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admitted affirmative animal applied argument asserted association attention attribute bird body called cause chances CHAPTER circumstances common comparing complete compound conclusion consciousness consequent considered consists contains conversion definition demonstration denominated denote depend distinct distinguished effects Elements employed equal Essay establish evidence example existence expressed extension fact genus give given ground happen human ideas important improve includes independent individual induction interpretation ject judgment kinds knowledge known language laws lead less Logick major manner meaning method middle term mind minor modes moral nature necessary negative objects observation operations particular perception person Philosophy powers predicate premise present principles probability proceed produced proof properties proposition prove qualities question reasoning reference regular relation respect rules sect sense separately simple sometimes species successively syllogism taken term testimony things third thought tion true truth universal usually whole witness
Σελίδα 70 - The first sentence where the word occurs, affords, it is probable, sufficient foundation for a vague conjecture concerning the notion annexed to it by the author; — some idea or other being necessarily substituted in its place, in order to make the passage at all intelligible. The next sentence where it is involved, renders this conjecture a little more definite; a third sentence contracts the field of doubt within still narrower limits; till, at length, a more extensive induction fixes completely...
Σελίδα 155 - Hence, the rule has found admission into almost all, if not into all, systems of jurisprudence, that, if the full and entire intention of the parties does not appear from the words of the contract, and, if it can be interpreted by any custom or usage of the place, where it is made, that course is to be adopted.
Σελίδα 100 - Upon this ground it is that I am bold to think, that morality is capable of demonstration, as well as mathematics ; since the precise real essence of the things moral words stand for may be perfectly known ; and so the congruity or incongruity of the things themselves be certainly discovered, in which consists perfect knowledge.
Σελίδα 100 - ... definition is the only way whereby the precise meaning of moral words can be known ; and yet a way whereby their meaning may be known certainly, and without leaving any room for any contest about it.
Σελίδα 3 - Logic instructs us in the right use of terms, and distinguishes their various kinds. It teaches the nature and varieties of propositions : explains their properties, modifications, and essential parts. It analyzes the structure of arguments, and shows how their truth may be discovered, or their fallacy detected. Lastly, it describes those methods of classification and arrangement, which will best enable us to retain and apply the knowledge which we have acquired.
Σελίδα 149 - The consequences of any doctrine are not to be changed on him who maintains it, unless he expressly avows them. If an absurd consequence be fairly deducible from any doctrine, it is rightly concluded that the doctrine itself is false; but it is not rightly concluded that he who advances it supports the absurd consequence.
Σελίδα 150 - As truth is the professed object of Controversy, whatever proofs may be advanced on either side should be examined with fairness and candor ; and any attempt to ensnare an adversary by the arts of sophistry, or to lessen the force of his reasoning by wit, cavilling, or ridicule, is a violation of the rules of honorable con