Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

PAGE

ADMINISTRATION OF WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON.

Harrison's Early Military Career-Çommissioned Captain-Secretary of the

Northwest Territory-Elected to Congress-Governor of the Territory of Indi-
ana-Growing Indian Troubles........

657
Harrison and Tecumseh- The Battle of Tippecanoe-Commissioned Brigadier-Gen-

eral-In the War of 1812-A Major-General-An Indian Commissioner-Again
Sent to Congress......

66+
Elected to the Senate of Ohio-Promoted to the United States Senate-Minister to

Columbia-Defeated for the Presideneyin 1836- Again Nominated, and Elected
in 1810–His Brief Term of Service and Death.....

672

ADMINISTRATION OF JOHN TYLER.
Descent and Early Days-Elected to the House of Delegates-A member of the

Executive Council-Chosen to the United States Senate- A Supporter of State
Rights-His Work for liis Native State-Governor of Virginia.......

677
Again Elected l’nited States Senator-An Advocate of Nullification-Opposition to

the Bank-Nominated to the Vice-Presidency--Called Suddenly to the Presi-
deney by the Death of Harrison.......

680
The Controversy Over the Bank Question-leto of the Bill-Loss of the Confidence

of his Party-An Address by ihe Whigs-Signing a Tariff Bill-An Administra-
tion Characterized Only by Its Weakness-Lite in Retirement and Service in the
Contederate Congress........

686

ADMINISTRATION OF JAMES K. POLK.

Entrance upon Public Life Through Election to the Legislature-To Congress-

Speaker of the House-Elected Governor of Tennessee-Elected and Inaugu-
rated President. ........

693
Important Measures demanding attention-Oregon and the Northwestern Bound-

ary—The Texan Difficulties to the Southwest-War with Mexico-The Wil-
mot Proviso-California and the Discovery of Gold-Close of Administration
and Life .....

699

ADMINISTRATION OF ZACHARY TAYLOR.

A Soldier from his Youth-In the War of 1812, and the Black Hawk War-Fight-

ing the Indians in Florida—The Texan Difficulty Causes his Removal to the
Southwest .......

.... 71+
A Dangerous Position on the Far Frontier-Correspondence with the Mexicans,

The Victory of Palo Alto-Resaca de la Palma-Scott Sent to Mexico—Posses.
sion of Matamoras-The Capture of Monterey.

717
The Battle and Victory of Buena Vista-General Taylor's Modest Review of that

Great Event-The Return of Peace-Named for the Presidency-Definition of
Political Views.......

722
Made the Presidential Nominee of the Whigs--Elected-Position in Relation to
Slavery-Views as to California-Sudden Illness and Death .........

729

ADMINISTRATION OF MILLARD FILLMORE.

Descent, and Borlood in the Wilderness-Early Struggles-Elected to the Legisla-

ture on the Anti-Masonic Ticket-Sent to Congress-Declarations upon the
Question of Slavery.......

711
Author of the Tariff Law of 1842–Nominated for Governor of New York-De-

feated-Elected Comptroller of the State-Foreshadowing Our National Bank
System-Nominated and Elected Vice-President of the United States........ 746

Accession to the Presidency on Taylor's Death-His Attitude in Relation to Slar.

ery-Signing the Compromise Veasures-Enforcing the Fugitive Slave Law-
Lopez's Expedition-Perry's Expedition to Japan-Nominated for President
by the American Party-Last l'ears and Death...

730

ADMINISTRATION OF FRANKLIN PIERCE.

The Clan Buchanan-Elected to the Legislature-Opposed to a Re-charter of the

Bank-Chosen to Congress-A Tariff for Revenue, but not for Protection-Able

Opposition to Mr. Clay upon that Ground-Minister to Russia ...

787

Elected to the Senate-Opposition to the Abolitionists—The Independent Treasury

System-Secretary of State Under Polk-Asserting the Monroe Doctrine-Dec-

larations as to the Compromise Measures-Sent to the Court of S. James as

United States Minister.....

792

Nominated for the Presidency-Contest with Fremont--Elected— The Walker Expe-

dition- The Question of Slavery Again-Signs of Trouble, and Foreshadow-

ings of War-Kansas the Battle-field-John Brown and Harper's Ferry............ 796
Determination of the Slave Holders to Force the Issue-The National Conventions

of 1860—A Disruption of the Democratic Party-The Election of Lincoln, and
How it was Received in the South-A Signal for Open Rebellion .....

809
The Trying Position of the President-Weakness and Hesitation South Carolina

withdraws from the l'nion- The Wild Unrest and Excitement of a Nation on
the Eve of Civil War-The Commissioners from South Carolina-Secession of
Other Southern States. .......

812
John A. Dix's Famous Order-A Proposition for a Peace Commission-It Comes

to Naught-Steps for the Open Declaration of a Confederacy-It is so Declared
-Retirement of Mr. Buchanan from the Presidential Chair-Retirement to
Private Life-Conclusion of an Extended Career.......

