Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

§ 1 h it a tril

T O
The nave as Novstuous citizoss or
-- , IL LIN 0 IS,
A N ID

TO ALL THOSE WHO INTEND TO BUILD A HOME THERE,

MAY THE FLOURISHING AND FERTILE

P R A I R. I E - S T A T E UNFOLD, FROM YEAR TO YEAR, MORE AND MORE GLORIOUSLY; A N D . MAY WIRTUE, WEALTH, AND HAPPINESS, ro * EW ER HAVE THEIR ABODE WITHIN

HER BORDERs.

[ocr errors]

PAGE

PREFACE 7

INTRODUCTION ......... 10

HISTORY 13

CONSTITUTION 138.

GOVERNMENT – JupsCIARY 164

. FINANCES 166

* LAWS — LAND TITLES - “............. 168

. ExECUTION OF DEEDS AND MORTGAGES ... 172

FORM OF ACKNOWLEDGMENT ...... - 173

RECORDING OF DEEDS AND MORTGAGES .............................................................. 174

WILLS OF. REAL ESTATE 175

THE PROBATE AND RECORDING OF WILLS ......... - 177

TITLE TO REAL ESTATE BY INHERITANCE 179

LEVY AND CollecTION OF LAND TAxES.. 180

LAND TAx FORFEITURES AND REDEMPTION 184

LIMITATION OF ACTIONS - f ....... 184

LIMITATION FOR THE RECOVERY OF REAL ESTATE......... ... 185

ExEMPTIONS ......................................” 186

HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION 187

LIEN Law 188

CHATTLE MORTGAGES...... * * * * * * * *s, * * * * * * * * * * * * sessee ess see see ess ess ess ess - a . . . . . . . 189

CONTRACT ............... 189

COLLECTION OF DEBTS 189

RATE OF INTEREST .......... to o so o e e o os e o e o is o o so to to e o so e o do o o so e e o os e e o e o oso o o so e o 'o go o e o os oo e o e o e o so o so e g g g g g g s ... 191

LANDLORD AND TENANT 191

PROMISSORY NOTES AND BILLS OF EXCHANGE 193

APPRENTICES.......................-------------------------------------------------------................... 193

RIGHTS OF MARRIED WOMEN AND WIDOWS # 194

ESTRAYS it is so o os o o o so e o so to so to e o so to o is to to so to $ to 4 & 195

GAME LAW............... 197

GEOGRAPHY 199

STATISTICS......... ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 218

CLIMATE, SOIL, PLANTS, AND ANIMALS ..................... 230

STATE OF HEALTH AND DISEASES 259

------ 271

(5)

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

IN presenting this book to the Public, it seems proper to me, to make a brief, but candid and respectful, mention of the motives which have induced me to write it, as well as the means I adopted to collect and secure, in a - reliable form, the large amount of material and truthful information that will be found to make up its contents. - .

Having for a long while past endeavored. in seeking to aid and direct the great mass of the emigration from Europe, to find and to point out what seemed the best way to the advancement of their welfare, my attention was early given to the remarkable developments which have been, and are still, made in the Western States. While thus employed, I made myself fully acquainted with the prevalent literature of the West, and became a close observer of “the progress of events” in the new States. Through this employment, and by such observations, my judgment, I trust, has been rightly matured, so that I may freely utter my own convictions, as entitled to some weight, that Illinois is, if really not the most attractive, at least one of those States which offer the amplest guarantees for the rapid thriving and ultimate success and welfare of those who may seek to establish for themselves a “Home in the West.” - . . 3.

After having thus sedulously made myself acquainted with the character of the West in general, and especially still more carefully studied everything relating to Illinois, I resolved upon the preparation of this work; and, for the purpose of facilitating my labors, I made a personal visit through the State, in the fall of the year 1855, and examined things with my own eyes. It has not, however, been my object to write a merely pleasing and saleable book, without the strictest regard to the authenticity and truthfulness of its statements. Well knowing the aptitude of even the most honest observer and candid writer, while travelling through a State in order to gain a more intimate knowledge of it, to be filled with false first-impressions, misapprehensions, and monotonous judgments, I have not, therefore, solely relied upon my own personal observations and experience; but sought, in all that I have

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »