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also wished to know whether the paper just published, purporting to be a treaty between the allies at Vienna, was authentic. Tho' it had the signature of Lord Wellington, he could not but consider it a forgery.

Lord Castlereagh said it contained several important inaccuracies.

Mr Whitbread asked, was the substance of it true?

Lord Castlereagh said, if a motion was made on the subject he would answer; but he did not conceive it any part of his duty to answer questions loosely put upon matters collected from public prints. Being further pressed on the subject, his Lordship said, that as the treaty was not yet ratified, he could not regularly submit it, or any part of it, to the House; but if Mr Whitbread took the sense of the House on the copy published, it would be his duty to point out the inaccuracies.

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Monday, April 21.

In a committee of supply, the navy eati mates were brought forward by Sir George Warrender, when, after briefly explaining the causes of the excess in the amount of half-pay, by the extensive promotion of Midshipmen to Lieutenants, and the provisions for Midshipmen and Master's mates, he concluded with moving for a supply for 25,000 men including 5000 marines, for ten months.

The following resolutions were also voted, after many questions and remarks from Mr Whitbread, Mr Ponsonby, and several other gentlemen on the opposition side:

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Mr Vansittart replied, it was to be added

to the £15,000. The motion was agreed


Two millions were then voted for paying interest on exchequer bills. Several other sums were voted for various purposes. Tuesday, April 25.

Sir C. Burrell, after deprecating the demanding of fees and gratuities, by the servants of the royal household, observed, that he wished it to be placed on such a footing as to render this practice unnecessary, that foreigners should not have to say that all this country was put to sale, even a sight of the sovereign. This was not the case with the Prince Regent's servants, they never asked for any gratuities, and were most well behaved and respectable. He then entered into an examination of the salaries of the servants belonging to the royal household, to shew, that in many instances they were scarcely adequate to the purchase of their clothes. It was not astonishing therefore that large fees and gratuities should be necessary to make up the deficiency. He concluded by moving an address to the Regent, praying that he would take into consideration so much of the report of the committee on the civil list in 1812 and 1813, as related to the mode of remunerating certain inferior servants in the royal household for fees and gratuities.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer should not oppose the motion, but wished not to be considered as pledged on the subject, should the expence attending the proposed alteration be found to exceed what was anticipated.

After a few words from Mr Burrell, Mr Huskisson, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the motion was put and carried.

Mr Bankes made a motion for extending the property tax to Ireland, and made a long speech, in proof that so far from wishing for any thing hostile to the interests of Ireland, the measure he had to pro. pose would be, he sincerely believed, of extreme benefit, not only to the empire in general, but to Ireland herself. After many remarks on the justice of thus applying the property-tax, he concluded with moving to the effect, that, for the purpose of enabling Ireland to contribute proportionably to the general expences of the country, it is expedient that the profits of trades and professions be made available to the same.

Sir J. Newport, Mr Peele, Mr Grattan, and Sir H. Montgomery, were decidedly against the motion, which was finally lost by a majority of 78 to 5.

Thursday, April 27.

Sir J. Mackintosh rose to bring forward his motion respecting the treatment of Ge

noa by the British government. He repeated all that had been urged by the op position members, on former occasions, re specting the violation of British faith and honour, in promising the Genoese their independence, as it existed before their inva sion by France, and after, by this induce. ment, they had expelled the French, our consenting to the decree of the Congress, to give them ́up to the King of Sardinia. He then moved a string of resolutions, embracing the facts of the taking possession of Genoa by our arins, and afterwards transferring that state to the King of Sardinia; and that in violation of the proclamations of Lord W. Bentinck, and of the honour of this country.

Mr C. Grant did not agree with the learned gentleman in his deductions, He heard all his expressions of veneration for ancient states of government with the more pleasure, because they were rather extraordinary on that side of the house. He trusted, that in the war in which we might be engaged, his honourable friend would express the same veneration for ancient estab lishments against that person who was the avowed enemy of all such institutions. He could see nothing in the instructions to Lord W. Bentinck from the Marquis Wellesley, down to 1813, that pledged Lord W. Bentinck to declare the independence of Italy. He denied that we had any material co-operation from the people of Italy, and justified territorial alterations at a period of peace, as a policy that had always prevailed. He concluded with moving the previous question.

