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COMPRISING A CHOICE VARIETY OF PSALM AND HYMN TUNES, ANTHEMS, CHORUSES, SENTENCES,

CHANTS, &c., FROM THE BEST AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN COMPOSERS;

TOGETHER WITH A CONCISE AND PROGRESSIVE

ELEMENTARY COURSE OF INSTRUCTION.

THE WHOLE ADAPTED TO THE USE OF

Choirs, Congregations, Singing Schools, and Musical Associations.

BY JOHN GIBSON AND L. G. FESSENDEN.

CINCINNATI:
MOORE, ANDERSON, WILSTACH & KEYS, 28 WEST FOURTH STREET.

NEW YORK: NEWMAN & IVISON.

1953. .

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PRE FACE.

The increased attention to the study, and the improvements recently made in the science and method of teaching Music, together with the want of a work containing all the modern improvements, and adapted to the requirements of the great West, induced us to prepare and lay before the public "The PRAIRIE VOCALIST.”

In getting up this work neither pains, labor, or expense have been spared. We have endeavored to select from the various new systems all that was good and desirable, and reject all that was pernicious or superfluous. The introduction of the “Pestalozzian” and “Inductive" methods, and the examples for the practice of beginners, will greatly facilitate the progress of the pupil

. The large number of new tunes, tunes arranged from the “old masters,” standard Church tunes, meters of every variety, and hymns from the books of various denominations, together with the choice anthems, choruses, and set pieces, render the “Prairie Vocalist” peculiarly well adapted for sacred concerts, and all occasions of public worship

For the assistance, advice, and contributions of various amateurs and teachers, we return our sincere thanks, and hope that our joint labor will secure the approbation and patronage of the public.

OF

MUSIC.

Each line and space of the staff is called a degree, making nine; and are counted from the lowest upward. More degrees may be added by using the spaces, and short (or added) lines, above and below.

CLEFS.

TREBLE OR G CLEF,

AND BASE OR F CLEF,

That we may readily comprehend the definite pitch of sounds, the first seven letters of the alphabet are applied to the staff as names of the degrees.

The above clefs are used to fix the letters upon the staff in the following order:

-A

E L E M E N T S

CHAPTER I.

PROPERTIES OF MUSICAL SOUNDS. Musical sounds have two distinct properties, viz:

LENGTH AND PITCH.

DEPARTMENTS.
As musical sounds have two essential properties, it becomes necessary to
divide the subject into two departments :

1st. Melody, which treats of the Pitch of sounds.
2d. RHYTHM, which treats of the Length of sounds.
NOTE TO TEACHER.--Question the class on the preceding chapter.

CHAPTER II.

B-C

MELODY The Staff and Clefs are used to represent the pitch of sounds, and are called MELODIC characters.

STAFF.

4th space.

C D Em

Bh lner
4th line.
3d line.
2d jine.
1st line.

3d space.
2d space
1st space.

NOTE TO TEACHKR8.—Here the Teacher must insist that all the members of his class become perfectly familiar with the situation of the letters on both staves, as the letters never change.

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