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Q. 95. Of what use is the moral law to all men?

A. The moral law is of use to all men, to inform them of the holy nature and will of God v, and of their dury, binding them to walk accordinglyw; to convince them of their disability to keep it, and of the sinful pollution of their nature, hearts and lives *; to humble them in the sense of their lin and miseryy, and thereby help them to a clearer light of the need they have of Christ z, and of the perfection of his obedience á.

Q. 96. What particular use is there of the moral law to unregenerate men?

A. The fully.

*Psal. xix. 11. Moreover by them. 95. v Lev. xi. 44. For I am the is thy servant warned: and in keepLord your God:

ye shall therefore ing of them there is great reward. fanctify yourselves, and shall be v. 12. Who can understand his er. holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye rors? cleanse thou me from secret defile yourselves with any manner of faults. Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by creeping thing that creepeth upon the deeds of the law there shall no the earth. v. 45. For I am the Lord Aeth be justified in his fight: for by that bringeth you up out of the land the law is the knowledge of sin. of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall Rom. vii.7. What shall we say then? therefore be holy, for I am holy. is the law fin? God forbid, Nay, I Lev.u.7. Sanétify yourselvesthere had not known fin, but by the law: fore, and be ye holy: for I am the for I had not known luft, except thie Lord your God. v. 8. And ye shall law had said, Thou shalt not covet. keep my statutes, and do them: I am y Rom. ii. 9. What then? are we the Lord which sanctify you. Rom. better than they? No, in no ways: vii. 12. Wherefore the law is holy; for we have before proved both Jews and the cominandment holy, and and Gentiles, that they are all unjust and good.

der fin. v. 33. For all have finned, w Mic, vi. 8. He hath shewed thee and come short of the glory of God. Oman, what is good; and what doth 2 Gal, iii. 21. Is the law then a. the Lord require of thee, but to do gainst the promises of God? God juftly, and to love mercy, and to forbid, for if there had been a law walk humbly with thy God? Jam, given which could have given life, ii. 10. For whosoever shall keep the verily righteouiness should have whole law, and yet offend in one been by the law. y. 22. But the point, he is guilty of all. v. 11. For fcripture hath concluded all under he that said, Do not commit adul sin, that the promise by faith of Jew tery, faid also, Do not kill. Now if sus Christ might be given to them thou commit coadultery, yet if thou that believe. kill, thou art become a transgressor a Rom. x. 4. For Christ is the end of the law,

of the law for righteousnefi to every

оде. .

A. The moral law is of use to unregenerate men, to awaken their consciences to flee from wrath to come b, and to drive them to Christc: or, upon their continuance in the estate and way of sin, to leave them inexcusable d, and under the curse thereof e.

Q. 97. What special use is there of the moral law to the regenerate?

A. Altho' they that are regenerate and believe in Christ, be delivered from the moral law as a covenant of works f, fo as thereby they are neither justified g nor condemned h; yet, beside the general uses thereof common to them with all men, it is of special usę, to new them how much they are bound

to one that believeth.

of the works of the law, are under 96.61 Tim.i.9. Knowing this that the curse: for it is written, Curled the law is not made for a righteous is every one that continueth not in man, but for the lawless and disobe- all things which are written in the dient, for the ungodly and sinners, book of the law to do them. for unholy and profane, for murde 97.f Rom. vi, 14. For sin shall not rers of fathers, and murderers of have dominion over you: for ye are mothers, for man-layers. v. 10. not under the law, but under grace. For whoremongers, for them that Rom. vii. 4. Wherefore, my brothdefile themselves with mankind, for ren, ye also are become dead to the men-stealers, for liars, for perjured law by the body of Christ: that ye persons, and if there be any other should be married to another, even thing that is contrary to found doc- to him who is raised from the dead, trine.

that

ye should bring forth fruit uncGal. iii. 24. Wherefore the law to God. v. 6. But now we are deli. was our school-master to bring us vered from the law, that being dead unto Christ, that we might be justi- wherein we were held : that we fied by faith.