After some farther discussion, the house divided for the motion 60-against it 171, majority 111.

Friday, April 28.

Mr Whitbread rose to bring forward his motion, of which he had given notice, on the question of peace or war. It was confined within a very narrow compass, the only question being, whether the house would agree to the plunging of this country into a new war, or whether, in consequence of the documents that had come to light, they would carry an address to the Prince Regent, praying him to take such measures to preserve the peace? They had been told, that an alternative of peace or war yet existed, and yet at that moment war had been determined upon. If it had not been for one of those illicit publications which had been done so much to throw a true light upon the conduct of the noble Lord in the blue ribbon, the House would have been still in a state of delusion; but the treaty signed on 25th March, and known to

- the

the ministers before the address was moved, shewed that war had been determined up on; and that when the noble Lord was telling the house there was an alternative of peace or war, in fact there was none.-Under these circumstances, he felt it to be his duty to take the earliest opportunity of moving an address to the Prince Regent, praying his Royal Highness not to engage this country in a war with France, on the ground of any particular person being at the head of the government, or of occupying the throne of that country.

Sir M. W. Ridley seconded the motion.

Lord Castlereagh unequivocally declared it to be the firm conviction of all the allied sovereigns, that it was not possible to avail themselves of the blessings of tranquillity; and that Bonaparte was a. person with whom it was impossible to live in relations of peace and amity; in fine, that war with him was unavoidable. As an instance of bad faith, this man, when he made his movement upon Bar-sur-Aube on the rear of the allies, the success of which was proble matical, sent instructions to Caulincourt at Chattilon, which happened to come into his (Lord C's.) possession, directing him to accede to the terms proposed by the allies; but to contrive, by keeping certain points suspended and delayed, to afford Bonaparte an opportunity, if circumstances should enable him to prevent the fulfilment of the treaty. He wished to retain Antwerp, which was not the key of France, but of Great Britain: Mayence, which was the key of Germany; and Alexandria, which was the key of Italy.

Mr IV. Pole said, that the Duke of WelJington was shocked at the imputation that he had, by his signature to the Vienna declaration, encouraged the assassination of Bonaparte. The allied powers conceived, that he had forfeited his political rights, and that he was a rebel and traitor; but they never intended to sanction his assassination.

Mr Whitbread said, the signature of the Duke was on record: what did existence mean, but physical existence.

After a good deal of further discussion, the house divided: for the motion, 72; against it, 215-majority, 201.

Monday, May 1.

Sir W. Curtis presented the petition voted at a late Common Hall. It was couched the observed) in respectful terms, contained a variety of topics, blamed the revival of the income-tax, but had scarcely one sentiment in which he concurred.

The Speaker said, a petition against a tax now pending could not be received.

A long conversation here ensued; Mr Horner and Sir J. Newport said, that the petition did not desire specifically that the proposed tax should not pass into a law, but that the Ministry should no longer rule this country. Messrs B. Bathurst, Serjeant Best, Peel, and Wallace, remarked, that the petition was libellous and insulting to the House: it affirmed that they did not represent the country, and that there was no sympathy between the Members and those by whom they were returned; and that in fact they did not enjoy the confidence of their constituents.

Mr Whitbread said, that the prayer was, that the House would stop the career of Ministers who were about to involve the country in a new war which would render the Property Tax necessary. He was surprised that the Hon. Baronet (Sir W. Curtis) did not entertain a higher esteem for his worthy constituents, whom, upon certain occasions, he found and acknowledged to be most worthy and excellent, (laughter.)

Mr Tierney said, there were two modes of presenting petitions-one to obtain its reception, and the other to secure its rejec tion by the House-which, the Honourable Baronet had adopted, the House could easily determine.

