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3. d.

Yds.

£. s. d. 2111 at 40 per yard.

42 * 5 0 543 at 68

181 00 i 127 at 34

21 3 4 461 at 1 8

38 8 4 Note.-.When the price is pounds only, the given quandity multiplied thereby, will be the answer. EXAMPLE.—11 tuns of hay at 4l. per tun. Thus, 11

4

Ans. £44 CASE III. When the given price is any number of shillings under 20.

1. When the shillings are an even number, multiply the quantity by half the number of shillings, and double the first figure of the product for shillings; and the rest of the product will be pounds.

2. If the shillings be odd, multiply the quantity by the whole number of shillings, and the product will be the an swer in shillings, which reduce to pounds.

EXAMPLES. Ist. 124 yds. at 8s. 2d.-132 yds. at 7s. per yd 4

7

s.

S.

£49 12s. Ans.

2,0)92,4

£46,4 Ans. Yds.

£.
Yds.

£. 562 at 48. Ans. 112 81 372 at 11s. Ans. 204 12 878 at 28. 37 16 | 264 at 9s.

118 16 913 at 14s. 639 2 250 at 16s.

200 00 CASE IV. When the given price is pence, or pence and farthings, and not an even part of a shilling_Find the value of the given quantity at 1s. per yd. &c. which divide by the greatest even part of a shilling contained in the given price, and fake parts of the quotient for the remainder o te price, and the sum of these several quotients will be of ETI in shillings, &c. which reduce to pounds.

EXAMPLES.

s.

What will 245 lb. of raisins come to, at 9 d. per lb. }

d. 61. | 1 | 2450 value of 245 lb. at 1s. per pound. 31. 122 6 value of do. at 6d. 2 d. 61 3 value of do. at 30.

per

lb. 15 33 value of do. at d. per lb. 2,0)19,9 03

per lb.

1b.

Ans. £9 19 0 value of the whole at 9 d. per Ib.
d.

£. s.
d.

d.

£. S. 372 at 1. Ans. 2 14 3 576 at

7} Ans, 18 08 325 at 2 3 0 11 541 at 9

20 17 01 827 at 4;

15 10 13.672 at 113 32 18 0

CASE V. When the price is shillings, pence and farthings, and not the aliquot part of a pound-Multiply the given quantity by the shillings, and take parts for the pence and farthings, as in the foregoing cases, and add tl'em together; the sur will be the answer in shillings.

EXAMPLES.

s.

d

1. What will 246 yds. of velvet come to, at 7s. 3d. per yd.! 3. 1 3 246 0 value of 246 yards at Is. per yd.

7

1722 0 value of do. at 7s. per yard.

61 6 value of do. at 3d. per yard.

2,0) 178, 36

Ans. £89 3 6 value of do. at 7s. 3d. per yard.

ANSWERS. 3. d.

£.

S, d. 2. What cost 139 yds. at 9 10 per yd.? 68 6 10 3. What cost 146 yds. at 14 9 per yd.? 107 13 6 4. What cost 120 cwt.

at 11 3 per cwt. ? 67 10 5. What cost 127 yds. at 9 8} per yd. ? 6. What cost 49 lbs. at 3 11; per lb. ?

9 15 111

61 12 111 CASE VI. When the price and quantity given are of several denominations-Multiply the price by the integers in the given quantity, and take parts for the rest from the price of an integer; which, added together, will be the answer. This is applicable to federal money.

EXAMPLES. 1. What cost 5 cwt. 3

qrs.

2. What cost 9 cwt. 1 qr. 14 lb. of raisins, at 21. Ils. 8 lb. of sugar, at 8 dollars, Bd. per cwt. ?

65 cts. per cwt. ?
£.
d

$ cts.
2 11 8 1

qr:

8,65 5

9

S.

2 qrs.

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361

ANSWERS.

Ans. £15

Ans. $80,6303 C. qrs. lb. 7 3 16 at $9, 58 cts. per cwt. $75, 61 cts. 3 m. 5 1 O at 21. 17s. per cwt.

£14 19s. 3d. 14 3 7 at Ol. 13s. 8d. per cwt.

£10 2s. 5 d. 12 0 7 at $6, 34 cts. per cwt. $76, 47 cts, 6 m. 0 0 24 at $11, 91 cts. per cwt. $2,55 cts. 2 jo m.