should serve in newness of spirit, and d Rom. i. 20. For the invisible not in the oldness of the letter. Gal. things of him from the creation of iv. 4. But when the fulness of the the world are clearly seen, being un time was come, God sent forth his derstood by the things that are on, made of a woman, made unmade, even his eternal power and der the law. v. 5. To redeem them Godhead; so that they are without that were under the law, that we excuse. Compared with Rom. ii. 15. might receive the adoption of fons. Which shew the work of the law & Rom, üi. 20. Therefore by the written in their hearts, their con deeds of the law there shall no fleth science also bearing witness, and be justified in his fighte for by the their thoughts the mean while ac law is the knowledge of fin. cusing or else excusing one another. b Gal. v. 23. Meekness, tempeGal, üü. 10. For as many as arc ránce: against such there is no law,

Rom,

f

to Christ for his fulfilling it, and enduring the curse thereof in their stead and for their good i; and thereby to provoke them to more thankfulnessk, and to express the same in their greater care to conform themselves thereunto as the rule of their obedience l.

Q.98. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?

A. The moral law.is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments, which were delivered by the voice of God

upon Rom. viï. 1. There is therefore now vercd out of the hands of our ene, no condemnation to them who are mies, might serve him without fear, in Christ Jesus, who walk not after v.75. In holines and righteousness the flesh, but after the Spirit. before him all the days of our life.

i Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man Col.i. 12. Giving thanks unto the that I am, who shall deliver me from Father, who hath made us meet to the body of this death? v. 25. I be partakers of the inheritance of thank God through Jesus Christ our 'the faints in light:v.13. Who hath Lord. So then, with the mind I delivered us from the power of dark. myself serve the law of God; but ness, and hath translated us into the with the flesh, the law of fin. Gal. kingdom of his dear Son: v. 14.

In ii. 13. Christ hath redeemed us whom we have redemption through from the curse of the law, being his blood, even the forgiveness of made a curse for us : for it is written, fins. Cursed is every one that hangeth on ? Rom. vii. 22. For I delight in a trce : V. 14. That the blessing of the law of God, after the inward Abraham might come on the Gen man. Rom. xii. 2. And be not contiles through Jesus Chrift; that we formed to this world: but be ye might receive the promise of the transformed by the renewing of Spirit through faith. Rom. viii. 3. your minds, that ye may prove what For what the law could not do, in is that good, and acceptable, and that it was weak through the flesh, perfect will of God. Tit. ii. 11. For God sending his own Son in the the grace of God that bringeth fallikeness of sinful Aesh, and for sin vation, hath appeared to all men; condemned fin in the Aeth: v. 4. v. 12. Teaching us that denying That the righteousness of the law ungodliness and worldly lults, we might be fulfilled in us, who walk should live foberly, righteously, ånd not after the fleth, but after the godly in this present world; v. 13. Spirit.

Looking for that blessed hope, and Luke i. 68. Blessed be the Lord the glorious appearing of the great God of Israel, for he hath visited God, and our Saviour Jesus Chrift: and redeemed his people, v. 69. v.14. Who gave himself for us, that And hath raised up an horn of sal- he might redeem us from all ini. vation for us, in the house of his ser- quity, and purify unto himself vant David, v. 74. That he would peculiar people, zealous of good grant unto us, that we being deli, works,

Q2 98. m Deut,

a

upon mount Sinai, and written by him in two tables of stonem; and are recorded in the twentieth chapter of Exodus. The four first commandments containing our duty to God, and the other fix our duty to man n.

Q. 99. What rules are to be observed for the right understanding of the ten commandments?

A. For the right understanding of the ten commandments, these rules are to be observed;

1. That the law is perfect, and bindeth every one to full conformity in the whole man unto the righteousness thereof, and unto entire obedience for ever; so as to require the utmost perfection of every duty, and to forbid the least degree of every fino

