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REVELATION

RITE ents of revelation are agreeable to reason. It is arch."Campbeli m Revelation; Elies un Dirinc true, there are some things above the reach of Things ; Gale's Court of the Gentiles. Teason; but a revelation containing such things REVENGE means the return of injury for is no contradiction, as long as it is not against injury, or the infliction of pain on another in conreason : for if every thing he rejected which can- sequence of an injury received from him, farther not be exactly comprehended, we must become than the just ends of reparation or punishment unbelievers at once of almost every thing around require. Revenge differs materially from resentus. The doetrines, the institutions, the threaten- ment, which rises in the mind immediately on ings, the precepts, the promises, of the Bible, are being injured; but revenge is a cool and deliberevery way reasonable. The matter, form, and ate wickedness, and is often executed years after exhibition of revelation are consonant with rea- the offence is given. By some it is considered as n.-6. The revelation contained in our Bible a perversion of anger. Anger, it is said, is a pasis perfectly credible. It is an address to the rea- sion given to man for wise and proper purposes, son, judgment, and affections of men. The Old but revenge is the corruption of anger; is unTestament abounds with the finest specimens of natural, and therefore ought to be suppressed. It history, sublimity, and interesting scenes of Pro- is observable that the proper object of anger is vilence. The facts of the New Testanient are vice; but the object in general of revenge is man. supported by undoubted evilence from enemies It transfers the hatred due to the vice to the man, and friends. The attestations to the early ex- to whom it is not due. It is forbidden by the istence of Christianity are numerous from Igna- Scriptures, and is unbecoming the character and tius, Polycarp, Irenæus, Justin Martyr, and Ta- spirit of a peaceful follower of Jesus Christ. See tian, who were Christians; and by Tacitus, ANGER. Suetonius, Serenus, Pliny, &c. who were hea REVEREND, venerable ; deserving awe and thens.—(See CHRISTIANITY.)-7. The revela- respect. It is a title of respect given to ecclesias. tions contained in our Bible are divinely inspired.tics. The religious abroad are called reverend The matter, the manner, the scope, the predictions, fathers; and abbesses, prioresses, &c., reverend miracles, preservation, &c. &c. all prove this.- mothers. In England, bishops are right reve(See INSPIRATION.)-8. Revelation is intended for rend, and archbishops most reverend; private universal benefit. It is a common objection to clergymen, reverend. In France, before the reit, that hitherto it has been contined to few, and volution, their bishops, archbishops, and abbots, therefore could not come from God, who is so be- were all alike, most reverend. In Scotland, the nevolent; but this movle of arguing will equally clergy individually are reverend; a synod is, very hold good against the permission of sin, the in- reverend; and the general assembly is, venerable. equalities of Providence, the dreadful evils and The Dissenters, also, in England' have the title iniseries of mankind, which God could have pre- of reverend; though some of them suppose the vented. It must be farther