P

TARE AND TRET. TARE and Tret are practical rules for deducting certain allowances which are made by merchants, in buying and selling goods, &c. by weight; in which are noticed the following particulars :

1. Gross Weight, which is the whole weight of any sort of goods, together with the box, cask, or bag, &c. which coutains them.

2. Tare, which is an allowance made to the buyer, for the weight of the box, cask, or bag, &c. which contains the goods bought, and is either at so much per box, &c. or at 80 much per cwt. or at so much in the avhole gross weight. 3. Tret, which is an allowance of 4 lb. on every 104 15. for waste, dust, &c.

4. Cloff, which is an allowance made of 2 lb. upon every 3 cwt.

5. Suttle, is what remains after one or two allowances have been deducted.

CASE I. When the question is an Invoice-Add the gross weights into one sum and the tares into another; then subtract the total tare from the whole gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

EXAMPLES. 1. What is the neat weight of 4 hogsheads of Tobacco marked with the gross weight as follows:

C. 91.
lb.

lb.
No. 1 - 9 0 12 Tare 100
2 8 3 4

95 3 ng 1 0

83 4 6 3 25

81 Whole gross 32

0 13

359 total tare. Tare 359 lb.= 3 3 23

Ans. 28 3 18 neat. 2. What is the neat weight of 4 barrels of Indigo, Noo, and weight as follows: C. gr. lb. 16.

No. 1-4 i 10 Tare 36

2 – 3 3 02 29
3 4 0 19

32

cut.gr. lb. 4 4 0 0 35 Ans.15 0 11

CASE II. When the tare is at so much per box, cask, bag, &c.-. Multiply the tare of 1 by the number of bags, bales, &c, the product is the whole tare, which subtract from the gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

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EXAMPLES.

1. In 4 hhds. of sugar, each weighing 10 cwt. 1 qr. 15 lb. gross; tare 75 lb. per hhd. how much neat ?

Cret. qrs. lbs.
10 1 15 gross weight of one hhd.
4

(Carried up.)

41 2

4 gross weight of the whole. 75x4=2 2 20 whole tare. Ans. 33 3 12 ncai.

2. What is the neat weight of 7 tierces of rice, each ore ghing 4 cwt. 1 qr. 9 lb. gross, tare per tierce 34 lb. ?

Ans. 28 C. O qr. 21 lb. 3. In I firkins of butter, each weighing 2 qrs. 12 lɔ. gross, tare 11 lh. per firkin, low much neat? Ans. 4 C. 2 qrs. 9 lb.

4. If 241 bls. of figs, each 3 qrs. 19 lb. gross, tare 10 lb. per barrel; how many pounds neat? Ans. 22413.

5. In 16 bags of pepper, each 85 lb. 4 oz. gross, tare per bag, 3 lb. 5 oz. ; how many pounds neat? Ans. 1311.

6. In 75 barrels of figs, each 2 qrs. 27 lb. gross, tare in the whole 597 lb.; how much neat weight? Ans. 50 C.

.19

Iqr. 7. Wliat is the neat weight of 15 hhds. of Tobacco, each weighing 7 cwt. I qr. 13 lb. tare 100 lb. per hhd. ?

Ans. 97 C. Oqr. 11 lb.

CASE III. When the tare is at so much per civt.—Divide the gross weight by the aliquot part of a cwt. for the tare, which subtract from the gross, and the remainder will be neat weight,

EXAMPLES.

16 lb. gross,

1. What is the neat weight of 44 cwt. 3 qrs. fare 14 lb. per cwt. ? C. qrs. lb. | 14 lb. ' ; | 44 3 16 gross.

5 2 12. tare. Ans. 39 1

3. ncat. 2. What is the neat weight of 9 hhds. of Tobacco, each weighing gross 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. tare 16 lb. per cwt. ?

Ans. 68 C. I qr. 24 lb. 3. What is the neat weight of 7 bls.of potash, each weighing 201 lb. gross, tare 10 lb. per cwt. ?

Ans. 1281 lb. 6 oz. 4. In 25 bls. of figs, each 2 cwt. 1 qr. gross, tare per. cwt. à 6 lb.; how much neat weight?

Ans. 48 cwt. 24 lb. 5. In 83 cwt. 3 qrs. gross, tare 20 lb. per cut. what neat reight?

Ans. 68 cwt. 3 qrs. 5 lb. 6. In 45 cwt. 3 qrs. A1 lb. gross, tare 8 lb. per cwt. how auch neat weight ?

Ans. 42 cwt. 2 qrs. 171 lb. 7. What is the value of the neat weight of S hhds. of su

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