3. În 44447 farthings, how many pounds? Ans. £46 5s. 11d. 3qrs. 4. In 59136 farthings, how many pence, shillings, and jounds ? Ans. 14784d. 1232s. £61 12s. 5. In 20160 pence, how many shillings and pounds ? Ans. 1680s. or £84. 6. In 900 farthings, how many pounds ? Ans. £0 18s. 9d. 7. Bring 74931 half-pence into pounds. Ans.£156 45.2d. 8. In 243643 farthings, how many dollars at 6s. each? Ans. 8846. 9. Reduce 13776 pence to guincas, at 28s. per guinea. Ans. 41. 10. In 62304 farthings, how many pistoles, at 22s. each? Ans. 59. 11. In 7104 three-pences, how many half-johannes, at 18s. ? Ans. 37. 12. In 38720 farthings, how many French crowns, at ös. 8d. ? Ans. 121. Reduction Ascending and Descending. 1. MONEY. 1. In 1211. 0s. 9}d. how many half-pence? Ans.58099. 2. In 58099 half-pence, how many pounds ? Ans. 1212 (s. 9d. 3. Bring 23760 half-pence into pounds. Ans. £49 10s. 4. In 2141. 1s. 3d. how many shillings, six-pences, threejiences, and farthings? Ans. 4281s. 8562 sir-pences, 17125 thrce-pences, and 205500 farthings. 5. In 1371. how many pence, and English or French rowns, at Os. 8d. each? Ans. 32880d. 411 crowns. 6. In 249 English half-crowns, how many pence and pounds? Ans. 9960d. and £41 10s. 7. In 346 guineas, at 21s. each, how many shillings, groats, and pence? Ans. 7266s. 21798 grits. and 87192d. 8. In 48 guineas, at 28s. each, how many 4 d. pieces ? -. Ans. 358. 9. In 81 guineas, at 27s. 44. each, how many pounds ? Ans. £110 14s. 10. In 24396 pence, how many shillings, pounds, and pistoles ? Ans. 2033s. £101 13s. and 32 pistoles. 9s. over. 11. In 252 moidores, at 30s. each, how many guineas at 28s. each ? Ans. 324. 12. In 1680 Dutch guilders, at 2s. 4d. each, how many pistoles at 22s. each? Ans. 178 pistoles, 4s. 13. Borrowed 1218 English crowns, at Os. 8d. each, low many pistareens, at 14 d. each, will рау the debt? Ans. 6885 pistarcens, and 7d. 14. In 501. how many shillings, nine-pences, six-pences, four-pences, and pence, and of each, an equal number? 12d. +90.+6d.+4d.+1d.=32d. and £50= 120000.-32=375 Ano Examples in Reduction of Federal Money. 1. Reduce 2745 dollars into cents. 2745 dollars Here I multiply by 100, the cents in 100 a dollar; but dollars are readily brought into cents by annexing two ciphers, Ans. 274500 and into mills by annexing three ci phers. Also, any sum in Federal money may be written down as a whole number, and expressed in its lowest denomination ; for, when dollars and cents aro joined together as a whole number, without a separatrix, they will show how many cents the given sum contains; and when dollars, cents, and mills, are so joined together, they will show the whole number of mills in the given sum.-Hence, properly speaking, there is no reduction of this money ; for cents are readily turned into dollars by cutting off the two right hand figures, and mills by pointing off' three figures with a dot; the figures to the left hand of the dot, are dollars; and the figures cut off are cents, or tents and mills. 2. In 345 dollars, how many cents, and mills ? Ans. 34500 cts. 345000 mills. 3. Reduce 48 dols. 78 uts, into cents. Ans. 4878 4. Reduce 25 gols. 8 cts. into cents. Ans. 2508 5. Reduce 54 dols. 36 cts. 5 m. into mills. Ans. 54365 6. Reduce 9 dols. 9 cts. 9 m. into mills. Ans. 9099 1 7. Reduce 41925 cents into dollars 8. Change 4896 cents into dollars. 