observed, that nune term in.plies too much to be given to a mere deserve a revelation; that men irave despised and creature, and that of Gol only it may be said abused the early revelations he gave to his people. with propriety, "holy and reverend is his naine," This revelation, we have reason to believe, shall Ps. cxi. 4. be made known to mankind. Already it is REVERENCE, awful regard; an act of obeispreading its genuine intluence. In the cold re- sance; a submissive and humble deportment. See gions of the north, in the burning regions of the Lord's NAME TAKEN IN Vain. south, the Bible begins to be known; and, from RIGHTEOUSNESS, justice, holiness. The the predictions it contains, we believe the glorious righteousness of God is the absolute and essential sun uf' revelation shall shine and illuminate the perfection of his nature; sometimes it is put for whole globe.-9. The effects of revelation which his justice. The righteousness of Christ denotes have already taken place in the world have been not only his absoluie perfection, but is taken for astonishing. In proportion as the Bible has been his perfect obedience to the law, and suffering the known, arts and sciences have been cultivated, penalty thereof in our stead. The righteousness peace and liberty have been diffused, civil and of the law is that obedience which the law remoral obligations have been attended to. Nations quires. The righteousness of faith is the rightehave emerged from ignorance and barbarity, ousness of Christ as received by faith. The saints whole communities have been morally reformed, have a threefold righteousness. I. The righteousunnatural practices abolished, and wise laws in ness of their persons, as in Christ, his merit being stituted. Its spiritual effects have been wonder- imputed to them, and they accepted on the account ful. Kings and peasants, conquerors and pbi. thereof, 2 Cor. v. 21; Eph. v. 27; Is. xlv. 24.losophers, the wise and the ignorant, the rich and 2. The righteousness of their principles being dethe poor, have been brought to the foot of the rived from, and formed according to, the rule of cross; yea, millions have been enlightened, im- right, Ps.cxix. 11.-3. The righteousness of their proved, reformed, and made happy by its in- lives, produced by the sanctifying influence of the fluences. Let any one deny this, and he must be Holy Spirit, without which no man shall see the an hardened, ignorant infidel indeed. Great is Lord, Heb. xiii. 11; 1 Cor. vi. 11. See IMPUTA. the truth, and inust prevail. See Dr. Leland's TiON, JUSTIFICATIJN, SANCTIFICATION; DickinNecessity of Revelation. “This work,” says son's Letters, let. 12; Witherspoon's Essay on Mr. Ryland, "has had no answer, and I am per- Imputed Righteousness; Heroey's Theron and sualed it never will meet with a solid confuta- Aspasio; Dr. Owen on Justification; Watts's tion." Halyburton against the Deisls ; Lelanıl's Works, p. 532. vol. iii. oct. ed. ; Jenks on SubVicio of Deistical Writers ; Brown's Compen. mission to the Righteousness of God. dium of Natural and Revealed Religion; Stil RITE, a solemn act of religion: an external ling fleet's Origines Sacræ, perhaps one of the ceremony. (See CEREMONY.) for the rights ablest defences of revealed religion ever written. of the Jews, see Loroman's Hebreu Ritual; Delanyt Revelation cramined with Candour; Spencer de Heb. Leg.; Durell on the Mosaic In