Sir W. Curtis replied, that having doubts, he had communicated with the Chancellor of the Exchequer, by whom they had been strengthened. Mr Ponsonby said, he had never witnessed such a debate as the present; the presenter of a petition diligently finding objections to it, and the Minister ferreting out reasons in support of him.The petition was then read, and it being moved by Sir W. C. that it do lie on the table, the Chancellor of the Exchequer opposed it. Mr Alderman Atkins said, the petition contained the sentiments of a very small portion of the Livery, and it was below the dignity of the House to reject it. Ald. C. Smith replied, it being the petition of a small part of the Livery was the very reason why the House should reject it. Mr H. Sumner asked, where then were the majority of the Livery? How came they to be so dispirited that they had not opposed the sentiments of the minority? The petition was rejected by 107 to 59.

Previous to the House going into a Com. mittee upon the Property Tax, Gen. Gascoigne called the attention of the house at some length to the propriety of exempting from this Tax such officers of the Army and Navy as were engaged upon foreign service. He stated, that in addition to the loss by exchanges, a captain could not take the field without expending at least £.22 for camp equipages, and other necessaries,

while the lowest subaltern must expend at least £815; neither being allowed for that purpose more than the advance of two months pay. Our officers also too often suffered from a long arrear of pay. Several who had been ordered from the Peninsula to America at four days notice, had no less than two years arrears due. The pay of officers was also inadequate. The pay of a Colonel in 1695 was 17s. per day; that of a major 15s.; and of a captain 10s.; while the pay of a major at present was only 16s. per day, and that of a captain 10s 6d.Thus the pay and consequent capability of officers to meet any increased taxation, was reduced rather than advanced; and it had further suffered from the abolition of the system of the stock purse, which formed a considerable source of profit. Sir C. Pole argued for the exemption of naval officers. Mr Vansittart admitted that the pay was higher in the reign of King William than now; but at that period their service was only occasional, and no half pay was estab lished; consequently it was desirable that their reward should be not only a compensation for actual duty, but a provision for the future. He opposed the motion. After a few words from Messrs Abercrombie, Onslow, Forbes, Lords Milton and Proby, in support, and from Lord Palmerstone against the motion, it was negatived without a division.

The House having resolved itself into a Committee on the Property Tax, Mr Grenfell moved that a clause be introduced, re

straining the commissioners from indiscreetly disclosing the affairs of such persons as came within their cognizance. To shew the necessity of such a clause, Mr G. stated, that a friend of his, travelling in a common stage coach from London to Oxford, was entertained by a fellow passenger with a minute account of the diminution of income, and of the other affairs of a Gentleman whose residence they passed. On his arrival at Oxford, his friend inquired who his fellow-passenger was, and was informed, that he was a Commissioner of the Property Tax. He had subsequently a long correspondence with him on the subject. The motion was agreed to.-Mr Protheroe next moved an instruction to the Committee to give authority to the Commissioners to controul the conduct of Inspectors in surcharging; but after some discussion, the motion was withdrawn. Mr Vansittart then moved, that the assessments made, or to be made, for the year ending the 5th April 1815, shall be the basis for all assessments made by the Commissioners for carrying into effect the general purposes of the Property Tax Act, without any new assessment being made." This motion being agreed to, Lord Milton said, as he was convinced of the numerous deficiencies of the measure, he should move, as a general proposition, that it be an instruction to the Committee, that they have power to amend the said act. A division instantly took place on this motion, when it was negatived by 134 to 37.

Hiftorical Affairs.


Extract of a Dispatch from Colonel Marcbey, dated Camp before Kulunga, Nov. 1. 1814. "IN pursuance of the arrangements and

instructions of our late noble and gallant leader, Major-Gen. Gillespie, the army was formed into four columns of attack, with a column of reserve, on the 29th Oct., agreeable to the inclosed statement. The columns under Lieut.-Col. Carpenter and Major Ludlow marched from the encampment at half-past three P. M. on the 30th Oct., and took possession of the Table Land, fortunately without resistance from the enemy, and established themselves there, so as to cover the working party which was to be employed during the night, in constructing batteries. This service was performed un