9. Change 45009 cents into dollars. 10. Bring 4625 mills into dollars. $ cts. Ans. 419 25 48 96 450 09 4 62 5 2. TROY WEIGHT. 1. How many grains in a silver tankard, that weighs I lb. Uloz. 15 pwt. lb. oz. pwt. 23 ounces. 20 pennyweighits in one ounce 24 grains in one pennyweight. Proof. 24)11400 grains. Ans. 2,0)47,5 1 lb. 11 oz. 15 pwt. Ans. 4920 pwt. 118080 grs. 3. Bring 46080 grs. into pounds. Ans. 8. 4. In 97397 grains of gold, how many pounds ? Xns, 16 lb. 10 oz. 18 put. 5 grs. 3. In 15 ingots of gold, each weighing 9 oz. 5pwt. how Iany grains ? Ans. 66600. Ú. In 4 lb. 1 oz. 1 pvt. of silver, how many table-spoons, weighing 23 pwt. each, and tea-spoons, 4 pwt. 6 grs. each, can be made, and an equal number of each sort ? 23pwt. +4prot. 6 grs.=651 grs. the divisor; and 4 lb. 1 oz. I prot.23544 grs. the dividend. Therefore 23514-654= 30 Answer, 3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGIIT. Proof. 16)161068 359 quarters 161068 ounces. Answcr. 2. In 19 lb. 14 oz. 11 dr. how many drams? Ans. 5099 3. In 1 tun, how many drams? Ans. 573440. 4. In 24 tuns, 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 lbs. 5 oz. how man/ ounces? Ans. 892245, 5. Bring 5099 drams into pounds. Ans. 19 lb. 14 oz. 11 dr. 6. Bring 573440 drams into tuns. Ans. 1. 7. Bring 892245 ounces into tuns. Ans. 24 tuns, 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 16. 5 oz. 8. In 12 hhds. of sugar, cach 11 cwt. 25 lb. how many pounds? Ans. 15084. 9. In 42 pigs of lead, each weighing 4 cwt. 3 qrs. hov many fother, at 19 cwt. 2 grs. ? Ans. 10 fother, 4, cui. 10. A gentleman has 20 hhds. of tobacco, each & cwt 3 grs. 14 lb. and wishes to put it into boxes containing 7 Ib. each, I demand the number of boxes lie inuși get? lins. 284. 4. APOTHECARIES' WEIGKT. 1. In 91 83 13 23 19 grs. how many grains ? Ans. 55799 2. In 55799 grains, how many pounds ? Ans. 983 13 29 1997 5. CLOTH MEASURE. Ans. 380 qrs. 1520 na. 2. In 341 yards, 3 qrs. 1 na. how many nails ? Ans. 5469. 3. In 3783 nails, how many yards ? Ans. 236 yds. 1 qr. 3 na. 4. In 61 Ells English, how many quarters and nails ? Ans. 305 qrs. 1220 na. 5. In 56 Ells Flemish, how many quarters and nails ? Ans. 168 qrs. 672 na. 6. In 148 Ells English, how many Ells Flemish ? Åns. 246 E. F. 2 qrs. 7. in 1920 nails, how many yards, Ells Flemish, and Ells English? Ans. 120 yds. 160 E. F. and 96 E. E. 8. How many coats can be made out of 363 yards of broadcloth, allowing 1 yards to a coat? Ans. 21. 9. DRY MEASURE. 1. In 136 bushels, how many pecks, quarts and pints ? Ans. 544 pks. 4352 qts. 8704 pts. 2. In 49 bush. 3 pks. 5 qts. how many quarts? Ans. 1597. 3. In 8704 pints, how many bushels ? Ans. 136. 4. In 1597 quarts, how many bushels ? Ans. 49 bush. 3 pks. 5 qts. 5. A man would ship 720 bushels of corn in barrels, which hold 3 bushels 3 pecks each, how many barrels must he get? Ans. 192. 7. WINE MEASURE. 1. In 9 tuns of wine, how many hogsheads, gallons and narts? Ans. 36 hhds. 2268 gals. 9072 qts. 2. In 24 hhds. 18 gals. 2 qts. how many pints ? Ans. 12244. 3. In 9072 quarts how many tuns? Ans. 9. 4. In 1905 pints of wine, how many hogsheads? Ans. 3 hhds. 49 gals. 1 pt. 6 In 1789 quarts of cider, how many barrels ? Ans. 14 bls. 25 qts. |