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SABBATARIANS

SABBATARIANS stitution; Bishop Law's Theory of Religion, p. [ country is estimated at haf a million. They 89. 6th ed. ; Godvyn's Moses and Aaron; Ed. have in the United States an archbishop who wards's Surrey of all Religions, vol. i. ch. 9; resides at Baltimore, and nine bishops. The Jennings's Jewish Antiquities.

sum of $24,000, raised in Europe by the ** Asso RITUAL, a book directing the order and ciation for the Propagation of the Faith," was manner to be observed in performing divine ser- assigned in 1828, to the missions of America, te vice in a particular church, diocese, or the like. be appropriated more especially to the benefit of

ROGERENES, so called from John Rogers, the great Valley of the West. They have pe their chief leader. They appeared in New Eng- riodical publications at Charleston, (South Caroland about 1677. The principal distinguishing lina,) Hartford, and Boston. A convention of the cenet of this denomination was, that worship prelates met at Baltimore in October, 1829, and performed the first day of the week was a species addressed a pastoral letter to tbe laity in the of idolatry which they ought to oppose. In con- United States. The principal matters of cukortapequence of this, they used a variety of measures tion are, the necessity of greatly increasing the to disturb those who were assembled for public number of the priests; the importance of the worship on the Lord's day.

education of children; influence through means ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH IN of the press; interpreting the Scriptores * THE UNITED STATES. The earliest cording to the unanimous consent of the church," settlement of Roman Catholics in this country, adherence to the principles and government of the appears to have been made in Maryland. Il church; urgency of efforts to disseminate the 1632, a Jesuit accompanied the emigrants to this true faith, &c.' On the whole, the state and state; and from that date till the period of the prospects of the Papal church in the United revolution, the American Catholics in Maryland States are such, that protestants are beginning to and Virginia were constantly served by Jesuit regard them in a very serious ligbt. See Quer missionaries, successively sent from England. - terly Register and Journal of the American The Rev. Dr. John Carroll having been elected Education Society for February, 1830.-B. the first bishop, by the clergy, through a special ROSARY, a bunch or string of beads on indulgence granted them by the pope, Pius VI., which the Roman Catholics count their prayers a see was constituted, and the bishop elect con ROSICRUCIANS, a name assumed by secrated in England, August 15, 1790. He had sect or cabal of hermetical philosophers, who been chosen by twenty-four out of twenty-six arose, as it has been said, or at least becane fire priests assembled for the purpose. At length, in taken notice of, in Germany, in the inginning 1810, the increase of the Romish communion of the fourteenth century. They bound them had become so great in the United States, it was selves together by a solemn secret, which they al judged best at Rome to erect the Episcopate of swore inviolably' to preserve; and obliged tbcom Baltimore into a Metropolitan or Archi-episcopal selves, at their admission into the order, to a see, and to establish four new suffragan dioceses, strict observance of certain established suksviz. Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Bards- They pretended to know all sciences, and chicky town, Kentucky. This was, accordingly, carried medicine; whereof they published themselves into effect with great pomp and solemnity. Pre the restorers. They pretended to be masters of vious to this period, New Orleans had been erect- abundance of important secrets, and among ed into a bishopric; and in 1820, those of Rich-others, that of the philosopher's stone; all which mond and Charleston were added. All these they affirmed to have received by tradition true receive their titles from the places where they are the ancient Egyptians, Chaldeans the Magi, ami constituted, as in countries conneeted with the Gymnosophists. They have been distinguished Romish government, or as is done in episcopal by several names, accommodated to the sesenul England. Singular, therefore, as is the sound, branches of their doctrine. Because they pre Boston, the capital of the Puritans is designated tend to protract the period of human luie by as an episcopate subject to Rome, an event doubt- means of certain nostrums, and even to resiune less regarded with triumph at her court. To the youth, they were called Immortales; as they pre above Episcopal sees, that of Ohio has been sub- iended to know all things, they have been call sequently added, and is denominated from Cin- Nluminati; and, because they have inade no ap cinnati, the principal town, where the bishop's pearance for several years, onless the sect of llocathedral was consecrated December 17, 1826. — minated on the continent derives its origin ina Mobile has also been created an cpiscopate by them, they have been called the barisisle Bro Pius VIII, the present pope.

thers. Their society is frequentiy signed by the The diocese of Bardstown possesses a Do- letters F. R. C. which some among ibein intes minican convent, two nunneries, and thirty pret Fratres Roris Cocli; it being pretended that churches. Nunneries are also connected with the matter of the philosopher's stone is des coti most of the other dioceses. The population be cocted, exalted, &c. longing to the Roman Catholic church in this RUSSIAN CHURCH. See GREEK Cura

S. SABBATARIANS, those who keep the was effected by Constantine on his converna seventh day as the sabbath. They are to be to Christianity. The three following proposta found principally, if not wholly, among the Bap- contain a summary of their principles as to t. tists. They object to the reasons which are gene- article of the sabbath by which they stand a rally alleged for keeping the first day; and assert

, tinguished. 1. That God hath required the that the change from the seventh to the first servation of the seventh, or last day of every

SABBATH

SABBATH week, to be observed by mankind universally for Moses to the end of David's reign, which was the weekly sabbath.-2. That this command of near 440 years.-4. That the Sabbath was menGod is perpetually binding on man till time shall tioned as a well-known solemnity before the probe no more. -And, 3. That this sacred rest of mulgation of the law, Exod. xvi. 23. For the the seventh-day sabbath is not (by divine au manner in which the Jews kept it, and the awful thority) changed from the seventh and last to the consequences of neglecting it, we refer the reader tirst day of the week, or that the Scripture doth to the Old Testament, Lev. xxvi. 34, 35; Neh. no where require the observation of any other xiii. 16, 18; Jer. xvii. 21 ; Ezek. xx. 16, 17; day of the week for the weekly sabbath, but the Num. xv. 23, 36. seventh day only. They hold, in common with Under the Christian dispensation, the Sabbath other Christians, the distinguishing doctrines of is altered from the seventh to the first day of the Christianity. There are two congregations of week. The arguments for the change are these : ihe Sabbkitarians in London; one among the 1. As the seventh day was observed by the Jew. general Baptists, meeting in Mill Yard, the ish church in memory of the rest of God after other among the particular Baptists, in Cripple- the works of the creation, and their deliverance Lule. There are, also, a few to be found in dit from Pharaoh's tyranny, so the first day of the erent parts of the kingiloin, and some, it is said, week has always been observed by the Christian in America. A traet, in support of this doctrine, church in memory of Christ's resurrection.was published by Mr. Cornthwaite, in 1740. — 2. Christ made repeated visits to his disciples on See Evans's Sketch of the Denominations of that day.-3. It is called the Lord's day, Rev. i. the Christian World, and books under next 10.-4. On this day the apostles were assemarticle.

bled, when the Holy Ghost came down so visibly SABBATARIANS IN THE UNITED upon them, to qualify them for the conversion of STATES. The Sabbatarians in this country the world.-5. On this day we find St. Paul are more generally known by the name of Se preaching at Troas, when the disciples carne to renth-day Baptists, and differ from the Baptists break bread.—The directions the apostles give to generally in no respect, but in regard to the sah- the Christians plainly allude to their religious bath, believing that the screnth, and not the first assemblies on the first day.—7. Pliny bears wit. day of the week, is the day which ought to beness of the first day of the week being kept as a religiously observed. In 1668, there were a few festival, in honour of the resurrection of Christ ; churches of this connexion in England. The and the primitive Christians kept it in the most first Sabbatarian church in America, was formed solemn manner. in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1671. They are These arguments, however, are not satisfactory contined principally to that state. A few years to some; and it must be confessed that there is no since they numbered about 1000 communicants. law in the New Testament concerning the first In the United States there are about 2000 mem- day. However, it may be observed, that it is not bers united together in an annual conference. so much the precise time that is universally bindPopulation 10,000.-B.

ing, as that one day out of seven is to be regarded. SABBATH, in the Hebrew language, signi. “ As it is impossible," says Dr. Doddridge, "cerfies rest, and is the seventh day of the week; a tainly to determine which is the seventh day day appointed for religious duties, and a total from the creation: and as, in consequence of the cessation from work, in commemoration of Gols spherical form of the eartli, and the absurdity of resting on the seventh day; and likewise in me. the scheme which supposes it one great plain, the morial of the redemption of the Israelites from change of place will necessarily occasion some Egyptian bondage.

alteration in the time of the beginning and endConcerning the time when the Sabbath was ing of any day in question, it being always at the first instituteil

, there have been different opinions. same time, somewhere or other, sun-rising and Some have maintained that the sactitication of sun-setting, noon and midnight, it seems very the seventh day mentioned in Gen. ii. is only unreasonable to lay such a stress upon the partithere spoken of 81% ponnyews, or by anticipation; cular day as some do. It seems abundantly suffiand is to be understood of the sabbath afterwards cient that there be six days of labour and one enjoined in the wilderness; and that the histo- of religious rest, which there will be upon the rian, writing after it was instituted, there gives Christian and the Jewish scheme." the reason of its institution; and this is supposed As the sabbath is of divine institution, so it is to be the case, as it is never mentioned during to be kept holy unto the Lord. Numerous have the patriarchal age. But again this sentiment been the days appointed by men for religious serit is urged, I. That it cannot be easily supposed vices; but these are not binding because of huthat the inspired penman would have mentionell man institution. Not so the sabbath. Henca the sunctification of the seventh day among the the fourth commandment is ushered in with a primeval transactions, if such sanctification had peculiar emphasis—"Remember that thou keep not taken place until 2500 years afterwards.- holy the sabivath day." This institution is wise 2. That considering Adam was restored to favour as to its ends: That God may be worshipped; through a Mediator, and a religious service in man instructed; nations benefited; and fanulics stituted, which man was required to observe, in devoted to the service of God. It is lasting as testimony not only of his dependence on the to its duration. The abolition of it would be Creator, but also of his faith and hope in the unreasonable ; unscriptural, Exod. xxxi. 13; and promise, it seems reasonable that an institution every way disadvantageous to the body, to society, 80 grand and solemn, and so necessary to the to the soul, and even to the brute creation. It is, observance of this service, should be then exist- however, awfully violated by visiting, feasting, eut.—3. That it is no proot against its existence indolence, buying and selling, working, worldly Davause it is not mentioned in the pitriarchal age, amusements, and travelling.

