The Professional Quest for Truth: A Social Theory of Science and Knowledge

Εξώφυλλο
SUNY Press, 1 Ιαν 1992 - 254 σελίδες
This book argues that the power of science as the most respected and authoritative world view is based on its superior material and organizational resources, not on its superior rationality. Fuchs approaches science as a social construct, and utilizing a theory of scientific organizations, he analyzes knowledge production in scientific fields--how they differ in their resources and how these differences affect how science is conducted. The book explains why certain fields produce science and facts, while others engage in hermeneutics and conversation; why certain specialities change through cumulation rather than fragmentation; and why some fields are relativistic while others are positivist in their self-understanding. This general theory of knowledge is applicable not only to science, but to all varieties of professional groups engaged in knowledge production.
 

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Περιεχόμενα

Toward a Theory of Scientific Organizations
1
The New Sociology of Science Philosophical and Sociological Backgrounds
19
EPISTEMOLOGICAL CRITIQUE
20
THE ISSUES OF RELATIVISM AND REFLEXIVITY
25
ENTERING THE BLACK BOX OF SCIENTIFIC RATIONALITY
34
Microsocial Studies of Science The Empirical Evidence
45
CONTROVERSIES AND CLOSURES
53
TEXTUALITY
57
TASK UNCERTAINTY AND STRATIFICATION
147
MUTUAL DEPENDENCE AND PROFESSIONAL WORKSTYLES
154
AN ORGANIZATIONAL COMPARISON
160
ORGANIZATIONAL CONTROL IN MODERN LITERATURE
165
THE POSTMODERN EQUATION OF SCIENCE AND LITERATURE
168
A Theory of Scientific Production
177
RESOURCE CONCENTRATION
180
REPUTATIONAL AUTONOMY
182

TEXTUAL AGENTS
60
NONTEXTUAL AGENTS
62
Laboratories
66
Property
71
How Social are Social Studies of Science?
77
THE IDIOSYNCRATIC NATURE OF SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION
83
THE SOCIAL DYNAMICS OF FACT PRODUCTION
88
MUNDANE AND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
93
CONTROVERSIES AS NORMAL ACCIDENTS
102
The Technological Paradigm in Organizational Theory
111
PERROWS EARLY COMPARATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR ORGANIZATION ANALYSIS
115
THOMPSONS TECHNOLOGICAL INTERDEPENDENCE TYPES
117
PERROWS LATER COMPARATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR ORGANIZATION ANALYSIS
118
LAWRENCE AND LORSCHS ENVIRONMENTAL MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
121
CONTROL THEORY
125
CURRENT DEBATES IN ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY
129
Some Comparative Observations on Science and the Professions
143
MUTUAL DEPENDENCE HETEROGENEITY AND COORDINATION PROBLEMS
184
SIZE COMPETITION AND CHANGE
186
Cumulation
187
Fragmentation
188
Migration
189
TASK UNCERTAINTY
190
BUREAUCRATIZATION OF CONTROL
191
Hermeneutics as Deprofessionalization
193
THE INTERPRETIVE PARADIGM IN SOCIOLOGY
197
THE PARADOX OF INTERPRETIVE METHODOLOGY
202
HERMENEUTICS AS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
206
NOTES
217
REFERENCES
231
NAME INDEX
247
SUBJECT INDEX
251
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Stephan Fuchs is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of New Hampshire, Durham.

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