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1838.] 395

GENERAL MAXIMS FOR HEALTH. Rise early. Eat simple food. Take plenty of exercise. Never fear a little fatigue. Let not children be dressed in tight clothes; it is necessary that their limbs should have full play, if you wish for health.

Avoid the necessity of a physician, if you can, by careful attention to your diet. Eat what best agrees with you; and resolutely abstain from what hurts you, however well you may like it. A few days' abstinence, and cold water for a beverage, has driven off many an approaching disease.

Wear shoes that are large enough. Tight ones not only produce corns, but make the feet mis-shapen, and cramp them.

Wash very often; and use a great deal of water, so as to act like a bath; rub the skin thoroughly with a coarse towel.

As far as possible, eat and sleep at regular hours.

Clean teeth in pure water two or three times a day; but above all, be sure you have them clean before you go to bed.

Have your bed-chamber well aired; and be clean as to linen: but do not have the wind blowing directly upon you from open windows during the night. It is not healthy to sleep in heated rooms.—Mrs. Child.


A death from fighting lately occured at Witham, near Abingdon, which originated in a drunken squabble between two labourers, on the subject of mowing. The combatants adjourned from the tavern to a field, both being very drunk, and after fighting two rounds, one of them declined fighting any more till the morning. He had not, however, gone a hundred yards, when he staggered and fell to the ground insensible. He was placed on some straw in a barn, and when his companions returned with assistance, they found him dead. The surgeon who examined the body, stated that the immediate cause of death was a rupture of the blood-vessels near the brain. A verdict of " Manslaughter" was returned by the Coroner's Jury against the survivor, who has been committed to Abingdon gaol, to abide his trial at the next assizes for the offence. The Jury expressed themselves in strong terms against the system of drunkenness in which many of the peasantry indulge, and, at their request, the witnesses, companions of the deceased and the prisoner, were called in by the Coroner, who, in an impressive manner, admonished them as to their future conduct, and the serious consequences that would inevitably result from the baneful effects of intoxicating liquors, and bound them over to give evidence upon the trial of the prisoner, at the next assizes. The deceased has left a widow and four helpless children.—Salisbury Herald.

Savings Banks.—As a proof of the increasing wealth of the labouring classes of this metropolis, and the utility of savings banks, a reference to the Farringdon-street Savings Bank, which was established in June, 1837, hy the Bishop of London, Sir Charles Price, and Mr. Alderman Harmer, will prove interesting. Since the commencement of the bank up to the last return the sum of 11,643/ "is. Id. has been paid in, and the sum of 2,8722. 5s. Od. drawn out, leaving a balance in favour of the bank of 8,771/- Is. id. The number of depositors has increased from 315 to 4,915.—Herald.

In his late Charge to the Grand Jury, at Carmarthen Assize, Sir John Gurney made the following striking statement—" In the course of his experience in criminal judicature, he was confirmed in the opinion that nearly every crime was either originally or immediately attributable to the prevalent vice of drunkenness."

At the recent Assizes for this county, a presentment on the subject of the Beer-shop nuisance was made by the Grand Jury to the Judges on the circuit, of which we subjoin a copy :— "To the Right Hon. Sir James Parke, Knight, and the Hon. Sir Thomas

Coltman, Knight, Her Majesty's Justices of Assixefor the Western Circuit.

"My Lords,—Understanding that the Legislature is at present engaged in some measures for the suppression of Beer Houses, We, the Grand Jury assembled at the Assizes at Dorsetshire, on the 19th of July, 1838, are most anxious to avail ourselves of this opportunity of again expressing our unanimous opinion,—which the lapse of time has only more strongly confirmed,—of the very great evils which have arisen in all parts of the county of Dorset, from the provisions of the Acts of Parliament which authorize the licensing of such houses;—an opinion which we humbly request your Lordships to represent in the proper quarter, and to express on our parts also an earnest hope, that whatever may be the enactments of the Bill which is contemplated on this subject, they may be such as, without interfering with the comforts, may tend to the sobriety and good order of the labouring classes, and may facilitate the conviction of all persons who may wilfully transgress or covertly evade the law in this particular.

(Signed,) "john Fox Strangwats, Foreman.