822

ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

The Lincolns in the Wilderness of Kentucky-Abraham's Youth and Early Priva-

tions-Ambition for an Education--Flatboating on the Mississippi-In the
Black Hawk War-Entering upon the Study of Law-Postmaster-Elected
to the Illinois Legislature ......

831
Early Declarations upon Slavery-Improvements Pushed Refore Their Time-Ad-

mitted to the Bar-Elected to Congress-Takes a Position in Favor of Aboli-
tion of Slavery–The Famous Debates with Stephen A. Douglas...........

851

Named as a Candidate for President—The Cooper Institute Speech-Endorsed by

the Republican Convention of Illinois-Nominated for President-Elected-

The Journey to Washington-Inaugurated in a Season of Langer and National

Gloom.......

871

Armed and Organized Rebellion Already in the Field-His Ehorts to Win the

Erring States to their Old Allegiance–The first Shot at Sumter— The North
at Last Aroused-Call for Seventy-five Thousand Volunteers-The Patriotic
Response of the North-The Era of Actual and Bloody War ........

881

PAGE

On to Richmond”—The Battle of Bull Run-McClellan- The Status of the Negro

- Contraband of War-Inaction-A Final Advance on Part of the Army-Fre-
mont and His Unwise Proclamation in the West-Stanton-The Emancipation
Proclamation .....

894
The Progress of The War-The Trent Affair-A Period of Darkness and Gloom-

A Draft Proposed–The National Finances—The National Banking Law- The
AlabamaThe French in Mexico-The Battle of Gettysburg.......

907
The Grand Speech at Gettysburg-Grant-Re-nominated to the Presidency-Elected

-Sherman's March to the Sea-The Clouds Lifting—The Fall of Richmond-
Appomattox and Peace-The Crime of April 14-Assassination and the Presi-
dent's Death.........

915

ADMINISTRATION OF ANDREW JOHNSON.

The Poverty and Struggles of Youth-The Tailor's Apprentice- Ambition in the

Face of Difficulties–An Advocate of the Common People-Mayor of Green ville
-Elected to the Legislature-In the State Senate-Elected to Congress-
Chosen Governor of Tennessee....

.... 925
Promoted to the United States Senate-Thé Homestead Law-Attitude upon the

Slavery Question-A Firm Friend of the Union When the Secession Standard
was Raised-His Bold Speeches Against Treason........

930
Military Governor of Tennessee-Nominated Vice-President-Called Higher by the

Assassination of Lincoln-Reconstruction, and Contest with Congress—The
Impeachment Trial-Conclusion of Term-Return to the Senate-Death........... 935

ADMINISTRATION OF ULYSSES S. GRANT.

Early Years-Appointed to West Point-Active Service in the War with Mexico-

Garrison Life in Detroit-Service on the Pacific Coast-Resignation-A Season
of Farming and Real Estate-Life at Galena .......

951
His Services Given to his Country at the Outbreak of the War-Helping to Put

the Illinois Troops in Readiness for War-Appointed Colonel-A Brigadier-Gen-
eral—The Capture of Fort Henry-Operations Against Donelson-Its Fall-
The Joy of the North ..........

956
A Major-General—Trouble with Halleck-Pittsburgh Landing-The Investment of

Vicksburg-Its Fall, and the Opening of the Mississippi-Lookout Mountain
and Missionary Ridge-Made Lieutenant-General and Placed in Command of
the Armies of the North ......

....... 961
Face to Face with Lee and Richmond–The Long Series of Struggles, and the Indi-

cation of the Final End-The Fall of Petersburgh and the Evacuation of Rich-

mond—Surrounding Lee-The Surrender at Appomattox-The Joy of the North 969
Made General of the Armies-His Part in the Reconstruction Troubles-Secretary,

of War-Proposed for President-Nominated by the Republican Convention of
1868–Elected-The Commencement of a New Political Era–The San Domingo
Project-The Rights of the Colored People...........

...... 981
Troubles with Canada–The Suppression of the Ku Klux-Civil Service Reform-

The Liberal Republican Movement-Renominated and Reëlected-Resumption
Measures—Troubles in the South-The Whisky Frauds—The Third Term Ex-
citement.........

994
Keeping the Peace in the Troubled Days of 1877—Retirement from the Presidential

Chair-Tour Around the World-His Reception in England, France, Japan,

China and Other Foreign Lands—The Leisure Talk of Long Hours of Idleness.1011
Return Home-A Glorious Welcome-The Presentation of his Name in the Chicago

Convention-Devotion of the Old Guard— The Tour of the Country-A Cloud
upon his Life and Fame-Loss of Property—The Love and Admiration of his
Countrymen Lift the Cloud-Long Illness and Death...........