der the immediate direction of Major Pennington, commanding the artillery, and Ensign Bane, of the engineers, assisted by Licuts. Elliot and Ellis, of the pioneers; and by day-light on the 31st, the following pieces of ordnance were ready to open on the fort at a distance of about 600 yards.Two five and a half-inch howitzers, two twelve light pounders, horse artillery: four six-pounders battalion guns, two five and a half inch mortars. Shortly after day light the batteries opened on the fort, and kept up a well-directed fire. The columns of attack, under Major Kelly and Capts. Fast and Campbell, had previously moved, so as to be in readiness to make their attack at the same moment with one from the Table Land. At two o'clock, A. M. Major Kelly moved on Kursulle by the Jagherkeena


road; Capt. Fast at three o'clock towards the stockade, by the village of Luckhound, and Capt. Campbell by the village of Ustull. The signal for the columns moving to the assault was to be fired from the batteries two hours previous to the moment of attack, which was to be repeated from the camp below.

"The signal was fired about eight o'clock, and the columns under Lieut.-Col. Carpenter and Major-Gen. Ludlow shortly after moved to the assault, and carried, in a most gallant manner, the stockade thrown across the road leading to the fort, and pushed on close under the walls of the fort, which was stockaded all around, and a small opening (the only one seen,) had stockades within stockades: from this they were obliged to fall back, from the insur mountable difficulties that presented themselves, after a dreadful loss in officers and men, under shelter of the village between the first stockade and the fort, which they had previously possession of. Soon after the columns for the Table Land moved, three additional companies of the 53d were ordered up from camp, and by the time they arrived on the Table Land, the columns in advance had been obliged to fall back to the village before alluded to. With this small force, and two six-pounders, the brave and gallant General moved on to the attack through the village, which had been set on fire, and after making two unsuccess. ful assaults on the fort, in the third, while nobly cheering on his men, within thirty yards of the gateway, he received a mortal wound, and fell, most sincerely lamented and regretted by the whole army.

"It is impossible for me to state particulars of the assaults which occurred; having been directed by our lamented Chief to remain with two companies of the 53d (which had been sent for to reinforce the Table Land,) and two companies of native infantry, to cover him, and protect the guns on the batteries; but I must beg leave to refer his Lordship to Capt. Byers, Aide-de-Camp to Major-Gen. Gillespie, for more minute details than it is in my power to state. Capt. Byers left camp this morning on his way to head-quarters, and I trust that the information he will be able to give his Lordship will be most satisfactory. The signal for the columns to move to the attack was not heard either by Major Kelly, Capt. Fast, or Capt. Campbell. It is impossible I can conclude this report without expressing the highest satisfaction at the determined bravery of the troops employed yesterday. To particularize any, would be doing an injustice to the whole; and I trust that this general expression of approbation will be

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WOUNDED. 8th Light Dragoons, Lieut.Col. Westenra; Capt. Brutton, severely; Lieut. Heyman, slightly; Lieut. Taylor, Cornet Macdonald, severely; 53d foot, Lieuts. Young and Austice, severely; 1st batt. 7th Nat. Inf., Ens. Davidson, slightly; Detachment 19th Nat. Inf., Lieut. Broughton, dangerously; Light batt., Major Wil son, Lieuts. Thackeray and Monteath, severely; Pioneers, Lieut. Elliott, severely; Engineers, Eus. (Lieut.) Bane, Capt. Byers, Aide-de-Camp.

By Calcutta Gazettes received via Java, we learn, that on the 27th of November a second attempt, led by Major Ingleby, was made by the troops under Col. Mawbey, to carry by storm the fort of Kalunga; and, although the breach had been considered perfectly practicable, the storming party were beat back with considerable loss.Three officers were killed, and seven or eight wounded. On the 30th the garrison evacuated the fort, which Col. Mawbey immediately occupied.

The annexed are the names of the officers who were killed on the occasion:-

Lieut. Harrington, H. M. 53d regt.; Capt. Campbell, 6th Nat. Inf.; Lieut. Cunningham, 13th ditto.

The number of officers wounded does not exceed nine, and we are happy to find that none of them are returned as dangerously hurt.

By the latest accounts from India, it appears that the reverses in the Nepaul coun try above stated have called out Scindiah, the inveterate enemy of the British power in the East. He was collecting a most formidable and overwhelming force, under the pretext, as usual, of defending his own territory, but really with the object of pouring down upon the British settle


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