Effect of Salt on Animals.—In visiting Mr. Alderman Farley's Salt-works at Droitwich (17th August, 1817), I was struck with the appearance of an old black horse, that worked the machine for raising the brine. He was in very good condition, and his coat was like the finest black satin. I asked the old man, named Twigg, who had the care of him, what made the horse so sleek and plump; his answer was that he had regularly given him a little salt in his chaff three days in the week, about four ounces on each of the three days ; or, if he was not very stout then sometimes a little more; but that in general the horse was very well, and did his work well. He said he did not give him the whole four ounces at once, but at several times, about a table-spoonful each time. The horse had been purchased by Mr. Farley about four years ago, being then about twenty years old, and his health and appearance, though he had constant work, had been since very much improved; the salt, he added, had made him eat bis food, and work better.— Anecdote told by Sir J. Bernard.


We have received the communications of "a Correspondent;" E.; J. C. W.; a Friend; F.; Y.; E.; and Author.




Sin has a fatal spirit of delusion belonging to it. It
blinds the mind, while it hardens the heart, and sears the
conscience. We must not play with this monster, even
in his most inviting and deceptive forms; though the
serpent's sting may be concealed, its lurking poison will
penetrate the very soul.

Submission to the Son of God is the only security for
sinful mortals. To kings and beggars Jehovah says,
with equal emphasis, " Kiss the Son, lest he be angry,
and so ye perish from the way."

Who can estimate the blessedness of the man, who, in
the day of adversity, can look through all the clouds
which darken the surrounding prospect, and fix his un-

Vol. xvm. A a

shaken trust in Jehovah as Ms God. And, in a world like ours, where can the soul find any sure resting place —any position from which it never can be dislodged, save with the fatherly love of Jehovah, revealed to it by the divine Spirit, as a reconciled God and Saviour.

Happy are the trials that quicken our tardy steps to a throne of grace, and that impart to our prayers a character of determined importunity!

In nothing, perhaps, is watchfulness more necessary, than in guarding against an improper use of the tongue.

How rich is a man when he knows how to ask, to seek, and to knock at the gate of divine mercy, as he ought,—with his tongue, his desires, and his works! Let us ask with confidence and humility ; let us seek, with care and application; let us knock with earnestness and perseverance. Grant me, Lord, a faith, which may, make me thoroughly sensible of my needs, and humbly ask thy grace: a hope which may excite me to seek thy kingdom only, and the righteousness which leads thereto: and a charity which may urge me to knock incessantly and respectfully at the gate of thy mercy.

Reader, whosoever thou art, act in behalf of thy soul as the blind men, mentioned in the 20th chapter of St, Matthew, did in behalf of their sight;—and thy salvation is sure. Apply to the Son of David, " Lord, have mercy on me." Lose not a moment; He is passing by, and thou art passing into eternity, and probably thou wilt never have a more favourable opportunity than the present. The Lord increase thy earnestness and faith!

We must build upon the rock, for salvation, which is Jesus Christ, doing that good by charity or love, which we know by faith. True wisdom consists, in working on the building of our salvation, in making it firm by keeping close to the word, and the maxims of the Gospel, and in aiming to conform our lives thereto. And when, in order to this, we lean upon nothing but the grace of Christ, we then build upon a solid rock.

In order to profit by the word of God, it is necessary, before we read or hear it, to beg of Him the seeing eye, and the hearing ear; namely, a heart which may understand and love the truth.


To worship God publicly is the duty of every man: and no man can be guiltless, who neglects it.

It is in the heart, and by the religion thereof, that God is honoured. True piety consists of the union of the heart with God: this is what we must labour to accomplish.

At the time of death, there is nothing in the world which a man would not willingly give for salvation. During life and health, he does not so much as think of it. Whilst he is able, he will do nothing at all; and he would fain do all, when he is no longer able to do any thing. What strange delusion is this! Will mankind never recover from it, after so many fatal examples?

Sent by G. Bonner.


The Parables of our blessed Lord abound in instruction, and are adapted to the circumstances of every rank and condition of human life. That of the rich man and Lazarus is peculiarly interesting, and paints in glowing colours the opposite trials of riches and poverty, with their relative advantages and miseries.

We are told that the rich man, clothed in the magnificence of Oriental (Eastern) pride, was feasting on luxuries ; while the beggar, covered with rags and afflicted with disease, lay at his gate imploring relief, and asking the fragments of his table. Considering the sad state of want and misery to which he was reduced, we are not surprised " that the beggar died." But we hear that the rich man died also. Riches are no security against sickness and death. Even in this life, they cannot preserve their owners from the evils of human nature. Their use or abuse are matters of the most awful consideration, as regards the eternal happiness or misery of those on whom they have been bestowed.

We read that the rich man was in torment: but he is not here pointed out as one, whose character was marked by the commission of great and terrible crimes, or that he denied relief to the beggar. For what, then, was he condemned

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