"Look into the

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SACRIFICE, an offering poade to God an and that, being re-ascended to heaven, the influ- of the thing offered; whereas an oblation is

at all: thus, all sorts of tithes, and first fram century, so called, because they always went secrated to God for the support of his make clothed in sackcloth, and affocted a great deal of and the maintenance of his ministers, at aller SACRAMENT is derived from the Latin (law, were cither of living creatunya de

ings, or oblations; and these, under the Jord SACRAMENT

SACRIFICE day, and see whether they convey the idea of a word sacramentum, which signifies an oath

, par day of rest. Do not our servants and our cattle ticularly the oath taken by soldiers to be true seem to be almost as fully occupied on that day to their country and general - The wond en as on any other? And, as if this was not a suffi- adopted by the writers of the Latin ebare, u cient infringement of their rights, we contrive by denote those ordinances of religion by die needless entertainments at home, and r.eedless Christians came under an obligation of elokiem journeys abroad, which are often by choice and to God, and which obligation, they supposed inclination reserved for this very day, to take up equally sacred with that of an osih. See lica, all the little remaining part of their leisure time of sacraments, in this sense of the word in A sabbath day's journey was among the Jews a testant churches admit of but two; and it in proverbial expression for a very short one; among easy to conceive how a greater number can ir us it can have no such meaning affixed to it. mado out from Scripture, if the definition de That day seems to be considered by too many as sacrament be just which is given by the cheri set apart, by divine and human authority, for the of England. By that church, the quanin, purpose not of rest, but of its direct opposite, the the word sacrament is declared to be “ an orang labour of travelling, thus adding one day more and visible sign of an inward and spiritual of torment to those generous but wretched ani- given unto us, ordained by Christ binnen mals whose services they hire; and who, being means whereby we receive the same, and a petite generally strained beyond their strength the other to assure us thereof." --- According to the choice six days of the week, have, of all creatures under ticn, baptism and the Lord's Supper are certain heaven, the best and most equitable claim to sus- sacraments, for each consists of an eman and pension of labour on the seventh."

visible sign of what is believed to be an iwand These are evils greatly to be lamented; they and spiritual grace ; both were ordained by Curse are an insult to God, an injury to ourselves, and himself, and in the reception of each das in an awful example to our servants, our children, Christian solemnly devote himself to the sea and our friends. To sanctify this day, we should of his Divine

Master. (See Baptism, and LORE'S consider it, 1. A day of rest;

not, indeed, to ex. Supper.] The Romanists, however, add to us clude works of mercy and charity, but a cessation number confirmation, penance, eriteme anciera from all labour and care.—2. As a day of remem- ordination, and marriage, holding in all sta brance; of creation, preservation, redemption.- sacraments

. (See Popery.) Numerous home 3. As a day of meditation and prayer, in which ever, as the sacraments of the Ronish church are, we should cultivate communion with God, Rev. a sect of Christians sprang up in England

, early 1. 10.-4. As a day of public worship, Acts xx. in the last century, who increased their number

, 7; John xx. 19.-5. As a day of joy, Is. Ivi. 2; The founder of this sect was a Dr. Deacun. Ps. cxviii. 24.-6. As a day of praise, Ps. cxvi. According to these men, every rite, and ever? 12, 14.--7. As a day of anticipation; looking phrase, in the book called the Apostolic Centic forward to that holy, happy, and eternal sabbath, lutions, were certainly in use among the sportis that remains for the people of God. See Chand themselves. Still, however, they make a data ler's two Sermons on the Sabbath; Wright m tion between the greater and ile kser set the Sabbath; Watts's Holiness of Times and ments. The greater sacrainents are euly iwa Places; Orton's six Disc on the Lord's Day; baptism and the Lord's

