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XEW-STREET SQUARE

JOURNEY AND RESIDENCE

IN

CENTRAL AND EASTERN ARABIA

CHAPTER X

LIFE AT RIAD

But there's Morality himsel'

Embracing all opinions :
Hear, how he gi’es the t'ither yell

Between his twa companions ;
See, how she peels the skin an' fell

As ane were peeling onions !
Now there—they're packed aff to hell,
And banished our dominions,

Henceforth this day.Burns

OUR FIRST PATIENT DJOWHAR—HIS POSITION, CHARACTER, AND INFLUENCE

-'ABD-EL-KEREEM—HIS HISTORY AND CHARACTER-VISIT TO HIS HOUSE -AN 'AARED DINNER-FUMIGATION—HIS FAMILY-DISCUSSION ON THE DIVISION OF SINS IN MAHOMETAN THEOLOGY-GENERAL BELIEF-POLYTHEISM AND TOBACCO SMOKING-REASONS ALLEGED BY 'ABD-EL-KEREEM -QUALITIES OF ARAB TOBACCO--FURTHER REASONS — 'ABD-EL-KEREEM's MANEUVRES TO AVOID PAYMENT_HIS SERMON—'ABD-ER-RAHMĀN THE MEȚOW'WAA'-AIS ROOMS, STUDIES, AND PUPILS-STORY OF MAMOMET AT DAMASCUS-INDIGNATION OF 'ABD-EL-JAMEED—'ABD-EL-LAȚEEF THE WAHHABEE-HIS HISTORY AND CHARACTER-HIS SERMON-ANECDOTES OF DIVINE JUDGMENT ON TOBACCO SMOKERS-RIGORISM OF THE WAHHABEES AND ITS RESULTS—ARAB PUNISHMENTS-MOHAMMED, BROTHER OF 'ABD-EL-LAȚEEF — OTHER INDIVIDUALS - A DIGRESSION ON ARAB NOSOLOGY-HYGIENIC CONDITION OF ARABIA IN GENERAL-ABSENCE OF CERTAIN MALADIES-EPIDEMICS—SCROFULA-ITS FORMS-RHEUMATISMCARDIAC DISEASE AND DROPSY-ARAB REMEDIES-DYSENTERY-FEVERAPOPLEXY - PARALYSIS — CHOREA — TETANUS-MANIA — HYDROPHOBIA ASTHMA-BRONCHITIS - LEPROSY AND CUTANEOUS MALADIES-OPHTHALVOL. II.

B

MIA AND EYE-DISEASE-WANT OF NERVOUS SENSIBILITY AMONG ARABS AN OPERATION DIFFERENCES OBSERVABLE ON THE PERSIAN SEA-COAST AND IN 'OMĀN-RECOVERY OF DJOWHAR-OUR POSITION AT THE PALACEINTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF THE WAHHA BEE DYNASTY,

ACCORDING to promise, Aboo-'Eysa played his part and employed all his powers of amplification, vulgarly called “puffing," to bring us in patients and customers. His praiseworthy endeavours found their due success, and the very second morning that dawned on us in our new house, ushered in an invalid who proved a very godsend.

This was no other than Djowhar, treasurer of Feyşul, and of the Wahhabee empire. My readers will be somewhat startled on learning that this great functionary was jet-black, a negro, in fact, though not a slave, having obtained his freedom from Turkee, the father of the present king. He was tall, and, for a negro, handsome, about forty-five years of age, splendidly dressed, a point never neglected by wealthy Africans, whatever be their theoretical creed, and girt with a golden-hilted sword. But, said he, gold, though unlawful if forming a part of apparel or mere ornament, may be employed with a safe conscience in decorating weapons. Many preachers have, I believe, wasted time and eloquence in attempting to persuade the ladies to moderation in dress. I would gladly consent to see them try their chance with a congregation of upper-class negroes; what might be the result I know not, but certainly Gabriel and the Wahhabee have both made a complete failure in this respect. In all other points Djowhar was an excellent fellow, goodhumoured, rather hot-tempered, but tractable and confiding, like most “people of his skin,” in Arab phrase.

The disease he was actually suffering under annoyed him much, especially as Feyşul desired to send him without delay on a government errand to Bahreyn (where we afterwards met him), a business which his bad state of health rendered him wholly unfit for. Thus, bettering his condition might be almost looked on as a national service. Aboo-'Eysa, an old acquaintance and friend of the chief treasurer's, introduced him, and placed him in great dignity on a carpet spread in the courtyard, where, with two or three other individuals of wealth and importance, he seated himself beside the patient, and launched out into an eulogium of my medical skill which would have required some

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