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justify. About the 20th of June, I finished planting three acres of white beans, two of corn, pumpkins and garden vegetables, and half an acre of potatoes; and later, say about the 1st of July, I sowed about two and a half acres of buckwheat.

“In the autumn I harvested the following crops, worth, in the market at home, the prices annexed :

35 bushels of beans, at $2........ 50

buckwheat, at 70 cents.. 40

potatoes, at 40 cents.. Corn with the fodder.... Pumpkins, cabbages, tomatoes, melons, sweet potatoes, &c. .....

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Total........

.$150 00

“This, it strikes me, was a tolerably fair result. I did not expect to do much, as the season was so far advanced when I commenced ; yet I have demonstrated to my own satisfaction, that with a good season next year, and fair prices in the fall, I can make my little farm of ten acres bring me $300— besides growing an indefinite number of young fruit trees; and that too without going beyond mere ordinary farm crops.

1

H. H. Hendrick, Esq., of Batavia, Kane Co., calculates the value of a farm of 160 acres, as follows:

“ A small farm would be worth more per acre, with the same improvements, than a very large one. For example, take 160 acres, purchased at $10 per

acre:

First cost of 160 acres, at $10 per acre..
Breaking one hundred acres, at $2 25...
160 rods fence on front side, or road, $1 per rod.....
Half of the other three sides..
Building house, &c ....
Fruit trees, &c........

.$1600 00

225 00 160 00 240 00 500 00 25 00

Amounting to.........

$2750 00 It is probably now worth $25 per acre, which will be.

4000 00 Leaving a profit for owner of.......

1,250 00 Or, at $20 per acre, still leaves a balance of .... ......

450 00 “It is probable that the fence may be built for a little less than $1 per rod; but as I have made no allowance for cross fences, yards, &c., and calculated only half of three sides, and one whole side for the road, I think the excess of price will not more than pay the expense of building the necessary fences inside. I have also left sixty acres for meadow and pasture. If the purchaser have means to make the necessary improvements, or most of them, I think he would do well to settle on such lands."

The "Prairie Farmer," of February 14th, 1856, contains a very detailed account of the management of a farm, by Mr. Wm. P. West, of Blackberry, Kane Co. This account, which has but this present

moment been published, was originally intended for the Agricultural Society, of Kane Co. The farm of Mr. West containing 240 acres, this account deserves particular notice, because of its comprising all the branches of rural economy. The account is herewith subjoined:

1852.

23 ACRES,

DR.

June.-—To breaking 23 acres, 3 inches deep, at $1 50 per acre
Aug.–To 8 days cross ploughing, 4 inches deep, at $2...
Sept. 1st.--To 46 bu. Soule's seed wheat, at 75c. per bu.........

- 2 days' work sowing the same, at $1.......
- 6 days' work harrowing, at $2 per day........
66 cost harvesting 23 acres, at $1 50 per acre......
66 threshing 690 bu. at 8c. per bu......
“ hauling the same to market, at 2c..................

$34 50 16 00 34 50

2 00 12 00 34 50 55 20 13 80

$202 50

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DR.

$1 50 26 25

1852.

173 ACRES WHEAT ON CORN GROUND. Aug. 20.—To sowing 11 days, at $1 per day..

" 35 bu. Soule's seed wheat, at 75C...... Aug. 20.--To 4 days' work, man, horse and shovel plough, at

6 00

$1 50 per day...
" 2 days' work, man, horse, and small harrow, at

$1 50 per day......

6 days' work, hoeing in wheat around hills....... 66 cost harvesting 171 acres, at $1 50 per acre..... 66 threshing 394 bu., at 8c. per bu.....

carting 214 bu. to market, at 2c. per bush........

3 00 6 00 26 25 31 52 4 28

Total cost............

$104 80

1852.

CR.

By 221 bu. per acre, 394 bushels.

214 bu. sold at 95c. per bu
180 bu. sold at farm, at $1 per bush...

$203 30
180 00

Cost.........

$383 30 104 80

Net profit, 171 acres........

Cost per acre....
Net profit per acre.................

$278 50
$5 93
15 91

1853.

12 ACRES OF OATS.

DR.

April 15.--To 5 days' ploughing, at $2..

66 4 days' harrowing, at $2.
66 36 bu. oats for seed, and 1 day's work at $1......
" threshing, $42_harvesting, $18....

$10 00

8 00 10 00 60 00

Total.......

$88 00

1853. By 871 bu. per acre, making 1050 bu., at 250.....................

Cost.....

CR. $262 50

88 00

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Net profit........

$174 50 Cost per acre..........

$7 33 Net profit per acre..

14 54 1852. 91 ACRES SPRING WHEAT.

DR. Sept.-To 5 days' ploughing, 8 inches deep, at $2......

$10 00 56 19 bu. Rio seed wheat, at 750.........

14 25 1853. March 25.-1 day sowing the same.

1 00 3 days' work harrowing, at $2.

6 00 Cost harvesting 91 acres, at $1 50 per acre..........

14 25 Cost threshing 228 bu. 8c......

18 24 To carting the same to market at 2c........

4 56

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By 24 acres, 22 bu. and 7 qts. per acre, 50 bu. at 50 C............ $25 00 Cost......

14 75

10 25

Net profit..

Cost per acre......
Net profit per acre...

$6 50
4 55

DR.

1853.

52 ACRES BARLEY. April.—To 21 days' ploughing, at $2.......

To 12 bu. seed at 40c......
To 1 day's work sowing same......
To 11 day's work harrowing, at 2$.
To harvesting 52, acres, at $1 50................................
To carting 182 bu. to market, 2c..............................
Threshing the same, 8c......

$5 00 4 80 1 00 3 00 8 25 3 64 25 69

Total cost

$40 25

1853.

CR.

By 54 acres, 33 bu. 3 qts. per acre, 180 bu., 40c...................
Cost......

$72 90 40 25

32 55

Net profit.......
Cost

per acre
Net profit per acre....

$7 32
5 92

281 ACRES CORN GROUND.

One half of this was fall ploughed, the balance timuthy sod, broke May 1st, 1852, 7 inches deep. Cost of tending about the same as fall ploughing. To 28} acres ploughing, at $1 per acre......

$28 50 To 5 days' harrowing, at $2......

10 00 To 4 bu. seed corn, 75c.......

3 00 To 91 days' planting, 7s........

8 31 To 26 days' cultivating corn, $1 25......

30 50 To 12 days' hoeing, 880 ............................

10 56 To 57 days' husking, $1.....

57 00 Shelling and marketing 1710 bu. at 4c......

68 40

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By 281 acres, 60 bu. per acre, 1710 bu. at 50c......................
Cost...

$855 00 216 27

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To cutting and stacking 25 tons hay, at $1... ........
To feeding 30 bu. corn, 50c...
To feeding and salt .........
To washing and shearing sheep, and marketing wool.....

$25 00 15 00 10 00 10 00

Total cost......

$60 00

CR.

By 103 fleeces, average 3 lbs. 10 oz. 373 lbs., at 46C...............
By 53 lambs at $1 25......................................

$171 58

66 25

$237 83

60 00

Cost.........

Net profit.....

$177 83

FIFTEEN HEAD OF CATTLE AND ONE COLT.

DR.

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Net profit..
Dr. To fatting one sow and four pigs, 80 bu. corn at 50c.........
Cr. By 1500 lbs. pork, at 5c. per lb....

$103 00

40 00 75 00

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