Supper. The besert Kennicott's Sermon and Dial, on the Sabba!!; no fewer than ten, viz. five belonging to baptisa Bp. Porteus's Ser. ser. 9. vol. i.; Watts's Ser. crorcism, anointing with oil, the these partie ser. 57. vol. i.; S. Palmer's Apology for the a taste of milk and honey, and an interest Christian Sabbath; Kennicolt on the oblations chrism or vintment. The other five are, the same of Cain and Abel, p. 184, 185. SABELLIANS, a sect in the third century sick, holy orders, and matrimony. This worth

of the cross, imposition of hands, undin af te that embraced the opinions of Sabellius, a philo- however, if not extinguishel

, is supposed to be sopher of Egypt, who openly taught that there in its last wane. Its founder published, in like is but one person in the Godhead.

his full, true, and comprehensive view d Chat The Sabellians maintained that the Word and tianity, in two catechists, octavo. the Holy Spirit are only virtues, emanations, or SACRAMENTARIANS, functions of the Deity; and held that he who is given for all such as have held erroneous offres in heaven is the Father of all things; that he de respecting the Lord's

Şupper. The termistamine scended into the Virgin

, became a child, and was applied among Catholics, by way of represes plished the mystery of our salvation, he diffused himself on the apostles in tongues of fire, and altar, by means of a regular minister; 1800

, was then denominated the Holy Ghost. This knowledgment of his power, atod a parasite they explained by resembling God to the gun; homage. Sacrifices (though the term is the illuminated virtue or quality of which was times used to comprehend all the offering The Word, they taught, was darted, like a di- honour differ from mere oblations in this coming sine ray, to accomplish the work of redemption; a sacrifice there is a real destruction or cler like manner to the apostles, austerity and penance.

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a general name

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SACRIFICE

SACRIFICE things: but sacrifices, in the more peculiar sense $ 2,] that "sacrifices were looked upon as gifts, of the term, were either wholly or in part con- and that the general opinion was, that gifts would sumed by fire. They have, by divines, been have the saine effect with God as with man; divided into bloody and unbloody. Bloody sacri- would appease wrath, conciliate favour with the fices were made of living creatures; unbloody, of Deity, and testify the gratitude and affection of the fruits of the earth. They have also been the sacrificer; and that from this principle prodivided into expiatory, impetratory, and eucha- ceeded expiatory, precatory, and eucharistical ristical. The first kind were offered to obtain offerings. This is all that is pretended from naof God the forgiveness of sins; the second, to tural light to countenance this practice. But, procure some favour; and the third, to express how well soever the comparison may be thought hankfulness for favours already received. Un- to hold between sacrifices and gifts, yet the opi

. Jer one or other of these heads may all sacrifices nion that sacrifices would prevail with God must be arranged, though we are told that the Egyp- proceed from an observation that gifts had pretians bawl six hundred and sixty-six different vailed with men; an observation this which Cain kinds; a number surpassing all credibility. Va- and Abel had little opportunity of making. And rious have been the opinions of the learned con. if the coats of skin which God directed Adam to rerning the origin of sacrifices. Some suppose make were the remains of sacrifices, sure Adam that they had their origin in superstition, and could not sacrifice from this observation, when were merely the inventions of men; others, that there were no subjects in the world upon which they originated in the natural sentiments of the he could make these observations.” (Kennicott's huinan heart; others imagine that God, in order second Dissert, on the Offerings of Cain and to prevent their being offered to idels, introduced Abel, p. 201, &c.] them into his service, though he did not approve But the grand objection to the divine origin of of them as good in themselves, or as proper rites sacrifices is drawn from the Scriptures themof worship. “But that animal sacrifices,” says selves, particularly the following, (Jer. vii. 22, a learned author, "were not instituted by man, 23 :) "I spake not to your fathers, nor commandseems extremely evident from the acknowledged cd them, at the time that I brought them out of unirersality of the practice; from the wonderful Egypt, concerning the matters of burnt-offerings sameness of the manner in which the whole world or sacrifices; but only this very thing commanded offered these sacrifices; and from the crpiation I them, saying, Obry my voice, and I will be your whirh was constantly supposed to be effected by God, and ye shall be my people.” The ingenious thenn :

