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5. What is meant by Conversion per Accidens, and Con
version by Contraposition ? Convert the following Proposition :
(a) Not all that run win a prize.
(6) None but philosophers have experience of true pleasure.
(c) Knowledge is power. 6. Is IEO a legitimate mood or not? Why is there any
difficulty about it? 7. Construct syllogisms in Baroko and Fesapo, and re
duce them by both methods. 8. Distinguish Cumulative Evidence from a Chain of
Evidence; and explain the meaning of the statement that “ Probable Evidence by being added to is also
multiplied.” 9. Distinguish Formal and Material Induction-Obser
vation and Experiment-Example and Analogy
True and False Analogy. 10. Explain and give examples of the Method of Agree
ment, and the Method of Difference. 11. Compare the two True and two Fallacious forms of
Hypothetical Syllogisms with the corresponding
forms of Categorical Syllogisms. 12. Examine the arguments :
(a) Insolence begets tyranny, therefore tyranny cannot last long
(6) Not all metals are solid; for Mercury is not solid, and it is a metal.
(c) No beast so fierce but knows some touch of pity ; but I know none, and therefore am no beast.
(d) The Court of Chancery is a Court of Equity, therefore it must give an equitable decision.
(e) As there are not in a city fifty good draughtplayers, a fortiori there are not fifty good kings. Therefore good government is when the few and not the many bear rule.
FRENCH 1. Translate into French :
Voltaire's Louis XIV. From Les ancie nsrois de l'Europe ..... ........to subsiste en Allemagne.
Parse prétendent, entière, pouvaient. 2. Translate into French :
The war with France continued during the greatest part of this king's reign ; but at length the treaty of Ryswick put an end to those contentions in which England had engaged without policy and came off without advantage. In the general pacification her interests seemed entirely deserted, and for all the treasures she had sent to the continent and all the blood she had shed there, the only equivalent she received was an acknowledgment of King William's title from the King of France.
Give an account of the provisions of the treaty of Ryswick. 3. Translate into English
.to son fils roi des Romans. 4. Translate into French :
(1) How much have you paid for that coat of yours?
(2) If that man had known how to turn his talents to account, he would long ere this have occupied some of the highest positions in the state.
(3) They had had a good passage across the Atlantic, but their vessel having struck on a rock near the Land's End, they were shipwrecked. The launched a boat, but it was upset, and the unfortunate men were all drowned.
For Honours in Classical and General Literature.
I. ARISTOTLE'S ETHICS (EXCEPT iv., vii. 1-10, ix.)
AND BUTLER'S SERMONS, i.-iii. 1. What value does Aristotle attach to (1) popular lan
guage, (2) general opinion, (3) the authority of philo
sophers, in determining Ethical questions ? 2. Η μεθόδος τούτων εφίεται πολιτική της ούσα. How far
can traces of the close connexion here implied between Ethics and Politics be traced in Aristotle's
Ethical theories ? 3. In what way is the Argument from Final Causes
employed in the Ethics, and by Bishop Butler ? 4. “There are two ways in which the subject of morals
may be treated.” What are the two ways here referred to, and what are their respective merits ? Compare them with the two methods described by
Aristotle as από των αρχών and επί τας αρχάς. 5. What are the points of analogy and points of dif
ference between τέχνη and αρετή, and in what way
does Aristotle refer to such points ? 6. Discuss Aristotle's conception of νούς, επιστήμη, φρόνη
σις, επαγωγή, θεωρία, So far as it may be gathered
from the Ethics. 7. What was Aristotle's view as to the connexion be
tween (1) Virtue and Pleasure, (2) Happiness and
External Goods. 8. What points of connexion can be traced between the
discussion of Friendship in Book viii. and other parts of the Nicomachean Ethics? How would you account
for the prominence assigned to this subject? 9. Examine the following statement :
- The most palpable defect of utler's system
that it affords no answer to the question, "What is the distinguishing
quality common to all right actions ? 10. In what way do Aristotle and Bishop Butler describe
the difference between the principles of action of Men and Brutes ?
11. What is Butler's view as to the true nature of self
love, and what misconceptions on this subject does
he protest against ?
(α) έστιν η κακία φθαρτική αρχής :
(9) εύλογον τοίς ειδόσι των ζητούντων ήδίω την διγωγήν είναι. Translate :
Eth. x. c. 7, § 8.-—From 'o dè TOLOÛTOS àv ein Bios .. to αλλά τινος άλλου.
LOGIC (Class). 1. What are the principal senses in which the words
• Form' and `Formal' are used in Logic ? 2. “There is no difference except in language between
the Class theory of Predication and that of Hume,”
[Mill.] Examine this statement. 3. What is meant by Categories, and what is their use
in Logic ? Mention some of the principal lists of
Categories that have been suggested. 4. Distinguish Metaphysical, Physical, Moral, and Logi
cal Impossibility. 5. Explain and criticise the statement that all inference
is from Particulars to Particulars. 6. What is the meaning of the following logical terms ?
Method of Concomitant Variations—Argumentum ad hominem-Argumentum ad ignorantiam-Sophism
-Sorites-Analysis and Synthesis. 7. In what way are Hypothesis, Observation, Experi
ment, subsidiary to the process of Induction ? 8. What classifications have been proposed for the
9. What is meant by the Laws of Thought ? What
claim has the principle of Sufficient Reason to be
considered as one of them? 10. What is meant by Quantification of the Predicate ?
Discuss the question of its admissibility in a system
of Logic. 11. On what principles does the argument from Analogy
rest; and by wbat considerations is its value tested
in any case ? 12. Examine the arguments :
(α) και πάσι δοκεί τούτ' είναι φαμεν. Hence the popularity of a doctrine is a strong argument for its truth.
(B) It cannot be doubted that where there is community of goods none of the evil consequences of property will be found.
(v) Are not the many and inconsistent notions that men entertain as to God and duty a plain proof that there is no truth in them?
(8) If the horse knew enough he would soon throw his rider. Hence we may infer the danger of extending education. [Mandeville.]
III. Translate :
Æsch. Ag. 1372—1392.–From Tollô rápolde......to κάλυκος εν λοχεύμασιν.
Account for apáciev without ão. Explain fully. Soph. Ajax. 294-304.-From kdydo uadowo'eine......to εκτίσαιτ ιών.
Construction of kar' ávrô in last line. Exemplify. Soph. Ant. 998—1011.–From páoel, téxunS..........to εξέκειντο πιμελής.
Thuc. II. 41.–From ucvn vào Tôn vip....... .......to σημείοις καθιστάς.
Herod. VIII. 111.-From oi dè "EXnues................. to δύναμιν είναι κρέσσω.