ruin! Oh! it would be a bitter day then, and it would be bitterness, and woe that would never end.
J. It makes one's heart sink within one to think of it.
T. Better to think of it now, than then for the first time.
SERVANTS' HOME. A Consideration of the difficulties and temptations which female servants are often brought into, whilst out of place, has induced several benevolent inhabitants of Chester to establish a society for the purpose of providing a home for female servants of good character, where they may pass their time safely and usefully during the interval between leaving one place, and obtaining another. The
following paper, circulated in the form of a hand-bill, will explain the object of the society.
THE CHESTER FEMALE SERVANTS' SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE BEST INTERESTS OF FEMALE SERVANTS IN THIS CITY.
A society has been formed in Chester for the benefit of female servants out of place, and at the same time for the general advantage of all female servants. It is proposed to establish a home, and a registering office, to be superintended by a committee of ladies, and a resident matron of well known worth and piety, where young women of good character may, under certain regulations and restrictions, be lodged and boarded at their own expense, and at a fixed and moderate rate. At this establishment, a register book will be kept, where all young women, who are willing to enrol their names, will be admitted to do so without payment, but on the condition that they do thereby engage to give up those practices which have brought many of the class of female servants in Chester to their present state. Thus the modest and well conducted may have the opportunity of separating themselves from those of an opposite class; and every encouragement will be given to such as are really desirous of keeping out of the way of temptation, and the contamination of evil companions and bad example. Thus, also, heads of families may know at once where servants of real respectability are to be found.
The regulations adopted at the above establishment will sufficiently exhibit the principles on which it is designed to be conducted :—
1. Family worship is maintained daily at eight o'clock in the morning and at half-past nine in the evening.
2. The lodgers have access to a library of useful books. 8. They may accompany the superintendent or her
assistant to a place of worship every Lord's day.
1. Being a register-office, as well as a lodging-house, those who desire employment, and can furnish satisfactory testimonials of character and competency, will be in the way of meeting with suitable situations.