writer above referred to, accounts for this passage "Now human reason, even among the most [p. 153 and 209] by referring to the transaction strenuous opponents of the divine institutions, is at Marah, (Exod. xv. 23, 26, at which time God allowed to be incapable of pointing out the least spake nothing concerning sacrifices; it certainly natural fitness or congruity between blood and cannot be intended to contradict the whole hook atonement; between killing of God's creatures of Leviticus, which is full of such appointments and the receiving a pardon for the violation of Another learnell author, to account for ihe above, God's laws. This consequence of sacrifices, and other similar passages, observes, "The Jews when properly offered, was the invariable opinion were diligent in performing the external services of of the heathens, but not the whole of their opinion religion; in offering prayers, incense, sacrifices, ohin this matter; for they had also a traditionary lations : but these prayers were not offered with belief among them, that these animal sacrifices faith; and their oblations were mademore frequentwere not only expiations, but vicarious commuta- ly to their idols than to the God of their fathers. tions, and substituted satisfactions; and they | The Hebrew idiom excludes with a general nega. called the animals so offered (their xvTovuxe) the tive, in a comparative sense, one of two oljects ransom of their souls.

opposed to one another, thus : 'I will have mercy, "But if these notions are so remote from, nay, and not sacrifice.' (Hosea vi. 6.) 'For I spake ro contrary to, any lesson that nature teaches, as not to your fathers, nor commanded them, conthey confessedly are, how came the whole world cerning burnt-offerings or sacrifices; but this to practise the rites founded upon them? It is thing commanded them, saying, Obey my certain that the wisest Heathens, Pythagoras, roice.?" (Lowth in Isaiah Ixiii. 22, 21.) The Plato, Porphyry, and others, slighted the religion ingenious Dr. Doddridge remarks, that, accordof such sacrifices, and wondered how an institu- ing to the genius of the Hebrew language, one tion so dismal (as it appeared to them,) and so big thing seems to be forbidden, and another comwith absurdity, could diffuse itself through the manded, when the meaning only is, that the latter world. ---An advocate for the sufficiency of reason is generally to be preferred to the former

. The (Tindall) supposes the absurdity prevailed by de- text before us is a remarkable instance of this; grees; and the priests who shared with their as likewise Joel ii. 13; Matt. vi. 19, 20; John gods, and reserved their best bits for themselves, vi. 27; Luke rü. 4, 5; and Col. iii. 2. And it had the chief hand in this gainful superstition is evident that Gen. xlv. 8; Exod. xvi. 8; John But it may well be asked who were the priests in v. 30; vii. 19, and many other passages, are to be the days of Cain and Abel? Or, what gain could expounded in the same comparative sense. (Pathis superstition be to them, when the one gave raph. on the New Test., sect. 59.) So that the away his fruits, and the other his animal sacri- whole may be resolved into the apopthegm of the fice, without being at liberty to taste the least part wise man, (Prov. xxi. 3:) "To do justice and of it? And it is worth remarking, that what this judgment is more acceptable to the Lord than author wittily calls the best bits, and appropriates sacrifice.". See Kennicott, above referred to; to the priests

, appears to have been the skin of Eduards's History of Redemption, p. 76, note; the burnt-offering among the Jews, and the skin Outram de Sacrificiis; Warburton's Div. Leg. and feet among the Heathens.''

b. 9. c. 2; Bishop Law's Theory of Rel. p. 50 10 Dr. Spencer observes (De Leg. Heb, lib, iü. (54; Jennings's Jewish Antiq. vol, i. p. 26, 28;

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