2. That 98. m Deut. x. 4. And he wrote mandment. v. 39. And the second on the tables, according to the first is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy writing, the ten commandments, neighbour as thyself. v.40. On these which the Lord spake unto you in two commandments hang all the the mount, out of the midlt of the law and the prophets. fire, in the day of the assembly: and 99.0 Psal. xix. 7. The law of the the Lord gave them unto me. Exod. Lord is perfect, converting the soul: Xxxiv, 1. And the Lord said unto the testimony of the Lord is sure, Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone making wise the simple. Jam. ii. 10. like unto the firít: and I will write For whosoever shall keep the whole upon these tables the words that law, and yet offend in one point, he were in the firit tables which thou is guilty of all. Mat. v. 20. to the brakeft. v. 2. And be ready in the end. v. 21. Ye have heard that itmorning, and come up in the morn was said by them of old time, Thou ing unto mount Sinai, and present shalt not kill, and whosoever shall thyself there to me, in the top of the kill, shall be in danger of the judgmount. v. 3. And no man shall come ment. v. 22. But I say unto you. up with thee, &c. v.4. And he hew- That whosoever is angry with his ed two tables of stone, like unto the.. brother without a cause, shall be in: first; and Moses rose up early in the danger of the judgment; and whomorning, and went up unto mount soever shall say to his brother, RaSinai, as the Lord had commanded ca, shall be in danger of the counhim, and took in his hand the two cil: but whosoever shall say, Thou tables of stone.

fool, shall be in danger of bell fire. » Mat. xxii. 37. Jesus said anto -V. 27. Ye have heard that it was him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy faid by them of old time, Thou shalt God with all thy heart, and with not commit adultery. y. 28. But I all thy soul, and with all thy mind, say unto you, That whosoever look1.38. This is the first and greatcom- .eth on a woman to lult after her,

hath

2. That it is spiritual, and so reacheth the understanding, will, affections, and all other powers of the soul; as well as words, works, and gestures p.

3. That one and the same thing, in diverse respects, is required or forbidden in several commandments q.

4. That as, where a duty is commanded, the contrary sin is forbiddenr; and, where a sin is forbidden, the contrary du

ty hath committed adultery with her your members which are upon the already in his heart.-v. 33. Again, earth: fornication, uncleanness, inye bave heard that it hath been faid ordinate affection, evil concupiby them of old time, Thou shalt not scence, and covetousness, which is forfwear thyself, but shalt perform idolatry. Amos viii.5.Saying, When unto the Lord thine oaths. v. 34. will the new-moon be gone, that we But I say unto you, Swear not at may fell corn? and the fabbath, that all; neither by heaven, for it is we may set forth wheat; making the God's throne:-V.37. But let your cphah small, and the shekel great, commurication be, Yea, yea; Nay, and fallifying the balances by denay: for whatsoever is more than ceit? Prov. i. 19. So are the ways these cometh of evil. v.38. Ye have of every one that is greedy of gain: heard that it hath been faid, An eye which taketh away the life of the for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth. owners thereof. 1 Tim. vi, 10. For v. 39. But I say unto you, that ye re- the love of money is the root of all fiit not evil.-V.43. Ye have heard evil; which while some coveted afthat it hath been said, Thou shalt ter, they have erred from the faith, love thy neighbour, and hate thine and pierced themselves thro’ with enemy. v. 44. But I say unto you, many sorrows. Love your enemies, bless them that Ifa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away curse you, do good to them that hate thy foot from the fabbath, from doyou, and pray

for them who despite- ing thy pleasure on my holy day, fully use you, and perfecute you,&c. and call the fabbath a delight, the

p Rom. vii. 14. For we know that holy of the Lord, honourable, and the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, thalt honour him, not doing thine fold under fin. Deut. vi. 5. Thou own ways, nor finding thine cin fhale love the Lord thy God with all pleasure, nor speaking thine own thine heart, and with all thy soul, words. Deut. vi. 13. Thou thalt and with all thy might. Compared fear the Lord thy God, and serve with Mat, xxi. 37. Jesus said unto him, and fhalt fwear by his name. him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy Compared with Mat. iv. 9. And God with all thy heart, and with faith unto him, All these things will all thy soul, and with all thy mind. I give thee, if thou wilt fall down V. 38. This is the first and great and worthip me. v. 10. Then saith commandment. v. 39. And the fe- Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Sacond is like unto it, Thou shalt love tan: for it is written, Thou shalt thy neighbour as thyself.

worship the Lord thy God, and him Col. iii. 5. Mortify therefore only thalt thou serve. Mat. xv. 4

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