...1023

6

PAGE

ADMINISTRATION OF RUTHERFORD B. HAYS.
Becomes a Lawyer-City Solicitor of Cincinnati-An Early Republican and Oppo-

nent of Slavery-Enlists in the Union Cause-A Major, The Battle of South

Mountain-A Colonei and Brigadier-General-Elected to Congress.......... ..1039
His Attitude During Reconstruction-Nominated Governor of Ohio-The Selection

Ratified–His Services in that Position through Three Terms-An Advocate of
Honest Money–Nominated to the Presidency........

...............1045
An Undecided Election-Intense Excitement All Over the Land-The Issue Made

in Congress — The Electoral Commission and Its Difficult Work – Hayes
Awarded the Seat ........

.1059
The Southern Peace Policy-Its Effect upon the Country and Politics—A Hard

Money Advocate-Working for Civil Service Reform-Orders to the Office-
Holders-Contest with Congress-Vetoes--Chinese Immigration-Retirement
and Subsequent Life....

..1069
ADMINISTRATION OF JAMES A. GARFIELD.
A Thorough Preparation for the Work of After Years-Aspirations for an Educa-

tion-At the Head of Hiram Institute-Sent to the Ohio Senate-Enlists at
the Call of his Country-A Lieutenant-Colonel, Colonel, Brigadier and Major-
General-His Record in the Field ..........

.1111
Elected to Congress-His Work There in Behalf of the Soldier-Early Speeches-

Vallandigham-Reply to Mr. Long-His Study of Financial History-His
Views on the Tariff-A Visit to Europe-Combating Pendleton and Inflation-
On Important Committees...

..1119
Democratic Control of Congress-Debate with the Southern Members-Contest with

Lamar-Goes to Louisiana in 1876 at the Request of Grant-The Leader of
the House-Defense of the Resumption Act-Elected to the United States
Senate .........

..........1133
Sent to the Chicago Convention-His Brilliant Work in that Body-Speech in

Nomination of Mr. Sherman—The Convention Nominates Garfield-Election
and Inauguration

..1144
An Official Occupation Far too Short-The Promise of Good Work in the Future-

The Nomination of Mr. Robertson-Trouble in New York-Conkling and Platt
Resign-Assassination-Grief of the Country-Death at Elberon by the Sea ...... 1151

ADMINISTRATION OF CHESTER A. ARTHUR.
Assuming Office Under Grave Circumstances-Educator and Lawyer–A Friend to

the Slave-Early Interest in Politics-Quartermaster-General of New York-A
Service of the Most Arduous Labor-Collector of New York-Contest Over
Civil Service ......

.1159
Delegate to the Chicago Convention-Supporting Grant-Nominated Vice-Presi-

dent-Position on Public Questions—Siding with Conkling-To Albany-News
of Garfield's Assassination..

..1164
Installed in the Presidency-A Season of Peace Inaugurated-Position on the In-

dian Question-Veto of the Chinese Bill-A Trip to the South and West-Con-
clusion of his Term-Return to the Law–The End of Life...........

.1165
ADMINISTRATION OF GROVER CLEVELAND.
The First Democratic President Since Buchanan-Admitted to the Law-Assistant

District Attorney of Erie County, New York-Sheriff-Mayor of Buffalo-A
Fine Record in favor of Municipal Reform.....

.1183
Nominated Governor of New York-Elected-A Modest Inauguration-Business

Methods and a Pure Administration,Vetoes-Nominated for President by
the Democratic National Convention-A Popular Ratification......

1185
Standing by his Civil Service Reform Principles-Disappointed Office-Seekers--

Declaration of Views upon Important Questions--Vetoes--Trips to the West
and South ....

.......1192

ILLUSTRATIONS.

VOLUME I.

PAGE

iv

3

7

14

21

29

52

66

76

96

105

108

The White House......

Frontispiece.
National Capitol........
Independence Hall.........

facing
George Washington as a Soldier..............
The Birthplace of the Mother of Washington...
Washington on a Surveying Expedition..

facing
Redoubt at Pittsburgh, Built in 1764.
Braddock's Battlefield as it Appears To-day...
Martha Washington.....
Patrick Henry.......
The Wythe House-Washington's Headquarters-Williamsburg,

Virginia ..........
Israel Putnam....
Benjamin Franklin.....

facing
Washington's Headquarters at Morristown, New Jersey...........
The Robert Morris House......
Philip Schuyler............
Burgoyne's Surrender....

facing
Horatio Gatos....
Lafayette......
Anthony Wayne.........
Nathaniel Greene......
Benedict Arnold.

facing
Major André .....
The Nelson House.
John Sullivan .........
Washington Taking Leave of His Army.

facing
Mount Vernon........
John Jay..........
Arthur St. Clair......

123

153

155 167

177

188

19+

206

211

219

226

232

235

253

258

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »